Leishmaniasis – Kenya

In an update on the leishmaniasis situation in Kenya, officials reported an additional 24 cases during the week ending Oct. 6. This brings the total cases reported in 2019 to 2,696, including 34 deaths.

Cholera – Sudan

From 28 August through 12 October 2019, a total of 278 suspected cholera cases, including 8 deaths (case fatality ratio: 2.88 %), have been reported from four localities in Blue Nile State. One hundred seventy two cases were female (62%), and 238 (93.1%) were over 5 years of age.


African Swine Fever – China

China reported another outbreak of the African swine fever on Sunday in its northwestern province of Gansu, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said. The latest outbreak occurred in a breeding cooperative in a county in Gansu’s Dingxi City, with 265 of the 287 infected pigs dying.

China has reported such outbreaks in all its provinces on the mainland, as well as in Hong Kong and Hainan island in the south.


Polio – Pakistan

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) reported three additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week in Pakistan. This brings the total in Pakistan to 72 in 2019 to date, the highest number is years.


Naegleria fowleri – Pakistan

Pakistani health officials reported Friday on an additional Naegleria fowleri, or “brain-eating amoeba” death in Karachi. The 19-year-old victim is is the 15th fatality this year.


Chikungunya – Thailand

The Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology released the latest chikungunya case numbers this week and the tally has eclipsed the 8,000 mark. Through Oct. 6, officials report 8,104 cases of the mosquito-borne disease from 52 provinces.Measles – DR Congo

Typhoid – Ireland

The Ireland Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) in Dublin is reporting an significant increase in typhoid fever cases in 2019. Specifically, a large increase in typhoid cases have been reported among travelers returning from Pakistan.

Ebola – DR Congo

The number of reported cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) consistently declined in recent weeks, with 14 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces during the epidemiological week of 30 September through 6 October.


Measles – DR Congo

The world’s largest measles outbreak has hit a couple of grim milestones, according to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has reported 203,179 cases of measles from all 26 provinces of the country, including 4,096 deaths. UNICEF says children under the age of five represent 74 percent of the cases.


Infections in the United States from three sexually transmitted diseases hit a record high in 2018 — a high that threatens millions of Americans, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said.

According to a 2018 STD Surveillance Report from the CDC, combined cases of syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia reached an all-time high in the United States last year with more than 2.4 million cases.

Antibiotics can cure syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, but the diseases must be caught early and not left untreated. The CDC cautioned that many cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis continue to go undiagnosed and unreported.


Rabies – Malaysia

The rabies outbreak in Sarawak that was declared on July 1, 2017 is now entering its third year. The number of pet bites in dogs and cats is still high, averaging from 40 to 60 cases a day, at a rate similar to that of the first year of the rabies outbreak.

In 2019, a large number of dogs and cats biting humans tested positive for rabies. According to a report from the Department of Veterinary Services of Sarawak, as of September 30, 2019, a total of 138 (32.8%) samples from a total of 420 test dogs and cats were diagnosed with rabies. This year, there were five (5) confirmed cases of rabies among humans.

Cholera – Sudan

On 8 September, Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) notified WHO about a cholera outbreak in four localities in the Blue Nile State (BNS), south-eastern Sudan, bordering Ethiopia and South Sudan. The first case was detected on 28 of August 2019. From 28 August through 8 October 2019, a total of 247 suspected cholera cases, including 8 deaths (case fatality ratio: 3.5 %), have been reported from four localities in Blue Nile State

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

From 29 August through 22 September 2019, Nigeria reported an outbreak of yellow fever with an epi-centre in the Yankari game reserve of Alkaleri LGA, Bauchi state. According to Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), 231 suspected cases have been reported in four states.


Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

The Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) in Bangladesh reported this week that the 2019 dengue fever outbreak has topped 90,000 cases. The annual figure never crossed 11,000 since the first dengue outbreak in the country in 2000. The unofficial number of deaths from dengue is now 158, official numbers reported stand at 81.


Plague – DR Congo

In a report published on ProMED Mail from Ituri Province in the northeastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), officials from EcoHealth Alliance note a cluster of bubonic plague cases in the village of Omeyi in the Ongoyi health area. A family of four cases, including one fatality was reported.


Typhoid Fever – Pakistan

The USA Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a travel notice this week for Pakistan due to the ongoing outbreak of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) typhoid fever. Health officials in Pakistan have reported an ongoing outbreak of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) typhoid fever that began in Hyderabad in November 2016.


Plague – New Mexico, USA

For the first time since 2017, New Mexico health officials have reported a human plague case. The New Mexico Department of Health staff have gone door-to-door in the affected area to inform neighbors about plague and provided them with education to reduce the possibility of the disease spreading.


Lung Injury, Vaping – USA

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced updated numbers related to the multistate outbreak of lung injury associated with use of e-cigarette, or vaping, products. Through Oct. 1, 1,080 lung injury cases associated with using e-cigarette, or vaping, products have been reported to CDC from 48 states and the US Virgin Islands. Of this total, 18 deaths have been confirmed.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues this week with 20 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces from 25 September-1 October 2019, versus 29 in the previous week.


Dengue Fever – Marshall Islands, Yap

According to an update from the Government of the Marshall Islands, to date there have been 607 suspect dengue fever cases (DEN-3 outbreak) of which 161 have been lab confirmed, including the 51 cases reported in the past week. 178 people required hospitalization and one death was reported from Majuro.

In Yap State a total of 75 new dengue cases were seen during epi week 39 (14% increase from week 38) bringing the total of 760 cases since January 1, 2019.


Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In update on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, officials report an additional 3618 new suspect cases during the past week from neighborhoods in the Dire Dawa City. This is a slight decrease in cases compared to recent weeks. To date, 46,326 chikungunya cases have been reported since the end of July.

Monkeypox – Cameroon

Health officials have reported a confirmed case of monkeypox in the Ekondo-Titi health district in South-west region of Cameroon last week. Supportive measures for case management have been put in place and community-based surveillance has been stepped up in the region. The region and the country is also experiencing outbreaks of cholera and measles.


Eastern Equine Encephalitis – Michigan, USA

In a follow-up on the Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) situation in Michigan, state health officials now report nine human EEE cases from six counties. Three deaths are among the nine cases.

Legionnaires Disease – North Caroline, USA

North Carolina state health officials were first notified about an increase in the number of Legionnaire’s disease cases in Buncombe and Henderson counties about one week ago. The investigation focused on people who attended the NC Mountain State Fair held Sept. 6–15 at the Western North Carolina Agricultural Center in Fletcher, NC. To date, health officials have reported 83 Legionella cases (79 Legionnaires’ disease and 4 Pontiac fever), including one fatality.