Disease

Equine Disteper – NIger

Just as strep throat can run rampant in elementary schools, strangles, the “strep throat” of horses, caused by a different Streptococcus bacterium, Streptococcus equi sp equi, is highly contagious. It is also known as equine distemper. According to the African news source, Vanguard, the contagious bacterial infection has killed more than 4,000 donkeys in northern Niger.

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

In a follow-up on the Rift Valley fever (RVF) case increases on the archipelago of Mayotte, 63 confirmed cases of RVF as of Feb. 21. No deaths have been reported.

Leishmaniasis – Libya

The Libya Health Ministry says that the country has seen some 5,000 cases of the parasitic disease, leishmaniasis in the past six months, according to a media account. “There are currently 5,000 patients who are being treated,” said the head of the centre for disease control at the health ministry of Libya’s UN-backed unity government.

Disease

Leishmaniasis – Libya

Health officials in Bani Walid Municipality in northwest Libya are reporting an outbreak of the disfiguring parasitic disease, leishmaniasis. 290 cases have been reported although it is not clear when this upsurge of cases began.

Anthrax – Zinbabwe

An outbreak of anthrax has affected eight people in Zvimba district after they ate meat from a cow that had died of the disease. The affected areas are Chirau and Madzorera villages.

Disease

Leisgmaniasis – Uruguay

Uruguay health officials reported the first human leishmaniasis case in a minor from Salta, according to a news release Wednesday. The sandfly vector was first found in the country in 2010 and canine infections had been reported prior to this human case.

Epidemic and emerging disease alerts in the Pacific

An increasing number of dengue positive cases (serotype unknown) has been reported in Nauru. From 25 October to 5 December 2018, 114 samples were tested in the laboratory using NS1Ag Combo and 42 were positives..

Diarrhoea outbreak in Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia: A total of 270 diarrhoea cases were reported from September 4th to November 30th, 2018. The Majority of cases are children under 4 years of age.

Three (3) imported cases of DENV-1 with travel history to Nauru were reported by Queensland Health (notifiable conditions data).

Eighteen (18) imported cases of dengue (4 cases of DENV-1, 1 case of DENV-2, 7 cases of DENV-4 and 6 cases of dengue serotype unknown) with travel history to Papua New Guinea were reported by Queensland Health (notifiable conditions data).

Disease

Pakistan: Leishmaniasis

Officials in Pakistan’s Mohmand Agency are reporting a surge in infections with the parasite, Leishmania (leishmaniasis), according to a Daily Times report. To date, some 732 leishmaniasis cases have been reported from all three tehsils of Mohmand Agency.

Madagascar: Plague – Update

Plague is endemic in Madagascar, with hundreds of cases reported annually. Plague season typically lasts from Sept to April each year and the 2017-2018 season was quite remarkable. By the end of April 2018, some 2,671 cases of the plague had been recorded since the first case of the plague season was reported in August 2017.

Disease

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Uganda

Officials with the Uganda Ministry of Health have reported an outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in the central region of the country. Eight cases, including two deaths have been reported from Nakaseke and Kiboga Districts as of Aug. 28.

Brazil: Visceral leishmaniasis outbreak

In the state of Tocantinópolis in the Northern region of Brazil, officials are reporting an outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis, or kala-azar in the city of Tocantinópolis. According to a G1 report (computer translated), the city is on alert after reporting more than 400 cases in dogs and nine in humans since the beginning of the year.

Sydney, Australia – Hepatitis A

A hepatitis A outbreak has hit Sydney with 12 cases confirmed in the past five weeks. NSW Health has launched an investigation, saying 10 of the people contracted the disease in Australia. The average is two cases of locally acquired hepatitis A each year.

Bulgaria – Newcastle Disease

The Bulgarian Food Safety Agency has reported an outbreak of Newcastle disease in Kardzhali. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) received an immediate notification on Monday, 4 September.

The outbreak was initially observed on 1 September in backyard birds, and confirmed on the same date after a real-time PCR test was conducted at the National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza and Newcastle disease. According to the report, a total of 1370 birds were found susceptible, out of which 157 birds were affected and killed as a result. The remaining 1213 birds were killed and disposed of.

Disease

Nigeria: Meningitis

Since the last report on May 22, nearly two weeks ago, Nigerian health officials have reported an additional 468 meningococcal meningitis cases, including 44 deaths.

Colombia: Leishmaniasis Outbreak

The ESE Regional Norte de Salud de Tibú in North Santander, Catatumbo, Colombia is reporting an outbreak of the parasitic infection, leishmaniasis, according to a RCN Radio report. Health officials say at least ten of those affected are Venezuelan nationals. Indigenous and peasant communities in remote areas of Catatumbo are the most affected, due to the lack of knowledge of the disease and the lack of medical care to control and care for these people.

Disease

Colombia: Leishmaniasis outbreak

Health officials have issued an epidemiological alert for the city of Neiva, located in south central Colombia due to a leishmaniasis outbreak, according to a La Nacion report (computer translated). The alert, issued on Apr. 26, came after a number of people became infected, including a four-month-old baby who died from the parasitic infection. In addition, of the approximately 1000 dogs from the street tested for the parasite, 500 turned out infected. The infected dogs were sacrificed, according to the report.

Disease

Zika Virus

Florida, USA – The Florida Department of Health (DOH) reported Friday an additional 18 imported Zika virus cases with six in Miami-Dade, four in Orange, three in Osceola, two in Polk, one in Hillsborough, one in Manatee and one in Volusia counties.

Puerto Rico – The Puerto Rico Health Department is reporting an increase in confirmed Zika virus cases on the island as Secretary of the Department of Health, Ana Ríus Armendariz said today that 1,336 confirmed cases were reported in just the past week. This brings the total confirmed Zika cases in Puerto Rico to 4,437.

New York, USA – A New York City report of female-to-male sexual transmission of Zika virus infection is the first documented case of sexual transmission of Zika from a woman to her sex partner and adds to the growing body of knowledge about the sexual transmission of Zika.

Outbreak of leishmaniasis in Pakistan

The outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Safi tehsil of Mohmand Agency has raised alarm following 193 cases of the disease were registered with the health authorities.

Agency Surgeon DrRazaullah feared the disease might break into other parts of the agency if it was not contained in early stages.He said a vaccination campaign to control the epidemic has been launched on emergency basis in the most affected Safi tehsil. He added that health authorities in other parts of the tribal region have also been alarmed about a possible outbreak.

According to the official, leishmaniasis is a disease transmitted by the bite of female Phlebotomine sand fly. It could be invariably fatal if not treated promptly.It affects the internal body organs including the spleen and the liver, the official said.

Disease

Leishmaniasis in the Middle East

A disfiguring tropical disease that had been contained to Syria has now spread across the Middle East as millions are displaced from the war-torn region.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease spread by bites from infected sand flies.

It can lead to severe scarring, often on the face, and regularly goes undiagnosed and untreated.

The disease had been contained to Syria, particularly to regions under ISIS control such as Raqqa, Deir al-Zour and Hasakah.

The civil war has devastated the country’s medical facilities, seen thousands of health workers killed and hospitals destroyed.

Along with the chronic lack of water and bombed out buildings, this created a ripe breeding ground for the sand flies and allowed the disease to thrive.

It had previously been claimed by the Kurdish Red Crescent that the spread of the disease had also been caused by ISIS dumping rotting corpses on the streets.

As more than four million Syrians have fled the region, the disease has now moved into its neighbouring countries of Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan.

Cholera in Kenya – Update

The death toll from cholera in Mandera has risen to 13 after two more people died yesterday.

89 patients are still admitted at the county’s referral hospital.

“There is a massive outbreak of the disease in the town. We are receiving patients in the final stages of the disease making it difficult to manage them.” according to Medecins sans Frontieres.

The outbreak was confirmed on April 29th after severe cases of diarrhoea were reported in Mandera town.

At the same time, an outbreak of the mosquito-borne disease, Chikungunya is placing further pressure on already stretched health services in the county. Over 500 patients have been admitted in public hospitals.

Disease

Outbreak of flesh-eating skin disease grips ISIS-controlled areas in Syria

The collapse of the medical services in the terrorist-controlled territory of war-torn Syria is responsible for the spread of a flesh-eating virus, known as Leishmaniasis, transmitted through parasites which abundantly munch on corpses dumped in the streets.

Kurdish fighters in Syria claimed the disease was not noticed until Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) influence and atrocities spread across Syria. Leishmaniasis, which is not deadly but leads to disfiguring lesions on the skin, was particularly bad in war-torn parts of Syria.

According to a Kurdish publication the first outbreak of the disease, spread by sand flies, was reported in September 2013, and by mid- 2014 around 500 people had reportedly been affected.

Syria’s healthcare system has been devastated by four years of conflict, as more than half of the public hospitals in the country are unable to provide full service. In ISIS-controlled areas hospitals are understaffed; healthcare workers have been forced to flee for their lives.