Disease

Dengue Fever Sexually Transmitted – Spain

A young man in Madrid, Spain has been diagnosed with dengue fever contacted via sexual transmission, one of the first cases of sexual transmission of dengue in the world.

Polio – Afghanistan, Pakistan

With the addition of four wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases this past week, the global total has reached 100, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. In Afghanistan, one WPV1 case was reported and in Pakistan, three WPV1 cases were reported.

Ebola – DR Congo

Fifteen confirmed cases were reported in the past week (30 October – 5 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

African Swine Fever 

A quarter of the world’s domestic pigs have died or been put down this year due to outbreaks of African swine fever, with China losing nearly half of its pigs. The virus responsible originated in East Africa and has spread in recent years to as far away as Belgium, the Caucasus nation of Georgia and eastward into Asia. While the disease can be eradicated by killing infected domestic pigs, it persists in wild boar and feral hogs. There is no vaccine, making it hard to prevent.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Malaysia

The Malaysia Ministry of Health (MOH) reports being briefed on the issue of imported Canned Luncheon Meat products from China that have been detected with the DNA of African Swine Fever (ASF) virus in Sarawak. Consumers are advised to refrain from buying this product including online purchases, and not to provide the product or residue of this product as food to pigs. This is to reduce the risk of ASF contaminating pigs that eat animal food that has been contaminated with ASF virus.

Salmonella – USA

One person has died and eight others have been hospitalized as a result of a multi-state outbreak of salmonella linked to ground beef, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Disease

Salmonella – Sweden

Swedish health officials report investigating a national outbreak of Salmonella infection last week. 25 cases of disease have been linked to an outbreak of Salmonella Newport. The cases are spread in 12 counties.

African Swine Fever – Indonesia

African swine fever has been reported in Indonesia. The report states: A total of 11 districts / cities in North Sumatra Province tested positive for African swine fever (ASF) virus.

Dengue Fever – Singapore

Singapore officials reported 257 additional dengue fever cases during the week ending Nov. 1, a slight increase over the previous week but a significant decrease compared to the peak of the season. This brings the total cases through the first 11 months of 2019 to 13,577.

Disease

African Swine Fever – China

China reported another outbreak of the African swine fever on Sunday in its northwestern province of Gansu, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said. The latest outbreak occurred in a breeding cooperative in a county in Gansu’s Dingxi City, with 265 of the 287 infected pigs dying.

China has reported such outbreaks in all its provinces on the mainland, as well as in Hong Kong and Hainan island in the south.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Timor-Leste

Officials in Timor-Leste, an island country just north of Australia, became the 10th country to report an outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) which has caused the death of hundreds of pigs on national territory.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia, health officials report an additional 5,500 cases in the week ending September 15, bringing the outbreak total to 40,340 since late July.

African Swine Fever – Asia

The number of countries reporting African swine fever (ASF) rose to nine last week with the addition of South Korea. On Monday, South Korea, the Philippines and China all reported new cases/outbreaks.

South Korea’s Ministry of Agriculture (MAFRA) reported the third case (computer translated) in the city of Gimpo. Some 1,800 pigs were affected on the pig farm near Seoul.

Philippines agriculture officials reported more ASF in a village in Antipolo, Rizal, east of the Philippine capital Manila, and some areas in central Luzon. At least a dozen backyard farms in Manila and Rizal and Bulacan provinces have been affected. The country declared the first ASF outbreak two weeks ago.

In China,the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs reported a new case of African swine fever on a farm in Cen Xi city in southwestern region of Guangxi.

In addition to these three countries, ASF has also been reported in Vietnam, Laos, Mongolia, North Korea, Cambodia and Myanmar.

Disease

Eastern Equine Encephalitis – Michigan, USA

In a follow-up on the Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) situation in Michigan, state health officials are urging residents to protect themselves from mosquito bites as four additional cases of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) have been confirmed in Southwest Michigan – including two that were fatal. To date, seven confirmed human cases of EEE have been reported in Michigan with onset dates in July.

Bats – Australia

Queensland, Australia health officials are reminding people not to handle bats–dead or alive–after six Wide Bay people have required treatment after being scratched or bitten in the past 16 days. Officials say all bats are potential carriers of Australian Bat Lyssavirus (ABLV) and any bite or scratch from a bat poses a risk of infection, which is why only trained and vaccinated professionals should handle them.

African Swine Fever – South Korea

South Korea is the latest country to confirm an outbreak of African swine fever (ASF). The outbreak of ASF in South Korea was announced by the agriculture minister on Tuesday. Around 4,000 pigs will be culled and the disease alert level has been raised to the maximum.

Disease

Measles – Romania

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Romania, the Institutul Naţional de Sănătate Publică reported an additional 54 new confirmed cases in 9 counties and in Bucharest during the past week. In 2019 through Sept. 6, 2,614 cases, including five deaths have been reported, the most in the EU.

Polio – Global

The total number of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases on the globe has increased to 78 cases with the addition of five cases from Pakistan and Afghanistan during the past week.

Listeriosis – Spain

On 16 August 2019, Regional Health Authorities in Andalusia, Spain, reported an outbreak of listeriosis, caused by the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), associated with the consumption of a chilled roasted pork meat product manufactured in Spain by Magrudis Company Limited and sold under the brand name “La Mechá”. From 7 July through 13 September , a total of 222 confirmed cases linked to this outbreak have been reported in five regions of Spain.

Italy – Superbug NDM-1 outbreak reported in Tuscany

Health officials in Tuscany, Italy are reporting an outbreak of the antibiotic resistant superbug bacterium, New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospitals since November 2018. Between November 2018 and August 31, 2019 the NDM bacteria were isolated in the blood of 75 patients. Infections vary from being asymptomatic to potentially life-threatening or fatal. The level of risk depends on which part of the body is affected by the infection, and the general health of the patient.

African Swine Fever – Japan

Japanese officials have culled 753 pigs in Saitama Prefecture north of Tokyo after detecting an outbreak of swine fever. The cull, which took place on Saturday, was necessary after it was determined that pigs raised in the prefecture for shipment to central Japan were infected. Saitama also decided to halt shipments from two other pig farms in the area of the outbreak.

Dengue Fever – Nepal

Six people have died of dengue and over 5096 diagnosed positive across Nepal since the outbreak was declared in May. The first outbreak of the disease in the Himalayan nation occurred in 2006 when 5 cases were identified.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Philippines

Philippines agriculture officials announced Monday that samples from pigs in small backyard farms in Rizal province near Manila tested positive for African Swine fever (ASF). 7 000 pigs have been culled.

Disease

Anthrax – Armenia

Armenia health ministry officials reported three additional human cutaneous anthrax cases in the village of Geghhovit, Gegharkunik Province, bringing the total cases to eight. All the patients are receiving treatment, the ministry said. The Food Safety Inspectorate has reported the outbreak has been linked to a single unvaccinated, diseased cow.

West Nile Virus – Las Vegas, USA

In the Las Vegas/Clark County area, health officials have declared an outbreak of West Nile virus (WNV) after receiving reports of 28 cases of the disease in humans – the highest case count in a season since the virus was first detected in the state in 2004.

African Swine Fever – South Africa

Gauteng officials have warned farmers of a new outbreak of African swine fever, after it was detected in an informal set up in the Swaniesville area. A group of about five pig owners were affected. There are around 1 000 pigs in the area and the culling process was still pending.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Thailand

Thailand health officials reported an additional 4,500 dengue fever cases during the past week, which has brought the total case tally to 49,174 cases with 64 deaths.

African Swine Fever – Myanmar

Myanmar is now the 7th Asian country to report confirmed African swine fever (ASF) cases. The ASF virus was confirmed in Wan Nwet Village, Mongla, Keng Tung, Shan State on the Myanmar/China border where 15 cases were reported, including 12 deaths.

Banana-killing virus reaches Latin America

Officials in Colombia declared a national emergency after confirming the presence of this deadly fungus, known as Fusarium oxysporum Tropical Race 4 (TR4), in the country. This is the first time the fungus has been detected in Latin America. However, the fungus isn’t new — for decades, it has been devastating banana plantations in Asia, Australia and East Africa.

Although this fungus isn’t harmful to humans, it is a “serious threat” to banana production, according to the United Nations. The fungus attacks the plant’s roots and blocks its vascular system — the network used to transport water and nutrients — and ultimately kills the plant. Once the fungus finds its way into soil, it can’t be treated with fungicides, and it’s very difficult to remove.

What’s more, the fungus attacks the most commonly exported banana, the Cavendish banana. Cavendish bananas reproduce asexually, meaning that the plants are essentially clones of their parents. This means banana crops lack genetic diversity, and infections can spread quickly.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks, with an average of 81 cases per week (range 68 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Philippines

Philippines Health Secretary, Francisco Duque III has declared a national dengue epidemic due to continuous increasing number of dengue cases in different regions in the country. From January to July this year 146,062 cases of dengue in the whole Philippines have already been recorded. In addition, 622 deaths have been reported.

African Swine Fever

The African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Vietnam has spread significantly since the first outbreak was reported on 19 February 2019. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported last week that a total of 62 provinces/cities reported outbreaks, about 3,700,000 pigs have died from the disease or been culled.

Measles – DR Congo

Since our last report on the measles outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) at the end of June, the outbreak total has increased by some 17,000 cases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), from 1 January to 21 July 2019, a total of 137,154 suspected measles cases including 2,581 deaths (case fatality ratio 1.9%) have been reported from 455 (88%) out of 519 health zones across all 26 provinces of the DRC.

Disease

Syphilis – Europe

Syphilis cases have soared in Europe over the past decade and become, for the first time since the early 2000s, more common in some countries than new cases of HIV, health experts said on Friday.

Reported cases of the sexually transmitted disease are up by 70% since 2010, a report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) showed – with the rise driven by more unprotected sex and riskier sexual behaviour among gay men.

Monkeypox – NIgeria

Since 2017, Nigeria has been experiencing the largest documented outbreak of human monkeypox caused by the West African clade of the virus, with some evidence of secondary human-to-human transmission, according to a newly published clinical and epidemiological report. More than 300 cases have been reported in the outbreak as of April 2019, according to the CDC.

African Swine Fever – China

China confirmed a new outbreak of African swine fever in Hubei province, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said on Thursday. The disease, which kills almost all pigs it infects, occurred on a farm of 102 pigs in Tuanfeng county in the east of the province.

Disease

White-nose Syndrome – California, USA

The fungus that causes White-nose Syndrome (WNS), a deadly disease of bats, has been detected in low levels in California for the first time. Fungal DNA of Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd) was detected in samples collected this spring from bats on private land in the Plumas County town of Chester.

Hepatitis A – Costa Rica

The Costa Rica Ministry of Health reports the outbreak of Hepatitis A (HAV) in the canton of Alajuela continues. As of June 28, there are 140 cases of HAV laboratory confirmed this year, 43 in June.

African Swine Fever

China – China’s agriculture ministry said on Friday it had confirmed an African swine fever outbreak in Luchuan county in the southwestern region of Guangxi that killed nine pigs on a farm. China has reported 143 outbreaks of the incurable disease since August last year, and culled almost 1.2 million pigs. Many outbreaks are not reported, farmers have told Reuters, and as many as half of China’s breeding pigs may have died or been slaughtered because of the spreading disease.

Bulgaria – Bulgarian Food Safety Agency (BFSA) on Friday evening confirmed a second outbreak of African swine fever in domestic pigs in three days, and the third since last August. The disease was located in a backyard pig farm in the village of Novachene near Danube River, only 16 km southeast of the village of Zhernov where the previous case was confirmed on Wednesday.

Poliovirus – Pakistan, Angola

Five additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases have been confirmed in Pakistan this past week, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Two cases were reported from Torghar district, two from Bannu district, and one from North Waziristan in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Year-to-date, Pakistan has recorded 32 WPV1 cases.

Meanwhile Angola reported their second cVDPV2 outbreak this year. This one was in Kuvango district, Huila province.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Asia – Massive Culling

Millions of pigs are being culled in China and Vietnam in an effort to stop the spread of African swine fever, with cases of the disease already reported in six Asian countries.

Some 2.8 million pigs, representing about 10 per cent of Vietnam’s herd, have been culled in the Southeast Asian nation, state media reported this week.

Rabobank, which late last year put China’s herd at an estimated 360 million animals – projected in April that between 150 million and 200 million of them will die, either after contracting African swine fever or from culling.