Disease

Hantavirus – Argentina

Officials with the Government of Chubut in the Patagonia region of southern Argentina is reporting an unprecedented hantavirus outbreak. According to the latest numbers, 24 cases have been reported, including eight fatalities. But the biggest concern of this outbreak is its person-to-person contagion.

Meningococcal Disease – Ireland

Three people have died following an outbreak of meningococcal disease in Ireland, according to the Health Service Executive (HSE). Meningococcal disease can cause meningitis or septicaemia, which requires urgent antibiotic treatment. Eleven cases have been reported since the last week of December.

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

On 22 November 2018, the World Health Organization was informed of a cluster of suspected Yellow fever (YF) cases and deaths in Edo State, Nigeria. Edo State is located less than 400km from Lagos on a dense population movement axis between Lagos and South-Eastern Nigeria. Edo State is also a known endemic area for Lassa fever – which was initially suspected as causing the outbreak. From 22 September through 31 December 2018, a total of 146 suspected, 42 presumptive positive, and 32 confirmed cases, including 26 deaths (presumptive case fatality rate: 18%), have been reported across 15 of 18 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Edo State.

Disease

 Meningococcal C outbreak – Fiji

In a follow-up on the meningococcal C outbreak in Fiji, the Ministry of Health and Medical Services (MoHMS) is now reporting 22 confirmed and 16 suspected or probable cases as of Apr. 5. In addition, six fatalities have been reported including 4 confirmed. There has been an average of 2.5 cases per week in the last 4 weeks.

Measles – Romania – Update

Officials with the Romania National Center for Communicable Disease Control and Control reports investigating a 47th measles fatality in Braila County (computer translated). From Jan. 1, 2016 through April 6, 2018, 11,988 measles cases have been confirmed, including 46 deaths. In the past week, officials reported 204 measles cases from 23 counties and Bucharest.

Disease

Yellow fever: Brazil

The Brazil Ministry of Health has confirmed 545 yellow fever cases and 164 deaths in the period from July 1, 2017 to February 20 this year, according to a news release Wednesday (computer translated). This is up from 409 cases and 118 deaths one week ago – 136 new cases in the past week.

Nigeria: meningococcal meningitis

According to Nigerian health authorities yesterday, 31 meningitis C cases were reported in Niger State, including four fatalities.

Listeriosis – South Africa

The National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) said 915 cases of the disease have been confirmed since January last year, up from the previous figures given last month of 61 deaths and 720 confirmed cases.

The government said the source of the outbreak was still unknown.

Disease

Madagascar – Plague

In an update on the plague outbreak in Madagascar, the number of cases of the lethal bacterial infection has shot up to 449, an increase in 62 cases since our last report, according to the Ministere de la Publique. In addition, the death count has grown to 48.

The Seychelles Ministry of Health reported today that a man who traveled to Madagascar has tested positive for plague. The man who travelled to Madagascar, arrived in Seychelles on Friday 6th October 2017. He has been placed in an isolation unit in the local hospital.

Central Australia – Meningococcal outbreak

Aboriginal communities in Central Australia are in the grip of a Meningococcal outbreak on an unprecedented scale.

The Centre for Disease control today confirmed the 25th case of the disease, and 19 of those cases are children under 10.

One doctor said the outbreak highlights the deadly effects of poor living conditions and massive overcrowding in regional Indigenous communities.

Disease

Niger – hepatitis E outbreak

Officials with the Niger Ministry of Health notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of a hepatitis E outbreak in the eastern part of the country.

Dengue deaths top 1000 in the Philippines in 2016

For the second year in a row, the Philippines reported more than 200,000 dengue fever cases, according to the Department of Health, National Epidemiology Centre, Philippines.|

After reporting 200,415 suspected cases of dengue, including 598 deaths in 2015, health officials on the archipelago report 211,108 suspected cases of dengue reported in 2016, including 1019 deaths.

Measles prompts travel advisory for Belgium, Italy and Germany

Measles has been reported in increased numbers in several European counties, most notably Romania. In addition to Romania, Belgium, Italy and Germany has been affected by measles into 2017. This has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue new travel notices for the above countries.

In Belgium, through Mar. 31, Wallonia reported 266 measles cases. The outbreak affects all provinces of Wallonia, with the exception of the province of Luxembourg. All age groups are affected and 53% of cases are over 15 years. Most of the cases were not vaccinated or did not know their vaccination status. Nearly 40% were hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.

In Italy, since the beginning of 2017 and as of 4 April 2017, Italy reported 1,333 cases of measles, with 131 cases among healthcare workers. The cases are reported from 19 of the 21 regions in Italy. A majority of the cases (93%) are from Piedmont, Lazio, Lombardy, Tuscany, Abruzzi and Sicily. Most of the cases are above 15 years and 88% of the cases were not vaccinated.

According to the German National Public Health Institute, since the beginning of 2017 and as of 12 March 2017, Germany reported 272 cases. In the same period in 2016, Germany reported 18 cases.

Nigeria – Meningitis – Update

In a follow-up on the meningococcal meningitis outbreak in several Nigerian states, the number of suspected cases has increased by another 1000 and the death tally has topped 600, according to the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). Health officials put the officials numbers at a total of 5,695 suspected cases.

Leprosy in Florida, USA – Update

In a follow-up to the number of leprosy, or Hansen’s disease cases in Florida in 2017, Florida state health officials have reported five additional confirmed cases since late February, bringing the total to seven.

Disease

Meningococcal disease – Nigeria

As of 19 March 2017 (epidemiological week 11), a total of 1407 suspected cases of meningitis and 211 deaths (case fatality rate: 15%) have been reported from 40 local government areas (LGAs) in five states of Nigeria since December 2016. Zamfara, Katsina and Sokoto account for 89% of these cases. Twenty-six LGAs from all five states reported 361 cases in epidemiological week 11 alone. Twenty-two wards in 15 LGAs have crossed the epidemic threshold. Three of these LGAs share borders with Niger.

Disease

Meningococcal disease – Togo

Since 1 January 2017, 201 suspected cases of meningitis with 17 deaths were reported by 19 health districts. In week 2, the district of Akebou which is part of the Plateau Region issued an alert after four cases of meningitis were reported. In week 4, the epidemic threshold was reached with nine cases and an attack rate of 12.4 per 100 000 inhabitants. From 2 January to 12 February 2017, 48 suspected meningitis cases with three deaths were reported (case fatality rate of 6.3%).

Disease

Meningococcal Disease – Australia

Officials at South Australia Health (SA Health) reported three people have been diagnosed with meningococcal disease in the past week in South Australia. So far this year there have been 11 cases of meningococcal infection.

Measles – New Zealand

An outbreak of measles in Waikato may take two or three weeks to get under control, a health expert says. The Waikato District Health Board has ordered a college to close, and its 700 students and staff will have to prove they have been vaccinated for measles – or they won’t be allowed back on school grounds.

Measles is very close to being eliminated in New Zealand but there may still be pockets of the community that are not vaccinated. The health board said it was dealing with 20 confirmed cases of the measles, and another possible 12.

Disease

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 1 and 14 July 2015, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 6 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

Meningococcal disease – Niger (update)

Between 1 January and 28 June 2015, the Ministry of Public Health of Niger notified WHO of 8,500 suspected cases of meningococcal meningitis, including 573 deaths. This was the largest meningitis outbreak caused by Neisseria meningitides serogroup C in the African meningitis belt.

The number of suspected cases increased very rapidly, tripling weekly between 1 and 15 May. Thirteen districts in Niger crossed the epidemic threshold. The five districts of Niamey, Niger’s capital and largest city, reported 5,267 suspected cases and 260 deaths.