Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia.

5.3 earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits Panay in the Philippines.

5.0 earthquake hits eastern Turkey.

5.0 earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the western Indian-Antarctic ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits southern Iran.

5.0 earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits Hubei, China.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm 30w (Phanfone), located approximately 479 nm east of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking west-northwestward at 04 knots.

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone (tc) 04p (Sarai), located approximately 166 nm west of Suva, Fiji, is tracking southward at 12 knots.

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NewsBytes:

Philippines – The death toll from Typhoon Phanfone’s battering of the Philippines on Christmas Day has risen to 28, and will likely climb further, authorities said on Friday. The storm, with wind gusts of up to 200 kilometres per hour, swept across remote villages and popular tourist destinations in the central Philippines on Wednesday.

Turkey – dana has been inundated by heavy rains since Monday which resumed Thursday after a brief break. Flash floods have severely affected this southern Turkish province, which is known for its extremely hot climate. Government officials visited the city Thursday and vowed to build new houses in the neighborhoods most affected by the floods. The floods damaged 123,151 decares of agricultural lands.

California – San Diego drivers who found themselves stranded in flood waters were rescued Thursday morning in Grantville after a severe storm brought flooding to the area.

Wildlife

Koalas starving and dying of thirst after bushfires destroyed their habitat

Koalas are starving to death because bushfires plaguing the country are destroying their food. The bushfires in the Adelaide Hills have burned 25,000 hectares of land and left koalas desperately searching for food and water. Its often at least four days before they are found. Koalas eat eucalyptus leaves – but thousands of trees have been decimated by fires.

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Disease

Mosquito-borne Disease – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Three important mosquito-borne diseases– dengue, Zika and chikungunya–were all up in 2019 in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

City officials have reported 17,637 dengue fever cases through December 18 this year, a 216 percent compared to 5,577 cases reported in 2018 and the most cases reported in the city since 2016.

Concerning Zika, Rio city officials reported 1,064 cases year-to-date, a 76 percent increase compared to the 603 cases recorded last year. In 2016, a record 31,000-plus Zika cases were reported in Rio.

The largest increase of the three mosquito-borne diseases in Rio this year was with chikungunya infections. Year-to-date, more than 38, 000 cases have been seen. This is up from 10,746 chikungunya cases reported last year.

All three viruses are spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These mosquitoes bite during the day and night.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Qatar

On 5 December 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Qatar reported three laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection to WHO.

Yellow fever – Mali

From 3 November through 8 December 2019, three laboratory confirmed cases of yellow fever including two deaths (case fatality rate = 67%) were detected through the national surveillance system in Mali.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Bezymianny (Central Kamchatka Depression): KVERT reported that activity at volcano remained elevated during 13-20 December. Nighttime crater incandescence, strong fumarolic emissions, and a lava flow on the W flank of the lava dome were visible. The temperature of a thermal anomaly had continued to increase.

Aso (central Kyushu, Japan): Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Tokyo (VAAC) issued the following report: ACTIVITY CONT. VA AT 20191227/0000Z FL060 EXTD SE OBS VA DTG:26/2350Z

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Tokyo warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 6000 ft (1800 m) altitude or flight level 060 and is moving at 30 kts in SE direction.

Sangeang Api (Indonesia): Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 10000 ft (3000 m) altitude or flight level 100 and is moving at 10 kts in SW direction. The full report is as follows: INTERMITTENT DISCRETE EMISSIONS TO FL100 OBS VA DTG:27/0040Z to 10000 ft (3000 m)

Dukono (Halmahera): Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 7000 ft (2100 m) altitude or flight level 070 and is moving at 10 kts in SE direction.

Novarupta (United States, Alaska Peninsula): Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Anchorage warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 6000 ft (1800 m) altitude or flight level 060 .

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Washington (VAAC) issued the following report: VA DISP

Reventador (Ecuador): Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Washington warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 16000 ft (4900 m) altitude or flight level 160 and is moving at 10-15 kts in W direction. The full report is as follows: CONT VA EMS to 16000 ft (4900 m)

Sabancaya (Peru): Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Buenos Aires (VAAC) issued the following report: UNABLE TO DETECT