Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 Earthquake hits the Pagan region in the North Mariana Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits Easter Island.

5.2 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.0 Earthquake hits offshore Oaxaca, Mexico.

5.0 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Jose is located about 360 mi…575 km NE of the southeastern Bahamas and about 500 mi…805 km SSW of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 290 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

Tropical Depression Fourteen is located about 435 mi…700 km SSW of the Cabo Verde Islands with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…w or 270 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific: The Remnants of Max are located about 125 mi…200 km E of Acapulco Mexico with maximum sustained winds…30 mph…45 km/h. Present movement…ENE or 60 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

Tropical depression 15e (Fifteen), located approximately 1081 nm south-southwest of San Diego, is tracking west-northwestward at 04 knots.

Tropical Storm Norma is located about 85 mi…140 km E of Socorro island and about 295 mi…480 km S of Cabo San Lucas Mexico with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…N or 350 degrees at 2 mph…4 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Typhoon 20w (Talim), located approximately 170 nm west-northwest of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking north-northeastward at 06 knots.

Typhoon 21w (Doksuri), located approximately 174 nm northwest of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking westward at 12 knots.

Gl sst mm

Newsbytes:

Malaysia – The morning rush hour on Penang island has been brought to a standstill by massive floods after a downpour that lasted all night. All main routes to the city’s central business district are cut off by knee-deep to chest-high flood waters from 6am Friday. In the Jalan P. Ramlee area, flood waters are reported to be up to 1.5m deep.

Florida, USA – Hurricane Irma has passed, but her effect is still being felt as the Santa Fe River continues to rise above flood stage. The massive amount of rain is finally adding up, pushing people from their homes and off roadways.

Wildlife

Stinging Invasion

Beaches on England’s picturesque Cornwall coast were forced to close as an unprecedented number of Portuguese men o’war washed ashore.

The floating colonies of tiny organisms working together have tentacles that reach up to 165 feet in length and can deliver an extremely painful sting.

The Cornwall Wildlife Trust says the foreign invaders were blown in by strong southwesterly winds. The warm-water creatures typically live far out to sea.

Monarchs in Peril

While declining monarch butterfly populations from Mexico to eastern Canada have received the most attention in recent years, scientists at Washington State University Vancouver say western populations are now at greater risk of extinction.

“In the 1980s, 10 million monarchs spent the winter in coastal California. Today there are barely 300,000,” said biologist Cheryl Schultz.

The exact causes of the decline are unknown, but Schultz fears habitat destruction and pesticide use across the West, where the monarchs breed, are the likely culprits.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 120.2 degrees Fahrenheit (49.0 degrees Celsius) in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 97.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 71.6 degrees Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

Anthrax downs 42 hippos in Tanzania

More than 40 hippopotami in Ruaha National Park have succumbed to the lethal bacterial disease, anthrax, according to a local media report. A spokesman for the south-central sanctuary said this is the largest number of hippos to have been killed in the park by the disease.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the week of 6 September-12 September 2017

Aira | Kyushu (Japan) : JMA reported that 30 explosive events at Showa Crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) during 4-11 September ejected material as far as 800 m. Ash plumes rose as high as 2.2 km above the crater rim. Crater incandescence was observed most nights. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).

Bagana | Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 11-12 September an ash plume from Bagana rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW.

Bezymianny | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that during 1-8 September a thermal anomaly over Bezymianny was identified daily in satellite images. A lava flow continued to flow down the W flank of the dome; incandescence from the dome was visible at night. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Bogoslof | Fox Islands (USA) : AVO reported that during 6-12 September nothing significant was observed in mostly cloudy satellite images of Bogoslof, and no activity was detected in seismic or infrasound data. The 8 September report noted that the crater lake had been bisected by a narrow isthmus of land. Elevated surface temperatures were identified in one satellite image during 10-11 September. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

Cleveland | Chuginadak Island (USA) : AVO reported that during 6-12 September nothing significant was observed in often cloudy satellite images and web camera views of Cleveland; minor steaming was noted during 10-11 September. In addition, nothing noteworthy was detected in seismic or infrasound data. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery, wind model data, and notices from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 6-10 and 12 September ash plumes from Dukono rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW, W, and NW.

Ebeko | Paramushir Island (Russia) : Based on observations by volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, explosions on 2 September generated ash plumes that rose 4 km (13,100 ft) a.s.l. Explosions during 3 and 6-7 September produced ash plumes that rose 2.1 km (6,900 ft) a.s.l. Minor amounts of ash fell in Severo-Kurilsk during 2-3 and 6-7 September. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) : During 6-12 September HVO reported that the lava lake continued to rise, fall, and spatter in Kilauea’s Overlook crater, though a deflationary trend the second half of the week caused the lake level to mostly drop. Several rockfalls and collapses of the inner crater wall veneer were noted during 7-10 September; frequent rockfalls were not uncommon during periods of lake level lowering. Webcams recorded incandescence from long-active sources within Pu’u ‘O’o Crater and from a small lava pond in a pit on the W side of the crater. The 61G lava flow, originating from a vent on Pu’u ‘O’o Crater’s E flank, continued to enter the ocean at Kamokuna. Surface lava flows were active above and on the pali, and on the coastal plain. HVO noted that cracks running parallel to the coastline underscored the potential for bench collapse into the sea.

Klyuchevskoy | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that on 7 September explosions at Klyuchevskoy recorded by a webcam generated ash plumes that rose as high as 6 km (19,700 ft) a.s.l. and drifted about 50 km NE. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Poas | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that an event at Poás at 0820 on 13 September generated plume that rose 300 m above the crater rim.

Sabancaya | Peru : Observatorio Vulcanológico del Sur del IGP (OVS-IGP) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that explosive activity at Sabancaya was slightly lower compared to the previous week; there was an average of 38 explosions recorded per day during 4-10 September. The earthquakes were dominated by long-period signals, with fewer numbers of hybrid events and emission signals. Gas-and-ash plumes rose 3.5 km above the crater rim and drifted no more than 40 km SE. The MIROVA system detected five thermal anomalies. The report warned the public not to approach the crater within a 12-km radius.

Sangay | Ecuador : Based on information from the Guayaquil MWO, the Washington VAAC reported that on 6 September an emission from Sangay rose 7.3 km (24,000 ft) a.s.l.

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified daily in satellite images during 2-3 and 6-7 September. Two explosive events on 7 September generated ash plumes that rose 8-10 km (26,200-32,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE, SE, and S. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange.

Sinabung | Indonesia : Based on observations by PVMBG, webcam and satellite images, and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 6-8 and 12 September ash plumes from Sinabung rose 3-5.5 km (10,000-18,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W, NW, and E.

Suwanosejima | Ryukyu Islands (Japan) : Based on JMA notices and satellite-image analyses, the Tokyo VAAC reported explosions on 6 September generated plums that rose 1.5-1.8 km (5,000-6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E.

Turrialba | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that an event at Turrialba at 0730 on 11 September generated a plume that rose 500 m above the crater rim and drifted N. Another event at 0820 on 13 September passively produced an ash plume that rose 100 m and drifted NW.