Hantavirus disease – Republic of Panama

The Panama Ministry of Health has reported an increase in cases of hantavirus infection in Los Santos Province, Republic of Panama, to the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO). Between 1 January and 22 December 2018, a total of 103 confirmed cases of hantavirus have been reported. 51 cases were classified as hantavirus fever1 (HF) without pulmonary syndrome and 48 cases were classified as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome2 (HPS), including four deaths.

Malaria – Pakistan

The Sindh Malaria Control Program reported 108,262 lab-confirmed malaria cases in 2018, according to a Pakistani media report today. Fortunately, no fatalities were reported.


African swine fever: Large outbreak – China

The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs reported today on a large African swine fever (ASF) outbreak on a Suihua City farm in Mingshui County in Heilongjiang Province. The farm, which has 73,000 pigs, reportedly had 4,686 confirmed cases in pigs and 3,766 confirmed dead.

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

The Democratic Republic of Congo has reached a grim new milestone in the Ebola outbreak that began August 1: The total number of probable patients is 608 as of Wednesday, with 368 deaths, the Ministry of Health said. An additional 29 people who doctors suspect may be sick with Ebola are under investigation. The ministry also reported that 207 people have recovered from the life-threatening illness.


Monkeypox – Nigeria

In a follow-up on the monkeypox situation in Nigeria in 2018, health officials continue to report sporadic cases of monkeypox.. For the period of November 14 – December 13, 2018, the Nigerian CDC saw fifteen new suspected monkeypox cases.

Anthrax – Kenya

Three people have been hospitalized in Chuka County, Kenya after eating tainted meat from an anthrax infected cow. The individuals are being treated for anthrax and are in critical condition. In addition, some 10 others were treated at other facilities and discharged.


Rabies – North Caroline, USA

A black bear found dead in Hyde County has tested positive for rabies — the first known case of a rabies positive black bear in the state, according to the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission. The yearling male bear was found dead on Dec 17 at a game feeder.

Ebola – USA

A U.S. healthcare worker who may have been exposed to the Ebola virus while treating patients in the Democratic Republic of Congo arrived in the United States on Saturday and was put in quarantine in Nebraska. The medic, who is not exhibiting symptoms of Ebola, will remain under observation for up to two weeks at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) in Omaha.

Symptoms such as fever and abdominal pain may appear up to three weeks after contact with the deadly virus.


Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 31 October through 30 November 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) National Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported eight additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including two deaths.

Coral Disease Outbreak Hits Florida Reef

Florida’s coral reef has suffered an outbreak of stony coral tissue loss disease.

While coral disease outbreaks are a relatively regular occurrence, this one is somewhat different since it is very widespread and covers a large geographic area. Scientists think that the disease is caused by a bacteria that is transmitted via direct contact and water circulation. with transmission via contact being a key cause of the disease spreading. It is recommended that divers and snorkelers decontaminate their gear, which should help prevent the spread of the disease.


Typhoid Fever – Pakistan

Pakistan Health Authorities have reported an ongoing outbreak of extensively drug resistant (XDR) typhoid fever that began in the Hyderabad district of Sindh province in November 2016. From 1 November 2016 through 9 December 2018, 5 274 cases of XDR typhoid out of 8 188 typhoid fever cases were reported by the Provincial Disease Surveillance and Response Unit (PDSRU) in Sindh province, Pakistan.

Viral Winds

Scientists determined that astounding numbers of viruses are swept up from Earth’s surface and blown around the world in the planet’s atmospheric circulation.

Researchers believe there are at least 800 million viruses per square yard from just above the surface to the stratosphere.

The global winds are spreading them and bacteria for thousands of miles, possibly from one continent to another.

The scientists say the bacteria and viruses become air- borne after winds pick them up in dust and sea spray.


Classical Swine Fever – Japan

In a follow-up on the initial outbreak report of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) in Japan in September, the first in 26 years, the Ministry of Agriculture reports a sixth farm outbreak of the year. The outbreak was confirmed on a pig farm in the city of Seki in Gifu Prefecture. The outbreak affected nearly 7,500 fattening and breeding pigs.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Bhutan

The movement of live animals and dairy products including meat from Nichula gewog in Dagana is strictly banned from yesterday after an outbreak of foot and mouth diseases (FMD) in cattle were reported from the gewog. The first case was reported on December 22 from Chakramari in Gangtokha chiwog and Maula herd in Nichula gewog. The notification states that the source of the outbreak is suspected to be from across the border area (Assam, India) as cross-border grazing is a common practice along the border.


African swine fever – China

China on Tuesday reported the third outbreak of African swine fever in Guangdong, the southern province that borders Hong Kong, in less than a week. In the latest incident, in Boluo county, Huizhou, 11 of 90 pigs on a farm were killed by the deadly disease, the agriculture ministry said. On Saturday, similar infections were found in 30 pigs on a farm of more than 6,000 in the Huangpu district of Guangzhou. Nine of the animals have since died of the illness. Local authorities responded by sealing off the area and slaughtering 6,027 hogs.


China reports new African swine fever outbreak in Fujian province

China’s agriculture ministry on Monday reported another new outbreak of African swine fever, this time in the southeastern province of Fujian, which has killed 11 pigs on a farm of 5,776 pigs.


Cholera – Zimbabwe

A fresh cholera outbreak has claimed three lives from 10 cases recorded since Tuesday in the Chomubobo mining area in Mberengwa, Midlands province. Government is still searching for the source of the waterborne disease.


Measles – Ukraine – Update

The Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reported this week that the total measles cases reported through mid-December is nearly 50,000 cases. New data shows that an additional 2,652 people were diagnosed – 893 adults and 1,579 children, bringing the total for the year to 49,518. IN addition, 16 people died.


Cholera – Southern and Central Africa

Ongoing cholera outbreaks have been reported in Zimbabwe, Angola, Tanzania, Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Since the Zimbabwe outbreak, there have been four laboratory-confirmed cases of cholera in South Africa.

Over 10,000 cases were reported in Zimbabwe, claiming 59 lives.


Marburg Virus Found in West Africa

The Marburg virus is in the same family as Ebola and causes severe hemorrhagic fever in humans. Case fatality rates in Marburg outbreaks have ranged from 24% to 88%.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports laboratory confirmed cases have been reported in Uganda, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Angola, and South Africa.

The virus has not been found in West Africa–until now. Scientists have discovered live Marburg virus in fruit bats in Sierra Leone.


African Swine Fever – China

The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs reported today the first African Swine Fever (ASF) outbreak in Guangdong Province in southern China. The outbreak was reported in a slaughterhouse in Xiangzhou District, Zhuhai City. 11 pigs were killed. Guangdong is the twenty-third province to report ASF.

Botched Cicumcisions – Kenya

A Kenyan news source reports that two teen boys from Bungoma County have died from tetanus after receiving a circumcision. Apparently the circumcisions were performed by a “traditional circumsicor”, who has since gone missing.


Hepatitis A – Louisiana, USA

Joining several other states that have declared hepatitis A (HAV) outbreaks in the past several years, Louisiana announced yesterday that a hepatitis A outbreak has been declared. The Louisiana Department of Health reports that most of the recent cases have been reported in Morehouse Parish; however, cases have been reported in other parts of the state. As of December 14, 2018, Louisiana has 28 reported cases of HAV infection.

Yellow Fever – Netherlands

On 22 November 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) was informed by Dutch authorities of a laboratory-confirmed case of yellow fever. The patient visited Gambia shortly before showing symptoms of the disease.