Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

Screen Shot 2020 05 09 at 14 48 56

Polio – Afghanistan/Pakistan

There were eight additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases reported during the past week–six in Afghanistan and two in Pakistan. Globally, 54 WPV-1 cases are reported in 2020 to date.

Disease

COVID-19

Italy – Italy has announced an unprecedented quarantine on its northern region of Lombardy and other severely affected areas on Sunday, impacting some 16 million people, as it steps up efforts to tackle Europe’s largest outbreak of coronavirus. Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte early on Sunday issued a decree that severely restricts the movement of individuals in the northern region and surrounding areas. The move comes as the country struggles to contain the virus’s spread, with 1,247 new cases detected in the last 24 hours. Another 36 people also died as a result of the virus, taking the total to 233.

Polio – Pakistan, Afghanistan

Global health officials reported six additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in two countries last week, bringing the total for the year to 23.

In Pakistan, four WPV1 cases were reported. This brings the number of 2020 cases to 21.

In neighbouring Afghanistan, two cases of WPV1 case were reported making them the first cases in 2020.

Disease

Novel Coronavirus

USA – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported Wednesday evening on an additional infection with 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in the United States in California, bring the case total to 14.

China – Some 242 deaths from the new coronavirus were recorded in the Chinese province of Hubei on Wednesday – the deadliest day of the outbreak. There was also a huge increase in the number of cases, with 14,840 people diagnosed with Covid-19. Hubei has started using a broader definition to diagnose people – which accounts for most of the rise in cases. The new cases and deaths in the province have pushed the national death toll above 1,350 – with almost 60,000 infections in total.

Polio – Africa Travel Notice

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) renewed their polio travel notice for Africa Tuesday. There are polio outbreaks in several countries in Africa. The following 15 countries have been reporting outbreaks: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, Togo and Zambia.

Disease

Polio – Malaysia

Malaysia health officials are reporting a confirmed polio case in a three-month-old boy from Tuaran, Sabah. It is the first polio case in 27 years.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, nearly 2,000 additional suspected cases have been reported in recent weeks, bringing the outbreak total from Dire Dawa City, Administrative City and Araf regions to 53,238 cases since the end of July.

Polio – Angola

The number of polio cases in Angola has reached 44. The distribution of cases in the provinces of Bié, Malanje and Lunda Sul (one case each), Moxico and Benguela (two), Huíla (three), Lunda Norte (four), Luanda (six), Huambo (11 ) and Cuanza Sul (13).

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

The World Health Organization says the outbreak of yellow fever which started in Nigeria in September 2017 is ongoing. This year, an upsurge of yellow fever cases has been reported since August in six states and then began a decrease in late September. Since the beginning of the year, a total of 3,620 suspected yellow fever cases have been reported in 588 LGAs from 36 states with 150 deaths.

Disease

Polio – Pakistan

Pakistan reported an additional two wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. This brings the total WPV1 cases in Pakistan to 82 this year and 102 total in endemic countries.

Disease

Dengue Fever Sexually Transmitted – Spain

A young man in Madrid, Spain has been diagnosed with dengue fever contacted via sexual transmission, one of the first cases of sexual transmission of dengue in the world.

Polio – Afghanistan, Pakistan

With the addition of four wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases this past week, the global total has reached 100, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. In Afghanistan, one WPV1 case was reported and in Pakistan, three WPV1 cases were reported.

Ebola – DR Congo

Fifteen confirmed cases were reported in the past week (30 October – 5 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

African Swine Fever 

A quarter of the world’s domestic pigs have died or been put down this year due to outbreaks of African swine fever, with China losing nearly half of its pigs. The virus responsible originated in East Africa and has spread in recent years to as far away as Belgium, the Caucasus nation of Georgia and eastward into Asia. While the disease can be eradicated by killing infected domestic pigs, it persists in wild boar and feral hogs. There is no vaccine, making it hard to prevent.

Disease

Polio – Pakistan

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) reported three additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week in Pakistan. This brings the total in Pakistan to 72 in 2019 to date, the highest number is years.

Disease

Polio – Pakistan

Pakistan reported an additional four wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week. This brings the total cases to 66 in 2019 to date. This compares to seven this time last year.

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

Since the beginning of the year, more than 85,000 dengue fever cases have been reported by the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS). In addition, the officials death toll has risen to 75, although unofficial totals are reported at more than 160.

Disease

Eastern Equine Encephalitis – New Jersey, USA

The New Jersey Department of Health has reported the second and third human Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) cases in Union and Atlantic counties. This has prompted health officials to encourage residents to take steps to protect themselves from all mosquito-borne diseases.

Polio – Philippines

The Philippines on Thursday announced an outbreak of polio, 19 years after the World Health Organization declared the Southeast Asian country free of the infectious disease. The government blamed “poor immunization coverage,” a lack of sanitation and proper hygiene and poor surveillance by health workers as among the reasons the disease returned.

Disease

Measles – Romania

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Romania, the Institutul Naţional de Sănătate Publică reported an additional 54 new confirmed cases in 9 counties and in Bucharest during the past week. In 2019 through Sept. 6, 2,614 cases, including five deaths have been reported, the most in the EU.

Polio – Global

The total number of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases on the globe has increased to 78 cases with the addition of five cases from Pakistan and Afghanistan during the past week.

Listeriosis – Spain

On 16 August 2019, Regional Health Authorities in Andalusia, Spain, reported an outbreak of listeriosis, caused by the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), associated with the consumption of a chilled roasted pork meat product manufactured in Spain by Magrudis Company Limited and sold under the brand name “La Mechá”. From 7 July through 13 September , a total of 222 confirmed cases linked to this outbreak have been reported in five regions of Spain.

Italy – Superbug NDM-1 outbreak reported in Tuscany

Health officials in Tuscany, Italy are reporting an outbreak of the antibiotic resistant superbug bacterium, New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospitals since November 2018. Between November 2018 and August 31, 2019 the NDM bacteria were isolated in the blood of 75 patients. Infections vary from being asymptomatic to potentially life-threatening or fatal. The level of risk depends on which part of the body is affected by the infection, and the general health of the patient.

African Swine Fever – Japan

Japanese officials have culled 753 pigs in Saitama Prefecture north of Tokyo after detecting an outbreak of swine fever. The cull, which took place on Saturday, was necessary after it was determined that pigs raised in the prefecture for shipment to central Japan were infected. Saitama also decided to halt shipments from two other pig farms in the area of the outbreak.

Dengue Fever – Nepal

Six people have died of dengue and over 5096 diagnosed positive across Nepal since the outbreak was declared in May. The first outbreak of the disease in the Himalayan nation occurred in 2006 when 5 cases were identified.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

In August 2019 to date, the Bangladesh Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) has reported 50,974 dengue fever cases. What makes this even more astounding is this total for one month tops the total cases reported in the country from 2000 through 2018 (50,148).

Polio – Pakistan

Five additional wild polioviruses type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported in the past week in Pakistan. This brings Pakistan’s total to 58 this year with the global total now 71.

Disease

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Iran

Iranian health authorities have reported twelve Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) since Mar. 21, according to a Tehran Times report. Of this total, two people have died.

Hepatitis A – Arizona, USA

Arizona state health officials report 353 hepatitis A outbreak cases since November 2018. May 2019 was the hardest hit month to date with 86 cases. Eight out of 10 cases required hospital treatment and two died.

Syphilis – Japan

Japan’s battle with the sexually transmitted infection (STI), syphilis continues. Through May 26, the National Institute of Infectious Diseases report 2472 syphilis cases, with a quarter of cases being reported in Tokyo. Osaka, Aichi and Kanagawa have also see high numbers of cases.

Polio – Pakistan

The Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations is gravely concerned by the significant further increase in WPV1 cases globally in 2019, particularly in Pakistan where 15 cases have already been reported.

Disease

Polio – Global

Pakistan saw two additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week. This brings the total cases in Pakistan to 17 and globally the tally is now 24.

Legionnaires Disease – New Jersey, USA

Five people have died in an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease, a bacteria-triggered form of pneumonia, that is connected to a single New Jersey county, health officials said Friday.

As of Thursday, the New Jersey Department of Health said it had confirmed 22 total cases of Legionnaires’ in people who live in Union County or have visited it. The people got sick between March 8 and May 13; five of the 22 died.

Mysterious disease outbreak claims 20 buffalo – India

An unknown disease has reportedly resurfaced in Manipur’s Tamenglong district, killing many buffalo in the region. According to sources, the epidemic has killed more than 20 buffalo in the last two days in Nurathel village under the Tamei sub-division of the district. In April, similar epidemic had killed over 70 buffaloes in neighbouring Nagaland.

Disease

Polio update: Nigeria, Niger and Papua New Guinea

In Nigeria, three new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) cases were reported this week, bringing the total number of cVDPV2 cases in 2018 to eleven.

In neighboring Niger, two cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) are reported from Niger, genetically linked to a cVDPV2 in Jigawa, Nigeria.

On the Horn of Africa, three new cases of cVDPV3 were reported in the past week, as well as one cVDPV3 positive environmental sample, from Lower Juba, Middle Shabelle and Banadir, Somalia.

In Papua New Guinea, two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) were reported in the past week, bringing the total number of cases in 2018 to 14.

STD’s on the Rise in San Diego, USA

Cases of three sexually transmitted diseases (STD), chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, continue to rise in San Diego County, according to health officials.

Cases of infectious syphilis increased by 15.2 percent, from 981 cases in 2016 to 1,130 cases in 2017. Last year, the overall rate of early syphilis was 34.1 cases per 100,000 persons, a 14.4 percent increase from 2016. Chlamydia cases also increased by 10 percent—from 18,904 cases in 2016 to 20,801 cases in 2017. Cases of gonorrhea increased by 19.1 percent, from 4,992 cases in 2016 to 5,947 cases in 2017.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Beitbridge, Zimbabwe

The Veterinary Department last week announced a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in Beitbridge at a hastily convened meeting in the district which came after officials, with police assistance, put down 18 heifers allegedly for unauthorised relocation from a red to a green zone.