Disease

China – African Swine Fever

China’s agriculture ministry on Sunday reported a new African swine fever outbreak in the northwestern region of Ningxia. The outbreak occurred on a farm with 57 live pigs in Yongning county, infecting pigs and killing 13, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement.

Newcastle Disease – Utah, USA

For the first time, the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) confirmed the presence of virulent Newcastle disease in a small domestic flock of backyard exhibition chickens (250) in Utah County, Utah. This case is believed to be connected to the current outbreak of virulent Newcastle disease in California, as three of the birds at the premises were recently moved to Utah from Los Angeles County, California. In Utah, the disease is currently contained to one domestic flock and has not been detected in any commercial poultry flocks.

Disease

Influenza – USA

A total of 19 flu-associated child deaths have been reported and more than 3,500 have been hospitalized for influenza this winter in the United States. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced Friday that in the week ending last Saturday, 3.1 percent of people saw doctors for flu-like illness, above the national baseline of 2.2 percent.

South Africa issues alert for travelers to the southern African region

The National Institute for Communicable Diseases in South Africa are advising travellers returning from the southern African region should be aware of a number of infectious disease risks related to travel to include malaria, cholera, typhoid, African tick bite fever, East African trypanosomiasis and various mosquito-borne viruses (e.g. dengue, chikungunya, West Nile).

Disease

Measles – Madagascar

From 4 October 2018 to 7 January 2019, 19 539 measles cases and 39 “facility-based” deaths have been reported by the Ministry of Public Health (MoH) of Madagascar. Cases were reported from 66 of 114 total districts in all 22 regions of Madagascar.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Algeria

More than 12,000 livestock have died in Algeria following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease.

The Algerian Interior Ministry has classified the outbreak as a “major danger” after it spread to 28 states and killed thousands of livestock, causing markets to shut down for fear of selling infected meat. The crisis has been aggravated by the fact that livestock owners are still waiting for vaccines, which have been delayed until the end of the month.

Disease

Measles – Vancouver, Washington, USA

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Clark County, Washington, health officials are now reporting 14 confirmed cases and three suspected cases, all among children. One child required hospitalization for their illness. The bulk of the children are under the age of 10 and 13 of the cases were not vaccinated.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 December 2018 through 31 December 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR) National Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported five additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

African Swine Fever Spreads to Mongolia

Asian pork producers need to redouble efforts to combat African swine fever after Mongolia reported its first outbreak, just five months after the deadly pig disease was first discovered in China.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

In 2018, Ukraine saw an astounding 54,000 measles cases and 16 fatalities. As 2019 begins, it appears the measles problem continues in Ukraine as health officials has already reported 5,059 measles cases from December 28, 2018 to January 11, 2019 and two deaths.

Ebola – DR Congo

The death toll from the latest outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo has passed the 400 mark in the east and northeast, health authorities said Tuesday.

“Since the start of the epidemic, the total number of cases is 658 — 609 confirmed and 49 probable. In total there have been 402 deaths” in the provinces of North Kivu and Ituri, a health ministry bulletin stated.

Health authorities also confirmed 237 cases of “persons cured”, with a further “200 suspect cases still under investigation”.

Disease

Anthrax – Tanzania

The consumption of anthrax tainted meat has been linked to an outbreak of suspected Bacillus anthracis infections in Nzoka village, Momba district of the Songwe Region of Tanzania. Four people have died and some 77 people were sickened after eating the suspect meat.

Disease

African Swine Fever – China

A new outbreak of African swine fever has hit two farms in Jiangsu province in eastern China, the official Xinhua news agency reported on Saturday, as the highly contagious disease continues to spread through the world’s largest hog herd.

The outbreak in Siyang county hit two farms with a total of 68,969 pigs, the Xinhua report said, citing a statement from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. A total of 2,452 pigs have been infected and 1,369 killed.

The latest case comes shortly after an outbreak in Heilongjiang province in northeastern China affected a large farm with 73,000 pigs.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease – South Africa

The Department of Agriculture has finally revealed the extent of the foot and mouth outbreak. Officials say it has affected more than 15, 000 cattle in Vhembe district in Limpopo and that the situation is worse than expected. The area has been quarantined and further assessments will be made to determine if cattle need to be culled.

The department has also expressed concerned about the money the country is losing over the halting of meat exports. Zimbabwe has joined Botswana, Eswatini and Namibia in banning the import of livestock products from South Africa.

Measles – Brazil

The Brazil Ministry of Health reported this week on the measles situation in the country. From the beginning of 2018, until January 8 of this year, 10,274 cases were confirmed in Brazil. 12 fatalities have been reported.

Currently, the country faces two outbreaks of measles: in Amazonas with 9,778 confirmed cases and in 355 cases in Roraima. The outbreaks that occurred last year are related to importation, since the genotype of the virus (D8), which is circulating in Brazil, is the same that circulates in Venezuela, a country with a disease outbreak since 2017.

Disease

Cholera – Uganda

The Uganda Ministry of Health received a report of four suspected cholera cases on Jan. 5 who had been seen at Kirudu hospital with· diarrhea and vomiting, which had started on 4th January 2019. These suspected cholera cases were from Kabowa parish, Rubaga division.

Disease

Hantavirus – Argentina

Officials with the Government of Chubut in the Patagonia region of southern Argentina is reporting an unprecedented hantavirus outbreak. According to the latest numbers, 24 cases have been reported, including eight fatalities. But the biggest concern of this outbreak is its person-to-person contagion.

Meningococcal Disease – Ireland

Three people have died following an outbreak of meningococcal disease in Ireland, according to the Health Service Executive (HSE). Meningococcal disease can cause meningitis or septicaemia, which requires urgent antibiotic treatment. Eleven cases have been reported since the last week of December.

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

On 22 November 2018, the World Health Organization was informed of a cluster of suspected Yellow fever (YF) cases and deaths in Edo State, Nigeria. Edo State is located less than 400km from Lagos on a dense population movement axis between Lagos and South-Eastern Nigeria. Edo State is also a known endemic area for Lassa fever – which was initially suspected as causing the outbreak. From 22 September through 31 December 2018, a total of 146 suspected, 42 presumptive positive, and 32 confirmed cases, including 26 deaths (presumptive case fatality rate: 18%), have been reported across 15 of 18 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Edo State.

Disease

CCHF death confirmed in Uganda

Ugandan health officials have confirmed that a health worker has died of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) at the end of December. This is part of an outbreak in Masindi District in Western Uganda. The disease has been confirmed in Kikingura village in Bwijanga Sub County.

Dengue Fever – Oman

In a follow-up on the dengue situation in Oman, the Ministry of Health (MOH) has reported 40 locally transmitted dengue fever cases from Dec. 12-Jan. 6.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease – South Africa

The department of agriculture, forestry and fisheries has quarantined an area in Vhembe in Limpopo, following positive laboratory results for foot-and-mouth disease in cattle in the district. The matter was reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health, resulting in SA’s foot-and-mouth-free status being temporarily suspended.

New Ebola-like Virus

Researchers have discovered a new Ebola-related virus in bats in China, a study says.

The potentially dangerous filovirus, known as Měnglà virus, comes from the Rousettus bat in Yunnan Province, China, and can lead to fatal fever diseases in humans, according to findings published Monday in Nature Microbiology.

While Měnglà shares some common characteristics to other filoviruses, it also has some differences. For one, it shares only 32 percent to 54 percent of its sequence of genes with other filoviruses. Plus, it also lives in different geographic locations.

And this new genus of filovirus fits right in between the Ebola and Marburg viruses on the evolutionary scale, the researchers said.

Disease

Leishmaniasis – Libya

Health officials in Bani Walid Municipality in northwest Libya are reporting an outbreak of the disfiguring parasitic disease, leishmaniasis. 290 cases have been reported although it is not clear when this upsurge of cases began.

Anthrax – Zinbabwe

An outbreak of anthrax has affected eight people in Zvimba district after they ate meat from a cow that had died of the disease. The affected areas are Chirau and Madzorera villages.

Disease

Syphilis – Japan

In a follow-up on the syphilis outbreak in Japan in 2018, the National Institute of Infectious Diseases in Tokyo has reported an additional 600 cases in the past four weeks. The annual tally has risen from 6,096 to 6,661 from Epi week 46 to 50.

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

During the reporting period (27 December 2018 – 2 January 2019), 16 newly confirmed cases were reported from Beni (two), Butembo (five), Katwa (three), Komanda (one), Mabalako (one), and Oicha (four) health zones (Figure 1). As of 2 January 2019, there have been a total of 609 EVD cases1 (561 confirmed and 48 probable, Figure 2), including 370 deaths and 208 people having recovered.

Disease

Hepatitis A – Florida, USA

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in Florida in 2018, state health officials reported 147 cases from 22 counties in December to bring the annual total to 559 in 31 counties. West Central and Central Florida, the Tampa-St. Petersburg area and the Orlando area, respectively recorded the most cases.