Disease

Anthrax – Armenia

Armenia health ministry officials reported three additional human cutaneous anthrax cases in the village of Geghhovit, Gegharkunik Province, bringing the total cases to eight. All the patients are receiving treatment, the ministry said. The Food Safety Inspectorate has reported the outbreak has been linked to a single unvaccinated, diseased cow.

West Nile Virus – Las Vegas, USA

In the Las Vegas/Clark County area, health officials have declared an outbreak of West Nile virus (WNV) after receiving reports of 28 cases of the disease in humans – the highest case count in a season since the virus was first detected in the state in 2004.

African Swine Fever – South Africa

Gauteng officials have warned farmers of a new outbreak of African swine fever, after it was detected in an informal set up in the Swaniesville area. A group of about five pig owners were affected. There are around 1 000 pigs in the area and the culling process was still pending.

Disease

Listeriosis – Spain

An outbreak of listeriosis in Spain has sickened about 155 people to date, killing one, according to the health authorities. The Spanish Health Ministry said it was looking into another 523 suspected cases. The outbreak has primarily affected Andalusia in the Seville region.

Disease

Hepatitis A – Flordia, USA

Florida state health officials reported an additional 72 hepatitis A cases last week, bringing the outbreak total since January 2018 to 2,814 cases. In addition, 31 deaths have been reported through July 31.

Bird Flu – China

The China National Health Commission reported a human case of avian influenza A(H5N6) today. The patient is in a critical condition in a Beijing hospital.

Disease

Chikungunya

Brazil – From the beginning of the year through July, Brazil health authorities have reported 97,900 probable cases of chikungunya in the country.

Thailand – In an update on the chikungunya situation in Thailand, the Ministry of Health reports that since the beginning of the year through August 4, 5,996 cases from 44 provinces have been reported, an increase of some 1,500 in about one month.

Measles – New Zealand

Officials with the Auckland Regional Public Health Service have reported some 100 additional measles cases during the past week. On August 13, officials were reporting 410 cases and this morning the total has risen to 507 with some 50 cases reported just over the weekend. Nationally, New Zealand’s measles total has reached 639 cases.

Crimea-Congo Haemorrhagic fever – Uganda

A confirmed case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) involving a 42-year-old businessman dealing in cattle has been reported from Kasagama Subcounty, Lyantonde District.

Malaria – Uganda

The Uganda Ministry of Health is reporting an increase in malaria cases in 2019. The cases of malaria have increased by over 400,000 cases when compared with 2018 and 2019 from about 1 million cases in June 2018 to 1.4 million in June 2019 (40% increase). However, it is worth noting that cases are still low compared to 2017 and 2016 in the same period.

Diphtheria – India

Health officials at the Government Fever Hospital in Hyderabad, Telangana state, India are reporting a surge in cases of the vaccine-preventable disease, diphtheria. According to a Times of India report, during the past two months they have seen 240 cases reported from Hyderabad, including seven death in just the past month.

Measles kill more people in DR Congo than Ebola

Measles has killed 2,758 people in the DR Congo since January, more than the Ebola epidemic in a year, medical NGO Doctors Without Borders said. The disease, preventable with a vaccine, has infected over 145,000 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo between January and early August.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Congo’s year-long Ebola outbreak has spread to a new province, with two cases, including one death, confirmed in South Kivu, according to the government health ministry. The movement of the potentially deadly disease to a new province highlights the difficulties that health workers in Congo face in controlling the outbreak. Two new patients tested positive in the Mwenga area of South Kivu, adding to North Kivu and Ituri provinces where there are confirmed cases of the disease, according to the health ministry.

Disease

Typhoid – Singapore

Singapore health officials apparently issued a memo for physicians recently due to an increase in locally acquired typhoid fever. According to the memo, posted on the Etern Medical Facebook page, as of August 13, 15 local cases have been confirmed from July 13 through August 2. All the patients were hospitalized and stable.

Syphilis – Japan

Syphilis has become a big public health issue in recent years, with 2018 seeing more than 6,000 cases globally, the highest number since 1970. To date in 2019, the Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID) has reported 3894 cases, including 1,010 cases in Tokyo, more than 25 percent of the country’s total.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Thailand

Thailand health officials reported an additional 4,500 dengue fever cases during the past week, which has brought the total case tally to 49,174 cases with 64 deaths.

African Swine Fever – Myanmar

Myanmar is now the 7th Asian country to report confirmed African swine fever (ASF) cases. The ASF virus was confirmed in Wan Nwet Village, Mongla, Keng Tung, Shan State on the Myanmar/China border where 15 cases were reported, including 12 deaths.

Banana-killing virus reaches Latin America

Officials in Colombia declared a national emergency after confirming the presence of this deadly fungus, known as Fusarium oxysporum Tropical Race 4 (TR4), in the country. This is the first time the fungus has been detected in Latin America. However, the fungus isn’t new — for decades, it has been devastating banana plantations in Asia, Australia and East Africa.

Although this fungus isn’t harmful to humans, it is a “serious threat” to banana production, according to the United Nations. The fungus attacks the plant’s roots and blocks its vascular system — the network used to transport water and nutrients — and ultimately kills the plant. Once the fungus finds its way into soil, it can’t be treated with fungicides, and it’s very difficult to remove.

What’s more, the fungus attacks the most commonly exported banana, the Cavendish banana. Cavendish bananas reproduce asexually, meaning that the plants are essentially clones of their parents. This means banana crops lack genetic diversity, and infections can spread quickly.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks, with an average of 81 cases per week (range 68 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.

Disease

Plague – Madagascar

In Madagascar, there is a “plague season” which occurs every year, usually between September and April. We’re not even half way through August and 13 suspected human plague cases have been reported in the matter of a few days.

Disease

Leishmaniasis – Kenya

Disease outbreaks continue to plague Kenya and according to the Ministry of Health, outbreaks of cholera and measles continue in the country. In addition, Kenya is reporting a large outbreak of the parasitic disease, visceral leishmaniasis (Kala Azar). Since January through the first week of August, a total of 1,986 cases of leishmaniasis have been reported.

Dengue Fever

Sri Lanka – Health officials in Sri Lanka report that dengue-related fatalities have been reported in the dozens this year to date and additional dengue strains have been identified as circulating this season. Through today, Sri Lanka has reported 36,858 dengue fever cases with Colombo, Gampaha and Galle RDHS reporting the most.

Philippines – The latest numbers show 115,986 cases of dengue, including 491 deaths, many children.

Disease

Tularemia – Sweden

The number of reported cases of human tularemia has increased significantly in Sweden during the end of July and the beginning of August, according to the Public Health Agency of Sweden, or Folkhälsomyndigheten. A total of 212 confirmed cases have been reported, significantly more than reported during an average year.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Marshall Islands

With the reporting of over 100 probable and confirmed dengue fever cases, the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (GRMI) issued a State of Health Emergency due to a dengue fever outbreak on Ebeye island.

According to the declaration, the current circulating strain is dengue type 3, which is different to the previous outbreak in 2011 (a dengue type 4 outbreak when over 1600 cases were reported), which increases the health risks for those who contract the illness a second time.

Disease

Malaria – Venezuela

Governor of Anzoátegui state, in the northeastern region of Venezuela says malaria cases have doubled in the state as more than 10,000 patients were diagnosed in the last two months. Three deaths have been reported among the cases.

Wild Poliovirus – Pakistan

Pakistan saw one additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case in the past week from Killa Abdullah district, Balochistan province. This brings the total WPV1 cases in the country to 48 and including the 12 cases reported in Afghanistan this year, a global total of 60.

Disease

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

During the past two weeks, at least 16 persons have died in an outbreak of yellow fever in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State in southern Nigeria. The number of cases remains unknown as yet.

Measles – Ukraine

Officials with the Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine report the number of measles cases is rising again. For the week ending Aug. 4, 287 people became ill with measles – 160 adults and 127 children. The highest number of cases were reported in Kyiv, Vinnytsia, Chernivtsi and Khmelnytskyi oblasts.

Since the beginning of the year, 56,861 people became ill with measles in Ukraine – 26,748 adults and 30,113 children, and 18 people died from measles complications.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

The dengue fever situation in Bangladesh worsens each day as the numbers only get higher. In a 24 hour period Wednesday, some 2,400 additional cases were reported. Year to date, the country has reported 35,000 dengue cases, with the vast majority since July. The officials death toll stands at 29, with unofficial numbers much higher.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks with an average of 86 cases per week (range 80 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Philippines

Philippines Health Secretary, Francisco Duque III has declared a national dengue epidemic due to continuous increasing number of dengue cases in different regions in the country. From January to July this year 146,062 cases of dengue in the whole Philippines have already been recorded. In addition, 622 deaths have been reported.

African Swine Fever

The African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Vietnam has spread significantly since the first outbreak was reported on 19 February 2019. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported last week that a total of 62 provinces/cities reported outbreaks, about 3,700,000 pigs have died from the disease or been culled.

Measles – DR Congo

Since our last report on the measles outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) at the end of June, the outbreak total has increased by some 17,000 cases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), from 1 January to 21 July 2019, a total of 137,154 suspected measles cases including 2,581 deaths (case fatality ratio 1.9%) have been reported from 455 (88%) out of 519 health zones across all 26 provinces of the DRC.