Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

7.3 earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

6.8 earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

6.3 earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

6.2 earthquake hits the Bali Sea.

5.9 earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.6 earthquake hits the Banda Sea.

5.5 earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

Two 5.2 earthquakes hit the Kuril Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits off the coast of Costa Rica.

5.1 earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Leslie is located about 1005 mi…1615 km sw of the Azores with maximum sustained winds…80 mph…130 km/h. Present movement…ene or 65 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

Tropical Storm Michael is located about 40 mi…65 km wnw of Columbia South Carolina with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…ne or 45 degrees at 21 mph…33 km/h.

Tropical Storm Nadine is located about 595 mi…960 km w of the southernmost Cabo Verde islands with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…nw or 325 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm Sergio is located about 600 mi…970 km w of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…ne or 50 degrees at 17 mph…28 km/h.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 05a (Luban), located approximately 275 nm east- southeast of Salalah, Oman, is tracking westward at 02 knots.

Tropical Cyclone Titli is located approximately 312 nm southwest of Calcutta, India, is tracking west-northwestward at 08 knots.


Nigeria – The death toll from floods across much of central and southern Nigeria has reached 199, the national disaster agency said on Wednesday, almost doubling the number of people killed from three weeks earlier. The almost annual floods, exacerbated by poor infrastructure and lack of planning to protect against inundation, are the worst since 2012, when at least 363 people died.

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Majorca – At least 10 people were killed and a child remains missing after heavy rain and flash floods hit the Spanish island of Majorca on Tuesday night, regional authorities said Wednesday. Seven roads in the area were cut off, regional authorities said. Some schools were closed Wednesday because of the floods. Five of the deaths occurred in the Sant Llorenç area, about 35 miles east of the Balearic island’s capital, Palma.

Global Warming

Climate change is plunging Senegal’s herders into poverty

A 46-year-old Fulani pastoralist/herder returned to his village in Senegal’s northern Podor County after 10 months away with just half the number of sheep, cattle, and donkeys he set out with.

Losing half the herd means Saidou lost half his wealth. A year ago, he was not badly off, able to comfortably support his family. Now, because of the toll climate change has taken, coupled with a government ill-equipped to deal with the fallout, he’s bordering on poverty.

Six million people in the Sahel faced severe food shortages in a prolonged lean season between January and August this year; Senegal was one of the three worst affected countries in the region. It may get worse yet, as the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that 2.5 million livestock herders, or “pastoralists,” and those who raise both livestock and crops in the Sahel risk losing their income.

As soon as the rainy season ended last September, it became clear that erratic rainfall had led to diminished pasture across the Sahel. This forced northern herders like Saidou, who normally begin travelling south in January or February, to embark on their annual journey up to four months early, and in far greater numbers than usual.

Seasonal migration – which helps over-grazed regions recover by temporarily shifting the burden to areas with more pasture – is common way of life for the Fulani, one of the Sahel’s largest ethnic groups. But as the length of the migration period and the distance herders are forced to travel to find food and water for their livestock increases, their economic well-being and very way of life are at risk.

Life in pastoral communities revolves around their main source of financial capital: the herd. So when animals are placed under stress, the social fabric also suffers.

In the last five years, some areas in Senegal have reported decreases of between 50 and 100 percent in crops and grazing areas. This led to a spike in the demand for manufactured animal feed this year, which sent prices skyrocketing. A 40 kg sack of feed that cost around 7,000 CFA ($12) in October 2017 had risen to 13,000 CFA ($23) by March. Herders had to sell off animals to buy feed to sustain the rest of their herds, leaving a severe dent in their wealth.

In addition, livestock prices plummeted due to desperate herders bringing large numbers of animals to market. Cattle, sheep, and goats fetched half the price they had four months earlier; by March in Ranerou, a sack of feed cost more than a sheep.

Then on 27 June, Senegal’s first rains came, accompanied by an unseasonably cold wind. Tens of thousands of animals died in the space of a day as the long-awaited rains became a killer. Some herders lost everything.

The very real struggle for survival by millions of ordinary, hard-working people across the globe resultant upon climate change effects should be seen against the dismissive, arrogant and impossibly ignorant pronouncements by the US President Trump concerning the issue of climate change. It is incomprehensible for untold millions of people globally that the USA continues to allow its leader to destroy the future of our Earth and its people. Just yesterday President Trump sought to cast doubt on the latest UN Climate Change Report by seeking to cast aspersions upon the more than 91 scientists who compiled the report. It seems remarkable that a man who has been described as a buffoon should have the gall to seek to place his severely limited opinions above those of respected international scientists for no apparent purpose other than to facilitate the financial success of his political supporters.


Rubella – Japan

Japanese health officials reported an additional 134 rubella cases the last week of September, bringing the total cases this year to 952 according to data reported by the National Institute of Infectious Diseases. This total is more than 10 times the total cases reported in 2017 (93). Tokyo alone has accounted for more than 300 cases.

Legionnaires Disease – New York, USA

One person has died of Legionnaires’ disease in a cluster of 16 cases in the Manhattan neighborhood of Washington Heights, New York City health officials confirmed on Wednesday.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week of 3 October – 9 October 2018

Barren Island | Andaman Islands (India) : According to a news article, the Geological Survey of India reported a new eruption at Barren Island. Satellite data on 25 September confirmed ash emissions, and either lava flows or ejected tephra on the N flank.

Cuicocha | Ecuador : IG reported an increase in seismic activity at Cuicocha during 2-3 October, characterized by a total of 60 volcano-tectonic events recorded at the time of the report posting. The largest of these events, a M 2.5 at 1058 on 2 October, was reportedly slightly felt by a resident of Quiroga.

Gamalama | Halmahera (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that an explosion from Gamalama at 1152 on 4 October was likely phreatic; it generated an ash plume that rose about 250 m above the summit and drifted NW. Eight volcanic earthquakes were recorded about an hour before the event. Based on satellite data and information from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 5-6 October ash plumes rose to 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W and NW. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4); visitors and residents were warned not to approach the crater within a 1.5-km radius.

Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) : On 5 October HVO reported that lava at Kilauea had not been active at the surface for 30 days. Seismicity was low, steady, relatively low rates of deformation across the volcano were recorded, and the summit and East Rift Zone (ERZ) produced only minor gas emissions. These data indicated that near-term resumption of activity at the summit or at the lower ERZ was unlikely; the Volcano Alert Level was lowered to Advisory and the Aviation colour Code was lowered to Yellow.

Piton de la Fournaise | Reunion Island (France) : OVPF reported that the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise continued during 2-9 October, though only weak and periodic surficial activity was observed. A lava lake in the cone continued to be active, and very minor amounts of lava were ejected above the cone’s rim. A few minor lava flows broke out from the main tube. The front of the N lava flow was 120 m from the S wall of the Enclos Fouqué.

Semisopochnoi | United States : AVO reported that during 3-9 October seismicity at Semisopochnoi remained elevated, with intermittent bursts of tremor. No volcanic activity was detected in infrasound or satellite data. The Aviation colour Code (ACC) remained at Yellow and Volcano Alert Level (VAL) remained at Advisory.

Soputan | Sulawesi (Indonesia) : Based on satellite images, information from PVMBG, and wind model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 4 October ash plumes from Soputan rose to 4.6 km (15,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4); residents and tourists were advised not to approach the craters within a radius of 4 km, with an additional expansion to 6.5 km in WSW direction due to increased risk from a breach in the crater rim.

Ulawun | New Britain (Papua New Guinea) : According to the Darwin VACC, a steam-and-ash emission from Ulawun was identified in satellite images and reported by ground observers on 5 October, rising to an altitude of 4.6 km (15,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifting WSW.