Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.9 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.6 earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.3 earthquake hits near the coast of central Peru.

5.2 earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.0 earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm 29w (Kammuri), located approximately 340 nm east-southeast of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking southwestward at 08 knots.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone (tc) 06a (Pawan), located approximately 462 nm south-southeast of Salalah, Oman, is tracking westward at 07 knots.

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone 03s (Ambali), located approximately 560 nm west of Diego Garcia, is tracking south-southwestward at 09 knots.

Tropical cyclone 02s (Two), located approximately 867 nm north-northwest of St Denis, is tracking west-southwestward at 04 knots.

NewsBytes:

Spain – Around a hundred people have been evacuated and dozens more rescued from their homes after severe flooding hit parts of the Murcia region of Spain. The community of San Javier, one of the worst affected areas, registered 126 litres of floodwaters per square metre in less than two hours and led to 40 people being rescued from their homes and stranded vehicles. It is part of the latest “Gota Fria” phenomenon, which literally translates to “cold drop” in English, and refers to severe rainfall during autumn.

Kenya – At least 132 people have been killed in floods and landslides caused by unusually heavy rainfall in Kenya. Around 17,000 were displaced and 11,000 livestock swept away by strong waters. More than half of the country has been affected. The rains have helped alleviate the drought conditions across the country that caused a food shortage and added to inflationary pressures, but have damaged infrastructure and farmland.

Wildlife

Birds are shrinking – Study

Birds are getting smaller. So shows an analysis of migratory birds that died after colliding into buildings in Chicago and were collected as specimens for the Field Museum of Natural History.

David Willard, a Field Museum ornithologist, has measured the Windy City’s dead birds since 1978. Data from his calipers and scales reveal decades-long trends in bird bodies: Their legs, on average, are growing shorter. They have lost weight. Their wings are getting slightly longer.

These changes are present in nearly all of the species he measured, according to a study of 70,716 bird specimens from almost 40 years published Wednesday in the journal Ecology Letters. Morphing birds, Willard and his colleagues say, reflect a changing climate.

The study authors examined precipitation, vegetation and other factors that could contribute to bird size. They determined an increase in summer temperatures is the strongest predictor for smaller birds.

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Global Warming

30 Year Old Climate Change Warning Vindicated

‘It is time to stop waffling so much and say that the evidence is pretty strong that the greenhouse effect is here.’ – Dr. James Hansen

This sounds like a comment that might have been overheard in Madrid this week, where the U.N. is yet again huddling to discuss the climate crisis.

No doubt similar sentiments were expressed among those delegates in recent days but this was the viewpoint offered as many as three decades ago from NASA scientist James Hansen, who was giving congressional testimony.

Dr. Hansen is considered to be among the first climatologists to sound the alarm on man-made global warming in this context, including charting a projection for just how hot conditions could get by 2019.

As 2019 draws to a close, the year is on course to be among the top three warmest years on record. Data issued this week shows that the world continues to increase the amount of heat-trapping carbon dioxide it pumps into the air, led by China and India, but it’s not rising as fast as in the previous couple years.

Disease

Measles – Tonga

In an update on the measles outbreak in Tonga, health officials report as of Monday, 440 cases of confirmed or suspected measles have been identified in Tonga, an additional 46 cases since the last report. All 46 of the cases from the past week have been from the main island of Tongatapu.

Newcastle Disease – Romania

After an absence of more than two years, Newcastle disease has returned to Romania.

Affected by the outbreak of Newcastle disease was a flock of almost 6,900 birds, according to the official report to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).

Nature – Images

Interesting Images

Some Wildlife Photography Award Finalists

A hunting Pallas’ cat in the Mongolian grasslands.

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A mother polar bear and her cubs in Wapusk National Park, Manitoba,

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A humpback whale feeding off the coast of Great Bear Rainforest, British Columbia, Canada

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Some well-disguised reindeer in Svalbard, Norway.

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An orangutan being forced to box in a show in Safari World, Bangkok.

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Volcanos

Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week of 27 November – 03 December 2019

White Island | North Island (New Zealand) : On 3 December GeoNet reported that unrest at White Island had continued during the previous week. Explosive gas-and-steam-driven fountaining occurred from the active vent area on the W side of the 1978/90 Crater Complex, near the 2012 lava dome, at the back of the crater lake. Mud and debris were ejected 20-30 m above the vent. The Volcanic Alert Level remained at 2 and the Aviation Colour Code remained at Yellow.