Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis have reached a record high levels in USA
Total combined cases of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and syphilis reported in 2015 reached the highest number ever, according to the annual Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance Report released today by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
There were more than 1.5 million chlamydia cases reported (1,526,658), nearly 400,000 cases of gonorrhoea (395,216), and nearly 24,000 cases of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis (23,872) – the most infectious stages of the disease. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are the three most commonly reported conditions in the nation and have reached a record high level.
In recent years more than half of state and local STD programs have experienced budget cuts, resulting in more than 20 health department STD clinic closures in one year alone. Fewer clinics mean reduced access to STD testing and treatment for those who need these services.
Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are curable with antibiotics. Widespread access to screening and treatment would reduce their spread. Most STD cases continue to go undiagnosed and untreated, putting individuals at risk for severe and often irreversible health consequences, including infertility, chronic pain and increased risk for HIV. STDs also impose a substantial economic burden: CDC estimates STD cases cost the U.S. healthcare system nearly $16 billion each year.
Young people and gay and bisexual men continue to face the greatest risk of becoming infected with an STD, and there continue to be troubling increases in syphilis among newborns.
India still accounts for 60 percent of world’s leprosy cases
Despite achieving elimination of leprosy as a public health problem ten years ago (a prevalence of < 1 case per 10 000 population), India still reports the highest number of leprosy cases on the globe by a long shot.
In 2015, there was more than 210,000 new leprosy cases reported worldwide and India accounted for some 60 percent of the global case count (127,326). The next closest country was Brazil with just over 26,000 cases.
In fact, India has recorded greater than 125,000 new cases annually since at least 2010.
The World Health Organization (WHO) says high numbers of new cases are detected in pockets of endemicity in India.