Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the Week 2 September 2020 – 8 September 2020

Aira | Kyushu (Japan) : JMA reported that 12 eruptive events at Minamidake Crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) during 31 August-7 September produced plumes that rose as high as 1.7 km above the crater rim. The daily sulfur dioxide emission rate was 1,400 tons/day on 31 August. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).

Cleveland | Chuginadak Island (USA) : AVO lowered both the Volcano Alert Level and the Aviation Color Code for Cleveland to Unassigned on 3 September, noting a lack of unrest over the past few months. A short-lived explosion was recorded on 1 June; satellite images showed no signs of elevated temperatures nor surficial changes in the summit crater since then.

Copahue | Central Chile-Argentina border : SERNAGEOMIN reported continuing activity at Copahue during 16-31 August. Webcams recorded gas-and-ash plumes rising as high as 1.7 km, sometimes associated with nighttime crater incandescence. The plumes drifted in multiple directions as far as 4.3 km N, 9 km NE, 8 km E, 4 km SE, 4 km SW, 9 km W, and 4.4 km NW. Sulfur dioxide emissions were high, averaging 2,641 tonnes per day (ranging from 2,029 to 3,253 tonnes per day), with a high value of 4,627 on 27 August. The Alert Level was remained at Yellow (the second lowest level on a four-color scale). ONEMI maintained the Yellow Alert (the middle level on a three-color scale) for residents of the Alto Biobío municipality and access to an area within 1 km of El Agrio Crater was restricted to the public.

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on satellite and wind model data, and information from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 2-8 September ash plumes from Dukono rose 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW, W, and SW. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2-km exclusion zone.

Ebeko | Paramushir Island (Russia) : Volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, observed explosions during 27-28 and 30-31 August, and 1-2 September. Ash plumes rose up to 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N, NE, SE, and S. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).

Karymsky | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that explosions at Karymsky were last recorded on 29 July. A thermal anomaly was weak for most of August and undetectable after 21 August. The Aviation Color Code was lowered to Green (the lowest level on a four-color scale) on 3 September.

Makushin | Fox Islands (USA) : Seismicity at Makushin returned to background levels after steadily declining for almost three months following a sequence of earthquakes about 10 km E of the summit at a depth of 8 km that had started on 15 June. AVO lowered the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level remained at Green and Normal, respectively, on 8 September.

Rincon de la Vieja | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that on 3 September geologists observed Rincón de la Vieja from the summit and noted that the acid lake in the main crater had a low water level, was actively convecting, and exhibited strong gas emissions. The temperature of the lake was 60 degrees Celsius. Vigorous fumaroles on the inner W wall of the crater were 120 degrees Celsius. At 0559 on 8 September an eruption produced a plume that rose 500 m above the crater rim.

Sangay | Ecuador : IG reported a high level of activity at Sangay during 2-8 September. Seismicity was characterized by high levels of explosions, harmonic tremor, long-period earthquakes, and signals indicating emissions. Weather clouds often prevented visual observations of the volcano, but the Washington VAAC and IG webcams recorded daily ash plumes that rose 600-1,500 m above the summit and drifted NW, W, and S. Lahars were periodically generated by heavy rains. On 2 September pyroclastic flows descended the SE flank.

Semeru | Eastern Java (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that at 0541 on 8 September an ash plume from Semeru rose 400 m above the summit and drifted S. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite images daily during 28 August-4 September. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).

Suwanosejima | Ryukyu Islands (Japan) : JMA reported periodic nighttime incandescence at Suwanosejima’s Ontake Crater during 28 August-4 September, and there was a total of 11 eruptions. An eruption at 0234 on 4 September generated a grayish white ash plume that rose 1.3 km above the crater rim before entering weather clouds. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a 5-level scale).

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