Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Screen Shot 2021 02 20 at 10 57 49

In the Northwest Pacific/North Indian Ocean: Tropical Depression 01w (Dujuan), located approximately 355 nm east of Davao, Philippines, is tracking northeastward at 06 knots.

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone 21s (Guambe), located approximately 300 nm southwest of Europa island, is tracking southward at 05 knots.

Screen Shot 2021 02 20 at 10 57 41

Newsbytes:

Madagascar – Madagascar reported on 17 February 2021 that 1 person has died around 1,400 people have been affected by recent heavy rainfall, floods and landslides across the regions of Alaotra-Mangoro, Analamanga, Melaky and Menabe. Over 200 homes have been damaged.

Uganda – Uganda Red Cross reports that at least 7 people have died in a landslide in Western Uganda. The landslide buried a house in Karungu Sub-county, Buhweju District late on 18 February, 2021. Local media later reported the number of fatalities as 8, including several children.

Indonesia – Over 1,300 people have been displaced by recent flooding in Jakarta and surrounding areas in Indonesia. Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport in East Jakarta recorded 160 mm of rain in 24 hours to 19 February. In the following 24 hours period, 226mm of rain fell in Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone (tc) 12s (Eloise), located approximately 365 nm north-northeast of Europa Island, is tracking west-southwestward at 11 knots.

Tropical cyclone 13s (Thirteen), located approximately 30 nm southeast of Cocos island, is tracking westward at 13 knots.

Screen Shot 2021 01 21 at 14 50 55

Screen Shot 2021 01 21 at 14 51 06

Newsbytes:

Madagascar – Tropical Cyclone Eloise formed over the Indian Ocean on 17 January and moved towards Madagascar, making landfall close to the coastal town of Antalaha in Antsiranana Province, on 19 January, with maximum sustained wind up to 95 kmh. The storm flooded 134 houses and destroyed 56, while nearly 100 schools were impacted, including 87 that were damaged and 11 destroyed, OCHA added. As it re-enters the Mozambique Channel, Eloise is expected to gain considerable strength before reaching Mozambique.

Brazil – More than 250mm of rain in 24 hours caused flooding in parts of the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Flooding and landslides struck in the city of Peruíbe on 19 January, 2021, causing damage to roads and infrastructure. No fatalities or injuries were reported.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone 07s (Chalane), located approximately 157 nm north of Europa Island, is tracking westward at 16 knots.

Screen Shot 2020 12 29 at 12 57 28

Newsbytes:

Ecuador – Thousands of people were left without drinking water after damaging floods Azuay Province in Ecuador from 25 December 2020. The Pungohuayco river broke its banks in Chordeleg canton, damaging homes, a bridge and water supply infrastructure. As many as 2,700 households were left without water supply. Flooding also struck in Gualaceo canton due to the overflow of the Guamincay river. At least 3 homes were severely damaged.

DR Congo – The Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) reported another incident of severe flooding in Uvira in South Kivu Province, the city devastated by flooding in April this year when over 30 people died. The recent flooding in the city occurred after torrential rain on 12 December 2020. 4 people died, 2 were reported missing and 2 were seriously injured. Heavy rainfall in western parts of the country in early December 2020 caused deadly flooding in the city of Mbanza-Ngungu in Kongo Central Province. 13 people died after torrential rain and strong winds overnight, 01 to 02 December, 2020. Four people were injured and several houses were destroyed or severely damaged. Five further fatalities were reported from 02 to 03 December after flooding in other areas of the city.

Madagascar – Tropical Storm Chalane made landfall in Madagascar on 27 December, bringing heavy wind and rains. A report of 28 December that the storm caused some isolated flooding and damage to electricity poles, but no significant damage. Toamasina recorded 351mm of rain in 24 hours to 27 December 2020. Maintirano in the northwestern Melaky Region recorded 131mm of rain the following day. Chalane weakened to a Tropical Depression as it crossed Madagascar, although heavy rainfall is expected to continue.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 earthquake hits southeast of Easter Island.

5.4 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits Madagascar.

5.0 earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Screen Shot 2020 03 19 at 13 18 59

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone (tc) 22s (Herold), located approximately 827 nm east-southeast of Port Louis, Mauritius, is tracking east-southeastward at 12 knots.

NewsBytes:

Timor Leste – Heavy rainfall on Friday, 13 March 2020 from 16:00 to 18:00 local time caused an overflow of river and huge floods in Timor Leste. The flood brought water and mud along the road, damaging vehicles, houses and electricity lines in Dili municipality, mainly in administration posts of Cristo Rei, Nain Feto, Dom Aleixo, and Vera Cruz, and outside of Dili, namely in Hera. 1,664 households or 9,126 people (4,875 female and 4,251 male) are affected. The flood has destroyed at least 190 houses and injured seven teenagers.

Madagascar – After meandering near the northeastern corner of Madagascar as a tropical storm, a tropical cyclone developed on Sunday and was given the name Herold. During late last week and into the weekend, Herold produced 449 mm (17.68 inches) of rain in Sambava and 274 mm (10.79 inches) in Antlaha, both along the northeastern coast of Madagascar.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

There are no current tropical storms.

NewsBytes:

Madagascar – The government of Madagascar has declared a national emergency after a week long flooding claimed the lives of 31 people and displaced more than 16,000 people. Flooding has inundated more than 10,000 homes. At least seven regions in the north of the country have been affected, with Boeny, Sofia and Alaotra Mangoro hardest hit.

Brazil – The death toll in the sever flooding in southeastern Brazil has risen to 58 with more than 40 000 people displaced. The worst-hit states are Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo, where torrential downpours have wreaked havoc since late last week.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Southern Hemisphere – Tropical cyclone (tc) 09s (Nine), located approximately 845 nm east-southeast of Port Louis, Mauritius, is tracking southward at 14 knots.

Screen Shot 2020 01 24 at 11 25 16

NewsBytes:

Madagascar – Floods across the island of Madagascar has killed at least 12 people this week, with 18 missing, after unseasonably heavy rain, the national disaster office said on Thursday. Parts of Africa have experienced heavy rain in recent months because the Indian Ocean is warmer than usual, partly as result of a cyclical weather phenomenon and partly because oceans are warming everywhere.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Screen Shot 2019 03 11 at 12 27 12 PM

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone (tc) 18s (Idai), located approximately 334 nm north-northeast of Europa Island, is tracking westward at 02 knots.

NewsBytes:

Malawi – Floods in southern Malawi have killed 30 people and left over 230,000 people without shelter, a minister said Sunday. The ministry had received reports of 30 deaths and about 238,000 villagers losing their homes since the start of the incessant downpours earlier this week.

Mozambique – Tropical Cyclone IDAI formed over the Northern Mozambique Channel on 9 March, moving south-east with a wind speed of 89 – 118 km/h. IDAI is expected to evolve to a Category 4 tropical cyclone making landfall south of Zambezia and north of Sofala provinces with a sustained wind speed of 204 km/h. As a consequence of heavy rains during the last days in the regions of Zambezia and Tete, 7 deaths have been reported, with 32 222 people affected and 4 242 people displaced. The Zambezi river basin has reached its maximum capacity and the propagation of the flood to the lower Zambezi is expected, affecting the provinces of Tete, Sofala, Zambezia and Manica.

South Africa – Heavy rain and flooding in parts of KwaMashu, Inanda and Ntuzuma in KwaZulu-Natal have left a number of homes flooded and damaged.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone (tc) 10s (Desmond), located approximately 172 nm northwest of Europa Island, is tracking north-northwestward at 09 knots.

NewsBytes:

Madagascar – Heavy rains and flooding swept away houses in Madagascar’s capital of Antanarivo killing nine people, an official report said Sunday.

Environment

Drought in Madagascar

Severe drought conditions during southern Madagascar’s rainy season from November 2017 to April 2018 has led to nearly dry dams in many parts of the south. This dryness has affected livestock’s access to water and pastureland, which has led to poor livestock body conditions as many are subsisting on burnt cactus leaves in the absence of viable pastureland. This has similarly affected crop development, with many areas experiencing failed or near failed harvests.

Poor and very poor households in MG23 (the Mahafaly plains) in the southwest of Madagascar are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity because of poor or failed agricultural production.

Wildlife

Toxic Toad Could End Up Killing the Predators on Madagascar

An invasive species of toad in Madagascar is even more dangerous to local wildlife than previously suspected — its poisonous slime is deadly to just about any local predator, including endangered lemurs, that tries to eat the amphibian.

The Asian common toad (Duttaphrynus melanostictus) is a newcomer to the island of Madagascar, and in just a few years it has spread rapidly. Invasive species upset the balance of local diversity and can cause big problems for native animals, but scientists recently learned that the runaway success of the toad could have even more troubling consequences than thought.

In the evolutionary arms race of predator versus prey, animals that habitually eat toxic creatures often evolve resistance to their poison, in the form of genetic mutations.

But when invasive species suddenly arrive in an ecosystem — as the Asian common toad did — would-be predators that have never encountered the toxic invader before are exceptionally vulnerable to the unknown threat lurking in the body of their next meal.

77 Malagasy species that would be likely to eat the poisonous pests, including 28 birds, 27 snakes, 12 frogs, eight mammals and two lizards. And except for one type of rodent, every species lacked the genetic mutations associated with resistance to the toad’s poison.

Screen Shot 2018 06 07 at 12 05 42 PM

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.5 earthquake hits the central mid-Atlantic Ridge.

5.4 earthquake is Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits Madagascar.

5.0 earthquake hits the mid-Indian Ridge.

5.5 earthquake hits the south east Indian Ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits north-west of the Ryukyu Islands.

Wildlife

Madagascan tortoise on verge of extinction

Unless the government of Madagascar takes swift action to enforce international anti-poaching and anti-trafficking laws, the country’s largest tortoise – the ploughshare tortoise (or angonoka tortoise) – will likely go extinct in the wild within the next two years, warns a coalition of NGOs working on tortoise conservation.

Ploughshare tortoises live only in the Baly Bay National Park in north-western Madagascar, a park established in 1997 specifically to protect the species in its natural habitat.

Poachers target the animal to export to international collectors as a highly coveted pet with its striking gold and black shell.

Conservationists estimate there may be less than 100 mature adults left in the reserve.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman

On 3 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Oman notified WHO of 1 additional case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

Bubonic Plague in Madagascar – Update

The latest outbreak of bubonic plague on the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar has killed 63 people since August, the Health Ministry said.

At least 174 cases of the disease have been detected, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, head of disease surveillance at the ministry, said in a statement Thursday in the capital, Antananarivo. Madagascar notified the World Health Organization of the current outbreak in September.

Efforts to curb the spread of the disease are being impeded by a build-up of garbage in Antananarivo amid a dispute between the municipality and the national government over who is responsible for waste management in the city.

Disease

Plague – Madagascar

The Ministry of Health of Madagascar has notified WHO of an outbreak of plague. The first case was identified on 17 August in a rural township in Moramanga district. The case passed away on 19 August. As of 30 August, 14 cases, including 10 deaths, were reported. All confirmed cases are of the pneumonic form. Since 27 August, no new cases have been reported from the affected or neighbouring districts.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Jordan

Between 30 and 31 August 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of Jordan notified WHO of 2 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 1 death. Both cases are associated with a MERS-CoV outbreak currently occurring in a hospital in Amman city.

Philippines reports increase of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

Health officials in the Philippines have seen a significant,in fact a three-fold increase in the number of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) cases reported during the first half of 2015, compared to the same period in 2014.

The Epidemiology Bureau of the Department of Health reported 563 HFMD cases through the end of June 2015, while only reporting 180 in the corresponding period in 2014.

HFMD is typically a benign and self-limiting disease. Most common in young children, it presents as fever, oral lesions and rash on the hands, feet and buttocks. The oral lesions consist of rapidly-ulcerating vesicles on the buccal mucosa, tongue, palate and gums. The rash consists of papulovesicular lesions on the palms, fingers and soles, which generally persist for seven to 10 days, and maculopapular lesions on the buttocks.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is caused by viruses that belong to the Enterovirus genus (group). This group of viruses includes polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and enteroviruses.