Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Plague – DR Congo

After going several week without a reported human plague case in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), new cases were reported between mid-February and mid-March. Since the beginning of the year a total of 20 suspected bubonic plague cases with 7 deaths (case fatality ratio 35%) were notified.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 through 31 March 2020, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 15 additional cases of MERS-CoV infection, including five associated deaths.

African Swine Fever – India

News media from India are reporting that African swine fever has been detected in the country’s northeastern state of Assam, where the disease is said to have killed around 2,500 pigs. This is the first confirmed ASF outbreak in India,

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Plague – DR Congo

Health officials in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) reported an additional 12 human plague cases during the week ending Nov. 16, bringing the total to 50 bubonic plague cases this year in Ituri province.

Bird Flu – China

Taiwan health officials reported today on two human H9N2 avian influenza on Mainland China. The cases, from November 12th and 22nd, are the first reported in China this season.

Measles – Tonga

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak on Tonga, the number of measles cases in the outbreak has risen to 485 confirmed or suspected cases as of Dec. 9. No deaths have been recorded and currently no one is hospitalized.

Measles – Samoa

The measles outbreak in Samoa has grown to 4,898 cases since the outbreak started, with 83 recorded in the last 24 hours. To date, 71 measles related deaths have been recorded.

Bird Flu – UK

Cases of bird flu have been confirmed at a chicken farm in Suffolk, the government has said. All 27,000 birds at the commercial farm will be culled after a number were found to have the H5 type of avian flu, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs said on Tuesday and a 1km restriction zone has been implemented to limit the risk of the disease spreading.

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Plague – China

The Inner Mongolia Health Authority of Mainland China announced a confirmed case of bubonic plague Wednesday. This is the fifth case of plague to be reported by China and the fourth this month.

Lassa Fever – Netherlands

On 20 November 2019, WHO was informed by The Netherlands’ International Health Regulations (IHR) National Focal Point of one imported case of Lassa fever from Sierra Leone. The patient was a male doctor, a Dutch national who worked in a rural Masanga hospital in Tonkolili district, Northern province in Sierra Leone.

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Pakistan

Through national disease surveillance, an outbreak of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type-2 (cVDPV2) has been confirmed in Pakistan in 2019. Between 7 July and 3 November 2019, 11 children have been paralysed from cVDPV2 in Pakistan.

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Plague – DR Congo

In a follow-up on the plague cluster reported in Ituri Province, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), health officials have reported seven additional cases. Through November 3, 38 cases of bubonic plague including eight deaths have been reported.

Lassa Fever – Sierra Leone

This week, the Ministry of Health in Sierra Leone formally notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of the Lassa fever outbreak in the country. To date, the Lassa fever cluster has accounted for eight cases, including three deaths.

Measles – DR Congo

In a follow-up on the measles epidemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), health officials have now reported 250,270 total cases through November 3. In addition, the measles death toll has risen to 5,110 in 2019. During the most recent week, officials saw an additional 7,559 measles cases including 172 deaths.

Measles – Tonga

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Tonga, health authorities are reporting 310 confirmed or suspected measles cases through November 19.

Dengue Fever – Vietnam

Through October 11, the General Department of Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Health, Vietnam has reported 241,863 cases, including 43 deaths since the beginning of the year.

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Plague – China

The Taiwan Department of Disease Control reported on a fourth human plague case. The patient from Jiuquan City, Gansu Province was diagnosed with septicemic plague. This follows two cases of pneumonic plague and one case of bubonic plague.

Yellow Fever – Venezuela

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported this week on a autochthonous case of yellow fever in Venezuela, the first in 14 years.

Dengue Fever – Republic of Sudan

From 8 August through 4 November 2019, a total of 1,197 suspected cases of dengue fever including five deaths have been reported from seven states.

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Plague – China

In a follow-up on the pneumonic plague cases reported in China earlier, officials in Inner Mongolia, China report a third plague case, this time it’s bubonic.

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Syphilis – Brazil

Health authorities in Brazil are reporting 158,000 cases of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis syphilis this year, or 75.8 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. This is the highest number of cases since 2010.

Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever – Pakistan

The Pakistan Observer reports the 20th fatality due to Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Karachi Monday. Health officials issued a health alert due to CCHF this past July.

Plague – China

Two people in China are being treated for plague, authorities said Tuesday. It’s the second time the disease, the same one that caused the Black Death, one of the deadliest pandemics in human history, has been detected in the region — in May, a Mongolian couple died from bubonic plague after eating the raw kidney of a marmot, a local folk health remedy.

Florida, USA Citrus in Danger

Bacteria is killing the second leading industry in Florida agriculture, specifically, our oranges. Florida’s orange production has been on decline for many years, in fact there are only a handful of citrus farms left in the state. Hurricanes and storms affect orange production, but a small insect, a psyllid, plays a part as well.

The insect originated in Asia and was spotted in South Florida around 2005. Although the insect does not produce the bacteria, it does spread it with ease, starting in the tree’s root and making its way up the leaves. Once infected the oranges are not orange, they are green, hence the name citrus greening. This disease is considered one of the most critical plant diseases in the planet, and there is no turning back once a tree is infected. “Ghost” orange groves in Florida are becoming more numerous as growers simply abandon their trees.

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Plague – DR Congo

In a report published on ProMED Mail from Ituri Province in the northeastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), officials from EcoHealth Alliance note a cluster of bubonic plague cases in the village of Omeyi in the Ongoyi health area. A family of four cases, including one fatality was reported.

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Plague – New Mexico, USA

For the first time since 2017, New Mexico health officials have reported a human plague case. The New Mexico Department of Health staff have gone door-to-door in the affected area to inform neighbors about plague and provided them with education to reduce the possibility of the disease spreading.

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Plague – Madagascar

In Madagascar, there is a “plague season” which occurs every year, usually between September and April. We’re not even half way through August and 13 suspected human plague cases have been reported in the matter of a few days.

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Cholera – Mozambique

Officials declared a cholera outbreak in northern Mozambique on Thursday, a week after cyclone winds, floods and heavy rains hit the area.

Cyclone Kenneth crashed into the province of Cabo Delgado on Thursday last week, flattening entire villages with winds of up to 280 kph and killing at least 41 people.

Fourteen cases of cholera have been detected, 11 of which are in the port town of Pemba and three in the district of Mecufi.

Ebola – DR Congo

Kinshasa – More than 1 000 people have died from Ebola in the latest outbreak in Congo, the country’s health ministry said Friday. A ministry statement sent to dpa said 1,008 people have now died from the virus, while 1,529 cases have been recorded. The grim milestone comes as health care workers battle to contain the deadly disease amid attacks on their clinics and staff.

Plague – Mongolia

Health authorities in Mongolia are reporting two deaths in Ulgii district in westernmost Mongolia. Preliminary test results show that bubonic plague is the likely caused the deaths of the husband and wife, according to the Siberian Times. It is reported that the couple contracted the deadly infection after consuming infected marmot.

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Measles – Philippines – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Philippines, government officials have reported an additional 596 cases since the last update – 2 days ago.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Nigerian health officials reported 23 new confirmed Lassa fever cases in the past week, bringing the outbreak total to 495 confirmed positive since the beginning of the year.

Lassa Fever – Liberia

Cumulatively, 16 cases including four deaths have been confirmed since the beginning of 2019.

Plague – DR Congo

The DRC Ministry of Health reported four deceased suspected cases of pneumonic plague identified retrospectively in the same family from Atungkulei Village, Mahagi District, Ituri Province. The cases are epidemiologically linked to those in Uganda.

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Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)- Middle East

The World Health Organization’s regional office for the Eastern Mediterranean (WHO EMRO) reported a total of 76 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in the month of February. Officials say 68 of the cases were reported from Saudi Arabia with 10 associated deaths and 8 from were reported from Oman with 2 associated deaths.

Plague – Uganda

Zombo District, Uganda is located in the eastern part of the country bordering the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Earlier this month, officials with the country’s health ministry reported two probable cases of pneumonic plague. The initial case has died.

Measles – Philippines

The measles epidemic in the Philippines has increased by some 2,200 cases in a five day span, according to the latest government numbers. From Jan. 1 through Mar. 7, 18,553 cases were reported, up from 16,349 reported on Mar. 2.

Hepatitis A – Florida, USA

The number of hepatitis A cases continue to rise in Florida, State health officials reported 232 additional cases in February 2019, bringing the outbreak total to 971 cases since last year.

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Measles – Ukraine – Update

The number of measles cases continue to rise in Ukraine, albeit at a slightly lower level in the past two weeks, according to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. During the 9th week of 2019, 2,524 people – 1,230 adults and 1,312 children – became ill with measles. An additional fatality was reported in a 25-day-old infant, the 10th measles death of the year. Through March 1, Ukraine health officials report 26,544 cases.

Plague – Madagascar

Since Aug. 2018, Madagascar health officials have reported 105 human plague cases. Ninety-one cases were identified as bubonic plague, while 14 were pneumonic plague. Of the bubonic plagues cases reported to date, 19 people have died, Twelve of the fourteen pneumonic plague cases also perished.

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Plague count grows in Madagascar

In an update on the human plague situation in Madagascar this season, since early August, 124 cases of plague have been recorded with 91 bubonic form (73.4 %), 31 pulmonary form (25%), 1 septicemia case and one unspecified.

Ebola Update – DR Congo

In a update on the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces, the Democratic Republic of the Congo Health Ministry is now reporting 498 cumulative cases (450 confirmed) and 285 deaths (237 confirmed).