Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.5 earthquake hits east of the South Sandwich Islands.

5.5 earthquake hits the northern east Pacific rise.

5.3 earthquake hits Reykjanes ridge.

5.2 earthquake hits east of the South Sandwich Islands.

Three 5.1 earthquakes hit Reykjanes ridge.

5.1 earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits central Peru.

5.0 earthquake hits Reykjanes ridge.

5.0earthquake hits Antigua and Barbuda.

5.0 earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Ian is located about 40 mi…70 km se of Orlando Florida and about 35 mi…55 km sw of Cape Canaveral Florida with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…ne or 40 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

Ian made landfall in Cuba’s Pinar del Rio province, where officials set up 55 shelters, evacuated 50,000 people, and took steps to protect crops in the nation’s main tobacco-growing region before hitting Florida as a Category 4 storm. Ian is expected to weaken over land after striking the Florida coast.

Tropical Depression Eleven is located about 810 mi…1300 km w of the Cabo Verde islands with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…nw or 320 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

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In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm 16e (Orlene), located approximately 1350 nm southeast of San Diego, is tracking west-northwestward at 09 knots.

In the Northwest Pacific Ocean: Typhoon 19w (Kulap), located approximately 603 nm east-southeast of Misawa, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 28 knots.

Typhoonn 20w (Roke), located approximately 241 nm east of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking north-northeastward at 09 knots.

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Rabies – Vietnam

In the first eight months of 2022, Vietnam had 40 human rabies deaths. Although the number of deaths from rabies in some provinces decreased significantly, the number of deaths still increased compared to the previous period. Despite some progress over the past 10 years, Vietnam continues to report between 70 and 100 deaths from rabies annually.

Anthrax – South Dakota, USA

South Dakota officials reported Tuesday that several cows died from anthrax in a herd of 160 unvaccinated cattle in Meade County. These are the first anthrax cases confirmed in the state in 2022.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week 21 September – 27 September 2022

Alaid – Kuril Islands (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Alaid was identified in satellite images during 15-22 September. On 18 September an ash plume drifted 50 km E.

Home Reef – Tonga Ridge : The Tonga Geological Services reported that the new island at Home Reef that emerged from the ocean on 10 September continued to grow through 27 September. The eruption continued at variable intensities, mainly producing daily plumes of gas and steam that rose no higher than 2 km above sea level. During 0040-0250 on 25 September steam-and-ash plumes rose 2-4 km a.s.l. and drifted 30 km W, S, and SE. At 0030 on 27 September an ash plume rose 6-8 km a.s.l. and drifted 25 km SSE. The island was surrounded by plumes of discolored water.

Piton de la Fournaise – Reunion Island (France) : OVPF reported that the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise that began on 19 September, E of Piton Kala Pélé, was ongoing during 21-27 September. Gas plumes drifted SW, WSW, W, NNW, and were detected as far as 200 km from the vent in a 27 September satellite image. The active cone on the low end of the fissure ejected lava to low heights above the cone’s rim. Lava flows from the base of the cone formed two main flows that traveled SE and ESE. Lava flowed through sections of tubes mainly located along the first kilometer of both flows. Average daily lava-flow rate estimates varied from 1 to 8 meters per second based on satellite data. The SE flow front had advanced to the Château Fort crater area, reaching 2,000 m elevation on 24 September, though that flow had stopped advancing by 26 September. The eruption was confined to the caldera.

Taupo – North Island (New Zealand) : On 28 September GeoNet reported that seismic unrest and deformation at Taupo continued during the previous week. About 750 earthquakes have been located at depths of 4-13 km beneath the lake since unrest began in May. During the past week the locations were concentrated beneath the E part of the lake and occurred at a slightly lower rate than the week before. An area of deformation at Horomatangi Reef had been rising at a rate of 60 mm (plus or minus 20 mm) per year since May. The data suggested that the seismicity and deformation was caused by the movement of magma and hydrothermal fluids. GeoNet noted that unrest at calderas was common and may continue for months or years without resulting in an eruption; more significant unrest would be indicated by additional indicators of activity and substantial impacts on the local area.