Measles – Madagascar
The scale of the measles outbreak in Madagascar is of grave concern, as is its geographical spread-World Health Organization In a follow-up on our coverage of the measles outbreak in Madagascar, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports from Sep. 3, 2018 to Feb. 5, 2019, a total of 53,459 measles cases were recorded (lab confirmed).
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia, Oman
The spike in Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections in Saudi Arabia continues with the kingdom’s health ministry reporting seven additional cases yesterday, bringing the total cases for the year to 50. The town of Wadi Aldwasir has been hit particularly hard reporting 30 cases in just the past two weeks. From 27 January and 31 January 2019, the International Health Regulations (IHR) National Focal Point of Oman reported five cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.
Yellow Fever – Brazil
Brazil is currently in the seasonal period for yellow fever, which occurs from December through May. From December 2018 through January 2019, 361 confirmed human cases, including eight deaths, have been reported in 11 municipalities of two states of Brazil.
Measles – Madagascar
In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Madagascar, the outbreak case count has risen to 28,747 since early October. The vast majority of the outbreak cases have been reported in children. Of this total, 80 fatalities have been reported.
Yellow Fever – Brazil
Twelve confirmed human yellow fever cases have been reported in São Paulo State, including six fatalities, according to the PAHO. Cases have been reported in the municipalities of Eldorado (9 cases) and one each in Jacupiranga, Iporanga, and Cananeia in the southern part of the state.
Hantavirus – Argentina
Officials with the Government of Chubut in the Patagonia region of southern Argentina is reporting an unprecedented hantavirus outbreak. According to the latest numbers, 24 cases have been reported, including eight fatalities. But the biggest concern of this outbreak is its person-to-person contagion.
Meningococcal Disease – Ireland
Three people have died following an outbreak of meningococcal disease in Ireland, according to the Health Service Executive (HSE). Meningococcal disease can cause meningitis or septicaemia, which requires urgent antibiotic treatment. Eleven cases have been reported since the last week of December.
Yellow Fever – Nigeria
On 22 November 2018, the World Health Organization was informed of a cluster of suspected Yellow fever (YF) cases and deaths in Edo State, Nigeria. Edo State is located less than 400km from Lagos on a dense population movement axis between Lagos and South-Eastern Nigeria. Edo State is also a known endemic area for Lassa fever – which was initially suspected as causing the outbreak. From 22 September through 31 December 2018, a total of 146 suspected, 42 presumptive positive, and 32 confirmed cases, including 26 deaths (presumptive case fatality rate: 18%), have been reported across 15 of 18 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Edo State.
Hepatitis A – Louisiana, USA
Joining several other states that have declared hepatitis A (HAV) outbreaks in the past several years, Louisiana announced yesterday that a hepatitis A outbreak has been declared. The Louisiana Department of Health reports that most of the recent cases have been reported in Morehouse Parish; however, cases have been reported in other parts of the state. As of December 14, 2018, Louisiana has 28 reported cases of HAV infection.
Yellow Fever – Netherlands
On 22 November 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) was informed by Dutch authorities of a laboratory-confirmed case of yellow fever. The patient visited Gambia shortly before showing symptoms of the disease.
Yellow Fever – South Sudan
The South Sudan Ministry of Health on Thursday declared a Yellow Fever (YF) outbreak in Sakure, Nzara County, Gbudue state. Addressing a press conference in Juba, the Acting Minister of Health, urged the general public to be vaccinated against yellow fever to protect themselves from the risk of the yellow fever virus.
Yellow Fever – Nigeria
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) is reporting a suspected outbreak of yellow fever in Edo State. Following the report of an outbreak of fever of unknown origin in four Local Government Areas in Edo state, the state public health team commenced investigation. On the 21st of November 2018, nine cases tested positive for yellow fever.
Salmonella – South Africa
South African health officials reported recently an increase in Salmonella cases in KwaZulu-Natal Province over the past two months and say Salmonella was also the most likely cause of two recent foodborne disease outbreaks reported from eThekwini Municipality. Two weeks ago, local media reported at least 20 people have been hospitalized in Durban.
Ethiopia yellow fever outbreak
An outbreak of yellow fever has been confirmed in the Wolaita Zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ (SNNP) Region of Ethiopia, located in the south-western part of the country.
Since the index case in late August, 35 suspected yellow fever cases have been reported in two woredas of Wolaita Zone in the SNNP Region. In addition, ten deaths were recorded (case fatality ratio 28.6%), including six in health facilities and four in the community.
African Swine Fever – China – Update
China confirmed a new case of African swine fever on Monday, in southern Hunan province, marking the 50th outbreak of the highly contagious disease in the world’s top pork producer. China’s agriculture ministry said the latest case was on a small farm of 119 pigs in Baojing county, near the border with Chongqing. It follows two cases reported over the weekend, one in Chongqing municipality, close to Baojing.
China linked feeding kitchen waste to pigs to the majority of the early cases of African swine fever in recent months, but it has not given a cause of the other cases. Analysts said the country’s feed sector might have been contaminated, suggesting risks were high that the disease would continue to spread quickly.
Yellow Fever – Republic of Congo
Following the confirmation of a case of yellow fever in Bissongo, an investigation was conducted in the affected area. A retrospective search in 16 health centre registers in Pointe-Noire found 69 additional suspected cases during 2018 which meet the clinical case definition for yellow fever. A yellow fever outbreak was declared on 22 August 2018.
Cholera – Ethiopia
A cholera outbreak in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region has reportedly been blamed on holy water, after at least 10 people died over the past two weeks, while more than 1 200 people have contracted the disease.
The authorities have identified contaminated holy water in some of the region’s monasteries as being behind the outbreak. It is believed that the water is being taken from rivers that carry the disease. Interfering in religious affairs is a very sensitive matter in the region, but the local government is working with religious leaders to temporarily stop the use of holy water, said the report.
Measles et al – Liberia
Sixty-one cases of measles have been confirmed in 13 counties of Liberia amid fresh outbreaks of Lassa fever, Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP), neo-natal tetanus, meningitis and yellow fever.
Four cases of Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) have been confirmed in four counties. To date, 31 cases have been reported. Of these, 26 cases have tested negative while test results for 5 are still pending.
Two cases of yellow fever have been confirmed in the Grand Cape Mount and River Gee counties. Forty-four of 48 suspected cases have tested negative while results from two are still pending.
9 suspected Lassa fever cases were reported from the Bong, Margibi, Montserrado and Nimba counties. To date, 116 suspected cases have been reported with 33 deaths.
Typhoid – El Salvador
El Salvador Minister of Public Health said that there is an epidemic outbreak of typhoid fever that has affected some 26 municipalities in the country. Deputy Minister Julio Tobles Ticas with the El Salvador Ministry of Health and Social Assistance (Minsal) was more specific saying they have registered 644 suspected cases of typhoid fever, to date.
Brazil yellow fever update
The Brazil Ministry of Health updated on Wednesday (computer translated) the information passed by the state health departments on the situation of yellow fever in the country. During the monitoring period (from July 1, 2017 to March 27, 2018), 1,131 cases of yellow fever were confirmed in the country, of which 338 died.
Yellow fever: Brazil
The Brazil Ministry of Health will be extending yellow fever vaccination to the whole country. According to Health Minister, Ricardo Barros, vaccinations, which have already started in several states, will be gradual until the whole population is vaccinated by April 2019.
Listeriosis – Australia
Three people have died and 12 others have fallen ill in a national listeria outbreak linked to contaminated rockmelons, and more cases are expected, Australian health authorities said. NSW Health said that all 15 victims are elderly and are spread nationally from Victoria to Tasmania.
The outbreak is linked to the melons, also called cantaloupes, from a grower in the eastern state of New South Wales, the state’s food authority confirmed on its website. The produce company, which has not been named, ceased operations and is investigating.
The disease causes flu-like symptoms and can lead to nausea, diarrhoea, and infection of the blood stream and brain. Listeria bacteria does not cause illness in most people but it can result in sickness and death for those with weaker immunity, such as the elderly, newborn babies and pregnant women.
Nigeria – Yellow Fever
Kebbi State has recorded 36 cases of yellow fever outbreak in 8 local government areas of the state.
In order to prevent the disease from spreading or to counter the spread of the disease in these local government areas, a yellow fever reactive vaccination campaign has been scheduled to begin from 10th to 19th March, 2018.
Yellow fever – Brazil
During the first four weeks of 2018, a rapid increase in the number of confirmed human cases of yellow fever was observed in the states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Minas Gerais. From 1 July 2017 through 16 February 2018, 464 confirmed human cases of yellow fever have been reported in Brazil, including 154 deaths.
Cholera – Uganda
Cholera has killed 29 people in Hoima District, medical officers have confirmed. The cholera outbreak was last week confirmed to have hit Congolese refugees in Kyangwali settlement camp who fled from fighting in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). “We have registered 962 (Cholera) cases out of which 29 people have died,” said Dr Joseph Ruyonga, the Hoima district health officer on Tuesday.
Yellow fever: Brazil
The Brazil Ministry of Health has confirmed 545 yellow fever cases and 164 deaths in the period from July 1, 2017 to February 20 this year, according to a news release Wednesday (computer translated). This is up from 409 cases and 118 deaths one week ago – 136 new cases in the past week.
Nigeria: meningococcal meningitis
According to Nigerian health authorities yesterday, 31 meningitis C cases were reported in Niger State, including four fatalities.
Listeriosis – South Africa
The National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) said 915 cases of the disease have been confirmed since January last year, up from the previous figures given last month of 61 deaths and 720 confirmed cases.
The government said the source of the outbreak was still unknown.
Lassa fever – Nigeria – Update
In a follow-up on the Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria, nineteen new confirmed cases were recorded from seven States– Edo (3), Ondo (7), Bauchi (2), Nasarawa(1), Ebonyi(2) Kogi(2) and Taraba(2) with six new deaths in confirmed cases from four states Ondo (2), Edo(1), Bauchi (2), and Nasarawa (1).
Yellow fever – Brazil Update
According to the Ministry of Health today, from July 1, 2017 to February 15 of this year, 409 cases of yellow fever were confirmed in the country, 183 in São Paulo, 157 in Minas Gerais, 68 in Rio de Janeiro and 1 in the Federal District. There were also 118 deaths throughout the country.