Storms and Floods

Tropical Storm Rafael forms over eastern Caribbean, the 17th storm of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season.

Heavy rain and flooding hit large swathes of Scotland, bursting riverbanks, turning roads into torrents and stranding people in their homes.

Earthquakes

6.7 Earthquake hits the Aru Islands region, near the south coast of Papua, Indonesia.

Two 4.9 Aftershocks hit the Aru Islands region.

5.5 Earthquake hits central Chile, rattling the capital Santiago.

5.3 Earthquake hits off the west coast of northern Sumatra.

5.1 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits Sucre, Venezuela.

Environment

The southward shift of an atmospheric belt in the Southern Hemisphere since the 1970s is reportedly the reason why parts of Australia and southern Africa are drying out. The southward expansion of a meteorological feature known as the Hadley cell is most pronounced in autumn.

Hadley Cell

The southward shift of between 125 and 250 miles has resulted in less rainfall during April and May over southeastern Australia, and to a lesser extent over southern Africa.

Rain that previously would fall 125 to 250 miles farther north is now being directed that distance to the south due to climate change’s effect on the Hadley cell.

It is not known specifically what is causing the shift, and climate models have not accurately represented it.

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The week’s hottest temperature was 111.2 degrees Fahrenheit (44.0 degrees Celsius) at Nouakchott, Mauritania. This was a record high for the date and for the month of October.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 89.1 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 67.3 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Volcanos

New Activity/Unrest has been reported at the following volcanos:

Fuego, Guatemala | Lokon-Empung, Sulawesi | Paluweh, Lesser Sunda Islands (Indonesia) | Suwanose-jima, Ryukyu Islands (Japan) | Tengger Caldera, Eastern Java (Indonesia)

Ongoing Activity:

Bagana, Bougainville | Batu Tara, Komba Island (Indonesia) | Galeras, Colombia | Karymsky, Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) | Kilauea, Hawaii (USA) | Manam, Northeast of New Guinea (SW Pacific) | Sakura-jima, Kyushu | Shiveluch, Central Kamchatka (Russia)

Wildlife

A plan to cull thousands of wild badgers to stem the spread of tuberculosis in cattle is sharply dividing rural England. Marksmen could start the cull any day but details are being kept secret for fear of clashes between farmers determined to protect their livestock and livelihoods and activists who have pledged to foil the plan by scaring away the badgers.

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Conservationists on Thursday asked a state judge to end trapping of wolverines in Montana, USA at a time when fewer than 300 of the elusive animals roam the Northern Rockies and Northern Cascades.

Montana is the only one of the lower 48 U.S. states that permits the harvesting of wolverines, carnivores that resemble small bears with bushy tails. They are sought for their fur.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storm Patty has formed in the Atlantic east of the Bahamas, but forecasters expect the storm to be short-lived.

A violent tropical storm pounded coastal districts in southeast Bangladesh Thursday, killing at least 26 people. More than 1,500 fishermen who were fishing in the deep sea are still missing. At least 1500 mud, tin and straw-built houses were also levelled in the storms, leaving more than 100 000 people in need of aid.

 

Bangladesh

 

Earthquakes

5.5 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Sangihe, Indonesia

5.4 and 4.9 Earthquakes hit the South Sandwich Islands Region

5.2 Earthquake hits Southern Iran

5.0 Earthquake hits near the south coast of Papua, Indonesia

4.9 Earthquake hits the Talaud Islands, Indonesia.

Drought

Due to the drought in the USA, Europe and Russia, world and US corn stocks are smaller than traders expected. US corn stocks are the lowest in 17 years, equaling a 3-week supply. USDA has cut Australia’s wheat crop estimate by 12 pct and Russia’s by 3 pct.

Corn futures were up 3.6 pct, soy up 2 pct on USDA data.

Wildlife

Six penguins have died in a malaria outbreak in the London Zoo. The birds contracted the avian strain of the disease from mosquitoes.

Environment – El Nino

The tropical Pacific continued its retreat from El Nino thresholds for the second consecutive fortnight, ocean temperatures cooled, remaining within the neutral range (neither El Nino nor La Nina). Chances are favourable that sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific Ocean will remain at neutral levels, though still warmer than average, for the remainder of 2012.

Storms and Floods

Heavy rains have caused flooding in Russia’s southern region of Dagestan, near the Caspian Sea, leaving seven people dead.

Typhoon Prapiroon has intensified and is located approximately 240 nm south of Kadena AB, Okinawa, Japan. Typhoon Prapiroon is the twenty-second tropical cyclone of the western North Pacific Ocean, making for a very active season.

 

prapiroon

 

Prapiroon formed as a tropical depression over the western Pacific Ocean on October 7, 2012. It strengthened into a tropical storm the following day, and on October 9, it became a typhoon.


Earthquakes

5.3 Earthquake hits Costa Rica.

4.9 Earthquake hits the northern Molucca Sea.

4.9 Earthquake hits Irien Jaya, Indonesia.

Volcanos

When NASA’s Terra satellite passed over Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula at noon local time (00:00 Universal Time) on October 6, 2012, Shilveluch Volcano was quiet (top image). By the time NASA’s Aqua satellite passed over the area two hours later (bottom image), the volcano had erupted and sent a plume of ash over the Kamchatskiy Zaliv.

 

Shiv 1

 

 

Shiv 2

 

Wildfires

The wildfires that struck northwest Minnesota, USA have gone underground, igniting layers of peat that could burn well into the winter.

Disease

A Mumps outbreak in Eqypt has more than tripled in one week. The number of cases reported as of Monday is 583; this is up from 157 cases reported just one week earlier. Authorities maintain there is no emergency and have not closed schools.