Disease

Eastern Equine Encephalitis – Michigan, USA

In a follow-up on the Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) situation in Michigan, state health officials now report nine human EEE cases from six counties. Three deaths are among the nine cases.

Legionnaires Disease – North Caroline, USA

North Carolina state health officials were first notified about an increase in the number of Legionnaire’s disease cases in Buncombe and Henderson counties about one week ago. The investigation focused on people who attended the NC Mountain State Fair held Sept. 6–15 at the Western North Carolina Agricultural Center in Fletcher, NC. To date, health officials have reported 83 Legionella cases (79 Legionnaires’ disease and 4 Pontiac fever), including one fatality.

Disease

Anthrax – Armenia

Armenia health ministry officials reported three additional human cutaneous anthrax cases in the village of Geghhovit, Gegharkunik Province, bringing the total cases to eight. All the patients are receiving treatment, the ministry said. The Food Safety Inspectorate has reported the outbreak has been linked to a single unvaccinated, diseased cow.

West Nile Virus – Las Vegas, USA

In the Las Vegas/Clark County area, health officials have declared an outbreak of West Nile virus (WNV) after receiving reports of 28 cases of the disease in humans – the highest case count in a season since the virus was first detected in the state in 2004.

African Swine Fever – South Africa

Gauteng officials have warned farmers of a new outbreak of African swine fever, after it was detected in an informal set up in the Swaniesville area. A group of about five pig owners were affected. There are around 1 000 pigs in the area and the culling process was still pending.

Disease

Syphilis – Auckland, New Zealand

The Auckland District Health Board is warning people of the increased danger of the transmission of syphilis amid an outbreak of the disease. So far this year, there have been 124 cases of the sexually-transmitted disease reported. Regional Public Health Service figures show 78 percent of cases reported in the last year were men. People who had contracted the disease were predominantly between the ages of 20 and 49.

Syphilis is a serious disease that, if left untreated over time, can affect the brain, spinal cord and other organs. The infection can also have a serious impact on unborn babies, leading to stillbirth or congenital syphilis, as well as potentially causing abnormalities such as blindness, deafness and meningitis.

Legionnaires Disease – Belgium

The Legionnaires’ disease outbreak in the Evergem area, Flanders, Belgium has reached 29 cases, according to Zorg en Gezondheid. Of the 29 patients infected, 10 of these people are at home, 17 patients are still in the hospital, 4 of whom are in intensive care (though not in danger). 2 people died.

Disease

Polio – Global

Pakistan saw two additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week. This brings the total cases in Pakistan to 17 and globally the tally is now 24.

Legionnaires Disease – New Jersey, USA

Five people have died in an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease, a bacteria-triggered form of pneumonia, that is connected to a single New Jersey county, health officials said Friday.

As of Thursday, the New Jersey Department of Health said it had confirmed 22 total cases of Legionnaires’ in people who live in Union County or have visited it. The people got sick between March 8 and May 13; five of the 22 died.

Mysterious disease outbreak claims 20 buffalo – India

An unknown disease has reportedly resurfaced in Manipur’s Tamenglong district, killing many buffalo in the region. According to sources, the epidemic has killed more than 20 buffalo in the last two days in Nurathel village under the Tamei sub-division of the district. In April, similar epidemic had killed over 70 buffaloes in neighbouring Nagaland.

Disease

African Swine Fever – South Africa

An new outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) has been reported in the Heilbron area of the Free State Province in May 2019, according to the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ministry Monday. This follows outbreaks in April 2019 in the North West, Mpumalanga and Gauteng provinces.

African Swine Fever – Vietnam

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), ASF has spread to 2,296 communes, 204 districts of 29 provinces and cities, with a total of over 1.2 million pigs infected and destroyed, which accounts for for over 4 percent of the total pig herd in the country.

MARD noted that although the number of infected pigs accounts for only 4 percent, the speed of spread is very fast, along with favorable weather for disease spread.

Legionnaires Disease – Belgium

At least 16 people in the Evergem municipality of East Flanders province in northern Belgium has been sickened with Legionanaires’ disease, according to the Flemish Agency for Health and Safety. In addition, one patient has died while being treated at Ghent University Hospital

Disease

Cancer – Nigeria

Nigeria faces a huge cancer problem with an estimated 72,000 out of the 102,000 cases confirmed annually dying due to the lack of adequate treatment facilities. The principal causes of cancer remain smoking and alcohol consumption.

Tick-borne Disease – Zimbabwe

The Zimbabwean government says farmers have lost more than 3 000 cattle to a wave of tick-borne diseases recorded around the country between November 2017 and May 2018. Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) said farmers lost cattle to theileriosis, (also known as January disease), babesiosis, heartwater and anaplasmosis.

Legionnaires Disease – New York, USA

New York City health officials are investigating a cluster of Legionnaires’ disease cases in one Manhattan neighborhood. The city Health Department said Wednesday that eleven people have been diagnosed with Legionnaires’ in the lower Washington Heights area in the last week. No deaths have been reported.

Disease

Dengue fever – Reunion

In a follow-up on the dengue epidemic on the Indian Ocean island of Reunion, French health officials report an additional 298 biologically confirmed and probable cases in the past week, bringing the total to 2,119 cases for the year. Fifty-nine people have required hospitalization for their illness to date.

Kenyan Rains Raise Risk of Large-Scale Disease Outbreak

Heavy rains and flooding in Kenya compounded a cholera outbreak and a chikungunya epidemic and increased the risk of large-scale spread of the diseases, the United Nations said. A cholera outbreak in 15 of Kenya’s 47 counties has left at least 55 people dead, the agency said. The flooding also heightened the risk of disease including malaria, chikungunya and dengue fever.

Legionnaires’ Disease – Melbourne, Australia

Two men are in intensive care fighting Legionnaires’ disease while a third is also in hospital connected to a Gladstone Park outbreak.

The Department of Health issued a warning over the outbreak today after all three men became ill following visits to the Airport West and Gladstone Park Shopping Centres between April 20 and 26. Health officers are now investigating cooling towers in the northern suburb area to determine the cause of the outbreak.

Disease

German Measles – Syria

An IDP camp north of Raqqa, Syria has reported 60 cases of German measles (rubella) in the past few days. The cases were reported in children and some adults. One death of a child was reported. The Ain Issa camp, about 50 km north of Raqqa, includes approximately 3,000 tents and inhabited by more than 20,000 displaced people from Raqqa and Deir Al-Zour.

Legionnaires Disease – Australia

Victoria’s health regulator is investigating three cases of legionnaires’ disease possibly linked to contaminated cooling towers in central Melbourne. Three men, aged between 52 and 72, reported visiting the CBD before they contracted the bacterial infection in early to mid-February.

Disease

Portugal: Legionnaires disease outbreak

Just months after the Legionnaires’ disease outbreak at São Francisco Xavier Hospital in Lisbon ended, another Lisbon area hospital is reporting an outbreak of the bacterial infection. Health authorities of Portugal confirmed today that there are seven cases of Legionella reported at the CUF Descobertas Hospital in east Lisbon.

Nigeria: Lassa Fever – Update

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) says 21 deaths have been recorded from the 77 confirmed cases in the current outbreak of Lassa fever in Nigeria. Of the 77 confirmed cases, 10 affected health workers.

Disease

Southeast Michigan hepatitis A outbreak – Update

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak reported in southeastern Michigan, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) continues to see an elevated number of hepatitis A cases in the area. Since the beginning of the outbreak in August 2016 through Nov. 7, 2017, 495 cases have been recorded, including 19 deaths.

Nigeria – Yellow Fever – Update

Since the first case of yellow fever was reported in Ifelodun LGA in Kwara State, Nigeria in mid-September, the outbreak has expanded to a number of states, according to the Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC). A yellow fever (YF) outbreak is currently active in Nigeria with three states recording confirmed cases (Kwara, Kogi, and Zamfara). 15 cases have now been confirmed.

Disneyland Park Linked to Legionnaire’s Disease Outbreak

Disneyland park in California has been connected to an outbreak of Legionnaire’s disease. The Legionnaire’s disease outbreak includes 12 people that were infected by the illness. Of these 12 people, nine had visited the Disneyland park in California. 10 of the 12 people were hospitalized after contracting the disease. The people infected by the disease were between the ages of 52 and 94.

Disneyland says that it was able to track the Legionnaire’s disease outbreak to two of its 18 cooling towers at the park. These towers were closed down and disinfected to clear them of the disease.

Disease

Dengue fever – Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso has been experiencing an epidemic of dengue fever since week 31 of 2017 (week ending on 6 August). WHO officially declared the outbreak on 28 September 2017.

In a period of about two weeks, the dengue case tally has gone from 2,298 (suspected, probable and confirmed) cases and nine deaths on Oct. 8 to 6,699 (suspected, probable or confirmed) cases and 13 deaths on Oct. 27 and officials say this is likely underestimated.

Plague outbreak update: Madagascar

In an update on the plague outbreak in Madagascar, UN officials now put the ever changing case tally in the epidemic that began on August 1 at 1,947 confirmed, probable and suspected cases of plague through Nov. 3. The death count has risen to 143.

Portugal: Legionnaires’ disease

A Legionnaires’ disease outbreak at a Lisbon hospital has now infected 26 patients and two hospital employees. The outbreak reported at São Francisco Xavier Hospital in Lisbon is already the largest in a hospital unit in Portugal and one of the largest in the world and more positive cases are expected.

An investigation into the cause of the outbreak has been opened.

Disease

Madagascar – Plague

The number of plague cases has topped 900 in Madagascar, with more than 600 being pulmonary plague, country health officials reported today. Official numbers from the health ministry put the total cases at 911 (612 pulmonary forms, 175 forms bubonic and 124 unspecified), including 95 fatalities.

Uganda – Marburg Virus

Health officials in Uganda are reporting two Marburg virus fatalities in Kween District in the eastern part of the country. According to a post by the Uganda Virus Research Institute: Uganda Virus Research Institute has confirmed cases of the deadly Marburg virus in Kween District on the western slopes of Mt. Elgon in Eastern Uganda. The number of possible infections related to the two deaths was not disclosed.

Mallorca – Legionnaires Disease

One tourist has died and 17 others were left seriously ill after an outbreak of Legionnaire’s disease in Mallorca. Thirteen of the victims are British tourists, with eight of them having stayed at the same hotel. Health inspectors confirmed there is bacteria at the hotel where the man who died was staying and have shut down its water supply.

Disease

Philippines – Diarrhoea

An gastroenteritis outbreak in the municipality of Quezon in southern Palawan has prompted a declaration of a “state of emergency”. According to the municipal disaster risk reduction and management office (MDRRMO), at least 727 people suffering from acute diarrhea have been treated in the town’s only hospital since July.

Spain – Legionnaires Disease

A Legionnaires’ disease outbreak at a northern Spain resort has affected at least a dozen people and killed one this summer. The outbreak occurred at a resort in Lierganes, Cantabria, which prompted the closure of part of the facility.

Disease

Yemen – Cholera death toll tops 1000

Since 27 April 2017, more than 151,400 suspected cholera cases and 1,054 associated deaths have been reported in 20 of the 23 governorates in Yemen, according to the World Health Organization country office in Yemen today.

New York City – Legionnaires Disease

The New York City (NYC) Health Department is investigating a cluster of seven cases of Legionnaires’ disease among persons who reside in the Lenox Hill area of Manhattan in the last 11 days. All persons were hospitalized, and there has been one death.

Ukraine – Botulism

The number of botulism cases reported in Ukraine during the past three months has risen to 62, according to the Deputy Minister of Health of Ukraine on European integration Oksana Sivak. Of this total, nine have died. Dried fish, both home prepared and commercially prepared has been linked to most of the botulism cases.

Italy – Measles

Through June 11, Italy has reported 2,988 confirmed measles cases in 2017. Of that number, 89 percent of those infected were unvaccinated.

About a month after the Italian government made childhood vaccines compulsory for the country’s schools, some regions in the country’s north are challenging the decree. The regional government in Veneto said on Tuesday that its lawyers were preparing to challenge the decree in Italy’s Constitutional Court, and that the legal challenge would be ready in around two weeks.

Disease

Legionnaires’ disease cases in Europe: Linked to Dubai travel

In recent months, there has been an increase in the number of cases of Legionnaires’ disease among European travelers returning from Dubai. As the source has not yet been identified, there could still be a risk for exposure to Legionella for persons visiting or living in Dubai.

Between 1 October 2016 and 23 May 2017, there have been 60 cases of Legionnaires’ disease reported to European Centres for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) with a history of travel to Dubai. The majority of cases stayed in commercial accommodation sites.

Thailand: Dengue Fever

Through May 22, Thailand health authorities have reported 11062 cases of dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS), accounting for 19 deaths across the country.

India: Zika Virus

Indian health officials have reported the country’s first local Zika virus infections this month in the westernmost state of Gujarat. The three laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus disease were reported in Bapunagar area of Ahmedabad District in the state. These cases show that there is circulation of the virus in India.