Disease

Dengue Fever – Philippines

Philippines health officials reported an additional nearly 800 dengue fever cases during the week ending April 20, bringing the cumulative total to 67,106 cases with 277 deaths.

Elsewhere in Asia, Vietnam has reported a total of 57,880 cases with three deaths.

Dengue infects nearly 400 million people across more than 120 countries each year. Most survive with few or no symptoms, but more than two million annually develop what can be a dangerous dengue hemorrhagic fever, which kills more than 25,000 people each year.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Maldives

The Health Protection Agency, Ministry of Health, Maldives is reporting a 200 percent increase in dengue fever cases thus far in 2019 compared to the same period last year. Official data shows 1,912 cases of dengue were reported by the end of last month. This compares with 539 cases reported during the same period in 2018.

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte – Update

Health officials with the prefecture of Mayotte, ARS Indian Ocean and the Directorate of Food, Agriculture and Forestry of Mayotte (DAAF) reminds the public of the importance of prevention measures to protect against Rift Valley fever (RVF) as it continues to circulate on the island. During the past 2 weeks, 10 new animal foci and 4 new human cases have been reported, a total of 119 animal foci and 130 human cases, since the first cases occurred at the end of November 2018.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Reunion – Update

Health officials in Reunion reported an additional 1322 confirmed dengue fever cases during the week ending April 28. This brings the total cases for the first four months of 2019 to more than 9200. Areas in the south of the island continue to be very active for dengue.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 March through 8 April 2019, the National International Health Regulations (IHR) Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 45 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 13 deaths.

Disease

Hepatitis A – Sweden

The Sweden The Public Health Authority, or Folkhälsomyndigheten are reporting an outbreak of hepatitis A where the suspected source of infection is fresh dates from Iran. Of the nine cases reported since late February, eight of the cases are confirmed and have the same type of hepatitis A virus (genotype IIIA) and one case is suspected.

Dengue Fever – Reunion – Update

In a follow-up on the dengue fever epidemic on the island of Reunion, ARS Indian Ocean reports the number of cases is steadily increasing with the most active areas located in the South. However, there are outbreaks in the north and east of the island.

Officials report an additional 1200 cases during the most recent week. This brings the outbreak total to more than 7200 cases since the beginning of the year. Seven deaths have been reported with three directly related to dengue fever this year.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Reunion – Update

According to the Regional Health Agency- Indian Ocean, more than 1,000 dengue fever cases were reported in Reunion the week ending Apr.7. This brings the outbreak total on the island to more than 6,000. The southern part of the island is very active.

Pakistan – Brain-Eating Amoeba

Officials with the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) in Karachi, Pakistan is reporting the death of a 21-year old student from the Orangi Town area due to the “brain-eating amoeba”, Naegleria fowleri. The patient presented with a high-grade fever and other complaints. Upon suspicion of meningitis, he was transferred to the hospital ICU and died.

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Cholera – Yemen – Update

Yemen Yemeni health officials reported an additional 27,840 suspected cases of cholera with 48 associated deaths during the week ending April 14. Eighteen percent of these are considered severe cases.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

The Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reported an additional 2,250 measles cases the week ending Apr. 4, bringing the 2019 outbreak total to 37,328. The number of fatalities due to the complications of measles remain at 14.

Dengue Fever – Tahiti

Health officials in French Polynesia are reporting (computer translated) the confirmation of several autochthonous cases of dengue type 2 dengue, unrelated and scattered over several communes in Tahiti. This has prompted health officials to declare an outbreak on Wednesday. A major concern is that since dengue type 2 has not circulated in the country since the year 2000, the epidemic could be of great magnitude. People under 20 or arriving in French Polynesia after 2000 are most at risk of becoming infected.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Reunion – Update

Health officials in Reunion report an additional 904 dengue fever cases during the last week of March, bringing the total to nearly 5,000 since the beginning of the year.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Malaysia

Malaysia health officials reported more than 38,000 dengue fever cases through April 6. Of this total, 59 fatalities have been reported. Nearly six out of 10 cases have been reported from Selangor state, followed by Kuala Lumpur and Johor.

Anthrax – Kenya

At least twenty-two people from Tegat Village in Molo were admitted at the Nyayo hospital in Elburgon, with residents fearing they may have contracted anthrax after consuming milk from a sick cow.

African Swine Fever – Tibet

China’s agriculture ministry late on Sunday confirmed the first outbreak of African swine fever in the country’s Tibet Autonomous Region. The disease was found in two counties and one district of the city of Linzhi, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement; Linzhi is in southeastern Tibet near the border with India. A total of 55 pigs have so far been killed in the Tibet outbreak, it added.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

Health officials in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) reported two additional Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) cases Thursday, bringing the cumulative number of cases is 993, since the beginning of the epidemic. The two new confirmed cases were reported in Mandima and Masereka. In addition, seven new EVD fatalities were reported bringing that total to 621.

Dengue Fever – Reunion – Update

During the most recent reportable week, health officials saw another 566 confirmed cases with the most activity reported in The Saint-Louis River, St. Louis and St. Peter’s communes.

Typhoid Fever – Philippines

Health officials in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) on Luzon island, Philippines are reporting an increase in typhoid in the region. According to the Department of Health-CAR, 681 cases were recorded in the first quarter of 2019

Dengue Fever – Philippines

The Regional Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit (RESU) reports some 5,616 cases of dengue fever with 18 deaths in the region through March 16, 2019.

Cholera – Mozambique

Cholera cases were reported on Friday in the Mozambican city of Beira, adding a risk of deadly illnesses for hundreds of thousands of people who are scrambling for shelter, food and water after catastrophic flooding in southern Africa caused by Cyclone Idai.

Disease

Chikungunya and Dengue Fever – Thailand

Thailand health officials reported an additional 500-plus chikungunya cases during the past week, bringing the outbreak total, primarily in the south, to 2,551 cases. No deaths have been reported.

Meanwhile, concerning dengue fever, officials say since the beginning of the year, 9,914 cases have been reported, including nine fatalities.

Disease

Measles – Madagascar – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak on the island country of Madagascar, UNICEF reports from 3 September to 21 February, 76,871 people were infected by measles and 928 died, a majority of which were children.

Dengue Fever – Peru

The Regional Health Office–Geresa has reported 33 confirmed cases of dengue in several localities of Lambayeque this year.

El Niño caused global disease outbreaks

Between 2015 and 2016, the weather phenomenon known as El Niño inadvertently set off a chain of events that led to global disease outbreaks.

But during the 2015-2016 event, NASA’s researchers found that El Niño changed precipitation, land surface temperatures and vegetation, facilitating conditions for the transmission of diseases. The aftermath resulted in a surge of reported cases for plague and hantavirus in the US states of Colorado and New Mexico; cholera in Tanzania; and dengue fever in Brazil and south-east Asia, among others. These findings are the first to comprehensively show the public health impacts of a major climate event on a global scale.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Brazil

Brazil health officials are warning the public of a big increase in dengue fever in the country during the first month of 2019. Through Feb. 2, there were 54,777 probable cases of the disease. The cases are at 26.3 per 100,000 inhabitants.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

On 6 February 2019, the National IHR Focal Point of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of an ongoing outbreak of MERS-CoV infection in Wadi Aldwasir city and one of its hospitals. Between 29 January and 13 February 2019, 39 cases of MERS-CoV infection, including four deaths, were reported. At the time of writing, this outbreak remains ongoing.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Reunion

Since the beginning of the year, the island of Reunion has seen a 10-fold increase in dengue fever cases as compared to the period in 2018, according to French health officials. From Jan. 1 to Feb. 3, 476 locally transmitted cases have been reported, including 145 in the past week.

Disease

Measles – Philippines

The Philippines Department of Health in the Eastern Visayas are reporting an increase in dengue fever cases during the first five weeks of 2019. According to the data, the number of cases in the region from Jan. 1 to Feb. 9 totals 1,169 cases.

Dengue Fever – Jamaica

In a follow-up on the dengue fever outbreak in Jamaica, local media report that the number of dengue cases now stands at 1,166 suspected, presumed, or confirmed cases with dates of onset in 2019. 6 deaths have been confirmed.

Disease

Lassa fever case in Guinea

The Guinea Ministry of Health reported yesterday (computer translated) of a Lassa fever case in a 35-year-old man from Kissidougou Prefecture who was admitted to the Mamou Regional Hospital on Jan. 28. The case was laboratory confirmed on Feb. 1. To date, no other case has been notified.

Dengue Fever – Jamaica

The Senior Medical Officer (SMO) for St Catherine said that the parish recorded more than 520 notifications for dengue in the month of January. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2018, a total of 986 suspected and confirmed cases of dengue including 13 deaths were reported from Jamaica.