Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

Extraordinary seismic activity continues unabated at the Santa Cruz Islands!

7.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

7.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

6.7 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.7 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.6 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.4 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.9 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.9 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.9 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.8 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.9 Earthquake hits the Bougainville Islands region.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits New Britain, papua New Guinea.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): (7 Feb) Tremor has remained at generally low to medium levels, while explosion signals have gained strength recently.

Bagana (Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea): (8 Feb) An eruption last night produced an ash plume rising to 7,000 ft (2.1 km) altitude last night.

Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): (8 Feb) A relatively large explosion this morning has produced an ash plume detected at 12,000 ft (3.7 km) altitude extending 40 nautical miles to the northwest. (VAAC Darwin)

Paluweh (off Flores Island, Indonesia): (8 Feb) Activity at the lava dome continues. Darwin VAAC reported ash plumes at altitudes of 12,000 and 7,000 ft (2.1 and 3.7 km) altitude last night and this morning. Most likely, the ash plumes are the result of more (but smaller compared to Sunday’s) collapses of the dome have and / or explosions from the dome itself.

Aoba (Vanuatu): (8 Feb) Vanuatu’s Geohazards agency indicated that minor phreatic activity has been occurring at Lombenben volcano on Aoba (Ambae) island. Scientists detected a patch of mud at the tuff cone built during the eruption of 2005. The entire surface of Lake Vui showed increased evaporation and inhabitants of a nearby village have noticed abnormal activity since December 2012. Satellite measurements showed increased SO2 emission rates between 18 and 25 January. Geohazard maintains the Volcanic Alert Level of Aoba at Level 1. The area of risk remains near the Manaro Voui crater.

Tinakula (Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Islands): (8 Feb) After the magnitude 8 earthquake on February 6. Villagers on nearby islands have been reporting increased activity at Tinakula volcano, Santa Cruz islands (which was near the episcentre of the EQ). Reports say that people have heard “loud and strange sounds” from the volcano. The current nature of the activity is unknown but reports say that activity is becoming “abnormal”.

Storms and Floods

Santa Cruz Tsunami Damage

As the remote Island group continues to be hit by aftershocks from the magnitude 8 earthquake on 6 February, rescue teams struggled to reach remote villages in the Solomon Islands. The tsunami flooded the nearest airstrip and left it littered with debris, preventing relief workers from reaching the region by air.

The dozens of strong aftershocks are keeping frightened residents from returning to the coast and going back to their homes because there’s nothing left, so they are residing in temporary shelters on higher ground.

Tsunami damage in Temotu province of the Solomon Islands.

Tsunami damage in Temotu 008

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

7.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

6.7 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.8 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.9 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.9 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.8 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.8 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.8 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.8 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.8 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

4.8 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits New Guinea, papua New Guinea.

Environment

Global Hottest and Coldest Temperatures

The week’s hottest temperature was 115.3 degrees Fahrenheit (46.3 degrees Celsius) at Mardie, Western Australia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 68.3 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 55.8 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Siberian outpost of Oiymakon.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

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U.S. Greenhouse Emissions Drop to 20-Year Low

Carbon dioxide emissions in the U.S. fell to their lowest levels since 1994 last year, with greenhouse gas emissions from the country’s power plants seeing a 4.6 percent drop for 2012 alone.

Overall CO2 emissions fell by 13 percent over the past five years as new energy-saving technologies were adopted, including a switch from coal to wind, solar and cleaner-burning natural gas.

Geothermal and hydroelectric sources also helped reduce air pollution.

But America got 31 percent of its energy from natural gas, which came about due to an explosive use of fracking.

America’s improvement in greenhouse gas emissions is offset by the burst in air pollution being generated in developing countries such as China.

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Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Cleveland (Aleutian Islands, Alaska): After finding evidence of a new lava dome growing in the summit crater, AVO raised the alert level of Cleveland back to orange. The decision was based on satellite obtained on 30 Jan that indicate that a lava dome has grown in the summit crater. As of January 30 the dome was about 100 m in diameter and may have begun forming as early as January 24 when elevated surface temperatures were observed in satellite images. The size and shape of the dome appears to be unchanged through February 2 according to the most recently available satellite data. AVO has received no reports of activity or ash emissions since elevated surface temperatures were first observed around the 24th of January.

Campi Flegrei (Phlegrean Fields) (Italy): (6 Feb) A new fumarole vent has been detected recently in the Campi Flegrei in the hydrothermal field of Pisciarelli. The new vent was seen ejecting hot gas as well as geyser-like fountains of water reaching 4-5 meters of height. This will inevitably trigger headlines in the press about the possibility of a volcanic eruption in the area. Not much new activity has occurred in the world of volcanoes today.

Rabaul (Tavurvur) (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): Small to medium-sized ash eruptions from Tavurvur continue. VAAC Darwin detected ash plumes this morning rising to 8,000 ft (2.5 km) altitude and maintains aviation alert code orange.

Paluweh (off Flores Island, Indonesia): (6 Feb) It seems that activity has decreased since the large explosion on Sunday. It also appears likely that it had been triggered by a partial dome collapse followed by an explosion and more dome collapse events could follow.

Dukono (Halmahera): (6 Feb) Increased activity has generated a SO2 plume visible on today’s NOAA satellite data.

Colima (Western Mexico): (6 Feb) Small explosion and rockfall signals have become more frequent over the past days.

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): Gas emissions (SO2) remain high, while the rate of emissions has decreased again to less than 1 per hour.

Activity of the Guatemalan volcanoes Fuego and Santiaguito has been becoming increasingly explosive in favor of effusive. Both have mild strombolian explosions and weakly alimented lava flows.

San Cristobal (Nicaragua): Surface activity and tremor remain low, but there has been an increase in small volcanic quakes.

In Colombia, Machin continues to show seismic activity above background, mainly in the form of frequent tiny volcanic earthquakes. Nevado del Ruiz produces a steam and gas plume sometimes mixed with some ash. Seismic activity has been low.

Kamchatka: Lava flow emission remains unchanged at the ongoing eruption of Tolbachik volcano. Moderate seismicity accompanies the lava dome building at Sheveluch and Kizimen. Seismicity remained low at Karymski and Klyuchevskoi volcano, although small explosions probably continue at both volcanoes. The strong seismicity from Tolbachik still makes it impossible to read the signals from Bezymianny, which also has been active and building a lava dome for years. Gorely has medium levels of tremor that relate to fluid movements and strong degassing.

Wildfires

Wildfire – China

Around 1800 firefighters are struggling to control the forest fire in Dali city in Yunnan province of China.

Wildfires – Tasmania

Tasmanian bushfire crews are bracing for worsening conditions as they battle three large wildfires in the south of the Australian state. Evacuations have been ordered.

Storms and Floods

Winter storm Nemo in New England

Winter Storm Nemo will hit Northeast United States Friday into Saturday.

A Blizzard Watch has been issued for Boston, Eastern New England by the National Weather Service.

A coastal flooding watch is also in effect for communities in Massachusetts, Connecticut and Long Island.

All Boston Public Schools will be closed on Friday. This is expected to be top 10 snowstorm all-time in Boston!

Moscow Snowfall

The most snow since the time of the last Tsar has fallen this winter on the Russian Capital.

The 7 feet of snow that has fallen has snarled traffic and created backup on the roadways around the capital that could have stretched from Moscow to Madrid.

Some commuters who were stranded in early February took as long as 10 hours getting home.

Moscow’s snow woes follow some of Russia’s most frigid temperatures in 70 years during December.

The mercury dropped to as low as minus 58 degrees Fahrenheit in some parts of the country outside of typically frigid Siberia.

Ew130208d

Floods Hit Jakarta

Flooding has inundated three regencies in Jambi, Kerinci, Merangin and Sarolangun, in Jarkarta, Indonesia. The flooding has affected 3,227 houses, leaving thousands homeless.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.2; 6.1; 6.0; 5.3; three x 5.2; two x 5.1; two x 5.0; four x 4.9 and five x 4.8 Aftershocks hit the Santa Cruz Islands.

The death toll from the tsunami that hit the Solomon Islands following the powerful 8.0 Earthquake yesterday now stands at 15. Approximately 400 houses collapsed in five villages in the Solomon Islands. 80 properties were damaged on the west side of the Santa Cruz Islands where a 1.5 metre tsunami was reported. Due to the remoteness of the affected areas, reports of damage are still coming in.

5.6 Earthquake hits southern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.2 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.1 Earthquake hits northern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.1 Earthquake hits south-east of the Loyalty Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Admiralty Island region.

5.0 Earthquake hits the northern Mid-atlantic ridge.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Nias region, Indonesia.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Etna (Sicily, Italy): Another eruption has just occurred from Etna, indicated by the typical steep spike in the tremor signal. However, bad visibility due to clouds has not allowed visual observations.

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): The volcano continues to have relatively many explosions, but at very irregular intervals: during 4 Feb, there were 5 explosions, none yesterday, and 3 so far today. The small to moderate eruptions produced ash plumes rising 5-8,000 ft (1.5-2.4 km).

Taal (Luzon, Philippines): Seismic activity remains at unalarming, although slightly elevated levels. During the past 2 days, PHILVOLCS detected 11 quakes.

Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): It seems that Batu Tara is becoming more active (such as during Sep-Oct last year). Ash plumes rising more than 1 km above the summit are starting to be detected on satellite images almost every day again.

Tinakula (Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Islands): The massive magnitude 8.0 earthquake, along with dozens of strong (M4-6) aftershocks, as well as the many M5-6 earthquakes during the past preceding days occurred relatively close to the volcano, at a distance of about 80 km. It is possible that the influence of the shaking will cause some changes in the behavior of the volcano, but it is very unlikely that there will be people there able to observe and report about any activity of this volcano in the near future in detail.

Kamchatka: No changes occurred in Kamchatka: Fluid lava erupts steadily from Tolbachik volcano, although tremor levels decrease softly. Moderate seismicity accompanies lava extrusion and dome building at Sheveluch and Kizimen. Seismicity remained low at Karymski and Klyuchevskoi volcano, although small explosions probably continue at both volcanoes. The strong seismicity from Tolbachik still obscures the signals from Bezymianny, which also has been active and building a lava dome for years. Gorely has medium levels of tremor that relate to fluid movements and strong degassing.

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): Not much is changing at the volcano except that the rate of emissions and the amount of degassing rises and falls on rhythms of few days or so. The last CENAPRED report from yesterday indicated an average of about 2 weak steam explosions recorded during 4-5 Feb.

Reventador (Ecuador): In the morning and afternoon yesterday, IG could observe a moderately ash-charged emission column rising about 2 km above the crater. Tremor has become more discontinuous and overall seismic activity decreased, although it is still strong.

Tungurahua (Ecuador): No significant surface activity has been noted. Seismic activity has decreased overall during the past days, although IGPEN still records some long period earthquakes, that relate to internal fluid movements.

Storms and Floods

Avalanche in Himachal Pradesh, India

Seven people have died in an avalanche in Kafnu village, Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, India.

The avalanche also destroyed six houses. Kinnaur district has experienced continuous heavy snowfall for some days.

Relief and rescue operations are currently underway in Kafnu village of Bhaba valley.

Heavy to very heavy snowfall is forecast by Shimla Meteorological Centre during next 24 hours in the state.

Lightning in Bajura, Nepal

Lightning has killed two people in Bajura district of Nepal.

Lightning injured two others.

Landslide in Central Java, Indonesia

Landslide in Central Java has killed one person.

The landslide occurred in Plompong village, Brebes, Central Java. 5 people are reported to be still missing.

Rescue work is being hampered due to the heavy rain.

Landslide in Phuket, Thailand has killed one and injured one other.

Hailstorms have killed one and damaged crops in 80 villages of Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur of Madhya Pradesh, India.

A landslide in Shulir village in Badakhshan province of Afghanistan has injured 20 people. The landslide also destroyed 20 houses.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

A powerful 8.0 magnitude earthquake set off a tsunami that killed at least five people in a remote part of the Solomon Islands on Wednesday and triggered evacuations across the South Pacific as island nations issued tsunami alerts. Dozens of people are still missing.

The quake struck 340 km (211 miles) east of Kira Kira in the Solomons, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii said as it issued warnings for the Solomons and other South Pacific nations including Australia and New Zealand.

A tsunami measuring 0.9 metres (three feet) hit near the town of Lata on the remote Santa Cruz island, swamping some villages and the town’s main airport as people fled to safety on higher ground. The tsunami was later reported to have destroyed three villages.

More than forty aftershocks between magnitude 4.8 to magnitude 6.6 rocked the region in the hours after the quake.

Photowide

5.5 Earthquake hits the Balleny Islands region.

5.1 Earthquake hits northwest of Ryukyu Islands, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits Potosi, Bolivia.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Samoa Islands region.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

A string of bushfires have broken out along the Great Eastern Highway in Western Australia, including one across the highway from the Yongah Hill Immigration Detention Centre at Northam, north-east of Perth.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Etna (Sicily, Italy): The New SE crater has been producing occasional ash emissions and weak explosions over the past 24 hours, but so far, the volcano seems not to be in the mood of making another mini-paroxysm eruption. The tremor signal is at low levels, but unstable.

Kamchatka: There are no significant changes in activity at any of the volcanoes in Kamchatka: Fluid lava continues to erupt from Tolbachik volcano, accompanied by stable, still relatively high tremor levels. Moderate seismicity suggests ongoing lava extrusion and dome building at Sheveluch and Kizimen. Low seismic activity was reported from Karymski and Klyuchevskoi volcano. The strong seismicity from Tolbachik obscures the signals from Bezymianny, which also continues to slowly build a lava dome. Gorely continues to show medium levels of tremor caused by fluid movements and strong degassing.

Mt Fuji (Honshu): (4 Feb) The volcano remains calm. However, an increased number of small quakes near and under Mt Fuji are visible on our latest data plot of nearby earthquakes (within 30 km radius). While all of these are very small and the number is certainly not alarming, the volcano remains interesting to watch. According to a the Japan Times, a new eruption of Mount Fuji could force some 567,000 people to evacuate their homes (in the worst case scenario).

Taal (Luzon, Philippines): (4 Feb) Earthquake activity remains slightly elevated, but nothing else points toward a possible reawakening of the volcano in a near future. PHILVOLCS reported 10 quakes during the past 48 hours.

Bagana (Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea): Increased SO2 emissions can be seen today, suggesting ongoing activity at the volcano. Also Manam volcano remains active and has produced a smaller SO2 plume.

White Island (New Zealand): Tremor and earthquakes have suddenly ceased.

Kilauea (Hawai’i): Not much has changed at the volcano’s activity on the Big Island: lava flows enter the sea in numerous locations both inside and outside the Natl Park. The lava lake at the summit rises and falls, and lava erupts from several vents at Pu’u O’o crater on the rift zone. The crater is filled to the rim with lava and there are many overflows.

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): The frequency of emissions increased a bit again during 3-4 Feb with about 1 event per hour, and a strong SO2 plume today suggests a phase of increased degassing.

Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): (4 Feb) Activity has remained the same. Some moderate explosions with plumes rising 800 m were observed during yesterday-today, as well as avalanches from the still active flows on the flanks of the dome.

Fuego (Guatemala): (4 Feb) Effusive activity has increased in favor of explosive again. The lava flow towards Ceniza canyon was 800 m long this morning, the second one towards Taniluyá canyon 400 m. No explosions were mentioned in the latest bulletin of the observatory.

San Miguel (El Salvador): Activity has somewhat increased during the past 24 hours, including a pulse of stronger tremor and numerous small volcanic quakes.

Reventador (Ecuador): Activity remains high with strong constant tremor visible, likely accompanying lava effusion from the rarely visible summit.

Copahue (Chile/Argentina): Seismic activity dropped drastically yesterday, with only one volcanic tectonic quake and low-energy continuous tremor registered. A white steam and gas plume with no ash rises about 1500 m above the volcano. Sernageomin lowered the status of the volcano to yellow.

Storms and Floods

Flooding in Northern Iraq

Torrential rains have hit north Iraq’s Salahuddin Province, triggering floods that displaced thousands of families. The rains, which were the heaviest in 30 years, began to fall on Saturday.