Disease

Dengue Fever – Maldives

The Health Protection Agency, Ministry of Health, Maldives is reporting a 200 percent increase in dengue fever cases thus far in 2019 compared to the same period last year. Official data shows 1,912 cases of dengue were reported by the end of last month. This compares with 539 cases reported during the same period in 2018.

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte – Update

Health officials with the prefecture of Mayotte, ARS Indian Ocean and the Directorate of Food, Agriculture and Forestry of Mayotte (DAAF) reminds the public of the importance of prevention measures to protect against Rift Valley fever (RVF) as it continues to circulate on the island. During the past 2 weeks, 10 new animal foci and 4 new human cases have been reported, a total of 119 animal foci and 130 human cases, since the first cases occurred at the end of November 2018.

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

Health authorities with ARS Indian Ocean have reported four additional human cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) during the past week, bringing the total cases to 126 since the first cases occurred at the end of November 2018.

Measles – Philippines

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Philippines, health officials report that the outbreak tally through Apr. 13 is now 31,056. This is five times more than the figures in 2018 when 6,641 cases were reported at this time. In addition, the measles death toll this year dwarfs 2018. To date, more than 400 measles related deaths have been reported, compared to 59 in 2018.

Disease

Mayotte – Rift Valley Fever

The circulation of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) continues in Mayotte, according to state services in Mayotte. During the past week, 12 new animal foci and 5 new human cases have been reported, for a total of 104 animal foci and 122 human cases since the first cases occurred at the end of November 2018.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Zimbabwe

Gwenhoro Commercial Farm in Shurugwi has been hit by foot-and-mouth disease, a development which is likely to adversely affect livestock movement and production in the Midlands Province. An official from the Veterinary Services in the province, yesterday said more than 50 cattle have been affected.

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

In an update on the Rift Valley fever (RVF) situation in Mayotte, health officials report 114 human cases have been reported since November 2018. Since the beginning of the health alert, human cases have remained mainly in the center and north-west of the island.

Disease

Measles

New Zealand – Canterbury is a region on New Zealand’s South Island and home to the city of Christchurch. According to health officials today, the region is experiencing a measles outbreak. The number of confirmed cases of measles in Canterbury now stands at twenty-five and is likely to rise further over the coming days and weeks.

Europe – The measles outbreak in Europe continues as 19 countries reported cases in January 2019, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). 881 cases were reported from the 19 countries, while 10 reported no measles. Germany did not report measles data for January 2019. Romania reports the most cases.

Hantavirus – Argentina – Update

In a follow-up on the hantavirus outbreak in Argentina, since November 2, 2018, the Argentine Republic has faced an outbreak of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), the most recent cases were reported on February 7, 2019. To date, there have been 34 confirmed cases and 12 deaths.

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

People are infected with Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) through contact with blood, body fluids, or tissues of RVFV-infected animals, mainly livestock. In addition, several mosquito species can spread RVF virus. On the archipelago of Mayotte in the Indian Ocean, the number of human cases continue to rise with 82 human cases having been confirmed.

Disease

Equine Disteper – NIger

Just as strep throat can run rampant in elementary schools, strangles, the “strep throat” of horses, caused by a different Streptococcus bacterium, Streptococcus equi sp equi, is highly contagious. It is also known as equine distemper. According to the African news source, Vanguard, the contagious bacterial infection has killed more than 4,000 donkeys in northern Niger.

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

In a follow-up on the Rift Valley fever (RVF) case increases on the archipelago of Mayotte, 63 confirmed cases of RVF as of Feb. 21. No deaths have been reported.

Leishmaniasis – Libya

The Libya Health Ministry says that the country has seen some 5,000 cases of the parasitic disease, leishmaniasis in the past six months, according to a media account. “There are currently 5,000 patients who are being treated,” said the head of the centre for disease control at the health ministry of Libya’s UN-backed unity government.

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

In the Indian Ocean, between Madagascar and the coast of Mozambique sits the archipelago of Mayotte, a Department of France. Health officials have reported (computer translated) an increase in autochthonous Rift Valley fever (RVF) cases in the past six weeks. Since the first human case was detected on Dec. 11, 2018, health officials have reported 19 human cases.

Hepatitis A – Kentucky, USA

The largest hepatitis A outbreak in the nation continues to get larger as Kentucky health officials reported the updated outbreak case this past week. With the 79 cases reported during the fourth week on 2019, the Kentucky Department for Public Health (DPH) now puts the outbreak total at 3,919, since August 2017.

Chikungunya – Malayasia

The Selangor State Health Department reported yesterday that as of January 31, 2019, 14 patients with symptoms of Chikungunya have been detected.

Disease

Rift Valley, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever outbreaks – Uganda

The World Health Organization (WHO) says 42 suspected cases of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever have been detected in the Nakivale Refugee Settlement in northern Uganda. In its latest epidemiological analysis, WHO said the first case, involving a female who came from Rwanda through the Democratic Republic of Congo, was confirmed by the Uganda Virus Research Institute.

Meanwhile, the WHO has says at least 3 out of 8 suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) have died since the outbreak was confirmed at a farm in the Nakivale Refugee Camp on June 28.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Philippines

The city of Baybay, Leyte, south of Tacloban has declared a state of health emergency earlier this week due to an increase in dengue fever cases, according to the Philippine News Agency. According to regional health officials, 170 cases have been reported, including three fatalities.

Cholera outbreak stalks Cameroon

The Government of Cameroon says 53 cases of cholera have been confirmed across three regions close to the border with Nigeria since the disease outbreak was reported on May 18. In its latest epidemiological update, the government identified the cholera strain as vibrio cholerae 01 sero-type Inaba. It is widely believed to have come from Nigeria where cholera remains endemic in a number of states.

STI’s – France

Between 2012 and 2016, the number of new diagnoses of Chlamydia and gonococcal infections is increasing, according to the results of the LaboIST1 survey published by Public Health France. In fact, data show that the number of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea diagnoses in 2016 has tripled compared to 2012.

Rift Valley Fever Warning – Kenya

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have issued a travel alert for people going to Kenya due to a Rift Valley fever outbreak. Health officials have reported an ongoing outbreak of RVF in Kenya that began in June 2018.

Anthrax – Queensland, Australia

A case of anthrax in cattle was confirmed in the Dirranbandi-St George area in early July 2018. This detection is the fourth incident in cattle in the region since 2016. Animal owners in southern Queensland – particularly in the Dirranbandi to St George area – should be alert to anthrax and the risks to humans and livestock.

Disease

Namibian Hepatitis E outbreak spreads

At least 15 people have died and 1,569 have contracted Hepatitis E in Namibia since the disease outbreak was confirmed in the capital Windhoek in December 2017. The outbreak has since spread from the capital to other administrative regions of the country. However, the cases are largely confined to five informal settlement in the Katutura local government area of Windhoek.

Rift Valley Fever – Uganda

Rift Valley fever (RVF) cases have simultaneously been confirmed in two districts in the western region of Uganda, with further ongoing investigation of another case in a third. At least 5 cases are being investigated.

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Kenya – Update

In a follow-up on the Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreak in Kenya, the outbreak has rapidly increased in the last week, with more cases reported and two new counties affected.

In the past two and one-half weeks, , a cumulative total of 54 cases, with 11 deaths (case fatality rate 20.4%), have been reported from three counties: Wajir (25 cases, 6 deaths), Marsabit (28 cases, 4 deaths) and Siaya (1 case, 1 death).

Disease

Rift Valley fever – South Africa

Following confirmation of a Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreak in sheep on a farm in Jacobsdal area, Free State in May 2018, human and vector surveillance was conducted on the affected farm by Provincial Department of Health and National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD). Mosquitoes collected on the affected farm tested negative for RVF virus, suggesting that active transmission had diminished due to decreased mosquito populations.

Farmworkers and residents, who had been involved in the handling of potentially contaminated animal tissues during the sheep outbreak, were interviewed and sampled for RVF testing at NICD. Of 10 persons sampled, four individuals were retrospectively confirmed to have been infected with RVF virus; four individuals were shown to have been infected with RVFV. The cases reported having experienced mild symptoms (fever, muscle pain, headache) in the preceding month, while none developed a severe disease that necessitated hospitalization.

Venezuela – Diptheria

Venezuelan authorities confirmed last week that the vaccine-preventable disease, diphtheria, has killed some 19 children at the pediatric hospital Menca de Leoni, in the state of Bolívar

HIV-AIDS – Namibia

An average of 11 people die daily from AIDS in Omusati Region, while 25 infections are recorded daily in the region, says Governor Erginus Endjala. This year alone, 445 pupils in the region have fallen pregnant, with Okalongo topping the list with 78 pupils. Amongst the whopping number of pregnant learners are children in grades four and six. Given the grades of some of the pupils, the governor pointed out that the statistics are an indication that rape is on the increase in the region but often goes unreported. “It defies human logic how young learners of 10 years got pregnant but no single report was registered with the police”.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Swift response by health officials appears to have “largely contained” an Ebola outbreak that emerged earlier this year in parts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. A pilot program of administering a new Ebola vaccine to everyone who came in contact with known patients seems to have halted the spread, officials say. But as many as 28 people may have been killed by the disease since it re-emerged in early April. However, the announcement of “containment” was made with cautious optimism.

Rift Valley fever – Kenya

The Kenyan Department of Veterinary Services has shut down abattoirs and quarantined all livestock in the Tana Delta area following a new Rift Valley Fever outbreak that has affected at least 20 goats. At least 13 people have died and 234 cases of RVF have been confirmed in north-eastern counties of Kenya since last week. The outbreak was confirmed through comprehensive lab tests.

Rinderpest in Bulgaria

Bulgaria on Thursday reported the first outbreak in the European Union of the highly contagious Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), on livestock farms in the village of Voden in southeastern Bulgaria, close to the border with Turkey.

The disease, also known as ovine rinderpest or sheep and goat plague, can have a severe impact on livestock, killing between 30 to 70 percent of the infected animals. Once introduced, the virus can infect up to 90 percent of an animal heard. The virus does not infect humans.

Disease

Dengue fever – Reunion

With an additional 351 confirmed and probable dengue fever cases in the past week, the total cases now stand at 4,604 since the beginning of the year. The epidemic continues in the West and the South.

Rift Valley fever – Rwanda

The Rwandan Ministry of Agriculture has recently confirmed an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in cattle in three districts of East Province: Ngoma, Kirehe, and Kyonza.

Lassa Fever – Liberia

The National Public Health Institute of Liberia (NPHIL) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health (MoH) is responding to Lassa fever outbreak in the country. Cases of Lassa fever are on the increase in the Lassa belt (Bong, Nimba, and Grand Bassa Counties. Four (4) new confirmed cases have been reported.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease – Botswana

The Botswana Ministry of Agricultural Development and Food Security has confirmed a new outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the Ngamiland District, about 1,500 km north-west of the capital Gaborone. In a statement issued on June 13, the Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) said five cattle have since been quarantined after exhibiting suspicious symptoms consistent with FMD.

Kenya – Multiple Outbreaks

The Kenya Ministry of Health reported this week on the outbreak situation in several counties throughout the country in 2018 to date to include cholera, measles, chikungunya and Rift Valley fever (RVF).

Cholera – A total of 4,954 cholera cases had been reported since the beginning of the year, including 75 deaths. Nineteen counties have been affected–Mombasa, Garissa, Siaya, Tharaka-Nithi, Meru, Kirinyaga, Busia, Tana River, Turkana, Murang’a, Trans Nzoia, West Pokot, Nairobi, Nakuru, Isiolo, Machakos, Elgeyo-Marakwet, Kiambu and Kilifi.

Measles – Outbreaks were reported in Wajir and Mandera counties in February with 39 and 103 cases recorded, respectively. The outbreaks have since been contained.

Chikungunya – Outbreaks of this mosquito borne viral disease have been reported from three counties: Mombasa (1302), Lamu (199) and Kilifi (7). These outbreaks have also since been contained.

Rift Valley fever (RVF) – The RVF fever outbreak in Kenya was confirmed on June 7 in humans. A total of 15 cases, including five deaths have been reported from Wajir, Eldas and Wajir sub-counties.