Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.3 earthquake hits southern Iran.

5.3 earthquake hits Golfo de Fonseca, El Salvador.

5.1 earthquake hits Tonga.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

5.2 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.2 earthquake hits the Myanmar-India border.

5.1 earthquake hits Antofagasta, Chile.

5.1 earthquake hits the Ryukyu Islands off Japan.

5.0 earthquake hits western Iran.

5.0 earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

Environment

Iran’s Capital City Is Being Devoured by Sinkholes

Sinkholes and fissures are opening up the earth around Tehran, Iran’s capital city. And they threaten people’s homes and the local infrastructure.

The ground is cracking open, thanks to a water crisis that has deepened as Tehran’s population has ballooned. The region is in the midst of a three-decade-long drought and ongoing desertification. The problem has been compounded as the city’s population has grown to close to 8.5 million.

Water pumped from underground aquifers has gotten saltier every year as the city has increasingly relied on these underground water sources as opposed to rainwater. At the same time, a great deal of the dwindling water supply gets diverted to thirsty and inefficient agriculture.

As a result, land in the area is physically slumping in on itself. The ground around Tehran, sitting 3,900 feet (1,200 meters) above sea level, has subsided an average of 8.6 inches (22 centimeters) per year based on satellite measurements.

All that subsidence has cracked buildings and water pipes, opened holes in the drying earth, and caused miles-long fissures. Residents fear their buildings collapsing, Nature reported. The airport, oil refinery, highways and railroads in the area are all threatened.

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Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.4 earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

5.7 earthquake hits the Iran-Iraq border.

5.5 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.4 earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.0 earthquake hits southern Peru.

Three 5.0 earthquakes hit the Molucca Sea.

5.0 earthquake hits the Azores.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits the southwestern Atlantic Ocean.

5.2 earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits southeastern Iran.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Leslie is located about 800 mi…1290 km ene of Bermuda and about 1365 mi…2195 km w of the Azores with maximum sustained winds…60 mph…95 km/h. Present movement…e or 95 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

Tropical Depression Fourteen is located about 90 mi…150 km e of Chetumal Mexico and about 260 mi…420 km ssw of the western tip of Cuba with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…nnw or 340 degrees at 3 mph…6 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Sergio is located about 1205 mi…1935 km wsw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…115 mph…185 km/h. Present movement…w or 270 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm 30w (Kong-Rey), located approximately 196 nm west of Misawa, Japan, is tracking east-northeastward at 29 knots.

NewsBytes:

Central America – Heavy rain has lashed parts of Central America and has led to flash flooding and landslides. Two tropical disturbances, one in the eastern Pacific and one in the Caribbean, are close enough to each other and are enhancing the tropical showers over Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala. Total rainfall over the region has averaged between 50 and 100mm daily over the last several days. More heavy rain is expected in the next 48 hours, particularly for western Nicaragua where over 250mm of rain is expected.

Iran – At least 4 people have been killed due to floods ravaging Iran’s northern province of Mazandaran since late Friday. Three people drowned, while another victim was killed by a lightning strike, Tasnim news agency reported. The disaster also damaged buildings and cut electricity in some parts of Mazandaran. Over the past two days, four provinces of Mazandaran, Gilan, Ardabil, and West Azarbaijan were hit by floods.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.2 earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.4 earthquake hits Antofagasta, Chile.

5.3 earthquake hit southern Iran.

5.3 earthquake hits offshore Antofagasta, Chile.

5.3 earthquake hits the Ryukyu Islands off Japan.

5.2 earthquake hits the Dominican Republic.

5.1 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.1 earthquake hits the western Indian-Antarctic ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

5.0 earthquake hits the Banda Sea.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

7.5 earthquake hits Fiji.

6.0 earthquake hits Ecuador.

5.8 earthquake hits Atacama, Chile.

5.6 earthquake hits the Panama – Columbia border.

5.5 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.3 earthquake hits south-eastern Iran.

5.3 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands, New Zealand.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.2 earthquake hits western Iran.

6.0 earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.5 earthquake hits the Lombok region, Indonesia.

5.3 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.1 earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits new Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 earthquake hits the Bonin Islands, Japan.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 earthquake hits western Iran.

5.7 earthquake hits the central mid-Atlantic Ridge.

5.6 earthquake hits eastern Iran.

5.6 earthquake hits Kepulauan Sangihe, Indonesia.

5.5 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.5 earthquake hits the island of Hawaii, Hawaii.

5.2 earthquake hits the Revilla Gigedo Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits Veracruz, Mexico.

5.1 earthquake hits off the West Coast of northern Sumatra.

5.0 earthquake hits the Gulf of Aden.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.5 earthquake hits the Gulf of Aden.

5.4 earthquake hit southern Iran.

5.4 earthquake hits the island of Hawaii, Hawaii.

5.3 earthquake hits the south east Indian Ridge.

5.2 earthquake hits Antofagasta, Chile.

5.1 earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 earthquake hits offshore El Salvador.

5.6 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.4 earthquake hits the southern East Pacific rise.

5.2 earthquake hits El Salvador.

5.2 earthquake hits the Prince Edward Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits eastern Honshu, Japan.

5.1 earthquake hits the Pacific-Antarctic ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits offshore El Salvador.

5.0 earthquake hits El Salvador.

5.0 earthquake hits the gulf of Mexico.

5.0 earthquake hits southern Iran.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.9 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.8 earthquake hits the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge.

5.6 earthquake hits Easter Island.

5.5 earthquake hits Taiwan.

5.5 earthquake hits Easter Island.

5.4 earthquake hit the Molucca Sea.

5.3 earthquake hits southern Iran.

5.3 earthquake hits Papua, Indonesia.

5.2 earthquake hits Easter Island.

5.2 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits Easter Island.

5.0 earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 earthquake hit southern Iran.

5.5 earthquake hits the South Atlantic Ocean.

5.0 earthquake hits the southern mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Environment

Iran’s Oak Forests under Threat

Zagros forests begin in northwestern West Azarbaijan province, along the Zagros mountain range, and extend to southern Fars province. The forests pass 11 provinces and cover an area of some 6 million hectares which is 40 percent of the country’s forest area.

Almost half of the oak trees in the forest areas of western Ilam and Kohgiluyeh-Boyer-Ahmad provinces are suffering from charcoal disease which can ultimately destroy the whole forest. Charcoal disease outbreak has started some 7 years ago and has turned to a major outbreak in the forest. The disease is caused by biscogniaxia mediteranea. The leaves of infected trees turn brown and gradually, dark viscous exudation appears on the trunk. And in the winter of the next year fungal growth induces a typical charcoal-black surface on diseased branches and trunks which ultimately leads to the death of the tree.

Although it’s a fungal disease, the main culprit for this outbreak seems to be drought and sand and dust storms.

Moreover, the forest has become the victim of large-scale illegal logging activities in Zagros oak forests in Fars Province. The illegally felled tress are sold at an unbelievable low price, the old precious timbers being sold for charcoal making. Some 2,000 charcoal kilns are active in the province making 1.5 tons of charcoal from each 10 tons of oak timber.

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