Disease

Cholera – Kenya

During the week ending October 13, officials in Kenya reported an additional 100 new suspected Cholera cases, with eighty-five percent of cases being reported from Nairobi and Wajir. Since the beginning of the year, Kenya has seen 4,476 cholera cases, including 37 deaths. Twelve of the 47 Counties of Kenya have reported cholera cases.

Burundi – Malaria

Since our last report one month ago, the number of malaria cases in Burundi has increased nearly one million cases. Since December 2018 through September 2019, health officials have reported 6,831,659 total malaria cases in the country, including 2,545 deaths.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Thailand

An order has been issued to close cattle markets in all 26 districts of Khon Kaen, a northeastern province from Nov 1 – 30 following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). It is believed that the disease is spreading from the cattle markets.

HIV – Pakistan

Nearly 900 children in the small Pakistani city of Ratodero were bedridden early this year with raging fevers that resisted treatment. Parents were frantic, with everyone seeming to know a family with a sick child.

In April, the disease was pinned down, and the diagnosis was devastating: The city was the epicenter of an H.I.V. outbreak that overwhelmingly affected children. Health officials initially blamed the outbreak on a single pediatrician, saying he was reusing syringes.

Since then, about 1,100 citizens have tested positive for the virus, or one in every 200 residents. Almost 900 are younger than 12. Health officials believe the real numbers are probably much higher, as only a fraction of the population has been tested so far.

Disease

Dengue Fever

Sri Lanka – Sri Lanka’s Epidemiology Unit has reported more than 25,000 dengue fever cases so far this year, according to new data published today. Through July 5, 25,267 dengue cases have been reported with Colombo reporting one-fifth of the cases nationwide. 35 deaths have been reported.

Philippines – In the Western Visayas region of the Philippines, the governor of Iloilo province announced he will issue an executive order declaring an outbreak in the province. According to the data of the Provincial Health Office from January 1 to June 28, the province has already recorded 3,897 cases of dengue with the death toll in the Philippines approaching 400.

Vietnam – Health officials in Vietnam’s most populous city, Ho Chi Minh City (HCM City), aka Saigon have reported more than 24,000 dengue fever cases during the first six months of the year.

Ebola – DR Congo

Graphic showing the current situation.

Screen Shot 2019 07 05 at 3 29 48 PM

HIV – Pakistan

More than 700 have children have now been found to be infected with HIV in a huge outbreak in southern Pakistan, making up more than 80 per cent of those who tested positive for the virus.

An outbreak of the virus in Sindh province prompted the World Health Organization to carry out a screening programme, which found 876 people to be infected with the virus – 82 per cent of whom were under the age of 15. The outbreak, which was first discovered in April, has been described as unprecedented in Asia because of the large numbers of children affected.

Disease

Singapore – Monkeypox

On 9 May 2019, the Ministry of Health (MOH) in Singapore notified WHO of one laboratory-confirmed case of monkeypox. The case patient is a 38 year old Nigerian man who arrived in Singapore on 28 April 2019.

Hepatitis A – New Mexico, USA

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in New Mexico, state health officials report 103 confirmed acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infections with 2 associated deaths in adults ranging in age from 19-64 years in Bernalillo County since the end of October 2018.

HIV – Pakistan

Parents flock to screening rooms set up at a makeshift clinic to test their children for HIV in a village in southern Pakistan, where hundreds of people have been allegedly infected by a doctor using a contaminated syringe.

Health officials say more than 400 people, many of them children, have tested HIV-positive in recent weeks as experts warn of a surge in infection rates across Pakistan, due to the use of unsanitary equipment and rampant malpractice – often at the hands of quack doctors.

Disease

HIV – Philippines

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) situation continues to be a serious public health problem in the Philippines as health officials reported 912 new HIV cases in March 2018.

In fact, with a 140% increase in estimated annual new HIV infections from 2010 to 2016, UNAIDS said that the “the Philippines has become the country with the fastest growing HIV epidemic in Asia and the Pacific, and has become one of eight countries that account for more than 85% of new infections in the region.”

Ebola Advisory – Democratic Republic of Congo

Following the confirmation of a new Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) last week, several African countries have taken steps to prevent Ebola from crossing their border and Nigeria is just one of several.

Since the publication of the first Disease Outbreak News on the Ebola outbreak in Equateur province, Democratic Republic of the Congo on 10 May 2018, an additional seven suspected cases have been notified by the country’s Ministry of Health.

In other news, at least 93 children below the age of 15 years have been confirmed dead from the outbreak ravaging internally displaced people’s (IDPs) communities in Kandoyi, some 350 km from Bunia, the capital of Ituri Province. The causes of these community deaths are yet unknown but fever and anemia are the most common symptoms among casualties. Authorities said most victims have died at home following the near-collapse of the health system. The local inter organizations committee of aid agencies said the death rate was unusually high.

Disease

HIV in the Philippines

While most of the world has seen a decline in HIV cases in recent years, the Philippines is one of the few countries on the planet reporting an increase in cases.

Between 2010 and 2016, the number of new infections has increased by 140% – representing the highest increase of any country in this period. An average of 31 newly diagnosed cases of HIV infection per day were reported in 2017. In addition, HIV drug resistance has been reported in the Philippines.

Disease

Philippines – HIV

At least 1,103 people tested positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the Philippines in June, official figures show. The reported infections bring to 5,491 the total number of new HIV cases from January to June this year, the Department of Health (DOH) said. HIV can potentially develop into the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids).

Disease

HIV in the Philippines

The Philippines is facing one of the fastest-growing epidemics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the Asia-Pacific region. According to official statistics, HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) has increased tenfold in the last five years.

The organization has criticized the Philippines government in their effort to get the epidemic under control. HIV prevention education in Philippine schools is woefully inadequate and the commercial marketing of condoms to MSM populations is nonexistent.

The Government has announced the distribution of condoms which will be accompanied with appropriate sex education for adolescents and parental involvement in such program. The distribution will hopefully start next year, specifically in regions with the most number of HIV cases.

Yemen: Cholera

The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released the latest figures on cholera cases in the country. Since the last update, 1089 new suspected cases of cholera and 1 additional death have been reported. As of 28 December, a cumulative total of 12 733 suspected cases of cholera, including 97 associated deaths were recorded.

Disease

New HIV cases at 1 000 a day in South Africa

With the staggering number of new HIV cases among young women reported to be at 1 000 every day in South Africa, experts have urged for more strategic interventions in dealing with a looming pandemic.

“The HIV infection rate among young women in the 18-24 year age group is more than double that of their male counterparts and current interventions are simply not working as effectively as they should in reducing the number of infections,” according to Professor Koleka Mlisana, University of KwaZulu-Natal head of microbiology.

Some recommendations include cash incentives to teenage girls, encouraging them to stay in school and avoid falling pregnant. Another suggestion is a self-testing kit for HIV.

“South Africa has over six million people living with HIV – the highest in the world – with new infections among young females on the rise,” says Mlisana.

“Government has introduced successful measures to stem the HIV/Aids tide, including reducing the mother-to-child transmission rate from 35% to less than 1% and the world’s largest anti-retroviral programme.

Rift Valley Fever in Uganda

A butcher and 19-year-old student in a town 336km from the Ugandan capital have contracted Rift Valley Fever. This is the first time ever the disease is reported in humans or animals in Uganda.

Dr. Jane Ruth Aceng, Director General of Health Services in Uganda’s Ministry of Health confirmed the two cases in Kabale in western Uganda, adding that three other suspect cases have been identified.

Rift Valley Fever is an acute, fever causing viral disease that affects domestic animals (such as cattle, sheep, goats and buffalo, camels) and humans.

Disease

Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update

WHO continues to monitor the evolution of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. New cases and deaths attributed to EVD continue to be reported from the three countries. Between 13 – 14 July 2014, 18 new cases and 11 deaths were reported from Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. These include suspect, probable, and laboratory-confirmed cases. The occurrence of community deaths, still being reported in Guinea, remains a serious concern. The respective Ministries of Health are working with WHO and its partners to step up outbreak containment measures.

The current epidemic trend of EVD outbreak in Sierra Leone and Liberia remains serious, with 67 new cases and 19 deaths reported from 15 – 17 July 2014. The EVD outbreak in Guinea continues to show a declining trend, with no new cases reported during this period.

HIV – USA

The number of people diagnosed with HIV each year in the United States has declined overall in the last decade, but there have been increases in young gay men, according to a new study.

Disease

HIV – Aids

HIV infection rate down 33 percent worldwide since 2001 – The global rate of new HIV infections among adults and children has fallen by 33 percent since 2001, according to a new report that touts major progress against HIV transmission to kids.

Disease

HIV Aids in South Africa

At least 28% of South African schoolgirls are HIV positive compared with 4% of boys because “sugar daddies” are exploiting them, according to Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi.

He said 94,000 schoolgirls also fell pregnant in 2011, and 77,000 had abortions at state facilities.

About 10% of South Africans are living with HIV, official statistics show.

Disease

Baby Cured of HIV Aids

A baby girl in Mississippi who was born with HIV has been cured after very early treatment with standard HIV drugs, U.S. researchers reported on Sunday, in a potentially ground-breaking case that could offer insights on how to eradicate HIV infection in its youngest victims.

Doctors started treatment within 30 hours of the girl’s birth.

The child’s story is the first account of an infant achieving a so-called functional cure, a rare event in which a person achieves remission without the need for drugs and standard blood tests show no signs that the virus is making copies of itself.

Disease

Researchers have identified a mysterious new disease that has left scores of people in Asia and some in the United States with AIDS-like symptoms even though they are not infected with HIV.

The patients’ immune systems become damaged, leaving them unable to fend off germs as healthy people do.

What triggers this isn’t known, but the disease does not seem to be contagious.

This is another kind of acquired immune deficiency that is not inherited and researchers are calling this new disease an “adult-onset” immunodeficiency syndrome because it develops later in life and they don’t know why or how.