Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria.

Nigerian health officials reported an additional 16 Lassa fever cases during the most recent week, including two fatalities. The new confirmed cases were reported from five states – Edo(6), Ondo(4), Bauchi(2), Taraba(2) and Plateau(2) with the new deaths in Bauchi(1) and Taraba (1) states.

During the first quarter of 2019, 526 confirmed cases in 21 of the 36 Nigerian states have been reported. In addition, there have been 121 deaths in confirmed cases. Case fatality ratio in confirmed cases is 23 percent.

Disease

Measles – Philippines – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Philippines, government officials have reported an additional 596 cases since the last update – 2 days ago.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Nigerian health officials reported 23 new confirmed Lassa fever cases in the past week, bringing the outbreak total to 495 confirmed positive since the beginning of the year.

Lassa Fever – Liberia

Cumulatively, 16 cases including four deaths have been confirmed since the beginning of 2019.

Plague – DR Congo

The DRC Ministry of Health reported four deceased suspected cases of pneumonic plague identified retrospectively in the same family from Atungkulei Village, Mahagi District, Ituri Province. The cases are epidemiologically linked to those in Uganda.

Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria – Update

From 1 January through 10 February 2019, 327 cases of Lassa fever (324 confirmed cases and three probable cases) with 72 deaths (case fatality ratio = 22%) have been reported across 20 states and the Federal Capital Territory, with the majority of cases being reported from Edo (108) and Ondo (103) States.

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

Despite slightly fewer cases reported during the past week, current epidemiological indicators highlight that the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak is continuing with moderate intensity. Katwa and Butembo remain the major health zones of concern, while simultaneously, small clusters continue to occur in various geographically dispersed regions. During the last 21 days (23 January – 12 February 2019), 97 new cases have been reported from 13 health zones.

Disease

Fatal ‘zombie’ deer disease could spread to humans

A fatal neurological disease that turns deer into zombies could spread to humans, health experts are warning.

The sickness, called chronic wasting disease, affects deer, elk, reindeer, sika deer and moose and causes the animals to dramatically lose weight and walk in repetitive patterns. Other symptoms include loss of fear of humans, stumbling and listlessness.

Experts are concerned that it is probable that human cases of CWD associated with the consumption of contaminated meat will be documented in the years ahead, and that the number of human cases will be substantial and will not be isolated events.

Lassa Fever – West Africa

An escalating outbreak of Lassa fever in five west African countries is concerning public health experts, who are stepping up their efforts to contain the disease before it spreads to other countries. The virus, which is spread by rodents and claims roughly 5,000 lives a year, is endemic in the region. While the cases are occurring during the Lassa fever season, the World Health Organisation (WHO) is alarmed at the “speed of escalation”. Cases have been recorded in 16 states in Nigeria, where the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) declared an outbreak of Lassa fever on January 22, 2019.

The 213 confirmed cases to date, including 42 deaths, mark a significant increase – already a third of the total cases for all of last year, when Nigeria experienced its worst outbreak of the disease.

African Swine Fever – China

China has reported a new outbreak of African swine fever that is threating the country’s vital pork industry. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs reported Friday the disease had been detected on a farm in Yongzhou in the central province of Hunan, where 4,600 pigs were being raised.

Although just 171 of the pigs had died and 270 were found sick, ministry regulations require all pigs on an affected farm must be culled and disposed of and the area quarantined and decontaminated.

First detected in August, the disease has killed more than 1 million pigs in China, prompting restrictions on shipments of most of China’s 700 million swine, even healthy ones.

Disease

Lassa fever case in Guinea

The Guinea Ministry of Health reported yesterday (computer translated) of a Lassa fever case in a 35-year-old man from Kissidougou Prefecture who was admitted to the Mamou Regional Hospital on Jan. 28. The case was laboratory confirmed on Feb. 1. To date, no other case has been notified.

Dengue Fever – Jamaica

The Senior Medical Officer (SMO) for St Catherine said that the parish recorded more than 520 notifications for dengue in the month of January. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2018, a total of 986 suspected and confirmed cases of dengue including 13 deaths were reported from Jamaica.

Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, last week Tuesday January 22, 2019 confirmed 16 deaths from 60 cases of Lassa fever even as 590 out of 593 contacts are currently under watch in eight states of the federation. The affected states are Edo, Ondo, Bauchi, Nasarawa Ebonyi, Plateau, Taraba, and FCT. Case fatality rate in confirmed cases is 26.7 percent.

Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Nigerian health authorities on Tuesday declared a new outbreak of Lassa fever that has killed 16 people since early January, despite successfully containing the disease last year. A total of 172 suspected cases have been identified since January 1, of which 60 were confirmed positive.

Measles – South Korea

Measles has struck the Korean peninsula as South Korean health officials say the outbreak has reached 30 cases since mid-December 2018. The first case was reported in Daegu last month. As of this week, the Disease Control Headquarters has confirmed measles outbreaks in five provinces nationwide.

Hantavirus – Argentina

On 19 December 2018, the Argentinian Ministry of Health and Social Development issued an epidemiological alert regarding an increase in cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in Epuyén, Chubut Province. Between 28 October 2018 – 20 January of 2019, a total of 29 laboratory-confirmed cases of HPS, including 11 deaths have been reported in Epuyén, Chubut Province.

Disease

Lassa Fever – Benin

Benin health officials announced this week of three Lassa fever cases (2 confirmed, 1 probable) reported in the municipality of Parakou in Borgou Department in the northern part of the country.

Chikungunya – Thailand – Update

Since our last report on the chikungunya outbreak, primarily in the southern provinces of Thailand one month ago, the number of cases has quadrupled from 538 to 2,143 cases through Dec. 10. No deaths have been reported.

Disease

Schistosomiasis – Myanmar – Update

The Myanmar Ministry of Health and Sports reported that of the nearly 1,000 suspect schistosomiasis cases tested in Rakhine State, 520 were Schistosoma mansoni IgG (Elisa) positive. In addition to Rakhine, some people with schistosomiasis were detected in Shwe Kyin of Bago region and Inn Lay of Shan state.

Fish Tapeworm – Chile

Officials in Puerto Octay, Lagos region, Chile are issuing a health alert after an outbreak of the tapeworm infection, diphyllobothriasis had been reported. According to local media, six cases in adults ages 30-60 have been confirmed positive for the parasite. They all noted being frequent consumers of raw fish, mostly as ceviche.

Congenital Syphilis – Arizona, USA

There is currently a statewide outbreak of syphilis in Arizona, a bacterial infection that is usually spread by sexual contact. Medical providers are seeing the largest increase of syphilis cases in women and newborns. A pregnant woman can pass syphilis to her unborn child, which is called congenital syphilis.

Congenital syphilis can lead to problems with the skin, eyes and brain, stillbirth or infant death. Up to 40 percent of untreated syphilitic pregnancies result in stillbirth or newborn death.

In a follow-up on a report in early October, Arizona state health officials report the number of congenital syphilis cases, or syphilis cases in babies has risen to 45 as of today. Of this total, eight baby deaths have been reported.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Nigerian health officials reported three additional confirmed Lassa fever cases during the week ending Nov. 18 in Edo and Ondo states. One death was reported among the cases. Since the beginning of the year, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has seen 562 confirmed and 17 probable cases and 161 deaths.

Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

The Federal Government of Nigeria says 115 people from across 21 states have died of Lassa fever since the disease outbreak was confirmed in January this year. In its latest epidemiological situation update on the Lassa fever outbreak, the government said 2,115 suspect cases were reported in the period between 1 January and 8 July.

Disease

Measles et al – Liberia

Sixty-one cases of measles have been confirmed in 13 counties of Liberia amid fresh outbreaks of Lassa fever, Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP), neo-natal tetanus, meningitis and yellow fever.

Four cases of Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) have been confirmed in four counties. To date, 31 cases have been reported. Of these, 26 cases have tested negative while test results for 5 are still pending.

Two cases of yellow fever have been confirmed in the Grand Cape Mount and River Gee counties. Forty-four of 48 suspected cases have tested negative while results from two are still pending.

9 suspected Lassa fever cases were reported from the Bong, Margibi, Montserrado and Nimba counties. To date, 116 suspected cases have been reported with 33 deaths.

Typhoid – El Salvador

El Salvador Minister of Public Health said that there is an epidemic outbreak of typhoid fever that has affected some 26 municipalities in the country. Deputy Minister Julio Tobles Ticas with the El Salvador Ministry of Health and Social Assistance (Minsal) was more specific saying they have registered 644 suspected cases of typhoid fever, to date.

Disease

Dengue fever – Reunion

With an additional 351 confirmed and probable dengue fever cases in the past week, the total cases now stand at 4,604 since the beginning of the year. The epidemic continues in the West and the South.

Rift Valley fever – Rwanda

The Rwandan Ministry of Agriculture has recently confirmed an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in cattle in three districts of East Province: Ngoma, Kirehe, and Kyonza.

Lassa Fever – Liberia

The National Public Health Institute of Liberia (NPHIL) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health (MoH) is responding to Lassa fever outbreak in the country. Cases of Lassa fever are on the increase in the Lassa belt (Bong, Nimba, and Grand Bassa Counties. Four (4) new confirmed cases have been reported.

Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

From 1 January through 15 April 2018, 1849 suspected cases have been reported from 21 states (Abia, Adamawa, Anambra, Bauchi, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Federal Capital Territory, Gombe, Imo, Kaduna, Kogi, Lagos, Nasarawa, Ondo, Osun, Plateau, Rivers, and Taraba). Of these, 413 patients were confirmed with Lassa fever, nine were classified as probable 1422 tested negative and were classified as non-cases and for the five remaining suspect cases laboratory results are pending. Among the 413 confirmed and the nine probable Lassa fever cases, 114 deaths were reported (case fatality rate for confirmed cases is 25.4% and for confirmed and probable cases combined is 27%).

Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Nigerian health officials recorded eight new confirmed Lassa fever cases in the past week, putting the country’s total to 408 confirmed and 9 probable cases since the beginning of the year. In addition, three new deaths were confirmed and one backlog case bringing the total to 101 deaths in confirmed cases, 9 in probable cases.

Dengue Fever – Réunion

Public Health France has reported an additional 167 autochthonous, or locally transmitted dengue fever cases during the past week on Réunion Island, bringing the total cases to 755 since the beginning of the year. Confirmed cases have been reported in the north, west and south of the island.

Disease

Lassa Fever – Nigeria – Update

The current Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria has spread to 20 states leaving 142 dead and 400 confirmed cases.This is compared to the figures released on March 25, 2018, which showed 134 deaths and 394 confirmed cases in 19 states meaning there are eight more deaths, six more confirmed cases and the virus has spread to a new state – Abia.

Bird Flu – Bulgaria

Bulgarian Food Safety Agency (BFSA) on Thursday reported a second outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N8 bird flu within a month. The virus was confirmed on Wednesday in a duck-breeding farm in the village of Zimnitsa, some 300 km east of Sofia. All measures have been taken immediately to eradicate the outbreak. In particular, the 6,000 ducks in the farm would be culled, the statement said.