Disease

Measles and Mumps – Ireland – Update

In an update from the Ireland Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) on May 20, they report 59 measles and 1224 mumps cases since the beginning of the year. The Health Service Executive (HSE) has confirmed an outbreak of measles in north Dublin and is advising people who think they have measles to stay at home. This is a community outbreak of measles affecting adults and children. There has already been an outbreak of measles reported in Donegal in 2019.

Disease

Anthrax – Zimbabwe

Anthrax is suspected in the deaths of several wildlife animals in Zambezi Valley. Several animals have died including at least eight elephants, several buffaloes, impala, hyenas. This follows an outbreak last year that killed more than a dozen hippos in the Binga District of Zimbabwe.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) – Namibia

The Ministry of Health and Social Services of Namibia officially declared an outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) on May 6 after reporting a number of cases from different regions of the country.As of 15 May 2019, seven suspected cases of CCHF were reported from five regions, including one laboratory confirmed case, and one death (case fatality ratio 14%).

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukrainian health authorities report that the number of measles cases recorded in 2019 to date is very close to 50,000. During the week ending May 18, the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reported an additional 1,935 cases, putting the total at 49,288. In addition, the number of measles-related fatalities has risen to 17 this year.

Disease

Measles – New Zealand

Officials with the Auckland Regional Public Health Service (ARPHS) report the number of measles confirmed has now reached 60 to date in 2019. There have now been measles cases in every part of the city.

Typhoid – Pakistan

Pakistan health officials are reporting 2,982 typhoid cases in Karachi through May 14, according to a Pakistan Today report. Of this total, 1765 are typhoid/paratyphoid fever and 1217 are Ceftriaxone-Resistant Salmonella typhi.

Disease

Measles – Japan

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Japan, the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID) in Tokyo reports 467 cases through May 9. This is the highest number of measles cases recorded during the same time period in a decade.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 9 through 30 April 2019, the National International Health Regulations (IHR) Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported nine additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including three deaths.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

2,285 measles cases – 1,121 adults and 1,164 children, were reported the week ending May 11, according to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. This brings the number of cases to 47,383 since the beginning of the year, including 16 deaths.

Ebola – DR Congo

Although the security situation has subsided mildly into an unpredictable calm, the transmission of Ebola virus disease (EVD) continues to intensify in North Kivu and Ituri provinces with more than 100 confirmed cases reported this week.

Disease

Measles – Tunisia

From 1 January through 30 April 2019, the Ministry of Health in Tunisia responded to a large measles outbreak in the country. A total of 3 141 suspected cases, of which 909 (28.9%) were laboratory confirmed and 1 236 (39.4 %) epidemiologically linked cases including 30 deaths (case fatality ratio=1.0 %), have been reported in all of the 24 governorates (range 1 – 1 274). The majority of cases were reported from Kasserine (1 274 cases) and Sfax (212 cases) governorates. In April 2019, four additional governorates were particularly affected with 155, 116, 93 and 69 cases reported from Kairouan, Tunis, Sousse and Nabeul respectively.

Thousands of Working Equids Die in Influenza Outbreak

Tens of thousands of working equids in Western Africa have died in a sweeping equine influenza (EI) outbreak. Official disease notification from Senegal and Nigeria to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) indicate more than 40,000 cases have resulted in more than 3,000 equid deaths since mid-December. However, other reports indicate case numbers in other countries, which haven’t submitted official notifications, could be skyrocketing even higher.

“We have received unofficial statistics of 62,000 deaths in Niger alone in donkeys and some horses presenting with symptoms like those we’ve seen in our country, which were confirmed cases of equine influenza,” said Mactar Seck, DVM, program manager at Brooke West Africa, in Dakkar, Senegal. Brooke West Africa is part of Brooke, a U.K.-based international animal welfare charity focusing on improving health and welfare for working horses, donkeys and mules.

As of May 2, Senegal, which has a working equid population of about 1 million, had reported 37,000 cases and 2,700 deaths to the OIE, but it has since recognized thousands more cases and the death toll has risen to more than 6,000, Seck said. The first equine influenza case in that country was reported only six weeks ago, on March 26.

Disease

Measles – Europe Travel Advisory

More than 34,000 Europeans were infected with the measles during the first two months of 2019, most of whom are in Ukraine but who inhabit 42 countries in all. Measles diagnoses have reached more than 25,000 in Ukraine alone and the disease has killed 13 total among there, Romania and Albania. Outbreaks have also been identified in Thailand, the Philippines and the US. The World Health Organization warns vulnerable people to get vaccinated — especially if they plan on traveling.

Measles can cause blindness, deafness or brain damage, and has no known cure, but can be prevented with two doses of the vaccine.

Disease

Anthrax – Hungary

Hungarian health authorities have reported four human cutaneous anthrax cases, in two separate counties in recent weeks. The affected individuals were reported from farms in Bács-Kiskun and Békés counties. In addition, an additional 30 people were treated prophylactically with antibiotics due to possible exposure.

Measles – Europe Region

In the first two months of 2019, 34 300 measles cases have been reported in 42 countries of the WHO European Region, including 13 measles-related deaths in three countries (Albania, Romania and Ukraine). The majority of cases are reported in Ukraine, with more than 25 000 cases (>70%).

As of 28 March 2019, the WHO European Region reported a total of 83 540 measles cases and 74 related deaths. This is compared to 25 863 cases and 42 deaths in 2017, and 5 273 cases and 13 deaths in 2016. In 2018, eight countries reported over 2 000 cases each including Ukraine (n= 53 218), Serbia (n=5 076), France (n=2 913), Israel (3 140), Italy, (n=2 686), Russian Federation (n=2 256), Georgia (n=2 203) and Greece (n=2 193).

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

Health authorities with ARS Indian Ocean have reported four additional human cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) during the past week, bringing the total cases to 126 since the first cases occurred at the end of November 2018.

Measles – Philippines

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Philippines, health officials report that the outbreak tally through Apr. 13 is now 31,056. This is five times more than the figures in 2018 when 6,641 cases were reported at this time. In addition, the measles death toll this year dwarfs 2018. To date, more than 400 measles related deaths have been reported, compared to 59 in 2018.

Disease

Measles – California, USA

Dozens of people at two California universities have been quarantined as US health officials battle to stop the spread of a nationwide measles outbreak, authorities said Thursday. The Department of Public Health said hundreds of students and staff at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) and California State University (Cal State) had been exposed to a measles carrier earlier this month.

UCLA said an infected student had attended campus on three days earlier this month, coming into contact with about 500 people. Around 100 had been quarantined after they couldn’t provide immunization records. Cal State said 156 students and staff who may have been exposed to an infected student were quarantined.

Worldwide, measles cases rose 300 percent through the first three months of 2019 compared with the same period last year, according to the United Nations.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 14 February through 31 March 2019, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 22 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including four deaths, associated with the outbreak in Wadi Aldwasir.

Measles – USA

Measles cases in the United States have surpassed the highest number on record since the disease was declared eliminated nationwide in 2000. Overall, there have been 695 measles cases across 22 states this year, according to CNN’s analysis of data from state and local health departments.

Disease

Chikungunya – Republic of the Congo

Reports from the Republic of the Congo show that the chikungunya epidemic that began Jan. 7 has grown to 8,000 cases. The outbreak has affected eight departments ( Kouilou, Bouenza, Pointe Noire, Plateaux, Pool and Brazaville, Niari, Lékoumu).

Measles – Ukraine – Update

With an additional 2,279 people infected with measles during the week ending April 13, the outbreak in Ukraine now stands at 39,549 including 14 fatalities, according to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. Fifty-four percent of cases have been reported in children.

Disease

Global measles Cases on the Rise

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports preliminary global data that shows reported cases rose by 300 percent in the first three months of 2019, compared to the same period in 2018. By region, Africa has recorded a 700% increase, the Americas 60%, Europe 300%, the Eastern Mediterranean 100%, with 40% increases in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific.

Yellow Fever – Brazil

In the current 2018- 2019 season (July 2018 to March 2019), a total of 75 confirmed human cases, including 17 deaths (case fatality rate = 23%), have been reported in Brazil in the states of São Paulo (62), Paraná (12), and Santa Catarina (1).

Disease

Measles – Philippines – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Philippines this year, the Department of Health (DOH) has reported 28,362 measles cases including 389 deaths through April 5. Cases have been reported from all 17 Regions of the country. A case-fatality of 1.37 percent has been reported in this outbreak.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

The Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reported an additional 2,250 measles cases the week ending Apr. 4, bringing the 2019 outbreak total to 37,328. The number of fatalities due to the complications of measles remain at 14.

Dengue Fever – Tahiti

Health officials in French Polynesia are reporting (computer translated) the confirmation of several autochthonous cases of dengue type 2 dengue, unrelated and scattered over several communes in Tahiti. This has prompted health officials to declare an outbreak on Wednesday. A major concern is that since dengue type 2 has not circulated in the country since the year 2000, the epidemic could be of great magnitude. People under 20 or arriving in French Polynesia after 2000 are most at risk of becoming infected.