Disease

Global measles Cases on the Rise

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports preliminary global data that shows reported cases rose by 300 percent in the first three months of 2019, compared to the same period in 2018. By region, Africa has recorded a 700% increase, the Americas 60%, Europe 300%, the Eastern Mediterranean 100%, with 40% increases in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific.

Yellow Fever – Brazil

In the current 2018- 2019 season (July 2018 to March 2019), a total of 75 confirmed human cases, including 17 deaths (case fatality rate = 23%), have been reported in Brazil in the states of São Paulo (62), Paraná (12), and Santa Catarina (1).

Disease

Hepatitis A – Florida, USA – Update

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in Florida, state health officials reported 60 hepatitis A cases the week of April 7, bringing the number of outbreak cases since January to 811 and since last year to 1,359.

Disease

Uganda reports Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) fatality

The Uganda Ministry of Health issued a press release Monday saying that there was one confirmed Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) case in Wakiso District who died on Apr. 11.

Disease

Measles – Philippines – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Philippines this year, the Department of Health (DOH) has reported 28,362 measles cases including 389 deaths through April 5. Cases have been reported from all 17 Regions of the country. A case-fatality of 1.37 percent has been reported in this outbreak.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

The Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reported an additional 2,250 measles cases the week ending Apr. 4, bringing the 2019 outbreak total to 37,328. The number of fatalities due to the complications of measles remain at 14.

Dengue Fever – Tahiti

Health officials in French Polynesia are reporting (computer translated) the confirmation of several autochthonous cases of dengue type 2 dengue, unrelated and scattered over several communes in Tahiti. This has prompted health officials to declare an outbreak on Wednesday. A major concern is that since dengue type 2 has not circulated in the country since the year 2000, the epidemic could be of great magnitude. People under 20 or arriving in French Polynesia after 2000 are most at risk of becoming infected.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Reunion – Update

Health officials in Reunion report an additional 904 dengue fever cases during the last week of March, bringing the total to nearly 5,000 since the beginning of the year.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Today the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) recorded 18 new cases in the ongoing Ebola outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri province, the largest single-day jump since the outbreak began last August. The previous record was 16 cases, on Apr 7.

The spike in cases raises the outbreak total to 1,186, which includes 1,120 confirmed and 66 probable infections. Officials also confirmed 10 new deaths, raising the fatality count to 751. Ten of the new deaths occurred in the community, which raises the risk of disease spread.

Disease

African Swine Fever – South Africa

South Africa has detected an outbreak of African swine fever on a farm in North West province, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Wednesday. The outbreak killed 32 out of a herd of 36 pigs on a farm in the Ditsobotla district, with the remaining animals slaughtered, the report said.

MERS Vaccine

A collaborative team from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Saudi Arabia and Canada developed a potent and safe vaccine that protects against the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome, or MERS. The findings recently were published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria.

Nigerian health officials reported an additional 16 Lassa fever cases during the most recent week, including two fatalities. The new confirmed cases were reported from five states – Edo(6), Ondo(4), Bauchi(2), Taraba(2) and Plateau(2) with the new deaths in Bauchi(1) and Taraba (1) states.

During the first quarter of 2019, 526 confirmed cases in 21 of the 36 Nigerian states have been reported. In addition, there have been 121 deaths in confirmed cases. Case fatality ratio in confirmed cases is 23 percent.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Malaysia

Malaysia health officials reported more than 38,000 dengue fever cases through April 6. Of this total, 59 fatalities have been reported. Nearly six out of 10 cases have been reported from Selangor state, followed by Kuala Lumpur and Johor.

Anthrax – Kenya

At least twenty-two people from Tegat Village in Molo were admitted at the Nyayo hospital in Elburgon, with residents fearing they may have contracted anthrax after consuming milk from a sick cow.

African Swine Fever – Tibet

China’s agriculture ministry late on Sunday confirmed the first outbreak of African swine fever in the country’s Tibet Autonomous Region. The disease was found in two counties and one district of the city of Linzhi, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement; Linzhi is in southeastern Tibet near the border with India. A total of 55 pigs have so far been killed in the Tibet outbreak, it added.

Disease

Salmonella – Canada

Canadian health officials report investigating an outbreak of Salmonella infections involving six provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. As of April 5, 2019, there have been 63 laboratory-confirmed cases of Salmonella Enteritidis illness investigate.

Leptospirosis – Guyana

Health officials in Guyana have reported a leptospirosis outbreak among Guyana Manganese workers Friday.

According to authorities, two Chinese nationals have been treated and released, while another mining employee, who was also tested positive for leptospirosis, is in “critical but stable condition”. One individual died from complications associated with leptospirosis Wednesday night while undergoing treatment at the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC).

Disease

Bird Flu – China

Officials with the National Health Commission in China have reported the first human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) this year in Gansu.

Cholera – Yemen

Cholera is surging once again in Yemen, with the U.N. reporting that the number of suspected cases has doubled in March over previous months and doctors in overwhelmed health facilities fearing it could rival a 2017 outbreak that spiraled into the world’s worst flare-up.

The surge underscores how Yemen, which has endured multiple outbreaks of cholera amid four years of civil war, still isn’t able to stop its spread.

There were 76,152 new suspected cases and 195 deaths in March, compared to about 32,000 cases in February and 39,000 in January. The March toll brought the number of those believed to have died from cholera this year to nearly 300.

Monkeypox – Africa – Update

In a follow-up on the monkeypox situation in Africa in 2018, several countries are still reporting cases in 2019 according to World Health Organization numbers:

Central African Republic

Three cases, including one confirmed, were reported in Ippy in the week ending 3 March 2019.

Since 2 October 2018, clusters of cases have been identified across three health districts, namely; Mbaiki district with nine cases including eight confirmed, Bangassou district with five cases including three confirmed, and Bossembele district with four cases including three confirmed. One death was reported in Bossembele.

In total, 34 cases have been reported, including two deaths.

Republic of Congo

The Republic of Congo is reporting cases of monkey pox since February 2019. Two samples from Makontipoko village in Gambona district tested in the INRB-Kinshasa turned positive for Monkey pox (PCR OPX).

Nine total cases have been reported with no fatalities.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

In the week ending 3 March 2019, 90 new suspected cases including two deaths were reported. The cases of monkeypox have been confirmed in the Provincial Health Divisions of Ecuador, North Ubangi and South Ubangi.

824 total cases have been reported, including 12 deaths.

Nigeria

In January 2019, six new suspected cases were reported from six states. Three were confirmed in two states (Rivers – 1 and Bayelsa – 2). Since September 2017, 26 states have reported suspected cases with 17 having reported a confirmed case. Rivers State is the most affected. The South-South region of the country has the highest burden of monkeypox.

Since the beginning of the outbreak, 311 cases (132 confirmed) and seven fatalities have been recorded.

Disease

DR Congo – Ebola – Update

This past week saw a marked increase in the number of Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. During this period, a total of 172 confirmed cases were reported from Katwa (50), Vuhovi (34), Mandima (28), Masereka (18), Beni (13), Butembo (12), Oicha (8), Kayna (3), Lubero (3), Kalunguta (1), Bunia (1) and Musienene (1). As of 2 April, a total of 1100 confirmed and probable EVD cases have been reported, of which 690 died (case fatality ratio 63%).

Cholera – Mozambique – Update

Cholera cases in cyclone-hit Mozambique have spiked to more than 1400 and a second person has died from the disease.

Disease

Cambodia – African Swine Fever

Since the first outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) in Asia last August in Liaoning Province, China, hundreds of outbreaks have been in dozens of provinces in China, Mongolia and Vietnam. Now we learn of the first occurrence in neighboring Cambodia.

An ASF outbreak has been reported in backyard pigs in Rattanakiri province in northeast Cambodia, which borders Vietnam. Four hundred of the 500 pigs on the farm died and the remaining killed and properly disposed.

Typhoid – El Salvador

The El Salvador Ministry of Health (MINSAL) is reporting 517 cases of typhoid through the first twelve weeks of 2019.

Disease

Cholera – Mozambique

Mozambican and international health workers raced on Monday to contain the outbreak of cholera in the cyclone-hit city of Beira and surrounding areas, where cases of the disease has jumped to more than 1 000. There has been one death from cholera and of the reported cases 97 remain in treatment centers, with others released.

African Swine Fever – China

In a report from the China Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) Sunday, officials report African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks on two farms in Lichuan City, Hubei Province in central China. On one farm, 83 pigs were infected, killing 73, while on the second farm, eight hogs were infected and five died out of a total of 142 hogs.