Wildfires

Wildfires – Colorado, USA

Firefighters with air support were suppressing a lightning-sparked wildfire Sunday in southeastern Colorado that had burned more than 11,818 acres over the past four days.

Las Animas County and state authorities decided to suppress this Cherry Canyon fire, burning in canyon country near the Purgatoire River about 10 miles west of Kim, even though people and buildings weren’t threatened.

A separate fire of unknown origin was burning nearby about 120 acres northeast of the Cherry Canyon fire. Neither fire was controlled as of Sunday night.

Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 earthquake hits the southern mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.6 earthquake hits the mid-Indian ridge.

5.3 earthquake hits Crete.

5.2 earthquake hits Mendoza, Argentina.

5.1 earthquake hits the mid-Indian ridge,

5.1 earthquake hits southern Iran.

5.0 earthquake hits offshore Chiapas, Mexico.

5.0 earthquake hits the mid-Indian ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits Kodiak Island, Alaska.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

There are no current tropical storms.

NewsBytes:

Massachusetts, USA – Heavy downpours caused flooding on Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket Saturday. The National Weather Service issued a flood warning and reported 3.35 inches in Edgartown in a relatively short time.

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Flood prevention

Asia faces surging threats from coastal and river flooding as climate change brings more intense rainfall and rising seas – but investing now in dikes and other measures to stem risks could have big financial payoffs, researchers said on Thursday.

Since 1980, flooding has cost the world more than $1 trillion in losses, according to insurer Munich RE, and threats are increasing as population growth, migration and new construction put more people and assets at risk.

Aqueduct Floods data shows that by 2030, 132 million people and urban property valued at $535 billion are likely to be hit annually by river flooding.

India, Bangladesh and Pakistan are likely to see the biggest number of people affected, while India, China and Democratic Republic of Congo could see the largest losses to urban infrastructure.

On coastlines, 15 million people and $177 billion in urban infrastructure could be affected by floods each year by 2030.

A relatively small investment in flood prevention by building dikes to reduce flooding could yield a huge saving of more than 250 times the money spent as flood damages.

Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia.

5.1 earthquake hits Antofagasta, Chile.

5.1 earthquake hits Kepulauan Mantawai, Indonesia.

5.1 earthquake hits Vancouver Island, Canada.

5.0 earthquake hits Luzon in the Philippines.

5.0 earthquake hits the Ryukyu Islands off Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone (tc) 27s (Mangga), located approximately 900 nm west-northwest of Learmonth, Australia, is tracking southeastward at 24 knots.

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NewsBytes:

Indonesia – A rare tornado ripped through several villages on Indonesia’s Sumatra island, killing at least two people and damaging around 245 homes. The tornado touched down in Lampung province’s Tulang Bawang district.

El Niño – The U.S. weather agency predicts a 65% chance that neither an El Niño nor a La Niña will form this Northern Hemisphere summer. The National Weather Service’s Climate Prediction Center says that such neutral conditions typically bring more average wind, rainfall and temperature patterns than the weather disruptions brought on by unusually warmer or cooler waters across the tropical Pacific. The last El Niño warming developed in 2018 and was linked to disastrous firestorms, flash floods and crop damage in various areas of the planet.

Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Ebola – DR Congo

From 13 to 19 May 2020, no new cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported from North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.9 earthquake hits off the coast of Sinaloa, Mexico.

5.2 earthquake hits Nevada, USA.

5.2 earthquake hits the DR Congo.

5.1 earthquake hits near the coast of New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone (tc) 27s (Mangga), located approximately 1324 nm west-northwest of Learmonth, Australia, is tracking southeastward at 09 knots.

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NewsBytes:

India, Bangladesh – Tropical Cyclone Amphan, the most powerful cyclone to strike eastern India and Bangladesh in over a decade killed at least 82 people, officials said, as rescue teams scoured devastated coastal villages on Thursday, hampered by torn down power lines and widespread flooding. Mass evacuations before Cyclone Amphan made landfall undoubtedly saved countless lives, but the full extent of the casualties and damage will only be known once communications are restored, officials said. In the Indian state of West Bengal, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said at least 72 people had perished – most of them either electrocuted or killed by trees uprooted by winds gusting up to 185km/h (115 mph). She said the storm had carved a 400-km long swathe through the state. In neighbouring Bangladesh, the initial death toll was put at 10. When the cyclone barrelled in from the Bay of Bengal on Wednesday, a storm surge of around five metres caused flooding across low-lying coastal areas. Villagers could be seen trying to lift fallen electricity poles, fishermen hauling their boats out of a choppy sea, and uprooted trees lying strewn across the countryside. Designated a super cyclone, Amphan weakened after making landfall. Moving inland through Bangladesh, it was downgraded to a cyclonic storm by the Indian weather office, and it has since subsided into a depression.

Global Warming

Carbon Comeback

While overall global CO2 emissions have been expected to fall by about 7% this year due to the pandemic, scientists fear that the man-made pollution will rebound as the world’s population returns to work and industrial production surges.

Daily global emissions of the greenhouse gas fell by 17% at the height of the COVID-19 shutdown. But levels of transportation and economic activity are able to return to pre-pandemic levels by mid-June, researchers estimate the annual fall in CO2 emissions this year will be only 4%.

Wildlife

Cicadas Return – After 17 Years

The drone of untold millions of singing insects will soon echo across parts of the eastern United States from a group of cicadas that emerges from the ground only once every 17 years.

The mating songs of brood IX are among the noisiest of their kind. Their habitat stretches from North Carolina to West Virginia, where as many as 1.5 million can surface per acre.

Cicadas are large, clear-winged insects with bulbous eyes that emerge every year or in cycles of 13 or 17 years. They then shed and leave their brown husks behind on trees and other objects. After breeding, their nymphs crawl into the ground for a 17-year slumber.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 117 degrees Fahrenheit (47.2 degrees Celsius) in Nawabshah, Pakistan.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 96.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 71.1 degrees Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Dengue Fever & Covid-19 – Brazil

The number of dengue fever cases reported in Brazil through May 8 has come close to the one million mark (946,852 total cases, about half laboratory confirmed), including 298 deaths.

Brazil’s Ministry of Health reported some 18,000 coronavirus disease 2019 cases in the past 24 hours, putting the rapidly rising epidemic total to 310,087, third in the world.

Covid-19 – China

In Shulan, a city in China’s northeast, the streets are eerily quiet, devoid of taxis and buses. Apartment complexes have been sealed off, confining residents inside. Teams of government workers go door to door rounding up sick people as part of what they call a “wartime” campaign. As the Chinese authorities confront scattered outbreaks of the coronavirus in the country’s northeast, they are turning to many of the same strict lockdown measures that were a hallmark of the effort four months ago to stamp out the epidemic in the central city of Wuhan.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Kenya

Alarm has been raised in Murang’a County following an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in parts of Maragua division. In Ichagaki and Nginda locations, ten cows have died with several others displaying symptoms related to the disease. The disease spread through movement of animals from one village to the other, as well as people visiting cow sheds, the local county government says.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the Week 13 May 2020 – 19 May 2020

Aira | Kyushu (Japan) : JMA reported that during 11-18 May incandescence from Minamidake Crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) was visible nightly. There were 10 explosive events with plumes rising as high as 2 km above the crater rim. Material was ejected 600-900 m away from the crater. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).

Asosan | Kyushu (Japan) : JMA reported that eruptive activity at Asosan was recorded during 11-18 May. Volcanic plumes rose 600-1,000 m above the crater rim and caused ashfall in areas downwind. The sulfur dioxide emission rate was high; the rate was 1,300 tons per day on 17 May. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-5).

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on satellite and wind model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 13-19 May ash plumes from Dukono rose to 1.5-2.1 km (5,000-7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted in multiple directions. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2-km exclusion zone.

Ebeko | Paramushir Island (Russia) : Volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, observed explosions during 8-15 May that sent ash plumes up to 4 km (13,100 ft) a.s.l. Ash plumes drifted E, causing ashfall in Severo-Kurilsk during 8-12 May. A thermal anomaly was identified in satellite data during 12-14 May. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Ibu | Halmahera (Indonesia) : The Darwin VAAC reported that on 16 May an ash plume from Ibu rose to 1.8 km (6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW based on satellite images and weather models. Later that day an ash plume rose to 13.7 km (45,000 ft) a.s.l., detached from the volcano and drifted S, and quickly dissipated. Ash plumes rose to 4.3 (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W during 17-18 May. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to stay at least 2 km away from the active crater, and 3.5 km away on the N side.

Karymsky | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Karymsky was identified in satellite images on 7, 10, and 13 May. Steam-and-gas plumes containing some ash drifted 77 km SE on 10 May. The Aviation colour Code remained at Yellow.

Klyuchevskoy | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that Strombolian activity at Klyuchevskoy was visible during 8-15 May along with a bright thermal anomaly identified in satellite images. A lava flow continued to advance down the Apakhonchich drainage on the SE flank. Vulcanian activity on 8, 10, and 13 May produced ash plume that drifted 145 km SE and E. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange.

Rincon de la Vieja | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that periodic phreatic explosions at Rincón de la Vieja continued to be recorded by the seismic network and webcams during 13-19 May. Some of the events were not visually confirmed by webcams because of weather conditions or darkness. Two events, at 0524 and 0704 on 14 May produced steam plumes that rose 500 m above the crater rim. A few events were recorded the next morning. At 1127 on 15 May an event was characterized by local residents as a gas-and-steam plume rising 1 km above the crater rim and a gray, sediment-laden plume rising 400 m. Events at 0604, 0644, 0819, and 0825 on 17 May produced steam plumes that rose 500 m above the rim.

Sabancaya | Peru : Instituto Geofísico del Perú (IGP) reported that a daily average of 12 explosions occurred at Sabancaya during 11-17 May. Gas-and-ash plumes rose as high as 2.5 km above the summit and drifted NE, E, and SE. There were seven thermal anomalies identified in satellite data, originating from the lava dome in the summit crater. The Alert Level remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale) and the public were warned to stay outside of a 12-km radius.

Semeru | Eastern Java (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that the eruption at Semeru continued during 13-19 May, though sometimes foggy conditions prevented visual confirmation. Incandescent material from the ends of lava flows descended 200-300 m in the Kembar drainage (on the S flank), reaching a maximum distance of 1.2 km from the crater. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was reminded to stay outside of the general 1-km radius from the summit and 4 km on the SSE flank.

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite images during 8-15 May. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Ubinas | Peru : During 11-18 May the number of seismic events at Ubinas totaled 54 with volcano-tectonic (VT) signals being the most numerous. Sporadic emissions of gas and steam were recorded by the webcam rising to heights less than 300 m above the summit. The Alert Level remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale) and the public were warned to stay outside of a 10-km radius.

Yasur | Vanuatu : Based on webcam images and satellite data the Wellington VAAC reported that on 19 May a brief low-level ash emission from Yasur rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SE.