Environment – El Nino

The tropical Pacific continued its retreat from El Nino thresholds for the second consecutive fortnight, ocean temperatures cooled, remaining within the neutral range (neither El Nino nor La Nina). Chances are favourable that sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific Ocean will remain at neutral levels, though still warmer than average, for the remainder of 2012.

Storms and Floods

Heavy rains have caused flooding in Russia’s southern region of Dagestan, near the Caspian Sea, leaving seven people dead.

Typhoon Prapiroon has intensified and is located approximately 240 nm south of Kadena AB, Okinawa, Japan. Typhoon Prapiroon is the twenty-second tropical cyclone of the western North Pacific Ocean, making for a very active season.




Prapiroon formed as a tropical depression over the western Pacific Ocean on October 7, 2012. It strengthened into a tropical storm the following day, and on October 9, it became a typhoon.


5.3 Earthquake hits Costa Rica.

4.9 Earthquake hits the northern Molucca Sea.

4.9 Earthquake hits Irien Jaya, Indonesia.


When NASA’s Terra satellite passed over Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula at noon local time (00:00 Universal Time) on October 6, 2012, Shilveluch Volcano was quiet (top image). By the time NASA’s Aqua satellite passed over the area two hours later (bottom image), the volcano had erupted and sent a plume of ash over the Kamchatskiy Zaliv.


Shiv 1



Shiv 2



The wildfires that struck northwest Minnesota, USA have gone underground, igniting layers of peat that could burn well into the winter.


A Mumps outbreak in Eqypt has more than tripled in one week. The number of cases reported as of Monday is 583; this is up from 157 cases reported just one week earlier. Authorities maintain there is no emergency and have not closed schools.

Storms and Floods

Over 100 villages are submerged by rampaging floodwaters from the overflowing Orashi and Sombrero Rivers in north-west areas of Ohaji/Egbema/Ndoni and Ahoada, River State, Nigeria.

Flash floods and forest run-off caused by tropical depression Gaemi have ravaged several areas in Kanchanaburi and Ratchaburi provinces, Thailand, affecting thousands of residents and damaging vast agricultural areas. Several hours of heavy downpours on Monday night resulted in flash floods hitting three districts of the central part of Kanchanaburi province. Tambon Nong Phai in Dan Makhamtei district was the worst hit, with floodwaters rising to 1-2 metres. Tropical Storm Gaemi has weakened to a tropical depression.


Early October saw intense bushfires blazing in Australia’s Northern Territory in a remote area northeast of Elliott. The satellite image shows the extent of the fires and smoke.

NT Wildfires


Large wildfire burns more than 60 000 ha in the Northern Cape, South Africa.


6.4 Earthquake hits the Belleny Islands region, far to the south of New Zealand.

5.6 and 5.1 Earthquakes hit near the north coast of Papua, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 Earthquake hits in the Banda Sea.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Kashmir-Xizeng border region.



Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic Congo – Update: As of 7 October 2012, of the 49 reported cases of Ebola, 24 have been fatal.

Some 13,000 people in 23 U.S. states may have received steroid injections linked to a rare fungal meningitis outbreak that has killed eight people. So far, 105 cases of the rare form of meningitis have been confirmed in nine states. The drug was used as a painkiller for back pain.

A brain-eating amoeba has killed at least 10 people in Islamabad, Pakistan’s most populous city since May. Naegleria fowleri has a fatality rate of more than 98 percent. It is transmitted when contaminated water enters the body through the nose and cannot be passed person-to-person. The disease first surfaced in Karachi in 2006. This year’s outbreak has been the first since then.


6.3, 5.0 and 5.0 Earthquakes hit the Banda Sea, Indonesia.

6.0 Earthquake hits the Gulf of California.

5.8 Earthquake hits Antofagasta, Chile.

5.1 Earthquake hits Azerbaijan.

The recent small Dallas, Texas Earthquakes may be tied to wastewater disposal from fracking. Three unusual earthquakes that shook a suburb west of Dallas over the weekend appear to be connected to the past disposal of wastewater from local hydraulic fracturing operations.

Space Events

Newly discovered Asteroid 2012 TC4 , 22 meters in size, will pass by earth on October 12th just 0.2 lunar distances away (1/5 of the way between the Earth and the Moon).

Meanwhile, newly-discovered asteroid 2012 TV was flying through the Earth-Moon system 0.7 lunar distances away (about 2/3rd of the way between the Earth and the Moon) on Sunday. The 40 meter-wide space rock is glowing like a 13th-magnitude star.


Mount Lokon in North Sulawesi province erupted on Sunday afternoon as heavy rain fell around its cloud-covered crater. The sound was heard 5 kilometers away but the height of the eruption was not visible. The volcano spewed smoke and ash and caused muddy rain to fall in nearby villages.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storm Prapiroon, which spawned overnight Sunday, is lurking nearly 800 miles south-southeast of Okinawa, drifting slowly west.

Tropical Storm Nadine finally broke up after tying the record for longest-lived storm. The storm grew into a hurricane three times, lost its tropical status once, made two loops and brushed the Azores twice on a twisting path around the central Atlantic as the basin’s 14th storm of the 2012 season.

Tropical Storm Olivia is strengthening over open waters in the eastern Pacific but poses no threat to land.


5.7 Earthquake hits Luzon in the Philippines.

5.4 Earthquake hits the New Britain region, Papua New Guinea.

5.3 Earthquake hits the eastern Caucasus.