Disease

Measles

New Zealand – Canterbury is a region on New Zealand’s South Island and home to the city of Christchurch. According to health officials today, the region is experiencing a measles outbreak. The number of confirmed cases of measles in Canterbury now stands at twenty-five and is likely to rise further over the coming days and weeks.

Europe – The measles outbreak in Europe continues as 19 countries reported cases in January 2019, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). 881 cases were reported from the 19 countries, while 10 reported no measles. Germany did not report measles data for January 2019. Romania reports the most cases.

Hantavirus – Argentina – Update

In a follow-up on the hantavirus outbreak in Argentina, since November 2, 2018, the Argentine Republic has faced an outbreak of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), the most recent cases were reported on February 7, 2019. To date, there have been 34 confirmed cases and 12 deaths.

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

People are infected with Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) through contact with blood, body fluids, or tissues of RVFV-infected animals, mainly livestock. In addition, several mosquito species can spread RVF virus. On the archipelago of Mayotte in the Indian Ocean, the number of human cases continue to rise with 82 human cases having been confirmed.

Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Nigerian health authorities on Tuesday declared a new outbreak of Lassa fever that has killed 16 people since early January, despite successfully containing the disease last year. A total of 172 suspected cases have been identified since January 1, of which 60 were confirmed positive.

Measles – South Korea

Measles has struck the Korean peninsula as South Korean health officials say the outbreak has reached 30 cases since mid-December 2018. The first case was reported in Daegu last month. As of this week, the Disease Control Headquarters has confirmed measles outbreaks in five provinces nationwide.

Hantavirus – Argentina

On 19 December 2018, the Argentinian Ministry of Health and Social Development issued an epidemiological alert regarding an increase in cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in Epuyén, Chubut Province. Between 28 October 2018 – 20 January of 2019, a total of 29 laboratory-confirmed cases of HPS, including 11 deaths have been reported in Epuyén, Chubut Province.

Disease

Hantavirus – Argentina

Officials with the Government of Chubut in the Patagonia region of southern Argentina is reporting an unprecedented hantavirus outbreak. According to the latest numbers, 24 cases have been reported, including eight fatalities. But the biggest concern of this outbreak is its person-to-person contagion.

Meningococcal Disease – Ireland

Three people have died following an outbreak of meningococcal disease in Ireland, according to the Health Service Executive (HSE). Meningococcal disease can cause meningitis or septicaemia, which requires urgent antibiotic treatment. Eleven cases have been reported since the last week of December.

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

On 22 November 2018, the World Health Organization was informed of a cluster of suspected Yellow fever (YF) cases and deaths in Edo State, Nigeria. Edo State is located less than 400km from Lagos on a dense population movement axis between Lagos and South-Eastern Nigeria. Edo State is also a known endemic area for Lassa fever – which was initially suspected as causing the outbreak. From 22 September through 31 December 2018, a total of 146 suspected, 42 presumptive positive, and 32 confirmed cases, including 26 deaths (presumptive case fatality rate: 18%), have been reported across 15 of 18 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Edo State.

Disease

Hantavirus disease – Republic of Panama

The Panama Ministry of Health has reported an increase in cases of hantavirus infection in Los Santos Province, Republic of Panama, to the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO). Between 1 January and 22 December 2018, a total of 103 confirmed cases of hantavirus have been reported. 51 cases were classified as hantavirus fever1 (HF) without pulmonary syndrome and 48 cases were classified as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome2 (HPS), including four deaths.

Malaria – Pakistan

The Sindh Malaria Control Program reported 108,262 lab-confirmed malaria cases in 2018, according to a Pakistani media report today. Fortunately, no fatalities were reported.

Disease

Chikungunya – Sudan – More cases

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Kassala state, Sudan, the Kassala state Ministry of Health reported that the total number of people infected with chikungunya fever has risen to 15,944 cases as of Oct. 11. Four additional fatalities were also reported.

Hantavirus – Bolivia

The Bolivia Ministry of Health reported this week that 13 military personnel were infected with hantavirus in the military camps of the Joint Task Force of the Yungas, including one death and two cases requiring intensive care.

Measles – Thailand

The Yala Provincial Public Health Office in southern Thailand are reporting a measles outbreak that has affected hundreds. According to the National News Bureau of Thailand, 341 people have been infected and five have died since the outbreak began in September.

Disease

Hantavirus Deaths in Washington State, USA

Five people have been stricken with the rare, rodent-borne hantavirus illness in Washington state since February, three of whom have died, in the state’s worst outbreak of the disease in at least 18 years.

The three fatal cases also mark the highest death toll from hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Washington state during a single year since the respiratory ailment was first identified in the “Four Corners” region of the U.S. Southwest in 1993.

The disease has been found to be transmitted to humans from deer mice, either through contact with urine, droppings, saliva or nesting materials of infected rodents or by inhaling dust contaminated with the virus.

Disease

Hantavirus outbreak in Yosemite National Park, USA. The rodent-borne lung disease has killed two people and sickened 4. 10 000 tourists are at risk. Park visitors who exhibit strange or flu-like symptoms are urged to seek immediate medical attention.