Disease

Measles – DR Congo

The largest measles outbreak on the globe continues to increase in cases and deaths. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) measles outbreak saw at least 10,000 additional cases since the last report last Monday. According to the latest WHO data, from 1 January to 27 October 2019, a cumulative total of 233,337 suspected measles cases with 4,723 deaths (CFR 2%) have been reported.

Disease

Measles – New Zealand

The number of measles cases reported in New Zealand this year has topped 2,000 cases. According to an update from the New Zealand Ministry of Health, from 1 January 2019 to 8 November 2019 there have been 2014 confirmed cases of measles notified across New Zealand. 1631 of these confirmed cases are in the Auckland region.

Dengue Fever – Sri Lanka

To date, 65,583 dengue cases have been reported this year, including more than 80 fatalities.

Measles – Lesotho

The measles outbreak in Lesotho is the first in nearly 10 years. The WHO has encouraged health officials in Maseru, the capital city, to improve their disease surveillance.

Hepatitis E – Namibia

In Namibia, over 6 000 cases of hepatitis E have been reported since 20 October 2019. The outbreak started in Windhoek’s informal settlements in 2017.

Disease

Measles – Venezuela

Health officials in Venezuela report 520 measles cases through Oct. 31 this year. Since measles reappeared in the country, in 2017, the Ministry of Health has registered 10,759 suspected cases of the disease.

Hepatitis A – Minnesota, USA

The number of hepatitis A outbreak cases in Minnesota has risen to 49 as of Nov. 1, according to health officials. Seven out of 10 cases required hospitalization and no deaths were reported.

Dengue Fever – Philippines, Indonesia

It has been a record season for dengue fever in the Philippines in 2019. Between 1 January and 19 October 2019, 371,717 dengue cases including 1,407 deaths were reported. During the first 10 months of 2019, Indonesian health officials have reported 110,921 cases of dengue fever.

Disease

Measles – DR Congo

Approximately 12,000 additional measles cases have been reported in the worlds largest outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in the past two weeks. Through October 20, officials report 222,939 measles cases, up from 209,211 cases on Oct. 6. In addition, the measles fatalities have risen to 4,435.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

The ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the North Kivu and Ituri provinces saw a stabilization in the number of new cases this past week, with 19 confirmed cases reported in the past week (23–29 October), essentially equivalent to the 20 confirmed cases the week before.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus – UAE

Earlier this month, officials in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported a confirmed case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection the first in 17 months.

Dengue Fever – Brazil

The number of dengue fever cases and deaths are up sharply this year in Araguaína, northern Tocantins, according to a local report. 1,553 cases of dengue were confirmed from January to September this year, an increase of 352% over the same period last year.

Measles – Wipes Out Immune System

A bout of measles may devastate children’s immune system and leave them open to other serious diseases, say scientists.

Most youngsters who die from measles are killed by complications such as pneumonia or swelling of the brain.

While white blood cells needed to fight infections are destroyed by measles, the cells do come back in force once the rash disappears.

This has left scientists struggling to understand why those who have had measles then suffer with other health problems.

However researchers have now discovered measles “resets” the immune system, wiping out the immunity children have developed to other illnesses, effectively leaving them with the same scant protection they had as newborns.

Vaping – USA

The number of cases of a deadly vaping illness continues to rise with 37 confirmed deaths and more than 1,800 sickened throughout the U.S.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Central America

Central American countries in 2019 have seen an increased incidence of dengue fever, in fact, the cumulative incidence rate of dengue in the Central America region is higher than in the previous five previous years, with an incidence of more than 100 people with dengue per 100,000 people,

Flu, Pneumonia – Global

Despite large declines since 1990 in child deaths from pneumonia and the flu, these and other lower respiratory infections (LRIs) remain a leading killer of children under age 5. A new scientific study finds LRIs responsible for one in seven child deaths globally.

White-nose Syndrome – Bats

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is announcing a $100,000 challenge to combat white-nose syndrome (WNS), a lethal fungus that has killed millions of bats in North America and pushed some native bat species to the brink of extinction. Funding will be awarded to individuals who identify innovative ways to permanently eradicate, weaken or disarm the disease.

Measles – Samoa and Tonga

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Samoa, health authorities say there have been 15 confirmed cases, including three deaths. In addition, 314 suspected cases – most of them children under the age of four are being investigated. Meanwhile in Tonga, an outbreak of measles has occurred following the return of a squad of Tongan rugby players from New Zealand where one player developed measles. Twelve other players were in the incubation period of the illness during travel back to Tonga and developed symptoms on 6th- 9th October.

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Sudan

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Sudan reports that since late September, Sudan has seen 193 Rift Valley Fever (RVF) cases, including four deaths. The cases were reported from Red Sea, River Nile and Khartoum states.

Measles – Ukraine

The measles outbreak in the Ukraine seems to be declining. In an update on the measles outbreak in Ukraine, 45 additional people became ill with measles during the past week, which includes 18 adults and 27 children.

Killer brain disease arrives in UK

A disease that can harm the brain and which is spread to humans by tick bites has been identified in the insects in Britain for the first time. Public Health England (PHE) has confirmed the presence of the tick-borne encephalitis virus in Thetford Forest and on the Hampshire-Dorset border. PHE says the risk is ‘very low’, but it is investigating how common the infected ticks might be. Ticks are becoming more common in parts of the UK, mainly due to increasing deer numbers. They can also live in other animals, such as dogs, and in undergrowth.

Leptospirosis – Ireland

People have been warned not to swim or go boating in the Royal Canal in north Dublin after there was an outbreak of rat-borne diseases recently. There have been a number of cases of Leptospirosis reported to the HSE recently after people had been exposed to the water in the canal. Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection usually spread through contact with rats or rat urine.

Disease

Rubber Tree Fugal Disease – Thailand

A key rubber tree-growing area in Thailand has been hit by an outbreak of a fungal disease, which could halve the area’s output. Thailand is the world’s top producer and exporter of the natural rubber, accounting for up to 40% of global rubber supply.

The disease, called Pestalotiopsis, has spread into Thailand after hitting plantations in neighboring Indonesia and Malaysia. The three countries account for around 70% of the world’s natural rubber production.

The Rubber Authority of Thailand said the disease, which causes leaves to turn yellow and spotted as it spreads, was recently found in three districts in Narathiwat, a key rubber growing province in southern Thailand.

Measles – Lebanon

Lebanon health officials are reporting a measles outbreak in the country. Since November 2018, a total of 1,171 cases have been reported and no deaths. Measles cases have been reported in all eight Lebanese governorates.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Nigerian health officials reported five additional confirmed Lassa fever cases in the week ending Oct. 13. No deaths were reported. This brings the outbreak total for 2019 to 726 confirmed cases, including 154 deaths (21% CFR).

Disease

Measles – DR Congo

The world’s largest measles outbreak has hit a couple of grim milestones, according to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has reported 203,179 cases of measles from all 26 provinces of the country, including 4,096 deaths. UNICEF says children under the age of five represent 74 percent of the cases.

STD’s – USA

Infections in the United States from three sexually transmitted diseases hit a record high in 2018 — a high that threatens millions of Americans, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said.

According to a 2018 STD Surveillance Report from the CDC, combined cases of syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia reached an all-time high in the United States last year with more than 2.4 million cases.

Antibiotics can cure syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, but the diseases must be caught early and not left untreated. The CDC cautioned that many cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis continue to go undiagnosed and unreported.

Disease

Measles – Thailand

Thailand health officials have reported a total of 4,648 measles cases from 74 provinces through Sept. 15–including 539 cases with complications and 14 deaths.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Namibia

Health officials in Namibia reported a confirmed Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) case from Outapi District Hospital in Omusati region on Sep. 12. The case is from Oukwandongo village in Cunene province, Angola, bordering Oukwandongo village in Outapi district, Namibia. No death has been reported.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is one of several countries in the Americas experiencing an outbreak of dengue fever. The Ministry of Health reported more than 8,855 cases through mid-August. 12 deaths have been reported. This is an increase of 1,145 percent in reported cases compared to the same period in 2018 (711 cases).

Measles – New Zealand

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in New Zealand, country health officials report through Friday, 1384 confirmed cases of measles across the country, with 1151 of these confirmed cases in the Auckland region. In Auckland, there have been at least three cases of measles encephalitis during this outbreak.

Cholera – Sudan

Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) announced on 10 September that four out of the six samples obtained from patients with acute diarrhoea were positive for Vibreo cholera at the National Public Health Laboratory (NPHL). As of 9 September 2019, a total of 41 suspected cholera cases, with two deaths.

Disease

Measles – Dr Congo

The measles outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the largest in the world and continues to trend and spread geographically. Through September 1 this year, officials have reported 179,477 suspected measles cases including 3,559 deaths (CFR 2.0%). Cases have been reported from more than 90 percent health zones across the country.

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, health officials continues to see an increasing trend in cases since the end of July. During the week ending September 8, officials saw an additional 7,264 new suspected cases from nine urban kebeles, or neighborhoods in Dire Dawa City Administration.

Brain-eating Amoeba – Pakistan

The the second time in two days, Karachi officials report a fatality due to the brain-eating amoeba, Naegleria fowleri. The 14th case occurred in a 26-year-old man from Gulistan-e-Jauhar Block-27. He was was taken to the Aga Khan University Hospital [AKUH] last week after complaining of fever, vomiting and headache.

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

In a follow-up on the yellow fever outbreak in Bauchi state, Nigeria, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) now report that since the first confirmed case was reported on the 29th of August, 169 suspected and 15 laboratory confirmed cases by RT-PCR have been reported. Of this total, 23 people have died

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Disease

Measles – Romania

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Romania, the Institutul Naţional de Sănătate Publică reported an additional 54 new confirmed cases in 9 counties and in Bucharest during the past week. In 2019 through Sept. 6, 2,614 cases, including five deaths have been reported, the most in the EU.

Polio – Global

The total number of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases on the globe has increased to 78 cases with the addition of five cases from Pakistan and Afghanistan during the past week.

Listeriosis – Spain

On 16 August 2019, Regional Health Authorities in Andalusia, Spain, reported an outbreak of listeriosis, caused by the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), associated with the consumption of a chilled roasted pork meat product manufactured in Spain by Magrudis Company Limited and sold under the brand name “La Mechá”. From 7 July through 13 September , a total of 222 confirmed cases linked to this outbreak have been reported in five regions of Spain.

Italy – Superbug NDM-1 outbreak reported in Tuscany

Health officials in Tuscany, Italy are reporting an outbreak of the antibiotic resistant superbug bacterium, New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospitals since November 2018. Between November 2018 and August 31, 2019 the NDM bacteria were isolated in the blood of 75 patients. Infections vary from being asymptomatic to potentially life-threatening or fatal. The level of risk depends on which part of the body is affected by the infection, and the general health of the patient.

African Swine Fever – Japan

Japanese officials have culled 753 pigs in Saitama Prefecture north of Tokyo after detecting an outbreak of swine fever. The cull, which took place on Saturday, was necessary after it was determined that pigs raised in the prefecture for shipment to central Japan were infected. Saitama also decided to halt shipments from two other pig farms in the area of the outbreak.

Dengue Fever – Nepal

Six people have died of dengue and over 5096 diagnosed positive across Nepal since the outbreak was declared in May. The first outbreak of the disease in the Himalayan nation occurred in 2006 when 5 cases were identified.

Disease

Measles – Brazil

Over the past 90 days, 2,753 confirmed measles cases were reported in 13 Brazilian states, most of them in the State of Sao Paolo. According to the new epidemiological bulletin of the disease, from June 9 to August 31, 2019, Brazil reported 20,292 cases, of which 15,430 were under investigation and 2,109 were discarded. Four deaths due to the disease were recorded: three deaths in the state of São Paulo (two children and one adult); and one in the state of Pernambuco (a child). All four cases were unvaccinated (all three children were under the age of one).

Disease

Streptococcus Suis – Thailand

The Thailand Department of Disease Control (DDC) has reported 265 Streptococcus suis cases this year through August 17, including 23 deaths. The disease were mostly found in the northern regions followed by the northeastern regions.

Measles – New Zealand

Measles is circulating in New Zealand, particularly in the Auckland region. From 1 January 2019 to 5 September 2019 there have been 1051 confirmed cases of measles notified across New Zealand. 877 of these confirmed cases are in the Auckland region.

Dengue Fever – Palau

In a follow-up on the dengue outbreak in Palau, the Palau Ministry of Health reported 26 new cases during the past week, bringing the outbreak total to 570 cases since Dec. 2018. There have been two deaths attributed to dengue infection during this outbreak.