Disease

Mosquito-borne Disease – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Three important mosquito-borne diseases– dengue, Zika and chikungunya–were all up in 2019 in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

City officials have reported 17,637 dengue fever cases through December 18 this year, a 216 percent compared to 5,577 cases reported in 2018 and the most cases reported in the city since 2016.

Concerning Zika, Rio city officials reported 1,064 cases year-to-date, a 76 percent increase compared to the 603 cases recorded last year. In 2016, a record 31,000-plus Zika cases were reported in Rio.

The largest increase of the three mosquito-borne diseases in Rio this year was with chikungunya infections. Year-to-date, more than 38, 000 cases have been seen. This is up from 10,746 chikungunya cases reported last year.

All three viruses are spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These mosquitoes bite during the day and night.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Qatar

On 5 December 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Qatar reported three laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection to WHO.

Yellow fever – Mali

From 3 November through 8 December 2019, three laboratory confirmed cases of yellow fever including two deaths (case fatality rate = 67%) were detected through the national surveillance system in Mali.

Disease

Yellow Fever – Mali

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports being notified of three yellow fever cases in Mali, a landlocked country in West Africa. One death was also reported.

Measles – DR Congo

In a follow-up on the world’s largest measles outbreak, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports that the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) measles outbreak continues to grow and expand. Since the beginning of the year through Dec. 2, a total of 269,079 suspected measles cases, including 5,430 deaths.

Disease

Plague – China

The Taiwan Department of Disease Control reported on a fourth human plague case. The patient from Jiuquan City, Gansu Province was diagnosed with septicemic plague. This follows two cases of pneumonic plague and one case of bubonic plague.

Yellow Fever – Venezuela

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported this week on a autochthonous case of yellow fever in Venezuela, the first in 14 years.

Dengue Fever – Republic of Sudan

From 8 August through 4 November 2019, a total of 1,197 suspected cases of dengue fever including five deaths have been reported from seven states.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, nearly 2,000 additional suspected cases have been reported in recent weeks, bringing the outbreak total from Dire Dawa City, Administrative City and Araf regions to 53,238 cases since the end of July.

Polio – Angola

The number of polio cases in Angola has reached 44. The distribution of cases in the provinces of Bié, Malanje and Lunda Sul (one case each), Moxico and Benguela (two), Huíla (three), Lunda Norte (four), Luanda (six), Huambo (11 ) and Cuanza Sul (13).

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

The World Health Organization says the outbreak of yellow fever which started in Nigeria in September 2017 is ongoing. This year, an upsurge of yellow fever cases has been reported since August in six states and then began a decrease in late September. Since the beginning of the year, a total of 3,620 suspected yellow fever cases have been reported in 588 LGAs from 36 states with 150 deaths.

Disease

Rabies – Malaysia

The rabies outbreak in Sarawak that was declared on July 1, 2017 is now entering its third year. The number of pet bites in dogs and cats is still high, averaging from 40 to 60 cases a day, at a rate similar to that of the first year of the rabies outbreak.

In 2019, a large number of dogs and cats biting humans tested positive for rabies. According to a report from the Department of Veterinary Services of Sarawak, as of September 30, 2019, a total of 138 (32.8%) samples from a total of 420 test dogs and cats were diagnosed with rabies. This year, there were five (5) confirmed cases of rabies among humans.

Cholera – Sudan

On 8 September, Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) notified WHO about a cholera outbreak in four localities in the Blue Nile State (BNS), south-eastern Sudan, bordering Ethiopia and South Sudan. The first case was detected on 28 of August 2019. From 28 August through 8 October 2019, a total of 247 suspected cholera cases, including 8 deaths (case fatality ratio: 3.5 %), have been reported from four localities in Blue Nile State

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

From 29 August through 22 September 2019, Nigeria reported an outbreak of yellow fever with an epi-centre in the Yankari game reserve of Alkaleri LGA, Bauchi state. According to Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), 231 suspected cases have been reported in four states.

Disease

Measles – Dr Congo

The measles outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the largest in the world and continues to trend and spread geographically. Through September 1 this year, officials have reported 179,477 suspected measles cases including 3,559 deaths (CFR 2.0%). Cases have been reported from more than 90 percent health zones across the country.

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, health officials continues to see an increasing trend in cases since the end of July. During the week ending September 8, officials saw an additional 7,264 new suspected cases from nine urban kebeles, or neighborhoods in Dire Dawa City Administration.

Brain-eating Amoeba – Pakistan

The the second time in two days, Karachi officials report a fatality due to the brain-eating amoeba, Naegleria fowleri. The 14th case occurred in a 26-year-old man from Gulistan-e-Jauhar Block-27. He was was taken to the Aga Khan University Hospital [AKUH] last week after complaining of fever, vomiting and headache.

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

In a follow-up on the yellow fever outbreak in Bauchi state, Nigeria, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) now report that since the first confirmed case was reported on the 29th of August, 169 suspected and 15 laboratory confirmed cases by RT-PCR have been reported. Of this total, 23 people have died

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Disease

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control has confirmed four cases of yellow fever in Bauchi State.

Ebola – DR Congo

The intensity of Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission in the North Kivu, South Kivu, and Ituri provinces remains substantial, with 57 new cases reported since the last Update on 29 August.

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Yellow Fever – Nigeria

During the past two weeks, at least 16 persons have died in an outbreak of yellow fever in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State in southern Nigeria. The number of cases remains unknown as yet.

Measles – Ukraine

Officials with the Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine report the number of measles cases is rising again. For the week ending Aug. 4, 287 people became ill with measles – 160 adults and 127 children. The highest number of cases were reported in Kyiv, Vinnytsia, Chernivtsi and Khmelnytskyi oblasts.

Since the beginning of the year, 56,861 people became ill with measles in Ukraine – 26,748 adults and 30,113 children, and 18 people died from measles complications.

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Yellow Fever – Ivory Coast

Officials with the Côte d’Ivoire, or Ivory Coast Ministry of Health report a yellow fever outbreak. According to a press release today, eighty nine yellow fever cases have been registered, primarily in the city of Abidjan. One death has been reported.

Hepatitis A – Washington, USA

A hepatitis A outbreak has been declared in Washington state after a number of cases have been reported in several counties. The affected population is people who are living homeless or who use drugs. To date, the outbreak includes 13 confirmed cases.

Disease

Yellow Fever – Uganda

The Ugandan Ministry of Health declared a yellow fever outbreak earlier this month after laboratory confirmed cases were reported from Koboko and Masaka districts.

Anthrax – Guinea

Health officials in Guinea are reporting an anthrax outbreak in Koubia prefecture in the northwestern part of the country. A total of five human cases of anthrax ( four cutaneous anthrax and one gastrointestinal anthrax) including one death (case fatality ratio 20%) have been reported. The patients became ill after consuming infected goat meat.

Ukraine – Measles – Update

Ukraine health officials reported some 54,000 measles cases and before the end of May 2019, the number has nearly been reached. According to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine during the past week, an additional 1483 cases were reported.

Disease

Global measles Cases on the Rise

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports preliminary global data that shows reported cases rose by 300 percent in the first three months of 2019, compared to the same period in 2018. By region, Africa has recorded a 700% increase, the Americas 60%, Europe 300%, the Eastern Mediterranean 100%, with 40% increases in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific.

Yellow Fever – Brazil

In the current 2018- 2019 season (July 2018 to March 2019), a total of 75 confirmed human cases, including 17 deaths (case fatality rate = 23%), have been reported in Brazil in the states of São Paulo (62), Paraná (12), and Santa Catarina (1).

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Measles – Madagascar

The scale of the measles outbreak in Madagascar is of grave concern, as is its geographical spread-World Health Organization In a follow-up on our coverage of the measles outbreak in Madagascar, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports from Sep. 3, 2018 to Feb. 5, 2019, a total of 53,459 measles cases were recorded (lab confirmed).

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia, Oman

The spike in Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections in Saudi Arabia continues with the kingdom’s health ministry reporting seven additional cases yesterday, bringing the total cases for the year to 50. The town of Wadi Aldwasir has been hit particularly hard reporting 30 cases in just the past two weeks. From 27 January and 31 January 2019, the International Health Regulations (IHR) National Focal Point of Oman reported five cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

Yellow Fever – Brazil

Brazil is currently in the seasonal period for yellow fever, which occurs from December through May. From December 2018 through January 2019, 361 confirmed human cases, including eight deaths, have been reported in 11 municipalities of two states of Brazil.

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Measles – Madagascar

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Madagascar, the outbreak case count has risen to 28,747 since early October. The vast majority of the outbreak cases have been reported in children. Of this total, 80 fatalities have been reported.

Yellow Fever – Brazil

Twelve confirmed human yellow fever cases have been reported in São Paulo State, including six fatalities, according to the PAHO. Cases have been reported in the municipalities of Eldorado (9 cases) and one each in Jacupiranga, Iporanga, and Cananeia in the southern part of the state.

Disease

Hantavirus – Argentina

Officials with the Government of Chubut in the Patagonia region of southern Argentina is reporting an unprecedented hantavirus outbreak. According to the latest numbers, 24 cases have been reported, including eight fatalities. But the biggest concern of this outbreak is its person-to-person contagion.

Meningococcal Disease – Ireland

Three people have died following an outbreak of meningococcal disease in Ireland, according to the Health Service Executive (HSE). Meningococcal disease can cause meningitis or septicaemia, which requires urgent antibiotic treatment. Eleven cases have been reported since the last week of December.

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

On 22 November 2018, the World Health Organization was informed of a cluster of suspected Yellow fever (YF) cases and deaths in Edo State, Nigeria. Edo State is located less than 400km from Lagos on a dense population movement axis between Lagos and South-Eastern Nigeria. Edo State is also a known endemic area for Lassa fever – which was initially suspected as causing the outbreak. From 22 September through 31 December 2018, a total of 146 suspected, 42 presumptive positive, and 32 confirmed cases, including 26 deaths (presumptive case fatality rate: 18%), have been reported across 15 of 18 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Edo State.

Disease

Hepatitis A – Louisiana, USA

Joining several other states that have declared hepatitis A (HAV) outbreaks in the past several years, Louisiana announced yesterday that a hepatitis A outbreak has been declared. The Louisiana Department of Health reports that most of the recent cases have been reported in Morehouse Parish; however, cases have been reported in other parts of the state. As of December 14, 2018, Louisiana has 28 reported cases of HAV infection.

Yellow Fever – Netherlands

On 22 November 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) was informed by Dutch authorities of a laboratory-confirmed case of yellow fever. The patient visited Gambia shortly before showing symptoms of the disease.