Disease

African Swine Fever – South Africa

South Africa has detected an outbreak of African swine fever on a farm in North West province, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Wednesday. The outbreak killed 32 out of a herd of 36 pigs on a farm in the Ditsobotla district, with the remaining animals slaughtered, the report said.

MERS Vaccine

A collaborative team from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Saudi Arabia and Canada developed a potent and safe vaccine that protects against the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome, or MERS. The findings recently were published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Malaysia

Malaysia health officials reported more than 38,000 dengue fever cases through April 6. Of this total, 59 fatalities have been reported. Nearly six out of 10 cases have been reported from Selangor state, followed by Kuala Lumpur and Johor.

Anthrax – Kenya

At least twenty-two people from Tegat Village in Molo were admitted at the Nyayo hospital in Elburgon, with residents fearing they may have contracted anthrax after consuming milk from a sick cow.

African Swine Fever – Tibet

China’s agriculture ministry late on Sunday confirmed the first outbreak of African swine fever in the country’s Tibet Autonomous Region. The disease was found in two counties and one district of the city of Linzhi, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement; Linzhi is in southeastern Tibet near the border with India. A total of 55 pigs have so far been killed in the Tibet outbreak, it added.

Disease

Cambodia – African Swine Fever

Since the first outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) in Asia last August in Liaoning Province, China, hundreds of outbreaks have been in dozens of provinces in China, Mongolia and Vietnam. Now we learn of the first occurrence in neighboring Cambodia.

An ASF outbreak has been reported in backyard pigs in Rattanakiri province in northeast Cambodia, which borders Vietnam. Four hundred of the 500 pigs on the farm died and the remaining killed and properly disposed.

Typhoid – El Salvador

The El Salvador Ministry of Health (MINSAL) is reporting 517 cases of typhoid through the first twelve weeks of 2019.

Disease

Cholera – Mozambique

Mozambican and international health workers raced on Monday to contain the outbreak of cholera in the cyclone-hit city of Beira and surrounding areas, where cases of the disease has jumped to more than 1 000. There has been one death from cholera and of the reported cases 97 remain in treatment centers, with others released.

African Swine Fever – China

In a report from the China Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) Sunday, officials report African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks on two farms in Lichuan City, Hubei Province in central China. On one farm, 83 pigs were infected, killing 73, while on the second farm, eight hogs were infected and five died out of a total of 142 hogs.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Vietnam

The Vietnam Ministry of Agriculture reported this week (computer translated) on three additional provinces having reported African swine fever (ASF). This brings the total 21 provinces reporting cases in the past five weeks with 64,879 pigs affected. To date, ASF has mainly appeared on small farms where sanitation and biosecurity is not good.

Syphilis – Australia

A total of 1,372 cases of infectious syphilis were notified in Victoria, compared to 1,351 cases in 2017 and 1,134 cases in 2016. The majority of notified cases continue to occur in males with 73 per cent of males reporting male sexual partners as the source of infection. Thirty per cent of the cases among MSM were HIV positive and of these, 57 per cent were reinfections.

Measles – Brooklyn, USA

New York City health officials reported an additional 33 confirmed measles in the past week, bringing the outbreak total to 214 since October 2018.

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever – South Africa

A Kimberley man is being treated for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF), commonly known as Congo fever, in the isolation unit at the Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe Hospital. Elliott is the second patient to be diagnosed with Congo fever in South Africa this year. The other case is in the Free State. It is thought he contracted the disease through a tick bite.

Disease

Parrot Disease – Sweden

Swedish public health authorities, Folkhalsomyndigheten, is reporting an outbreak of psittacosis, or parrot disease, since November 2018. According to officials, some 60 cases have been reported from the regions of Västra Götaland, Kalmar, Jönköping and Skåne. This is the highest number of cases reported in one winter in two decades.

African Swine Fever – China

Reports are emerging that many outbreaks of African Swine Fever on Chinese farms are not being reported to the authorities. Many farms where outbreaks occur are selling on unaffected pigs, spreading the disease further. Other farms simply lack the capability to test for the disease. The large 10 000 plus swine producing units are not reporting disease outbreaks because it would have a detrimental effect on their share prices. Poor provinces are also under-reporting outbreaks because they lack the funds to compensate farmers for culled animals. It has been suggested that most large pig farms are infected. At present it seems unlikely that the authorities will manage to bring the outbreak under control.

Disease

Malaria – Colombia

Health officials are reporting a malaria outbreak in Cauca Department in southwestern Colombia. The outbreak has affected 322 people in the rural areas of Guapi and Timbiquí.

African Swine Fever – Vietnam

In a follow-up on the African swine fever outbreak in Vietnam, Vietnam’s Ministry of Agriculture (MARD) announced this week an escalation and spread of the pig virus in the country. As of February 28, African swine fever (ASF) occurred in 96 households, 33 villages, 20 communes, 13 districts of 6 provinces and cities. ASF has also appeared in all wild pigs. The total number of infected and culled pigs was nearly 2,350 (with a total weight of over 172.5 tons).

Disease

Measles – Philippines

In a follow-up on the measles epidemic in the Philippines, government officials report a nearly 1,000 case increase in a one day period. As of Feb. 26, a total of 13,723 cases have been reported, including 215 fatalities since the beginning of the year.

Anthrax – Tanzania

Health officials in Tanzania are reporting an anthrax outbreak in Moshi District, Kilimanjaro Region in northern Tanzania. Dozens were sickened after consuming an anthrax tainted cow. 4 people are dead with at least 8 additional were hospitalized for their illness at two different hospitals.

African Swine Fever – China

Chinese agricultural officials are reporting a new African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Shaanxi Province. The outbreak, which occurred on a Jingbian County, Yulin City farm of 11,334 pigs, resulted in the death of 62 swine.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak is continuing with moderate intensity. Katwa and Butembo remain the major health zones of concern, while simultaneously, small clusters continue to occur in various geographically dispersed locations. During the last 21 days (6 – 26 February 2019), 77 new cases have been reported from 33 health areas.

Disease

Wild Poliovirus – Asia

Officials with the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) reported three additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases in the past week–one in Afghanistan and two in Pakistan.

Measles – Philippines

The Department of Health in the region of CALABARZON (Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon provinces) has been one of the hardest hit regions in the Philippines this year when it comes to the measles epidemic. According to health department data, a total of 3,384 measles cases with 83 deaths in the region from January 1 to February 23. Meanwhile the number of measles deaths in the Philippines has risen to 203.

African Swine Fever – China

China on Sunday (Feb 24) confirmed two new outbreaks of African swine fever, one in the northern province of Hebei and the other in the northern region of Inner Mongolia, as the highly contagious disease spreads through the world’s largest hog herd.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said the first outbreak is on a farm in the Xushui district of Baoding city which has 5,600 hogs, some of which died because of the swine fever, though it did not give a death toll. The farm has been quarantined and the herd slaughtered, it added.

The second outbreak is in the remote Greater Khingan Mountains in Inner Mongolia, where 210 of the 222 wild boar raised on the farm died, the ministry said in a separate statement. The rest have been slaughtered, it said.

China has reported more than 100 cases of the disease in 27 provinces and regions since last August. The disease is deadly for pigs but does not harm humans.

Disease

Hepatitis A – Ohio, USA

The number of hepatitis A outbreak cases reported in the Columbus, Ohio/ Franklin County has reached a level which hasn’t been seen in a quarter century, according to Columbus Public Health. Health officials report 247 cases, with 77 percent of cases reported in Columbus. Statewide, the outbreak total in Ohio has risen to 1,746 cases, including more than 1,000 hospitalizations. Six deaths have been reported.

African Swine Fever – Asia

Vietnamese media report that the Vietnam Department of Animal Health announced Tuesday that eight African swine fever (ASF), or swine cholera outbreaks in the two northern provinces of Thai Binh and Hung Yen. ASF virus was discovered in Hung Yens Hung Yen city and Yen My district, and Thai Binhs Hung Ha district. Scores of pigs have been destroyed.

The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs reported the first African swine fever outbreak in Yinhai District, Beihai City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The outbreak resulted in the deaths of 924 pigs in two communities with 23,555 live pigs.

Disease

Fatal ‘zombie’ deer disease could spread to humans

A fatal neurological disease that turns deer into zombies could spread to humans, health experts are warning.

The sickness, called chronic wasting disease, affects deer, elk, reindeer, sika deer and moose and causes the animals to dramatically lose weight and walk in repetitive patterns. Other symptoms include loss of fear of humans, stumbling and listlessness.

Experts are concerned that it is probable that human cases of CWD associated with the consumption of contaminated meat will be documented in the years ahead, and that the number of human cases will be substantial and will not be isolated events.

Lassa Fever – West Africa

An escalating outbreak of Lassa fever in five west African countries is concerning public health experts, who are stepping up their efforts to contain the disease before it spreads to other countries. The virus, which is spread by rodents and claims roughly 5,000 lives a year, is endemic in the region. While the cases are occurring during the Lassa fever season, the World Health Organisation (WHO) is alarmed at the “speed of escalation”. Cases have been recorded in 16 states in Nigeria, where the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) declared an outbreak of Lassa fever on January 22, 2019.

The 213 confirmed cases to date, including 42 deaths, mark a significant increase – already a third of the total cases for all of last year, when Nigeria experienced its worst outbreak of the disease.

African Swine Fever – China

China has reported a new outbreak of African swine fever that is threating the country’s vital pork industry. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs reported Friday the disease had been detected on a farm in Yongzhou in the central province of Hunan, where 4,600 pigs were being raised.

Although just 171 of the pigs had died and 270 were found sick, ministry regulations require all pigs on an affected farm must be culled and disposed of and the area quarantined and decontaminated.

First detected in August, the disease has killed more than 1 million pigs in China, prompting restrictions on shipments of most of China’s 700 million swine, even healthy ones.

Disease

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Mozambique

On 17 January 2019, two genetically-linked circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) isolates were reported from Molumbo district, Zambezia province, Mozambique.

Ebola – DR Congo

The number of people killed in an Ebola outbreak in eastern DR Congo has risen to 443, health authorities have announced, as new President Felix Tshisekedi began his first full day in office on Friday. The rising death toll – up by more than 40 in the past 10 days – emphasises the challenge of controlling the epidemic in the strife-torn east and is just one of a host of complex issues facing Tshisekedi.

African Swine Flu – France

France will deploy the army to fight the outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) found in wild boars, the Agriculture Minister has confirmed. These rapid measures will provide “logistical support” and are tasked with culling wild boar in a border zone next to Belgium. The virulent swine disease was first confirmed in Belgium near the borders with Luxembourg and France in September 2018. However since then the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) has reported 245 cases of the disease in the Luxembourg region this month.

The drastic move by French authorities was enforced after the disease had spread to just one kilometre from mainland France in recent days.

Disease

China – African Swine Fever

China’s agriculture ministry on Sunday reported a new African swine fever outbreak in the northwestern region of Ningxia. The outbreak occurred on a farm with 57 live pigs in Yongning county, infecting pigs and killing 13, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement.

Newcastle Disease – Utah, USA

For the first time, the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) confirmed the presence of virulent Newcastle disease in a small domestic flock of backyard exhibition chickens (250) in Utah County, Utah. This case is believed to be connected to the current outbreak of virulent Newcastle disease in California, as three of the birds at the premises were recently moved to Utah from Los Angeles County, California. In Utah, the disease is currently contained to one domestic flock and has not been detected in any commercial poultry flocks.

Disease

Measles – Vancouver, Washington, USA

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Clark County, Washington, health officials are now reporting 14 confirmed cases and three suspected cases, all among children. One child required hospitalization for their illness. The bulk of the children are under the age of 10 and 13 of the cases were not vaccinated.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 December 2018 through 31 December 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR) National Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported five additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

African Swine Fever Spreads to Mongolia

Asian pork producers need to redouble efforts to combat African swine fever after Mongolia reported its first outbreak, just five months after the deadly pig disease was first discovered in China.

Wildlife

Poland plans to kill thousands of boars

Poland’s battle to control highly contagious African swine fever (ASF) is turning into a political problem for the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party.

Since Saturday, hunters have been out in force across the country gunning for wild boars — many of which are carriers of the deadly disease that the Polish government wants to stamp out to protect domestic pigs.

It’s the scale of the cull that’s causing the trouble. A total of some 20,000 wild boars will be killed over the next few weekends — bringing this season’s overall cull to about 190,000 — the government estimates the total wild population is about 214,000.

The plan has galvanized a coalition of environmental groups, scientists and the political opposition. Polish Facebook pages are filled with cute pictures of boar piglets while the next few days will see protests in several Polish cities.

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