Disease

Dengue Fever – Thailand

Thailand health officials reported an additional 4,500 dengue fever cases during the past week, which has brought the total case tally to 49,174 cases with 64 deaths.

African Swine Fever – Myanmar

Myanmar is now the 7th Asian country to report confirmed African swine fever (ASF) cases. The ASF virus was confirmed in Wan Nwet Village, Mongla, Keng Tung, Shan State on the Myanmar/China border where 15 cases were reported, including 12 deaths.

Banana-killing virus reaches Latin America

Officials in Colombia declared a national emergency after confirming the presence of this deadly fungus, known as Fusarium oxysporum Tropical Race 4 (TR4), in the country. This is the first time the fungus has been detected in Latin America. However, the fungus isn’t new — for decades, it has been devastating banana plantations in Asia, Australia and East Africa.

Although this fungus isn’t harmful to humans, it is a “serious threat” to banana production, according to the United Nations. The fungus attacks the plant’s roots and blocks its vascular system — the network used to transport water and nutrients — and ultimately kills the plant. Once the fungus finds its way into soil, it can’t be treated with fungicides, and it’s very difficult to remove.

What’s more, the fungus attacks the most commonly exported banana, the Cavendish banana. Cavendish bananas reproduce asexually, meaning that the plants are essentially clones of their parents. This means banana crops lack genetic diversity, and infections can spread quickly.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks, with an average of 81 cases per week (range 68 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Philippines

Philippines Health Secretary, Francisco Duque III has declared a national dengue epidemic due to continuous increasing number of dengue cases in different regions in the country. From January to July this year 146,062 cases of dengue in the whole Philippines have already been recorded. In addition, 622 deaths have been reported.

African Swine Fever

The African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Vietnam has spread significantly since the first outbreak was reported on 19 February 2019. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported last week that a total of 62 provinces/cities reported outbreaks, about 3,700,000 pigs have died from the disease or been culled.

Measles – DR Congo

Since our last report on the measles outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) at the end of June, the outbreak total has increased by some 17,000 cases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), from 1 January to 21 July 2019, a total of 137,154 suspected measles cases including 2,581 deaths (case fatality ratio 1.9%) have been reported from 455 (88%) out of 519 health zones across all 26 provinces of the DRC.

Disease

Syphilis – Europe

Syphilis cases have soared in Europe over the past decade and become, for the first time since the early 2000s, more common in some countries than new cases of HIV, health experts said on Friday.

Reported cases of the sexually transmitted disease are up by 70% since 2010, a report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) showed – with the rise driven by more unprotected sex and riskier sexual behaviour among gay men.

Monkeypox – NIgeria

Since 2017, Nigeria has been experiencing the largest documented outbreak of human monkeypox caused by the West African clade of the virus, with some evidence of secondary human-to-human transmission, according to a newly published clinical and epidemiological report. More than 300 cases have been reported in the outbreak as of April 2019, according to the CDC.

African Swine Fever – China

China confirmed a new outbreak of African swine fever in Hubei province, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said on Thursday. The disease, which kills almost all pigs it infects, occurred on a farm of 102 pigs in Tuanfeng county in the east of the province.

Disease

White-nose Syndrome – California, USA

The fungus that causes White-nose Syndrome (WNS), a deadly disease of bats, has been detected in low levels in California for the first time. Fungal DNA of Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd) was detected in samples collected this spring from bats on private land in the Plumas County town of Chester.

Hepatitis A – Costa Rica

The Costa Rica Ministry of Health reports the outbreak of Hepatitis A (HAV) in the canton of Alajuela continues. As of June 28, there are 140 cases of HAV laboratory confirmed this year, 43 in June.

African Swine Fever

China – China’s agriculture ministry said on Friday it had confirmed an African swine fever outbreak in Luchuan county in the southwestern region of Guangxi that killed nine pigs on a farm. China has reported 143 outbreaks of the incurable disease since August last year, and culled almost 1.2 million pigs. Many outbreaks are not reported, farmers have told Reuters, and as many as half of China’s breeding pigs may have died or been slaughtered because of the spreading disease.

Bulgaria – Bulgarian Food Safety Agency (BFSA) on Friday evening confirmed a second outbreak of African swine fever in domestic pigs in three days, and the third since last August. The disease was located in a backyard pig farm in the village of Novachene near Danube River, only 16 km southeast of the village of Zhernov where the previous case was confirmed on Wednesday.

Poliovirus – Pakistan, Angola

Five additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases have been confirmed in Pakistan this past week, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Two cases were reported from Torghar district, two from Bannu district, and one from North Waziristan in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Year-to-date, Pakistan has recorded 32 WPV1 cases.

Meanwhile Angola reported their second cVDPV2 outbreak this year. This one was in Kuvango district, Huila province.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Asia – Massive Culling

Millions of pigs are being culled in China and Vietnam in an effort to stop the spread of African swine fever, with cases of the disease already reported in six Asian countries.

Some 2.8 million pigs, representing about 10 per cent of Vietnam’s herd, have been culled in the Southeast Asian nation, state media reported this week.

Rabobank, which late last year put China’s herd at an estimated 360 million animals – projected in April that between 150 million and 200 million of them will die, either after contracting African swine fever or from culling.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Laos

According to information from the Laos Department of Livestock and Fisheries, seven African swine fever outbreaks have been reported on village farms in Saravane province. Based on data given to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), 973 pigs were killed.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Philippines

The Zamboanga City Health Office (CHO) has expressed alarm over the increasing number of dengue fever cases during the first part of 2019. According to health officials, 1,597 dengue cases with 12 deaths have been recorded since January this year.

African Swine Fever – Poland

African swine fever (ASF) has been confirmed at two commercial farms in different regions of Poland within one month. It is a matter for concern for a country fighting a long-running battle against the disease in its wild boar population.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

A decline in the number of confirmed Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases has been reported this week (22 to 28 May). Over the past seven days, a total of 73 new confirmed cases were reported compared to the previous where 127 new confirmed cases were reported. This should be interpreted with caution given the complex operating environment and fragility of the security situation.

African Swine Fever – North Korea

North Korean health authorities have reported an outbreak of African Swine Fever. The outbreak occurred at Buksang cooperative farm, Ri, Usi, Chagang-Do where 77 cases were reported on a farm of 99 pigs. The remaining 22 pigs were culled.

Bee Disease – Scotland

A case of European Foulbrood (EFB) was confirmed in West Lothian following laboratory diagnosis by Science and Advice for Scottish Agriculture (Sasa). It is a disease that spreads between hives, mainly by beekeepers, their tools and contaminated equipment.

Disease

African Swine Fever – South Africa

An new outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) has been reported in the Heilbron area of the Free State Province in May 2019, according to the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ministry Monday. This follows outbreaks in April 2019 in the North West, Mpumalanga and Gauteng provinces.

African Swine Fever – Vietnam

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), ASF has spread to 2,296 communes, 204 districts of 29 provinces and cities, with a total of over 1.2 million pigs infected and destroyed, which accounts for for over 4 percent of the total pig herd in the country.

MARD noted that although the number of infected pigs accounts for only 4 percent, the speed of spread is very fast, along with favorable weather for disease spread.

Legionnaires Disease – Belgium

At least 16 people in the Evergem municipality of East Flanders province in northern Belgium has been sickened with Legionanaires’ disease, according to the Flemish Agency for Health and Safety. In addition, one patient has died while being treated at Ghent University Hospital

Disease

African Swine Fever – South Africa

Two more outbreaks of African swine fever were detected in South Africa last month, the ministry of agriculture has said, following a spate of the disease in the country’s North West province earlier that month.

The two further outbreaks were detected in the central province of Gauteng, home to the city of Johannesburg, and Mpumalanga, a coal and gold mining province in the east.

Disease

African Swine Fever – South Africa

South Africa has detected an outbreak of African swine fever on a farm in North West province, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Wednesday. The outbreak killed 32 out of a herd of 36 pigs on a farm in the Ditsobotla district, with the remaining animals slaughtered, the report said.

MERS Vaccine

A collaborative team from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Saudi Arabia and Canada developed a potent and safe vaccine that protects against the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome, or MERS. The findings recently were published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Malaysia

Malaysia health officials reported more than 38,000 dengue fever cases through April 6. Of this total, 59 fatalities have been reported. Nearly six out of 10 cases have been reported from Selangor state, followed by Kuala Lumpur and Johor.

Anthrax – Kenya

At least twenty-two people from Tegat Village in Molo were admitted at the Nyayo hospital in Elburgon, with residents fearing they may have contracted anthrax after consuming milk from a sick cow.

African Swine Fever – Tibet

China’s agriculture ministry late on Sunday confirmed the first outbreak of African swine fever in the country’s Tibet Autonomous Region. The disease was found in two counties and one district of the city of Linzhi, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement; Linzhi is in southeastern Tibet near the border with India. A total of 55 pigs have so far been killed in the Tibet outbreak, it added.

Disease

Cambodia – African Swine Fever

Since the first outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) in Asia last August in Liaoning Province, China, hundreds of outbreaks have been in dozens of provinces in China, Mongolia and Vietnam. Now we learn of the first occurrence in neighboring Cambodia.

An ASF outbreak has been reported in backyard pigs in Rattanakiri province in northeast Cambodia, which borders Vietnam. Four hundred of the 500 pigs on the farm died and the remaining killed and properly disposed.

Typhoid – El Salvador

The El Salvador Ministry of Health (MINSAL) is reporting 517 cases of typhoid through the first twelve weeks of 2019.

Disease

Cholera – Mozambique

Mozambican and international health workers raced on Monday to contain the outbreak of cholera in the cyclone-hit city of Beira and surrounding areas, where cases of the disease has jumped to more than 1 000. There has been one death from cholera and of the reported cases 97 remain in treatment centers, with others released.

African Swine Fever – China

In a report from the China Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) Sunday, officials report African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks on two farms in Lichuan City, Hubei Province in central China. On one farm, 83 pigs were infected, killing 73, while on the second farm, eight hogs were infected and five died out of a total of 142 hogs.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Vietnam

The Vietnam Ministry of Agriculture reported this week (computer translated) on three additional provinces having reported African swine fever (ASF). This brings the total 21 provinces reporting cases in the past five weeks with 64,879 pigs affected. To date, ASF has mainly appeared on small farms where sanitation and biosecurity is not good.

Syphilis – Australia

A total of 1,372 cases of infectious syphilis were notified in Victoria, compared to 1,351 cases in 2017 and 1,134 cases in 2016. The majority of notified cases continue to occur in males with 73 per cent of males reporting male sexual partners as the source of infection. Thirty per cent of the cases among MSM were HIV positive and of these, 57 per cent were reinfections.

Measles – Brooklyn, USA

New York City health officials reported an additional 33 confirmed measles in the past week, bringing the outbreak total to 214 since October 2018.

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever – South Africa

A Kimberley man is being treated for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF), commonly known as Congo fever, in the isolation unit at the Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe Hospital. Elliott is the second patient to be diagnosed with Congo fever in South Africa this year. The other case is in the Free State. It is thought he contracted the disease through a tick bite.