Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 earthquake hits Luzon in the Philippines.

5.1 earthquake hits eastern Uzbekistan.

5.0 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Western Pacific Ocean: Typhoon 24w (Halong), located approximately 142 nm west-southwest of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking northeastward at 08 knots.

Tropical storm 25w (Nakri), located approximately 547 nm east-southeast of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking eastward at 02 knots.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 23w (Matmo), located approximately 353 nm east-southeast of Visakhapatnam, India, is tracking northwestward at 07 knots.

NewsBytes:

Central African Republic – Weeks of torrential rain have caused severe flooding in Central African Republic’s capital, Bangui, leaving tens of thousands of people homeless in a city of one million that is still recovering from years of conflict. The Oubangui River burst its banks mid-October, plunging large parts of Bangui underwater and causing seven deaths and 25 injuries, the Red Cross said. Other provinces of the country have also been affected.

Montenegro – Torrential rains have caused floods and landslides in parts of Montenegro, blocking roads and cutting off dozens of homes. roads and bridges have been blocked by overflowing rivers or mud from landslides. Dozens of homes in villages around the central town of Niksic have been cut off by surging waters. Heavy rainfall has also hit the coastal region by the Adriatic Sea, flooding streets and houses in the southern town of Herceg Novi that’s unused to so much rain at once.

Global Warming

Italy to become first country to make studying climate change compulsory in schools

Italian students in every grade are about to get schooled in the climate emergency facing our planet. Learning about climate change and sustainability will soon be compulsory for all students across the country.

Italy is the first country to adopt a climate change curriculum in public schools. Starting next school year, schools will be required to dedicate 33 hours per year — almost one hour per school week — to discussing the challenges of climate change.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Pakistan

Health officials with the National Institute of Health (NIH) in Pakistan say the number of dengue fever cases reported in 2019 is a record. According to Pakistan NIH official, Dr Rana Safdar, a record-breaking 44,000 people have been infected with mosquito-borne dengue in Pakistan this year.

Dengue Fever – Rio de Janiero, Brazil

The number of dengue fever cases in Rio de Janeiro have doubled in 2019 as compared to last year. From January to October this year, there were more than 31,000 cases of dengue, 120% more than in the same period last year.

Eastern equine encephalitis – Michigan, USA

The Michigan Department of Health in an Weekly Arbovirus update Monday reported a fifth fatality due to Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).

Volcanos

Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week of 30 October – 5 November 2019

Kikai | Japan : An eruption at Satsuma Iwo-jima, a subaerial part of Kikai’s NW caldera rim, was detected at 1735 on 2 November, prompting JMA to raise the Alert Level to 2 (on a 5-level scale). A grayish-white plume rose 1 km above the Iodake crater rim. The report noted that the number of volcanic earthquakes has been low, with no variations before or after the event. The next day during an overflight conducted by the Coast Guard and the Japan Meteorological Agency Mobile Survey Team (JMA-MOT) observers noted no changes to the geothermal field and no new deposits from the event the day before. Views of the crater were obscured by white plumes rising 300 m above the crater rim.

Klyuchevskoy | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that ash plumes and steam-and-gas plumes with some ash drifted 130 km SW on 25 October according to video and satellite data. A weak thermal anomaly was identified in satellite images during 26-27 and 30 October. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange.

Metis Shoal | Tonga Islands : GeoNet reported that by 1 November the eruption at Metis Shoal (Lateiki) had formed an elongated island, with no visible evidence of the old 1995 dome. According to a news article the new island is about 100 m wide and 400 m long, and had emerged at a location 120 m away from the former island. The article noted that the eruption had ceased.

Shishaldin | Fox Islands (USA) : AVO reported that by 28 October two stalled lava flows extended as far as 1.8 km down Shishaldin’s NW flank, lahars had traveled at least 4 km down the NW flank, and trace ash deposits on the N flank were identified in satellite images. Activity paused during 29-30 October but resumed on 31 October. Numerous small explosions were detected by the local seismic network during 31 October-1 November and incandescence was visible in webcam images. There was no evidence of active lava flows outside of the summit crater. During 1-2 November seismicity remained elevated characterized by periods of high-amplitude tremor. Small explosions were recorded in seismic and infrasound data. Elevated surface temperatures were detected in satellite images and incandescence was observed in webcam images overnight. A pilot observed a lava flow in the morning of 2 November. Sporadic incandescence recorded by the webcam overnight during 2-3 November suggested minor explosive activity and/or lava fountaining. On 3 November lava overflowed the summit crater and traveled at least 400 m down the NW flank and 300 m down the SE flank. By 4 November the flow on the NW flank had branched and lengthened to 1 km. Lahars were as long as 2 km on the N and S flanks. Spatter deposits from explosions or fountaining were visible on the summit cone. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.