Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the Week 25 March 2020 – 31 March 2020

Kerinci | Indonesia : The Darwin VAAC reported that on 25 March an ash plume from Kerinci rose to 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted WSW based on information from PVMBG. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 3-km exclusion zone.

Reykjanes | Iceland : There were more than 6,000 earthquakes recorded beneath the Reykjanes peninsula as of 26 March, making this period of unrest the largest seismic crisis ever recorded in this part of the country since digital monitoring started in 1991, according to IMO. The seismicity occurred across three main volcanic systems: Eldey, Reykjanes-Svartsengi, and Krýsuvík. Uplift continued to be detected in the Thorbjorn area totaling about 70-80 mm; the deformation rate was lower than in January and February. Deformation modeling suggested that recent inflation was caused by a second magmatic intrusion at a depth of 3-4 km in an area W of Thorbjorn, close to the intrusion that occurred at the beginning of the year. GPS data suggested a small deformation pattern detectable over a regional area, far beyond the Thorbjorn area.

Semeru | Eastern Java (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that during 23-29 March white plumes rose 100 m above Semeru’s summit. Incandescent material was ejected 20 m above the Jonggring-Seloko Crater. Incandescent material from the ends of lava flows descended 200-500 m, reaching a maximum distance of 750 m from the crater. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was reminded to stay outside of the general 1-km radius from the summit and 4 km on the SSE flank.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.5 earthquake hits southern Idaho, USA.

5.3 earthquake hits the Pacific-Antarctic ridge.

5.2 earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.2 earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 earthquake hits off the coast of Aisen, Chile.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

There are no current tropical storms.

NewsBytes:

Indonesia – Heavy downpour that lasted hours on Monday evening has caused floods that inundated at least 9,285 houses in six districts of Bandung regency, West Java, forcing hundreds of people to flee their homes and causing at least one fatality.

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Zimbabwe – The floodwaters of the Zambezi have hit Victoria Falls and Kariba – the river has risen quickly and the lake is starting to fill. This is the biggest flood since 1977/78, which is the biggest flood since records started in the sixties. However, there is now a second wave coming through Chavuma (on the Angola/Zambia border) which looks as big as the first wave. The difference is the Barotse flood plain is now full and this wave will sweep over it. All the water will be channelled through to the Falls and into Kariba. It is predicted this will be the biggest flood since the Kariba Dam wall floods of 1958. Kariba will probably fill.

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Alabama, Mississippi, USA – At least three tornadoes touched down in multiple locations across the Southeast Tuesday as the National Weather Service issued tornado and severe thunderstorm warnings urging people to seek shelter. There was significant damage, but no deaths, in the Basin Refuge area and in Agricola, areas just south of the city of Lucedale, Mississippi. Two other tornadoes touched down in Alabama: one in Eufaula, according to the Eufaula Police Department, and one in Troy, according to the Pike County Sheriff’s Department. Information on damage and potential fatalities was not immediately available.

Global Warming

Rain, floods and confused seals: Antarctica’s warmest-ever summer

With annual rainfall of just 6.5 inches, Antarctica is technically considered a desert, but the two days of drizzle was just one of a number of remarkable weather phenomenon observed by scientists in 2020.

A heatwave began in late spring to the east of the Antarctic Peninsula and circumnavigated the continent. The Casey Research Station, south of Australia, saw three days of record-breaking temperatures, culminating in the all-time high of 9.2C on 24 January.

Antarctica’s heatwave made international headlines on 6 February when its highest ever temperature – 20.75C – was recorded on Seymour Island, just off the Antarctic Peninsula, the narrow arm that juts out into the Southern Ocean to within 1,000 kilometres of South America.

At Australia’s station in the typically ice-free Vestfold Hills, the landscape was transformed. New rivers were formed in the ice, existing lakes flooded and new ones were formed. The ice runway where planes land from Australia was inaccessible for ten weeks. It even left the seals confused.

The reason for rising temperatures in Antarctica are complex, ranging from the lateness of the Indian monsoon season, to warmer patches of water in the Pacific Ocean, to the position of the hole in the Ozone layer, to the strength of jet stream winds across the Southern Ocean.

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Disease

COVID-19

Worldwide fatalities are over 43,200. More than 862,000 people have been infected.

USA – The number of people infected with the virus in the United States hit more than 189 600 000, according to a Johns Hopkins University tally, with the number of fatalities surpassing 4,000.

New York – New York reported almost 7,000 new cases of the virus, bringing the total to over 75,000. Most of the cases were in New York City, where, officials reported more than 40 000 people had been infected with 1,096 deaths. Some 1,550 deaths have been recorded statewide.

Italy – The country’s total cases is 105,792. More deaths were also reported bringing the total to 12,428.

Germany – The total number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Germany has reached 71,808. Meanwhile, the death toll rose to 775.

Iran – Iran’s death toll from the new coronavirus has increased to 2,898. Total cases have reached 44,605.

Spain – Spain’s coronavirus death toll rose to 8,464. The total number of infections rose to 95,932.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Pakistan

Officials with Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC) in Karachi are reporting two cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Sindh province in a week.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits the southwestern Ryukyu Islands off Japan.

5.1 earthquake hits the mid-Indian ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits the Hindu Kush, Afghanistan.

5.0 earthquake hits Kepulauan Barat Daya, Indonesia.

Wildlife

Great Barrier Reef – More bleaching

Australia’s Great Barrier Reef is suffering its third mass coral bleaching event in five years, with some reefs that had survived earlier episodes being affected again.

A new survey reveals that 80 reefs between Tully and Townsville have been badly bleached.

“We could see that some of those corals were big enough that they must have survived the 2017 bleaching and now they re-bleached,” said reef expert Terry Hughes.

Nature – Images

Interesting Images

Some Wildlife Photography Award Finalists

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Orangutang Drinking

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Monkeys in Japan taking a bath in hot springs

Disease

COVID-19

Worldwide fatalities are over 37 500. More than 784 000 people have been infected.

USA – The number of people infected with the virus in the United States hit more than 164 000, according to a Johns Hopkins University tally, with the number of fatalities surpassing 3 000.

New York – New York reported almost 7,000 new cases of the virus, bringing the total to nearly 66,500. Most of the cases were in New York City, where, officials reported later on Monday, 38,087 people had been infected. Some 1 218 deaths have been recorded statewide.

Italy – Italian health officials reported an additional 4,050 COVID-19 cases in the past 24 hours, putting the country total over the 100,000 case mark with 101,739. 812 more deaths were also reported bringing the total to 11,591. .

Germany – The total number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Germany has reached 66,885. Meanwhile, the death toll rose to 583.

Iran – Iran’s death toll from the new coronavirus has increased to 2,898. There have been 3 111 new cases in the last 24 hours.

Spain – Spain’s coronavirus death toll rose by 849 cases overnight to 8,189, the highest jump in fatalities since the start of the epidemic, the health ministry said. The total number of infections rose to 94,417 from 85,195 the previous date.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 earthquake hits southeast of the Loyalty Islands.

5.4 earthquake hits the Colombia-Ecuador border.

5.3 earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits the northern mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits south of Tonga.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

There are no current tropical storms.

NewsBytes:

Kenya – A 67-year-old man died after he was swept away by flash floods in Rarieda, Siaya County on Saturday. Hundreds of families have been displaced in various parts of Nyanza and Busia County, following the heavy rains pounding most parts of the country.

Ohio, USA – Northeast Ohio residents are seeing flooded roads, intersections and high waters in their neighborhoods.

This weekend’s heavy rain has caused flooding of small creeks and streams, urban areas, highways, streets, and underpasses, as well as other drainage and low-lying areas. Several Northeast Ohio counties, including Cuyahoga, remain under flood warnings or watches.

Wildlife

Climate change forcing whales into dangerous shipping lanes

Climate change is imperilling the world’s largest animals by increasing the likelihood of fatal collisions between whales and big ships that ply the same waters.

Warming ocean temperatures are causing some species of whales in pursuit of food to stray more frequently into shipping lanes, scientists say.

The phenomenon already has increased ship strikes involving rare North Atlantic right whales on the East Coast and giant blue whales on the West Coast, researchers say.

When whales are killed in a ship collision, they often sink and don’t always wash ashore. So scientists and conservationists say fatal ship strikes are dramatically under-reported.

Vessels strikes are among the most frequent causes of accidental death in large whales, along with entanglement in fishing gear.

Scientists say the changing ocean environment and a shift in food sources with global warming is causing right whales and some other species to stray outside protected zones designed to keep them safe from ships.

Disease

COVID-19

Worldwide fatalities are over 34 000. More than 724 000 people have been infected.

USA – The number of people infected with the virus in the United States hit more than 143 000, according to a Johns Hopkins University tally, with the number of fatalities surpassing 2 400.

New York – The Governor announced today 7,681 additional cases of novel coronavirus, bringing the statewide total to 52,318 confirmed cases in New York State. The number of cases in New York City is pushing 30,000 as of today. Some 700 deaths have been recorded.

Italy – The Civil Protection department said 756 people had died in the last day, bringing the total to 10,779 — more than a third of all deaths from the virus worldwide. While the total number of confirmed cases rose to 97,689 on Sunday from a previous 92,472, it was the lowest daily rise in new cases since Wednesday.

Germany – The total number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Germany has reached 62,435. Meanwhile, the death toll rose to 541.

Iran – Iran’s death toll from the new coronavirus has increased to 2,757 with 117 new deaths in the past 24 hours, a health ministry spokesman told state TV, adding that the total number of cases has climbed to 41,495.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 earthquake hits Sulawesi, Indonesia.

5.7 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.3 earthquake hits the Banda Sea.

5.2 earthquake hits New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

There are no current tropical storms.

NewsBytes:

Hawaii – Many Kauai residents woke Saturday to parts of the islands under water after heavy rainfall moved in overnight. Kauai was under a flash flood warning for much of Friday night and Saturday morning. Numerous properties were inundated by high water levels. Portions of Oahu also saw some of the heavy rain, particularly on the northern and windward side.