Disease

Dengue Fever Sexually Transmitted – Spain

A young man in Madrid, Spain has been diagnosed with dengue fever contacted via sexual transmission, one of the first cases of sexual transmission of dengue in the world.

Polio – Afghanistan, Pakistan

With the addition of four wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases this past week, the global total has reached 100, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. In Afghanistan, one WPV1 case was reported and in Pakistan, three WPV1 cases were reported.

Ebola – DR Congo

Fifteen confirmed cases were reported in the past week (30 October – 5 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

African Swine Fever 

A quarter of the world’s domestic pigs have died or been put down this year due to outbreaks of African swine fever, with China losing nearly half of its pigs. The virus responsible originated in East Africa and has spread in recent years to as far away as Belgium, the Caucasus nation of Georgia and eastward into Asia. While the disease can be eradicated by killing infected domestic pigs, it persists in wild boar and feral hogs. There is no vaccine, making it hard to prevent.

Disease

Polio – Pakistan

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) reported three additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week in Pakistan. This brings the total in Pakistan to 72 in 2019 to date, the highest number is years.

Disease

Polio – Pakistan

Pakistan reported an additional four wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week. This brings the total cases to 66 in 2019 to date. This compares to seven this time last year.

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

Since the beginning of the year, more than 85,000 dengue fever cases have been reported by the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS). In addition, the officials death toll has risen to 75, although unofficial totals are reported at more than 160.

Disease

Eastern Equine Encephalitis – New Jersey, USA

The New Jersey Department of Health has reported the second and third human Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) cases in Union and Atlantic counties. This has prompted health officials to encourage residents to take steps to protect themselves from all mosquito-borne diseases.

Polio – Philippines

The Philippines on Thursday announced an outbreak of polio, 19 years after the World Health Organization declared the Southeast Asian country free of the infectious disease. The government blamed “poor immunization coverage,” a lack of sanitation and proper hygiene and poor surveillance by health workers as among the reasons the disease returned.

Disease

Measles – Romania

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Romania, the Institutul Naţional de Sănătate Publică reported an additional 54 new confirmed cases in 9 counties and in Bucharest during the past week. In 2019 through Sept. 6, 2,614 cases, including five deaths have been reported, the most in the EU.

Polio – Global

The total number of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases on the globe has increased to 78 cases with the addition of five cases from Pakistan and Afghanistan during the past week.

Listeriosis – Spain

On 16 August 2019, Regional Health Authorities in Andalusia, Spain, reported an outbreak of listeriosis, caused by the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), associated with the consumption of a chilled roasted pork meat product manufactured in Spain by Magrudis Company Limited and sold under the brand name “La Mechá”. From 7 July through 13 September , a total of 222 confirmed cases linked to this outbreak have been reported in five regions of Spain.

Italy – Superbug NDM-1 outbreak reported in Tuscany

Health officials in Tuscany, Italy are reporting an outbreak of the antibiotic resistant superbug bacterium, New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospitals since November 2018. Between November 2018 and August 31, 2019 the NDM bacteria were isolated in the blood of 75 patients. Infections vary from being asymptomatic to potentially life-threatening or fatal. The level of risk depends on which part of the body is affected by the infection, and the general health of the patient.

African Swine Fever – Japan

Japanese officials have culled 753 pigs in Saitama Prefecture north of Tokyo after detecting an outbreak of swine fever. The cull, which took place on Saturday, was necessary after it was determined that pigs raised in the prefecture for shipment to central Japan were infected. Saitama also decided to halt shipments from two other pig farms in the area of the outbreak.

Dengue Fever – Nepal

Six people have died of dengue and over 5096 diagnosed positive across Nepal since the outbreak was declared in May. The first outbreak of the disease in the Himalayan nation occurred in 2006 when 5 cases were identified.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

In August 2019 to date, the Bangladesh Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) has reported 50,974 dengue fever cases. What makes this even more astounding is this total for one month tops the total cases reported in the country from 2000 through 2018 (50,148).

Polio – Pakistan

Five additional wild polioviruses type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported in the past week in Pakistan. This brings Pakistan’s total to 58 this year with the global total now 71.

Disease

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Iran

Iranian health authorities have reported twelve Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) since Mar. 21, according to a Tehran Times report. Of this total, two people have died.

Hepatitis A – Arizona, USA

Arizona state health officials report 353 hepatitis A outbreak cases since November 2018. May 2019 was the hardest hit month to date with 86 cases. Eight out of 10 cases required hospital treatment and two died.

Syphilis – Japan

Japan’s battle with the sexually transmitted infection (STI), syphilis continues. Through May 26, the National Institute of Infectious Diseases report 2472 syphilis cases, with a quarter of cases being reported in Tokyo. Osaka, Aichi and Kanagawa have also see high numbers of cases.

Polio – Pakistan

The Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations is gravely concerned by the significant further increase in WPV1 cases globally in 2019, particularly in Pakistan where 15 cases have already been reported.

Disease

Polio – Global

Pakistan saw two additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week. This brings the total cases in Pakistan to 17 and globally the tally is now 24.

Legionnaires Disease – New Jersey, USA

Five people have died in an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease, a bacteria-triggered form of pneumonia, that is connected to a single New Jersey county, health officials said Friday.

As of Thursday, the New Jersey Department of Health said it had confirmed 22 total cases of Legionnaires’ in people who live in Union County or have visited it. The people got sick between March 8 and May 13; five of the 22 died.

Mysterious disease outbreak claims 20 buffalo – India

An unknown disease has reportedly resurfaced in Manipur’s Tamenglong district, killing many buffalo in the region. According to sources, the epidemic has killed more than 20 buffalo in the last two days in Nurathel village under the Tamei sub-division of the district. In April, similar epidemic had killed over 70 buffaloes in neighbouring Nagaland.

Disease

Polio update: Nigeria, Niger and Papua New Guinea

In Nigeria, three new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) cases were reported this week, bringing the total number of cVDPV2 cases in 2018 to eleven.

In neighboring Niger, two cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) are reported from Niger, genetically linked to a cVDPV2 in Jigawa, Nigeria.

On the Horn of Africa, three new cases of cVDPV3 were reported in the past week, as well as one cVDPV3 positive environmental sample, from Lower Juba, Middle Shabelle and Banadir, Somalia.

In Papua New Guinea, two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) were reported in the past week, bringing the total number of cases in 2018 to 14.

STD’s on the Rise in San Diego, USA

Cases of three sexually transmitted diseases (STD), chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, continue to rise in San Diego County, according to health officials.

Cases of infectious syphilis increased by 15.2 percent, from 981 cases in 2016 to 1,130 cases in 2017. Last year, the overall rate of early syphilis was 34.1 cases per 100,000 persons, a 14.4 percent increase from 2016. Chlamydia cases also increased by 10 percent—from 18,904 cases in 2016 to 20,801 cases in 2017. Cases of gonorrhea increased by 19.1 percent, from 4,992 cases in 2016 to 5,947 cases in 2017.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Beitbridge, Zimbabwe

The Veterinary Department last week announced a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in Beitbridge at a hastily convened meeting in the district which came after officials, with police assistance, put down 18 heifers allegedly for unauthorised relocation from a red to a green zone.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

The latest data from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) on the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu province shows the total case count has risen to a total of 116 EVD cases (86 confirmed and 30 probable) including 77 deaths (47 confirmed and 30 probable).

Dengue Fever – Thailand

According to the Bureau of Epidemiology, Ministry of Health, a total of 50,079 cases were reported from 77 provinces through Aug 27. Areas of the country with the highest rates include Nakornpathom, Phichit, Maehongsorn, Phuket and Krabi. In addition, 65 dengue-related fatalities were reported.

Polio – Papua New Guinea

The National Department of Health of Papua New Guinea reported this week on two additional polio cases (circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1–cVDPV1), bringing the total to six polio cases since the announcement of the outbreak in June 2018. The new cases were reported in Madang and Eastern Highlands Provinces.

African Swine Fever – Bulgaria

Bulgaria reported its first outbreak of African swine fever on Friday, with authorities saying seven backyard pigs at a farm close to the Romanian border had been infected with the disease.

Disease

Typhoid Fever – Pakistan

So far in 2018, three cases of extensively drug-resistant XDR typhoid fever were reported in travelers to Pakistan — one who returned to the United Kingdom, and two who returned to the United States. This has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue a Level 2 travel alert for travelers to the country.

Swine Flu – Indiana, USA

Indiana has reported the first human case of of H3N2 variant influenza in a resident with exposure to pigs since 2013. The State Health Department has issued a warning to take steps to prevent illness while visiting events where pigs are exhibited.

Polio – DR Congo and Somalia

The total circulating vaccine-derived polio cases (cVDPV) cases has risen to 13 globally after additional cases have been reported in the African countries of Somalia (one new case) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (two new cases).

Disease

Polio: Syria, Pakistan

UN health officials are reported seven additional Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) cases–5 cases from Mayadeen and 1 from Boukamal districts, Deir Ez-Zor governorate, and 1 case from Thawra district (newly infected), Raqqa governorate in the past week. This brings the total cases to 47.

In Pakistan, one new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case was reported in the past week.

Monkeypox: Nigeria

At least 10 human monkeypox cases have been confirmed in Bayelsa State in southern Nigeria. Bayelsa State Commissioner for Health, Dr. Ebi Etebu not only confirmed the outbreak but said health workers in the ministry were looking for 49 other people believed to have come in close contact with the identified 10 carriers.

Disease

Newly emerged superbug discovered

The Partner State Key Laboratory of Chirosciences at the Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology (ABCT) of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) discovered a newly emerged superbug, hyper-resistant and hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae, which may cause untreatable and fatal infections in relatively healthy individuals and will pose enormous threat to human health.

Vaccine-derived polio: More cases reported in Syria, DRC

The number of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) cases reported in 2017 is now 47 as additional cases have been reported in Syria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI).

In Syria, six new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) were officially reported in the past week from Deir-Ez-Zour governorate, bringing the total number of cases in this outbreak to 39. Onset of paralysis of these cases is between 3 March and 10 July. The bulk of all cases are from Deir-Ez-Zour, the epicentre of this outbreak.

In the DRC, one new case of type 2 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) was reported in the past week from Haut Lomami province, with onset of paralysis on 20 June.

Disease

Nigeria – Lassa Fever

During the week ending on August 13, Nigeria reported an additional 10 confirmed Lassa fever cases as the incidence continues to increase despite ongoing efforts to control the disease.

Syria – Polio

In a follow-up on the circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) situation in Syria, three new cases were officially reported in the past week, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI). This brings the total to 33.

Sudan – Malaria

An outbreak of malaria in South Sudan has killed over 4,000 people since February, a senior health official disclosed last week describing this year’s malaria as the most severe the country has ever seen. A total of over 900,000 malaria cases had so far been registered with 4 073 deaths recorded.

Disease

Guatemala: Typhoid outbreak

Health officials in Guatemala are reporting a typhoid outbreak in Petén department in the north of the country, according to a Prensa Libre report (computer translated). The outbreak began in the municipality of Dolores one month ago, according to Health Minister, Lucrecia Hernandez. To date, 60 typhoid cases have been confirmed, including two deaths.

Uganda issues viral hemorrhagic fever alert

On Monday, the Uganda Ministry of Health received a report of a suspect viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) death in Luwero district. The case, a 20-year old female presented with a high fever, dizziness and blood secretion from her ears and mouth. In addition, three other female patients have been admitted to Bishop Asili Hospital and are observation.

Polio update: More cVDPV2 reported in Syria, DRC

Additional cases of type 2 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) have been reported recently in both Syria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) this week.

Syria: Three new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) were officially confirmed at WHO headquarters in the past week, bringing the total number of cases in this outbreak to 30. Onset of paralysis of these cases is between 3 March and 16 June. Twenty-nine of the cases are from Mayadeen district, Deir Ez-Zour governorate, and one case is from Talabyad district, Raqqa governorate.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Three new cases of type 2 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) were reported in the past week in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo). This brings the total number of cases this year to seven, in two separate outbreaks of cVDPV2: in Haut Lomami province (five cases, with onset of paralysis of the most recent case on 13 June); and in Maniema province (two cases with onset of paralysis on 26 March and 18 April, with an additional isolate detected in a healthy individual with sample collection on 2 May).