Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.9 earthquake hits Tanzania.

5.4 earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.3 earthquake hits Pakistan.

5.3 earthquake hits the Unimak Islands, Alaska.

5.1 earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

5.1 earthquake hits the Babuyan Islands in the Philippines.

5.0 earthquake hits the Sea of Japan.

5.0 earthquake hits the eastern Xizang-India border.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Depression Eleven is located about 1075 mi…1730 km ese of the northern Leeward islands with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…wnw or 285 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

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In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Post Tropical Cyclone 09e (Elida), located approximately 538 nm south-southwest of San Diego, is tracking northwestward at 09 knots.

Tropical depression 10e (Ten), located approximately 1324 nm south-southwest of San Diego, is tracking westward at 09 knots.

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical depression ( ) 06w (Six), located approximately 234 nm east-southeast of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking westward at 14 knots.

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NewsBytes:

South Sudan – Rivers have broken their banks in South Sudan, leaving thousands displaced by flooding. In Jonglei State, the White Nile has caused flooding in Bor South, Twic East, Duk and Ayod counties. Media reports suggest over 200,000 people have been displaced. Thousands of homes have been reportedly destroyed, along with crops and livestock. Flooding struck in Bor Town in late July when a dyke along the White Nile collapsed. Further north along the White Nile, an estimated 30,000 people have been affected by flooding in Renk County in Eastern Nile state. Meanwhile the overflowing Akobo River which runs along the country’s border with Ethiopia has caused flooding in Pochalla County in the Greater Pibor Administrative Area. Crops have been destroyed and families displaced.

Mexico – Heavy rainfall from 08 to 10 August caused flooding and landslides in the state of Veracruz in eastern Mexico. 110.3 mm of rain fell in 24 hours on 08 August in Sontecomapan in Catemaco Municipality. The next day, 158 mm of rain fell in Jesús Carranza Municipality. The state’s Civil Protection reported 3 fatalities after a landslide in Filomeno Mata Municipality. Across the state more than 1,700 buildings were damaged and around 200 people were evacuated. Bridges were damaged and several roads blocked by landslides and flooding, leaving some communities isolated.

Global Warming

Baghdad’s record heat offers glimpse of world’s climate change future

Baghdad hit 125.2 degrees on July 28, blowing past the previous record of 123.8 degrees — which was set here five years ago — and topping 120 degrees for four days in a row. Sitting in one of the fastest warming parts of the globe, the city offers a troubling snapshot of the future that climate change might one day bring other parts of the world.

A reporter stated that when he returned here last week, the air outside felt like an oven. The suitcase crackled as it was unzipped. It turned out that the synthetic fibers of a headscarf had melted crispy and were now stuck to the top of the case. A cold bottle of water was suddenly warm to the lips. At our office, the door handle was so hot it left blisters at the touch.

If the world acts to dramatically limit climate change, such extremes of heat, with temperatures above 120 degrees, would probably be limited to parts of the Middle East, Northern Africa, and India. But if not, temperatures in parts of the Persian Gulf region and South Asia could eventually exceed 130 degrees. Nor would the rest of the world be spared extreme spikes.

In southern Iraq, the heat and lack of rainfall are contributing to a water crisis that has forced tens of thousands of people to leave their homes over the past decade. Farmers whose families have worked the land for generations say they are losing crops and their incomes are plunging.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California, Colorado

Firefighters across two states are battling wildfires that have destroyed more than 60,000 acres in the US West.

In the rugged hills near California’s Lake Hughes in Los Angeles County, the Lake Fire has grown to 10,000 acres and is 0% contained as of Wednesday evening.

And in Colorado, the Grizzly Creek Fire has destroyed more than 3,200 acres and is 0% contained, according to the US Forest Service. The Grizzly Creek Fire is less than 100 miles from the Pine Gulch Fire to the southwest, which has destroyed more than 50,000 acres in less than a week. The Bureau of Land Management says it is 7% contained.

Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Dengue Fever – Peru

Peru health officials have reported a 263% increase in dengue fever cases during the first 30 weeks of 2020 compared to the same period last year. To date, 29,144 total dengue cases have been reported.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the Week 5 August 2020 – 11 August 2020

Manam | Papua New Guinea : The Darwin VAAC reported that on 6 August an ash plume from Manam rose to 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW. The next day ash plumes rose to 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W.

Nishinoshima | Japan : Based on satellite data, the Tokyo VAAC reported that during 5-11 August ash plumes from Nishinoshima rose to 4-4.9 km (13,000-16,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted in multiple directions.

Raung | Eastern Java (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that an eruptive event at Raung was detected on 1 August, though weather conditions prevented visual confirmation. Weather conditions continued to obscure of views of the volcano during 5-11 August; white plumes were visible rising 100-200 m above the summit during some of the breaks in cloud cover. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2-km exclusion zone.

Sinabung | Indonesia : PVMBG reported that at 0158 on 8 August a phreatic eruption at Sinabung produced a brown-gray ash plume that rose 2 km above the summit and drifted E and SE. A news article stated that ashfall impacted at least four districts, including Naman Teran, Merdeka, Berastagi, and Dolat Rayat. BNPB noted that clean water was distributed, and emergency vehicles were deployed to clean up the ashfall. Later that day at 1718 an ash plume rose at least 1 km above the summit and drifted ESE. There is a general exclusion zone set at 3 km from the summit, with extensions to 5 km on the SE and 4 km on the NE. A news article noted that authorities began enforcing a 7-km exclusion zone. An eruptive event at 1016 on 10 August produced a dense gray ash plume that rose at least 5 km above the summit (24,500 ft a.s.l.) and drifted NE and SE. Parts of the plume drifted down the flank; ashfall was reported in several areas downwind. The Darwin VAAC advisory stated that satellite observations showed ash plumes drifting WNW at 9.8 km (32,000 ft) a.s.l. at 1430 and ENE at 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. at 1630. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4). Residents and tourists in Berastagi (13 km E) turned on headlights to navigate through the ash according to a news article.

Villarrica | Chile : POVI reported that small Strombolian explosions at Villarrica were visible in webcam images on 23 July. At 1522 on 7 August a long-period earthquake occurred along with a moderate explosion in the summit crater according to SERNAGEOMIN; a gray ash plume rose to 3.4 km (11,000 ft) a.s.l. (370 m above the vent) and drifted SE. The Alert Level remained at Yellow, the second lowest level on a four-colour scale. ONEMI maintained an Alert Level Yellow (the middle level on a three-colour scale) for the municipalities of Villarrica, Pucón (16 km N), Curarrehue, and the commune of Panguipulli, and the exclusion zone for the public of 500 m around the crater.