Cholera – South Africa

South Africa’s National Department of Health announced on Thursday that the cholera death toll now stands at 31, following the outbreak in Hammanskraal, north of Pretoria. According to the department, Gauteng accounts for 29 deaths, while Free State and Mpumalanga account for one fatality each. Data shows that the country has recorded a total cumulative number of 166 laboratory-confirmed cases and 202 suspected infections of cholera in five provinces between 1 February and 6 June 2023.

Marburg Virus – Equatorial Guinea

The Marburg Virus Disease (MVD) outbreak that was declared on February 13 in Equatorial Guinea, on the west coast of Central Africa, has been declared over today, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced. No new cases were reported over the past 42 days after the last patient was discharged from treatment. A total of 17 laboratory-confirmed cases and 12 deaths were recorded. All the 23 probable cases reported died.


Dengue Fever, Chikungunya, Zika – Brazil

Through June 5, the SES – State Department of Health of Minas Gerais reported 371,865 probable cases, including 196,658 confirmed cases of the disease. There are 110 confirmed deaths from dengue in Minas Gerais and another 125 deaths under investigation.

Concerning chikungunya, health officials report 71,319 probable cases of the disease were registered, of which 38,648 were confirmed. So far, 23 deaths from Chikungunya have been confirmed in Minas Gerais and 15 are under investigation.

As for the Zika virus, 243 probable cases have been registered so far. There are 24 confirmed for the disease and there are no deaths from Zika in Minas Gerais, to date.


Anthrax – Vietnam

The Center for Disease Control of Dien Bien province reported three outbreaks of cutaneous anthrax, including 13 cases, Tua Chua district in the month May. On average, in the period 2016-2022, the whole country recorded 7 cases/year and no deaths. Currently, 119 people related to the outbreak (who participated in slaughtering, eating dead buffalo and cows) have been listed.


Legionnaires Disease – Lithuania

Health authorities in Lithuania report an outbreak of legionellosis, or Legionnaires’ disease in the Kaunas district. According to the latest data from officials, a total of 24 cases of legionellosis have been confirmed, including 7 deaths. The latest reported death from LSMU Kaunas Hospital was an individual in the age group of 71-80 years.

Human Bird Flu – China

Hong Kong health officials report monitoring a human case of avian influenza A(H5N6) in the Mainland, the 84th human case since 2014 and the 59th case in the past three years. This case involves a 54-year-old female living in Nanchong, Sichuan, who had exposure to live domestic poultry before the onset of symptoms.


Rabies – Indonesia

As of April 2023, there have been 31,113 cases of bites by rabies-transmitting animals, 23,211 cases of bites that have received anti-rabies vaccines, and 11 cases of death in Indonesia.

Anthrax – Ghana

Officials with the Ghana Health Service report a suspected anthrax outbreak in the Binduri District of the Upper East Region. One person has been confirmed dead while 11 others are infected with suspected anthrax after consuming the carcass of dead cattle.


Dengue Fever

Sri Lanka – The International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies reports dengue cases have been on the rise since the beginning of the year in Sri Lanka. Cases reported are currently three times higher than those recorded in the corresponding period of the last two years. According to the National Dengue Control Unit (NDCU), Sri Lanka has recorded 39,409 dengue cases, including 25 deaths so far in 2023.

Bangladesh – Through June 3, Bangladesh health authorities reported 2,279 total dengue cases, including 1,036 cases in May alone. The Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) also reports 13 deaths year to date. The number continue to increase with authorities reported 141 cases on Saturday, including 128 in the city of Dhaka.


Marburg Virus – Tanzania

Today, Tanzania declared the end of the Marburg Virus Disease (MVD) outbreak in the Kagera region. This was Tanzania’s first ever MVD outbreak which resulted in a total of nine cases (eight confirmed and one probable) and six deaths. The outbreak was declared officially on March 21, 2023.


Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease – Vietnam

hildren’s Hospital 1 in Ho Chi Minh City said that doctors had tried to save a case of suspected hand, foot and mouth disease, but the condition was too severe and the child died on May 31.

Children’s Hospital 1 also said that in the first 5 months of 2023, the hospital received 1,349 outpatient treatments, 158 inpatients for hand, foot and mouth disease.


Cholera – South Africa

The cholera death toll in Hammanskraal has reached 23 as of May this past weekend, according to the Gauteng Department of Health (GDoH). In addition, 77 patients were still admitted for the waterborne disease. Health officials said 229 patients have been seen at the Jubilee District Hospital since 15 May 2023. The National Department of Health reported an additional seven confirmed cases from Free State Province on 21 May 2023.

Avian Flu – Chile

Servicio Nacional de Pesca y Acuicultura reported this week that there are 13 regions with confirmed cases of Avian Influenza in marine animals, with positive cases from Arica to Biobío, in addition to Los Lagos, Magallanes and now Aysén has been added.

To date, 9,420 marine animals killed by Avian Influenza have been registered nationwide, corresponding to 8,117 sea lions, 1,245 Humboldt penguins, 25 chungungos, 20 spiny porpoises, 12 Chilean dolphins and 1 huillín. In the Aysén region, only 3 cases of sea lion strandings have been registered, one of which corresponded to a positive case for HPAI.


Leptospirosis – Vanuatu

In a follow-up on the leptospirosis situation in Vanuatu, the Vanuatu Ministry of Health reported seven new leptospirosis cases from 15 May to 24 May. This brings the total cases to 75 since the beginning of the year (68 laboratory confirmed and 7 clinically diagnosed). A total of 6 deaths have been recorded since January 2023.


Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

The Bangladesh Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) has reported 1,843 dengue fever cases through May 29, a 5.75 times increase compared to the same period in 2022 (320). In addition, 13 dengue related deaths have been reported during the first five months of this year.

Dengue Fever – Malaysia

The Malaysia Ministry of Health has reported 43,619 dengue fever cases through May 21, an increase of 170 percent compared to the same period in 2022 (16,144). In addition, a total of 28 deaths due to dengue fever complications have been reported.

Dengue Fever – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the dengue fever outbreak in Afar, Ethiopia, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports a total of 1,638 suspected and confirmed cases and nine associated deaths (case fatality ratio= 0.5%) in Logia and Mille districts in the region from April 4 through May 10 this year.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Senegal

In a follow-up concerning Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Senegal, health officials report a second case of the disease on May 9, this case from the Linguère district in the Louga region.

Buruli Ulcer Epidemic – DR Congo

A Buruli ulcer epidemic was declared in the health zone of Bogose Nubea more than 40 kilometers from the town of Gemena, capital of Sud-Ubangi in the North-West of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). More than 450 cases of this disease commonly called “Mbasu” have been identified in this health zone.



Monkeypox – UK

The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) reports 10 cases of mpox diagnosed in the UK since the last epidemiological update on 4 May. This brings the total number of new cases in the UK since the beginning of the year to 20.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Afghanistan

The health department of Balkh province reported that in the past week 10 positive cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) have been recorded in north region of the country, and two people have died, according to local media.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Namibia

The Namibia Ministry of Health and Social Services reports an outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) after a man died of the disease in a Windhoek hospital. The male patient was first treated at a clinic in the eastern city of Gobabis on May 16. He died on May 18.


Syphilis – Japan

The Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID) reports 5,164 total syphilis cases through May 17. This compares to 3,630 cases during the same period last year. Tokyo accounts for 1,332 cases, followed by 699 in Osaka and 305 cases in Hokkaido.

Dengue Fever – Thailand

The Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control (DDC) for the Thailand Ministry of Public Health reports a significant increase in dengue fever cases during the first five months of 2023. Through epidemiology week 20, officials report 16,650 total dengue cases, including 14 deaths. This is up from 2220 cases and 3 deaths during the same period in 2022.


Carbon Illness

A new report by Boston University and University of North Carolina researchers says air pollution from oil and natural gas production is responsible for thousands of early deaths and cases of childhood asthma each year across the U.S. It adds that respiratory and cardiovascular-related hospitalisations, adverse pregnancy outcomes and other health challenges the pollution brings are responsible for about $77 billion in annual health care costs. The report calls for comprehensive nationwide regulations to protect Americans from such pollution.


Dengue Fever – Brazil

The recent resurgence of serotype 3 of the dengue virus in Brazil – which has not caused epidemics in the country for over 15 years – has raised the alarm about the risk of a new epidemic of the disease caused by this virus serotype.