Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.1 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.4 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.3 earthquake hits Halmahera, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits the Batan Islands in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical depression 26w (Fengshen), located approximately 924 nm east of Andersen AFB, is tracking west-northwestward at 16 knots.

NewsBytes:

South Africa – Torrential rain has claimed two lives in Durban overnight, after most of KwaZulu-Natal was battered by adverse weather conditions on Monday evening and into the early hours of Tuesday morning. The relentless rainfall has shutdown major highways and caused traffic nightmares for the earnest commuters on the East Coast. The M4 highway has proved to be the most high-profile casualty, with a stretch between Umhlanga and Sibaya being shut down on Tuesday.

Ireland – Police have advised motorists to reduce their speed and take care as surface water is affecting a number of roads after heavy rains. A number of streets in Belfast have been closed because of flooding.

 

Disease

Measles – DR Congo

The largest measles outbreak on the globe continues to increase in cases and deaths. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) measles outbreak saw at least 10,000 additional cases since the last report last Monday. According to the latest WHO data, from 1 January to 27 October 2019, a cumulative total of 233,337 suspected measles cases with 4,723 deaths (CFR 2%) have been reported.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 earthquake hits the Scotia Sea.

5.2 earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.1 earthquake hits northern Peru.

5.0 earthquake hits France.

5.0 earthquake hits Kepulauan Tanimbar, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits Atacama, Chile.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm 25w (Nakri), located approximately 193 nm northeast of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, is tracking westward 07 knots.

NewsBytes:

UK – An entire village in South Yorkshire has been evacuated amid record flooding and seven “danger to life” warnings along the same river. About 700 people in Fishlake, north of Doncaster, were told to leave their homes for their own safety after the River Don burst its banks and hit its highest level ever recorded. By then homes were already under 400ft of water and stranded residents were being rescued by firefighters in boats.

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Global Warming

Melting Arctic Ice Spreading Deadly Virus to Marine Mammals

A deadly virus is rapidly spreading among marine mammals in the Arctic. In a new study published Wednesday in the journal Nature, scientists have found a link between the disease and melting sea ice due to climate change.

Phocine distemper virus (PDV) has been a known pathogen in certain seal populations for decades, resulting in several mass mortality events involving tens of thousands of animals since 1988.

Researchers studied 15 years of data that tracked 2,500 marine mammals in a variety of locations via satellite.

Scientists also found a record amount of sea ice melt in August 2002 was followed by a widespread outbreak of PDV in North Pacific Steller sea lions in 2003 and 2004. During those years, over 30% of the animals tested positive for the virus.

Researchers concluded that melting Arctic sea ice caused by human-driven climate change paved the way for PDV to spread to new regions and infect new populations of marine mammals, especially along the northern Russian coast and along the coast of northern Canada.

Scientists believe the spread of pathogens could become more common as ice continues to melt, with the increased opportunity to affect more species.

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Wildlife

Dought-hit Zimbabwe readies mass wildlife migration

Zimbabwe is planning an enforced mass migration of wildlife away from a park in the country’s south, where thousands of animals are at risk of death due to drought-induced starvation. At least 200 elephants have already died at two other parks due to lack of food and water, along with scores of buffalo and antelope.

The animals will continue to die until the rains come. The biggest threat to the animals right now is loss of habitat. The El Nino-induced drought has also taken its toll on crops, leaving more than half of the population in need of food aid.

Zimparks plans move 600 elephants – as well as giraffe, lions, buffalo, antelope and spotted wild dogs – from Save Valley Conservancy in southern Zimbabwe to three other national parks.

This is the biggest translocation of animals in the history of wildlife movement in Zimbabwe across distances of more than 1,000 kilometers.

It will start once the summer rains come. Those are expected to start this week, which would offer major relief for the stricken animals and for farmers who are preparing for the 2019/20 planting season.

The migration will also help to save the conservancy’s ecosystem by depopulating it because the animals “are now becoming a threat to their own survival.Zimbabwe is home to some 80,000 elephants, around a fifth of Africa’s total, conservationists estimate. Overall numbers have declined sharply in recent years, mostly due to a combination of poaching, illegal hunting and drought.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

Authorities declared a state of emergency across a broad swath of Australia’s east coast on Monday, urging residents in high-risk areas to evacuate ahead of looming “catastrophic” fire conditions.

Bushfires burning across New South Wales (NSW) and Queensland states have already killed three people and destroyed more than 150 homes. Officials expect adverse heat and wind conditions to peak at unprecedented levels on Tuesday. More than 100 schools will be closed on Tuesday.

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Disease

Diphtheria – Scotland

Local media in Edinburgh, Scotland are reporting that two people have been admitted to a local hospital being treated for diphtheria.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits off the east coast of Kamchatka, Russia.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm 25w (Nakri), located approximately 274 nm east-northeast of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, is tracking westward 10 knots.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 23w (Matmo/Bulbul), located approximately 79 nm north of Dhaka, Bangladesh, is tracking east-northeastward at 08 knots.

NewsBytes:

Bangladesh and India – Over 1.8 million people in the vulnerable Bangladeshi coastal districts are being evacuated to 4,071 cyclone shelters ahead of Tropical Cyclone Bulbul (Matmo). Bulbul made landfall between Sagar Islands of West Bengal and Khepupara in Bangladesh. Two deaths have been reported so far in Kolkata and Odisha.

Global Warming

Economic Effect of Climate Change

Top economists say the economic effects of climate change are just starting to be felt — and they’re likely to start snowballing.

Wildfires, floods, and other natural disasters could harm the nation’s financial backbone, damaging vital electronic payment systems, causing bank failures, and disrupting the economy in myriad unanticipated ways.

The Federal Reserve — arguably the most influential economic body in the world — held its first-ever climate change research conference on Friday, where economists sounded the alarm about the toll the U.S. economy could face.

Among the findings:

Global GDP per capita could fall 7% by 2100 in the absence of climate change mitigation effects, according to a paper presented by Hashem Pesaran, an economist at the University of Southern California.

If countries abide by the Paris Accord, that would bring that loss down to 1%, the paper said.

Extreme heat impacts the productivity of workers. For each degree the temperature rises above above a daily average temperature of 59°F, productivity declines by 1.7% — a figure that Sandra Batten, a senior research economist at the Bank of England, cited in research presented Friday.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Maldives

The island chain in the Indian Ocean, Maldives, is reporting more dengue fever cases this year than has been seen in a couple of years. Through this week, health officials in Maldives have reported 4420 cases of dengue fever.

Chikungunya – Thailand

The number of infections with the mosquito-borne viral infection, chikungunya, in Thailand has eclipsed the 9,000 case mark this week, according to an update by the Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology. Health officials report 9,085 cases in 56 of the 76 provinces in the country through Nov. 5. No deaths have been reported.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.5 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.9 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.4 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.2 earthquake hits Guatemala.

5.1 earthquake hits Kepulauan Talaud, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits the Indian Ocean triple junction.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm 24w (Halong), located approximately 768 nm north-northwest of Wake Island, is tracking eastward at 13 knots.

Tropical Storm 25w (Nakri), located approximately 442 nm east-northeast of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, is tracking westward 10 knots.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 23w (Matmo), located approximately 122 nm south-southwest of Kolkata India, is tracking northward at 08 knots.

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