Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 earthquake hits Antofagasta, Chile.

5.4 earthquake hits Sulawesi, Indonesia.

5.3 earthquake hits San Juan, Argentina.

5.1 earthquake hits the central east pacific rise.

5.0 earthquake hits Nevada.

5.0 earthquake hits eastern Turkey.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone (tc) 05b (Burevi), located approximately 944 nm south-southwest of Kolkata, India, is tracking west-northwestward at 09 knots.

Screen Shot 2020 12 03 at 11 25 37

Newsbytes:

Alaska – Six people were reportedly missing Wednesday after a major landslide in Haines that prompted local evacuations and occurred as a record-breaking rainstorm triggered destructive avalanches, slides and flooding across Southeast Alaska. Haines saw the worst of the damage. On Wednesday afternoon, a landslide traveled through the Beach Road neighborhood, which includes homes, the city’s cruise ship dock and Portage Cove State Recreation Site.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

Farmers across New South Wales have been dealt another blow after hundreds of hectares of crops were destroyed by fires ignited by a wild lightning storm. Up to 30 bushfires were burning across NSW on Tuesday following a two-day heatwave, with temperatures soaring past 40 degrees.

Last year more than five million hectares were ravaged across NSW with farmers struggling to keep livestock alive and maintain crops. The scorching weather over the weekend has now prompted fears the state is in for another hellish fire season.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the Week 25 November 2020 – 1 December 2020

Lewotolo – Lomblen Island (Indonesia) : According to PVMBG continuous tremor at Lewotolo began to be recorded at 1943 on 26 November, and a series of volcanic earthquakes began at 1947. A new eruption started at 0557 on 27 November, producing dense blackish gray ash plumes that rose 500 m above the summit and drifted W. Incandescence at the summit was visible, and the emissions turned white around 0630. Seismicity slightly decreased after the eruption, though continuous tremor persisted for a period of time. Dense white plumes rose as high as 400 m and nighttime incandescence was noted during 27-28 November. During the morning of 29 November seismicity again increased, characterized by six deep volcanic earthquakes; continuous tremor appeared around 0930. At 0945 a 10-minute eruption sent dense gray-to-black ash plumes 4 km above the summit that drifted W and NW at lower heights and SE and E near the top of the plume. Ashfall was reported in several surrounding villages and video posted on social media showed tephra falling on roofs in residential areas. According to BNPB, Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD) evacuated almost 4,500 residents from 26 villages to seven evacuation centers. At 1300, the Alert Level was raised to 3 (on a scale of 1-4) and the public was warned to stay 4 km away from the summer crater. Ash plumes continued to rise on at least six more occasions, and around 1900 Strombolian activity was visible. A pungent sulfur odor was noted at the Lewotolo observation post. Satellite data showed that a sulfur dioxide plume had drifted over the N half of Australia by 30 November. Ash plumes continued to be emitted during 30 November-1 December, with dense white-and-gray ash plumes rising 700-2,000 m above the summit. Lava flows near the summit were visible and incandescent material traveled down the flanks.

Merapi – Central Java (Indonesia) : BPPTKG reported that during 20-26 November white emissions from Merapi rose as high as 750 m above the summit. Avalanches of material traveled down the flanks, as far as 1 km in the Lamat drainage (W flank) at 0648 on 22 November. A comparison of photos taken on 19 and 26 November showed morphology changes in the summit area from a collapse of part of the 1954 dome. Seismicity was higher than the previous week. Electronic Distance Measurement (EDM) data continued to measure a distance shortening between points in the NW at a rate of 11 cm per day. During overflights on 26 and 27 November BNPB and BPPTKG observers noted many new avalanche deposits on the NW, W, and SW flanks. As of 27 November, there were 2,318 people spread across 15 evacuation shelters, according to BNPB. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4).

Semeru – Eastern Java (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that the eruption at Semeru continued during 1 October-30 November. White-and-gray ash plumes rose as high as 500 m above the summit and drifted in multiple directions. Rock avalanches were intermittently recorded starting on 19 October. A significant increase in the number rock avalanches was detected on 28 November. Pyroclastic flows originating from the ends of lava flows traveled 1 km down the SE flank. At 0123 on 1 December pyroclastic flows from the summit lava dome traveled 2-11 km down the Kobokan drainage on the SE flank. The Darwin VAAC initially reported ash plumes to 15 km (50,000 ft) a.s.l. but after further analysis noted that plumes rose to a lower altitude of 6.1 km (20,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SE. BNPB reported that the pyroclastic flows destroyed some mining machinery and impacted livestock, agricultural fields, and businesses. Some residents had evacuated and then returned to their homes; one person was missing. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), with a general exclusion zone of 1 km and extensions to 4 km in the SSE sector.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.0 earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.5 earthquake hits south of Alaska.

5.2 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.2 earthquake hits Nevada.

5.1 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.1 earthquake hits the Balleny Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits the Volcano Islands off Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone (tc) 05b (burevi), located approximately 367 nm east of Cochin, India, is tracking west-northwestward at 12 knots.

Screen Shot 2020 12 02 at 15 43 53

Newsbytes:

Vietnam – Heavy rains and flooding in central and south-central regions as well as the Central Highlands were reported over the last few days. Between 28 November and 01 December, Tam Tra in Quang Nam recorded 986mm of rain and Ho Am Chua Lake in Khanh Hoa Province 820mm. Four fatalities were reported in Khanh Hoa Province. Around 2,574 people were evacuated from their homes, many of them in the coastal town of Nha Trang in the province, where flood water was up to 50cm deep on 01 December 2020. One fatality was reported in the Central Highlands province of Lam Dong, where 1 person is still missing. Around 45 people were evacuated from their homes in Dak Lak. Severe flooding was also reported in Quang Nam Province, including in the provincial capital, Tam Ky. A total of 1,993 people from 441 households have been evacuated. A further 1,062 people were also evacuated in Quang Ngai province.

Bolivia – Heavy rainfall on 30 November caused flooding in the department of Tarija in southern Bolivia. Among the worst affected areas was the city of Tarija, where creeks and rivers, including the El Monte stream, broke their banks. Local authorities reported damage to roads and homes in several neighbourhoods of the city. Power outages were reported and a medical centre was also damaged. The municipality of Cotagaita in Potosí Department was affected by a severe hailstorm that caused flooding, damage to agricultural crops and damage to vehicles.

Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

Screen Shot 2020 12 02 at 15 52 43

Monkeypox – DR Congo

Through the first nearly 10 months of 2020, health officials have reported 6,231 suspected and confirmed monkeypox cases in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Cases have been reported in 127 health zones from 17 out of 26 provinces in the country. In addition, the death toll due to monkeypox has topped 200–203 reported year to date.

HIV – Philippines

The Philippines has one of the fastest-growing HIV epidemics in the world and country public health officials say that 21 new HIV cases are diagnosed every day.

Acute hepatitis E – Burkina Faso

Between 8 September and 24 November, 2020, the North-Central region of Burkina Faso reported a cumulative total of 442 cases of febrile jaundice. The vast majority of cases (87.5%) were reported from Barsalogho health district with 387 cases and 16 deaths, representing a case-fatality rate of 4.1% (see Figure 1 and 2). A total of 15 out of 16 deaths were reported in pregnant or postpartum women.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.5 earthquake hits Salta, Argentina.

5.9 earthquake hits the Tatar Strait, Russia.

5.5 earthquake hits the Admiralty Islands, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 earthquake hits northern Sumatra, Indonesia.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

There are no current tropical Storms.

Newsbytes:

India – Cyclone Nivar made landfall to the north of Puducherry on 26 November 2020, causing severe wind damage and some flooding in low-lying areas of Tamil Nadu, including Chennai. Nivar also brought heavy rainfall to parts of Andhra Pradesh, where flooding has affected Chittoor, Nellore and Kadapa districts. Six flood-related fatalities were reported in Chittoor district and 2 in Kadapa. Thousands of people have been displaced and were staying in relief camps, including 17,163 people in Nellore, 15,289 in Kadapa and 4,012 in Chittoor. Hundreds of roads and over 100,000 hectares of crops have been damaged across the 3 districts.

Brazil – At least 150 people were rescued from flash floods in the city of São Carlos in the interior of São Paulo State, Brazil on 26 November 2020. Flooding struck after a short period of torrential rainfall. According to the São Carlos government, 138mm of rain fell between in just over 1 hour, which is more than the November monthly average. The force of the floods was so strong that it dragged 37 vehicles along city streets. Around 40 homes were also damaged and three houses completely destroyed. However there were no reports of fatalities as of 28 November. The state government said that around 130 businesses had suffered severe damaged. A state of emergency has been declared for the city.

Indonesia – Over 25,000 people have been affected by floods in Serdang Bedagai Regency in North Sumatra Province of Indonesia. As of 28 November, 5,336 homes had been damaged and 26,680 people affected, according to BNPB. Over 100 families have evacuated and moved to temporary accommodation. Severe flooding has affected the city of Tebing Tinggi in particular over the last few days. As of 30 November, the city government reported 6,663 houses damaged. Meanwhile, heavy rainfall has also affected areas of Indonesia and Malaysia on the island of Borneo, in particular in South Kalimantan Province, where flooding on 27 November affected 390 people and damaged 130 homes in Tapin Regency. The following day, floods in Tabalong regency damaged 497 homes, affecting 1,873 people. Further north on the island of Borneo, 364 people were displaced from their homes after flooding in Bintulu in the state of Sarawak in Malaysia on 28 November. Bintulu recorded 256.6mm of rain in 24 hours to 28 November 2020.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

A large wildfire continues to burn on the heritage listed Fraser Island. Some visitors have had to be evacuated and numerous trails have been closed. The fire has now ripped through 72,000ha of land, equivalent to 40 per cent of the 181,851 hectare world heritage-listed island. The fire broke out on October 14 when an illegal campfire got out of control.

Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

Screen Shot 2020 12 01 at 13 00 06

Polio – Afghanistan – Global

Afghanistan reported two additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases in Hilmand province, bringing the total to 56 in 2020 to date. The number of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) across countries in Africa and Asia and the Middle East rose by some 69 cases last week.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 earthquake hits Salta, Argentina.

5.4 earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits southern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.1 earthquake hits the Andreanof Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits Samar in the Philippines.

5.1 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 earthquake hits the southwest Indian ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits Taiwan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

There are no current tropical Storms.

Newsbytes:

Iran – The Red Crescent in Iran reported flooding in 8 provinces of the country after days of heavy rain. Areas affected are in the province of Ilam, Bushehr, Khuzestan, Fars, Qazvin, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Golestan and Lorestan.

Italy – At least three people have died in flash flooding that struck after heavy rain on the island of Sardinia, Italy, from 28 November 2020. Three fatalities were reported in the municipality Bitti in Nuoro Province. Flood waters and mud swept through the streets of the town of Bitti. Heavy rain also caused landslides in the area. Roads, bridges, houses and vehicles have all been damaged or destroyed. Around 40 people were evacuated. Flooding and severe weather including strong winds affected other parts of the island. Italian fire and rescue service, Vigili del Fuoco, said on 29 November that it had responded to over 300 interventions.

India – Officials in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, said at least 3 people died during the passage of Cyclone Nivar after it made landfall to the north of Puducherry on 26 November 2020. Wind gusts of 145 km/h caused severe damage across Tamil Nadu, including over 1,000 trees uprooted. According to reports from news agency Press Trust of India (PTI), some low-lying areas were marooned due to water-logging in Tamil Nadu including parts of Chennai, following heavy rains in the wake of the cyclone. Flooding was also reported in the union territory of Puducherry. Authorities in Tamil Nadu said thousands of people had been moved to safe shelters across the state in preparation. A public holiday was declared for 25 and 26 November in order to limit damage from the storm.

Environment

Ocean Plastic Pollution

The international nonprofit advocacy organization, Oceana, released a new report this month that lists plastic pollution as the #1 killer of marine wildlife. The team of researchers surveyed government agencies, organizations, and institutes to collect data on how plastic pollution is impacting marine life.

The researchers say the biggest problem they found was animals consuming plastic. This can happen due to an animal mistaking plastic for food or inadvertently swallowing plastic materials while swimming. Becoming entangled in plastic was also listed as a frequent problem. This can lead to the animal choking, suffering physical trauma, or not being able to feed properly.

Screen Shot 2020 11 30 at 14 15 53