Disease

Novel Coronavirus – China

n an update on the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak in Wuhan City, China, the Wuhan Municipal Commission of Health reports (computer translated) 17 additional cases, bringing the total in the city to 62. No additional deaths were reported. The death toll remains at two.

Anthrax – Zimbabwe

Health officials in Zimbabwe are reporting some 177 cattle have died from anthrax while 87 people were treated for the disease in various clinics and hospitals in areas across the country after eating meat from cattle that died from the infection during this season.

Chikungunya – Djibouti

In a follow-up on the chikungunya situation in Djibouti, on the Horn of Africa, the chikungunya epidemic in the country is considered to be unprecedented. According to an official communication from the Minister of Health, the significant increase in the number of fever cases in the Republic of Djibouti is mainly due to three diseases: malaria, dengue fever and chikungunya. The health services have reportedly recorded 16,000 cases in the various health structures.

Olive Tree Disease – Italy

More than a third of olive oil in the U.S. comes from Italy, which has kept a longstanding reputation for quality. But the quantity of olive oil made in the south of Italy has been in sharp decline. A disease in the region of Puglia has been attacking olive trees, decimating the industry and causing Italy to import olive oil for the first time. In the past there were 500 olive oil mills in the Salento area. Now in the Province of Lecce, there are no more than 15 olive oil mills.

Disease

Mosquito-borne Disease – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Three important mosquito-borne diseases– dengue, Zika and chikungunya–were all up in 2019 in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

City officials have reported 17,637 dengue fever cases through December 18 this year, a 216 percent compared to 5,577 cases reported in 2018 and the most cases reported in the city since 2016.

Concerning Zika, Rio city officials reported 1,064 cases year-to-date, a 76 percent increase compared to the 603 cases recorded last year. In 2016, a record 31,000-plus Zika cases were reported in Rio.

The largest increase of the three mosquito-borne diseases in Rio this year was with chikungunya infections. Year-to-date, more than 38, 000 cases have been seen. This is up from 10,746 chikungunya cases reported last year.

All three viruses are spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These mosquitoes bite during the day and night.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Qatar

On 5 December 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Qatar reported three laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection to WHO.

Yellow fever – Mali

From 3 November through 8 December 2019, three laboratory confirmed cases of yellow fever including two deaths (case fatality rate = 67%) were detected through the national surveillance system in Mali.

Disease

Horses Culled on Turkish Island

Authorities have culled 81 horses on an island off Istanbul following an outbreak of a fatal equine disease, local officials said Thursday.

The local administrator’s office said the horses on Buyukada Island were slaughtered after being diagnosed with glanders disease, which also affects donkeys and mules.

A quarantine has been put into place, barring the entry and exit of animals on the island to prevent the disease from spreading, the office said.

Ebola – DR Congo

Eleven new confirmed cases were reported from 11 to 17 December in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

Chikungunya – Brazil

Brazil has reported a dramatic increase in chikungunya cases in 2019 during the first 11 months of 2019. To date, 37,973 cases of chikungunya have been reported in the city. This compares to 9,545 cases reported during 2018, a nearly 300 percent increase.

Disease

Wild Poliovirus – Pakistan

Seven additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported in the past week in Pakistan–from Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces–bringing the total year-to date to 101. In 2018 at this time, Pakistan saw only nine cases.

Thailand: Dengue fever and chikungunya updates

The following are the latest case totals for dengue fever and chikungunya in Thailand through December 16 this year: Dengue fever Since the beginning of the year, the Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology has reported 125,235 dengue cases from all 77 provinces, including 131 fatalities. Health officials have reported 11,046 chikungunya cases this year to date from 59 provinces.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, nearly 2,000 additional suspected cases have been reported in recent weeks, bringing the outbreak total from Dire Dawa City, Administrative City and Araf regions to 53,238 cases since the end of July.

Polio – Angola

The number of polio cases in Angola has reached 44. The distribution of cases in the provinces of Bié, Malanje and Lunda Sul (one case each), Moxico and Benguela (two), Huíla (three), Lunda Norte (four), Luanda (six), Huambo (11 ) and Cuanza Sul (13).

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

The World Health Organization says the outbreak of yellow fever which started in Nigeria in September 2017 is ongoing. This year, an upsurge of yellow fever cases has been reported since August in six states and then began a decrease in late September. Since the beginning of the year, a total of 3,620 suspected yellow fever cases have been reported in 588 LGAs from 36 states with 150 deaths.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Maldives

The island chain in the Indian Ocean, Maldives, is reporting more dengue fever cases this year than has been seen in a couple of years. Through this week, health officials in Maldives have reported 4420 cases of dengue fever.

Chikungunya – Thailand

The number of infections with the mosquito-borne viral infection, chikungunya, in Thailand has eclipsed the 9,000 case mark this week, according to an update by the Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology. Health officials report 9,085 cases in 56 of the 76 provinces in the country through Nov. 5. No deaths have been reported.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In an update on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, health officials have reported an additional 2,541 new suspected cases during the last week of September. This brings the outbreak total, that began in late July, to 49,616.

Disease

Chikungunya – Thailand

The Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology released the latest chikungunya case numbers this week and the tally has eclipsed the 8,000 mark. Through Oct. 6, officials report 8,104 cases of the mosquito-borne disease from 52 provinces.Measles – DR Congo

Typhoid – Ireland

The Ireland Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) in Dublin is reporting an significant increase in typhoid fever cases in 2019. Specifically, a large increase in typhoid cases have been reported among travelers returning from Pakistan.

Ebola – DR Congo

The number of reported cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) consistently declined in recent weeks, with 14 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces during the epidemiological week of 30 September through 6 October.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In update on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, officials report an additional 3618 new suspect cases during the past week from neighborhoods in the Dire Dawa City. This is a slight decrease in cases compared to recent weeks. To date, 46,326 chikungunya cases have been reported since the end of July.

Monkeypox – Cameroon

Health officials have reported a confirmed case of monkeypox in the Ekondo-Titi health district in South-west region of Cameroon last week. Supportive measures for case management have been put in place and community-based surveillance has been stepped up in the region. The region and the country is also experiencing outbreaks of cholera and measles.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia, health officials report an additional 5,500 cases in the week ending September 15, bringing the outbreak total to 40,340 since late July.

African Swine Fever – Asia

The number of countries reporting African swine fever (ASF) rose to nine last week with the addition of South Korea. On Monday, South Korea, the Philippines and China all reported new cases/outbreaks.

South Korea’s Ministry of Agriculture (MAFRA) reported the third case (computer translated) in the city of Gimpo. Some 1,800 pigs were affected on the pig farm near Seoul.

Philippines agriculture officials reported more ASF in a village in Antipolo, Rizal, east of the Philippine capital Manila, and some areas in central Luzon. At least a dozen backyard farms in Manila and Rizal and Bulacan provinces have been affected. The country declared the first ASF outbreak two weeks ago.

In China,the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs reported a new case of African swine fever on a farm in Cen Xi city in southwestern region of Guangxi.

In addition to these three countries, ASF has also been reported in Vietnam, Laos, Mongolia, North Korea, Cambodia and Myanmar.

Disease

Measles – Dr Congo

The measles outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the largest in the world and continues to trend and spread geographically. Through September 1 this year, officials have reported 179,477 suspected measles cases including 3,559 deaths (CFR 2.0%). Cases have been reported from more than 90 percent health zones across the country.

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, health officials continues to see an increasing trend in cases since the end of July. During the week ending September 8, officials saw an additional 7,264 new suspected cases from nine urban kebeles, or neighborhoods in Dire Dawa City Administration.

Brain-eating Amoeba – Pakistan

The the second time in two days, Karachi officials report a fatality due to the brain-eating amoeba, Naegleria fowleri. The 14th case occurred in a 26-year-old man from Gulistan-e-Jauhar Block-27. He was was taken to the Aga Khan University Hospital [AKUH] last week after complaining of fever, vomiting and headache.

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

In a follow-up on the yellow fever outbreak in Bauchi state, Nigeria, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) now report that since the first confirmed case was reported on the 29th of August, 169 suspected and 15 laboratory confirmed cases by RT-PCR have been reported. Of this total, 23 people have died

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Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on a report on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, the number of cases has risen to 15,192 in the eastern city of Dire Dawa, according to French-China report.

Listeria – Spain

In a follow-up on the listeriosis outbreak in Spain associated with the consumption of roasted pork meat, Spanish health officials report an additional 29 cases, bringing the total to 204. Andalusia, in southern Spain has reported the bulk of the cases with 197. Three deaths have been reported.

Lassa Fever – Liberia

Liberian authorities at the Ministry of Health (MoH) have confirmed an outbreak of Lassa fever across the country. According to MoH data, a total of 92 suspected cases between January 1 and August 25, 2019, including 21 deaths, have been reported.

Disease

Chikungunya

Brazil – From the beginning of the year through July, Brazil health authorities have reported 97,900 probable cases of chikungunya in the country.

Thailand – In an update on the chikungunya situation in Thailand, the Ministry of Health reports that since the beginning of the year through August 4, 5,996 cases from 44 provinces have been reported, an increase of some 1,500 in about one month.

Measles – New Zealand

Officials with the Auckland Regional Public Health Service have reported some 100 additional measles cases during the past week. On August 13, officials were reporting 410 cases and this morning the total has risen to 507 with some 50 cases reported just over the weekend. Nationally, New Zealand’s measles total has reached 639 cases.

Crimea-Congo Haemorrhagic fever – Uganda

A confirmed case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) involving a 42-year-old businessman dealing in cattle has been reported from Kasagama Subcounty, Lyantonde District.

Malaria – Uganda

The Uganda Ministry of Health is reporting an increase in malaria cases in 2019. The cases of malaria have increased by over 400,000 cases when compared with 2018 and 2019 from about 1 million cases in June 2018 to 1.4 million in June 2019 (40% increase). However, it is worth noting that cases are still low compared to 2017 and 2016 in the same period.

Diphtheria – India

Health officials at the Government Fever Hospital in Hyderabad, Telangana state, India are reporting a surge in cases of the vaccine-preventable disease, diphtheria. According to a Times of India report, during the past two months they have seen 240 cases reported from Hyderabad, including seven death in just the past month.

Measles kill more people in DR Congo than Ebola

Measles has killed 2,758 people in the DR Congo since January, more than the Ebola epidemic in a year, medical NGO Doctors Without Borders said. The disease, preventable with a vaccine, has infected over 145,000 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo between January and early August.

Disease

Chikungunya – Thailand

Health officials in Thailand continue to report chikungunya cases. From January 1 through July 7, 4,500 cases from 32 provinces have been reported.

Bolivia – Hemorrhagic fever due to Arenavirus, testing suggests Chapare virus

In the past several weeks, the Ministry of Health in Bolivia have reported five cases of hemorrhagic febrile syndrome of unknown etiology with suspected human-to-human transmission. Three of the cases are healthcare workers and the other 2 cases are agricultural workers. Of the five, three cases have died.

Disease

Chikungunya – Iceland

Iceland’s Directorate of Health confirmed that four Icelanders who stayed in Alicante in Spain recently were infected with the Chikungunya virus, a tropical disease not previously seen in Iceland.

Rabies – North Carolina, USA

The Guilford County Department of Health in North Carolina is reporting the ninth confirmed case of animal rabies in 2019 yesterday. The most recent case involved a fox found on Ashton Court in Greensboro.