Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Leslie is located about 455 mi…735 km e of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…80 mph…130 km/h. Present movement…n or 350 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Sergio is located about 825 mi…1330 km sw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…140 mph…220 km/h. Present movement…nw or 320 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Typhoon 30w (Kong-Rey), located approximately 132 nm south-southwest of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking north-northwestward at 13 knots.

In the Central Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Walaka is located about 65 mi…110 km nnw of French Frigate Shoals and about 610 mi…980 km wnw of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…125 mph…205 km/h. Present movement…nne or 25 degrees at 22 mph…35 km/h.

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Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 June through 16 September 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) National Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 32 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including 10 deaths.

Dengue Fever – Mexico

Health authorities of the state of Chiapas, on the southernmost tip of Mexico, are reporting a large number of dengue fever cases, prompting a health alert in the area. The state Department of Public Health has revealed that 2,600 cases have been treated this year, 1,350 confirmed and 8 deaths have been recorded.

Measles – Brazil – Update

The Brazil Ministry of Health reported that as of October 1, there are 1,935 measles cases confirmed throughout the country. In Amazonas, there are 1,525, and in Roraima, 330. The outbreaks are all related to importation, as the genotype of the virus (D8) that is circulating in the country is the same that circulates in Venezuela, a country that has been facing an outbreak of the disease since 2017.

More Cholera Cases – Nigeria

The Yobe State Ministry of Health reported Oct 1 that 36 additional cholera cases have been reported from four local government areas (LGAs)–Gujba, Gulani, Damaturu and Fune. No new fatalities were reported.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week of 26 September – 2 October 2018

Kerinci | Indonesia : Based on satellite and wind model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 28-30 September and 2 October ash plumes from Kerinci rose to an altitude of 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW and W.

Langila | New Britain (Papua New Guinea) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 29 September an ash plume from Langila rose to an altitude of 2.4 km (8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE.

Piton de la Fournaise | Reunion Island (France) : OVPF reported that the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise continued during 26 September-2 October, and tremor levels were stable. The cone continued to grow; one vent was active and ejected spatter. Lava flows were mostly confined to lava tubes, emerging 150-200 m downstream, S of the cone. During a field inspection on 29 September OVPF staff observed a small lava flow at the foot of the cone.

Sarychev Peak | Matua Island (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sarychev Peak was visible in satellite images on 22 September. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange.

Semisopochnoi | United States : AVO reported that during 19-25 September seismicity at Semisopochnoi remained elevated, alternating between periods of continuous and intermittent bursts of tremor. Tremor bursts at 1319 on 21 September and at 1034 on 22 September produced airwaves detected on a regional infrasound array on Adak Island; no ash emissions were identified above the low cloud deck in satellite data, and the infrasound detections likely reflected an atmospheric change instead of volcanic activity. The Aviation colour Code (ACC) remained at Yellow and Volcano Alert Level (VAL) remained at Advisory.

Soputan | Sulawesi (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that increased seismicity at Soputan was notable on 2 October, characterized by an increased number of signals indicating emissions and avalanches (which began in September and mid-July, respectively), increased RSAM values, and a higher number of volcanic earthquakes (since September). Data from a thermal camera showed increased summit temperatures, indicating the presence of lava. The Alert Level was increased to 3 (on a scale of 1-4) on 3 October; residents and tourists were advised not to approach the craters within a radius of 4 km, with an additional expansion to 6.5 km in WSW direction due to increased risk from a breach in the crater rim. An eruption commenced at 0847 on 3 October, producing a dense ash plume that rose 4 km above the summit and drifted W and NW. Based on seismic data the event lasted six minutes. Events at 1044, 1112, and 1152 produced ash plumes that rose 2 km, 2.5 km , and 5 km above the crater rim, respectively. A thermal anomaly identified in satellite data significantly increased, and incandescent ejecta at the summit was clearly observed by residents. Avalanches of material traveled 2.5 km down the NE flank.

Veniaminof | United States : AVO reported that the eruption at Veniaminof continued during 26 September-2 October, as evidenced by nighttime incandescence recorded by the FAA web camera in Perryville (35 km S), elevated surface temperatures in thermal satellite data, and elevated tremor levels. A gas plume was occasionally visible during clear daytime conditions. On 26 September lava fountains, visible in webcam images, rose from a second vent located 75 m N of the vent producing lava flows. Minor ash emissions associated with lava fountaining possibly rose as high as km (15,000 ft) a.s.l. and quickly dispersed. The lava flow had traveled 1 km down the S flank of the summit cone by 1 October. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits near the east coast of Kamchatka, Russia.

Indonesian Quake-Tsunami

More than 1,200 people are now known to have died in the quake-tsunami that smashed into Sulawesi, Indonesia said Tuesday, as police pledged to clamp down on looting by survivors taking advantage of the chaos.Almost 200,000 people are in need of urgent help, the United Nations says, among them thousands of children.

Survivors are battling thirst and hunger, with food and clean water in short supply, and local hospitals are overwhelmed by the number of injured. A particular horror in several areas in and around Palu was liquefaction, which happens when soil shaken by an earthquake behaves like a liquid. About 1 700 houses in one neighbourhood were swallowed up, with hundreds of people believed buried, the national disaster agency said. An aerial view of the liquefaction:

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Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Leslie is located about 505 mi…810 km ese of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…stationary.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Sergio is located about 855 mi…1380 km ssw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…115 mph…185 km/h. Present movement…wnw or 300 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Super Typhoon 30w (Kong-Rey), located approximately 351 nm south-southeast of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 08 knots.

In the Central Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Walaka is located about 100 mi…165 km nnw of Johnston island about 465 mi…750 km ssw of French Frigate Shoals with maximum sustained winds…130 mph…215 km/h. Present movement…n or 5 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

NewsBytes:

Arizona, USA – Heavy rain from the remnants of Tropical Storm Rosa soaked the Southwest on Tuesday, and about 10 million people remained at risk of flooding. The Phoenix area saw widespread rain Tuesday morning, leading to flooded roads and commuting headaches. The storm drenched northwestern Mexico on Monday, claiming at least one victim. A woman was swept away by floodwaters and drowned in the city of Caborca, Sonora, on the Sea of Cortez. As of Tuesday morning, the center of what was left of Rosa was about 300 miles southwest of Phoenix. With winds of about 30 mph, the system was no longer tracked by the National Hurricane Center.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Thailand

The number of dengue related fatalities reported in Thailand has reached 80, according to the Bureau of Epidemiology. For the first nine months of 2018, Thai health officials have reported 61,917 dengue cases from all 77 provinces.

Anthrax – Ukraine

Ukraine health officials have reported that at least five people who participated in livestock breeding in the village of Minyailivka, Odessa region, were hospitalized with specific symptoms of cutaneous anthrax.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.0 earthquake hits the Sumba region, Indonesia.

5.9 earthquake hits the Sumba region, Indonesia.

5.7 earthquake hits the Indian Ocean Triple Junction.

5.6 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.4 earthquake hits the Sumba region, Indonesia.

5.4 earthquake hits Chiapas, Mexico.

5.4 earthquake hits Kepulauan Talaud, Indonesia.

5.3 earthquake hits the Sumba region, Indonesia.

5.2 earthquake hits off the coast of Aisen, Chile.

5.2 earthquake hits Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia.

5.2 earthquake hits the Indian Ocean triple Junction.

5.1 earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

5.1 earthquake hits the Sumba region, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits the Andaman Islands off India.

5.0 earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits Sulawesi, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits Minahasa, Sulawesi, indonesia.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Leslie is located about 540 mi…870 km e of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…sw or 220 degrees at 7 mph…11 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Depression Rosa is located about 105 mi…170 km n of Punta Eugenia Mexico and about 120 mi…190 km s of San Felipe Mexico with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…nne or 30 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

Hurricane Sergio is located about 870 mi…1400 km ssw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…85 mph…140 km/h. Present movement…w or 265 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Super Typhoon 30w (Kong-Rey), located approximately 550 nm south-southeast of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 09 knots.

In the Central Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Walaka is located about 210 mi…340 km s of Johnston island and about 955 mi…1535 km wsw of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…160 mph…260 km/h. Present movement…nnw or 330 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

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Disease

Polio update: Nigeria, Niger and Papua New Guinea

In Nigeria, three new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) cases were reported this week, bringing the total number of cVDPV2 cases in 2018 to eleven.

In neighboring Niger, two cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) are reported from Niger, genetically linked to a cVDPV2 in Jigawa, Nigeria.

On the Horn of Africa, three new cases of cVDPV3 were reported in the past week, as well as one cVDPV3 positive environmental sample, from Lower Juba, Middle Shabelle and Banadir, Somalia.

In Papua New Guinea, two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) were reported in the past week, bringing the total number of cases in 2018 to 14.

STD’s on the Rise in San Diego, USA

Cases of three sexually transmitted diseases (STD), chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, continue to rise in San Diego County, according to health officials.

Cases of infectious syphilis increased by 15.2 percent, from 981 cases in 2016 to 1,130 cases in 2017. Last year, the overall rate of early syphilis was 34.1 cases per 100,000 persons, a 14.4 percent increase from 2016. Chlamydia cases also increased by 10 percent—from 18,904 cases in 2016 to 20,801 cases in 2017. Cases of gonorrhea increased by 19.1 percent, from 4,992 cases in 2016 to 5,947 cases in 2017.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Beitbridge, Zimbabwe

The Veterinary Department last week announced a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in Beitbridge at a hastily convened meeting in the district which came after officials, with police assistance, put down 18 heifers allegedly for unauthorised relocation from a red to a green zone.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.6 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.3 earthquake hits Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia.

5.3 earthquake hits the Indian Ocean Triple Junction.

5.2 earthquake hits the Indian Ocean Triple Junction.

5.2 earthquake hits the south-west Indian Ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits Hokkaido, Japan.

5.0 earthquake hits eastern New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Leslie is located about 635 mi…1025 km e of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…60 mph…95 km/h. Present movement…wsw or 240 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm Rosa is located about 140 mi…225 km wsw of Punta Eugenia Mexico and about 325 mi…525 km ssw of San Felipe Mexico with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…ne or 35 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

Tropical Storm Sergio is located about 590 mi…950 km ssw of Manzanillo Mexico and about 790 mi…1275 km s of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…w or 270 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Typhoon 30w (Kong-Rey), located approximately 431 nm north-northwest of Yap, is tracking northwestward at 08 knots.

In the Central Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Walaka is located about 355 mi…575 km sse of Johnston Island and about 905 mi…1460 km sw of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…105 mph…165 km/h. Present movement…w or 280 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

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