Disease

Measles – DR Congo

The largest measles outbreak on the globe continues to increase in cases and deaths. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) measles outbreak saw at least 10,000 additional cases since the last report last Monday. According to the latest WHO data, from 1 January to 27 October 2019, a cumulative total of 233,337 suspected measles cases with 4,723 deaths (CFR 2%) have been reported.

Disease

Diphtheria – Scotland

Local media in Edinburgh, Scotland are reporting that two people have been admitted to a local hospital being treated for diphtheria.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Maldives

The island chain in the Indian Ocean, Maldives, is reporting more dengue fever cases this year than has been seen in a couple of years. Through this week, health officials in Maldives have reported 4420 cases of dengue fever.

Chikungunya – Thailand

The number of infections with the mosquito-borne viral infection, chikungunya, in Thailand has eclipsed the 9,000 case mark this week, according to an update by the Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology. Health officials report 9,085 cases in 56 of the 76 provinces in the country through Nov. 5. No deaths have been reported.

Disease

Measles – New Zealand

The number of measles cases reported in New Zealand this year has topped 2,000 cases. According to an update from the New Zealand Ministry of Health, from 1 January 2019 to 8 November 2019 there have been 2014 confirmed cases of measles notified across New Zealand. 1631 of these confirmed cases are in the Auckland region.

Dengue Fever – Sri Lanka

To date, 65,583 dengue cases have been reported this year, including more than 80 fatalities.

Measles – Lesotho

The measles outbreak in Lesotho is the first in nearly 10 years. The WHO has encouraged health officials in Maseru, the capital city, to improve their disease surveillance.

Hepatitis E – Namibia

In Namibia, over 6 000 cases of hepatitis E have been reported since 20 October 2019. The outbreak started in Windhoek’s informal settlements in 2017.

Disease

Dengue Fever Sexually Transmitted – Spain

A young man in Madrid, Spain has been diagnosed with dengue fever contacted via sexual transmission, one of the first cases of sexual transmission of dengue in the world.

Polio – Afghanistan, Pakistan

With the addition of four wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases this past week, the global total has reached 100, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. In Afghanistan, one WPV1 case was reported and in Pakistan, three WPV1 cases were reported.

Ebola – DR Congo

Fifteen confirmed cases were reported in the past week (30 October – 5 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

African Swine Fever 

A quarter of the world’s domestic pigs have died or been put down this year due to outbreaks of African swine fever, with China losing nearly half of its pigs. The virus responsible originated in East Africa and has spread in recent years to as far away as Belgium, the Caucasus nation of Georgia and eastward into Asia. While the disease can be eradicated by killing infected domestic pigs, it persists in wild boar and feral hogs. There is no vaccine, making it hard to prevent.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Pakistan

Health officials with the National Institute of Health (NIH) in Pakistan say the number of dengue fever cases reported in 2019 is a record. According to Pakistan NIH official, Dr Rana Safdar, a record-breaking 44,000 people have been infected with mosquito-borne dengue in Pakistan this year.

Dengue Fever – Rio de Janiero, Brazil

The number of dengue fever cases in Rio de Janeiro have doubled in 2019 as compared to last year. From January to October this year, there were more than 31,000 cases of dengue, 120% more than in the same period last year.

Eastern equine encephalitis – Michigan, USA

The Michigan Department of Health in an Weekly Arbovirus update Monday reported a fifth fatality due to Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).

Disease

Measles – Venezuela

Health officials in Venezuela report 520 measles cases through Oct. 31 this year. Since measles reappeared in the country, in 2017, the Ministry of Health has registered 10,759 suspected cases of the disease.

Hepatitis A – Minnesota, USA

The number of hepatitis A outbreak cases in Minnesota has risen to 49 as of Nov. 1, according to health officials. Seven out of 10 cases required hospitalization and no deaths were reported.

Dengue Fever – Philippines, Indonesia

It has been a record season for dengue fever in the Philippines in 2019. Between 1 January and 19 October 2019, 371,717 dengue cases including 1,407 deaths were reported. During the first 10 months of 2019, Indonesian health officials have reported 110,921 cases of dengue fever.

Disease

Measles – DR Congo

Approximately 12,000 additional measles cases have been reported in the worlds largest outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in the past two weeks. Through October 20, officials report 222,939 measles cases, up from 209,211 cases on Oct. 6. In addition, the measles fatalities have risen to 4,435.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Malaysia

The Malaysia Ministry of Health (MOH) reports being briefed on the issue of imported Canned Luncheon Meat products from China that have been detected with the DNA of African Swine Fever (ASF) virus in Sarawak. Consumers are advised to refrain from buying this product including online purchases, and not to provide the product or residue of this product as food to pigs. This is to reduce the risk of ASF contaminating pigs that eat animal food that has been contaminated with ASF virus.

Salmonella – USA

One person has died and eight others have been hospitalized as a result of a multi-state outbreak of salmonella linked to ground beef, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Disease

Salmonella – Sweden

Swedish health officials report investigating a national outbreak of Salmonella infection last week. 25 cases of disease have been linked to an outbreak of Salmonella Newport. The cases are spread in 12 counties.

African Swine Fever – Indonesia

African swine fever has been reported in Indonesia. The report states: A total of 11 districts / cities in North Sumatra Province tested positive for African swine fever (ASF) virus.

Dengue Fever – Singapore

Singapore officials reported 257 additional dengue fever cases during the week ending Nov. 1, a slight increase over the previous week but a significant decrease compared to the peak of the season. This brings the total cases through the first 11 months of 2019 to 13,577.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

The ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the North Kivu and Ituri provinces saw a stabilization in the number of new cases this past week, with 19 confirmed cases reported in the past week (23–29 October), essentially equivalent to the 20 confirmed cases the week before.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus – UAE

Earlier this month, officials in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported a confirmed case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection the first in 17 months.

Dengue Fever – Brazil

The number of dengue fever cases and deaths are up sharply this year in Araguaína, northern Tocantins, according to a local report. 1,553 cases of dengue were confirmed from January to September this year, an increase of 352% over the same period last year.

Measles – Wipes Out Immune System

A bout of measles may devastate children’s immune system and leave them open to other serious diseases, say scientists.

Most youngsters who die from measles are killed by complications such as pneumonia or swelling of the brain.

While white blood cells needed to fight infections are destroyed by measles, the cells do come back in force once the rash disappears.

This has left scientists struggling to understand why those who have had measles then suffer with other health problems.

However researchers have now discovered measles “resets” the immune system, wiping out the immunity children have developed to other illnesses, effectively leaving them with the same scant protection they had as newborns.

Vaping – USA

The number of cases of a deadly vaping illness continues to rise with 37 confirmed deaths and more than 1,800 sickened throughout the U.S.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Central America

Central American countries in 2019 have seen an increased incidence of dengue fever, in fact, the cumulative incidence rate of dengue in the Central America region is higher than in the previous five previous years, with an incidence of more than 100 people with dengue per 100,000 people,

Flu, Pneumonia – Global

Despite large declines since 1990 in child deaths from pneumonia and the flu, these and other lower respiratory infections (LRIs) remain a leading killer of children under age 5. A new scientific study finds LRIs responsible for one in seven child deaths globally.

White-nose Syndrome – Bats

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is announcing a $100,000 challenge to combat white-nose syndrome (WNS), a lethal fungus that has killed millions of bats in North America and pushed some native bat species to the brink of extinction. Funding will be awarded to individuals who identify innovative ways to permanently eradicate, weaken or disarm the disease.

Measles – Samoa and Tonga

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Samoa, health authorities say there have been 15 confirmed cases, including three deaths. In addition, 314 suspected cases – most of them children under the age of four are being investigated. Meanwhile in Tonga, an outbreak of measles has occurred following the return of a squad of Tongan rugby players from New Zealand where one player developed measles. Twelve other players were in the incubation period of the illness during travel back to Tonga and developed symptoms on 6th- 9th October.

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Sudan

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Sudan reports that since late September, Sudan has seen 193 Rift Valley Fever (RVF) cases, including four deaths. The cases were reported from Red Sea, River Nile and Khartoum states.

Measles – Ukraine

The measles outbreak in the Ukraine seems to be declining. In an update on the measles outbreak in Ukraine, 45 additional people became ill with measles during the past week, which includes 18 adults and 27 children.

Killer brain disease arrives in UK

A disease that can harm the brain and which is spread to humans by tick bites has been identified in the insects in Britain for the first time. Public Health England (PHE) has confirmed the presence of the tick-borne encephalitis virus in Thetford Forest and on the Hampshire-Dorset border. PHE says the risk is ‘very low’, but it is investigating how common the infected ticks might be. Ticks are becoming more common in parts of the UK, mainly due to increasing deer numbers. They can also live in other animals, such as dogs, and in undergrowth.

Leptospirosis – Ireland

People have been warned not to swim or go boating in the Royal Canal in north Dublin after there was an outbreak of rat-borne diseases recently. There have been a number of cases of Leptospirosis reported to the HSE recently after people had been exposed to the water in the canal. Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection usually spread through contact with rats or rat urine.

Disease

Cholera – Kenya

During the week ending October 13, officials in Kenya reported an additional 100 new suspected Cholera cases, with eighty-five percent of cases being reported from Nairobi and Wajir. Since the beginning of the year, Kenya has seen 4,476 cholera cases, including 37 deaths. Twelve of the 47 Counties of Kenya have reported cholera cases.

Burundi – Malaria

Since our last report one month ago, the number of malaria cases in Burundi has increased nearly one million cases. Since December 2018 through September 2019, health officials have reported 6,831,659 total malaria cases in the country, including 2,545 deaths.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Thailand

An order has been issued to close cattle markets in all 26 districts of Khon Kaen, a northeastern province from Nov 1 – 30 following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). It is believed that the disease is spreading from the cattle markets.

HIV – Pakistan

Nearly 900 children in the small Pakistani city of Ratodero were bedridden early this year with raging fevers that resisted treatment. Parents were frantic, with everyone seeming to know a family with a sick child.

In April, the disease was pinned down, and the diagnosis was devastating: The city was the epicenter of an H.I.V. outbreak that overwhelmingly affected children. Health officials initially blamed the outbreak on a single pediatrician, saying he was reusing syringes.

Since then, about 1,100 citizens have tested positive for the virus, or one in every 200 residents. Almost 900 are younger than 12. Health officials believe the real numbers are probably much higher, as only a fraction of the population has been tested so far.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

The number of confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) remains relatively low this week, with 21 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

Polio – Global

Global polio cases Global health officials reported an additional six wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week–two in Afghanistan and four in Pakistan–bringing the total WPV-1 cases this year to 94, nearly triple the number reported in 2018.

Dengue Fever – Americas

UN health officials released the latest dengue fever numbers for the Region of the Americas recently and the the total cases now stand at 2,668,877, including 1,162 deaths.

Brazil has reported more than 1 million dengue cases in a year several times–1.5 million in 2016, 1.65 million in 2015 and 1.47 million in 2013. In 2019, for the first time they have topped 2 million cases (2.04 million). Brazil has also reported 676 fatalities.

Mexico has also seen a dramatic increase in dengue this year. In fact, the number of cases have doubled compared to 2018. To date, Mexico has seen 163,662 cases, while last year they reported 78,621.

Other countries in the western hemisphere reporting high numbers of dengue cases include Nicaragua (135,901), Colombia (98,739) and Honduras (81,854).