Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.5 earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.2 earthquake hits near the south coast of Papua, Indonesia.

5.1 earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

There are no current tropical storms.

Newsbytes:

Sri Lanka – As many as 17 people have now died and over 25,000 displaced as a result of the severe weather in Sri Lanka since 03 June 2021. According to the latest figures from the country’s Disaster Management Centre, (DMC), 10 districts have now been affected by floods, landslides and strong winds.

Europe – Storms brought strong winds, heavy rain and flash flooding to parts of Europe since last week. One weather-related fatality was reported in Germany. In Germany, Rockenhausen in the Donnersbergkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate, saw more than 40 mm of rain in 1 hour on 03 June. More than 180,000 lightning strikes were reported on 04 June. Voelkersleier in Bavaria recorded 59.2 mm of rain in 24 hours to 06 June. Croatia reported that severe flash flooding affected areas of Požega-Slavonia, Zagreb and Bjelovar-Bilogora counties 06 to 07 June. As much as 70 mm of rain had fallen in some locations.

Somalia – In a recent report the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA) said that flooding across Somalia has affected about 400,000 people and displaced 101,300 in 14 districts.

Global Warming

‘Glacier blood’ in the Alps

Atop the French Alps, thousands of feet above sea level, the normally white snow sometimes appears stained with blotches of dark red blood, some of which extend for miles. The red stains, known as “glacier blood,” actually come from microalgae that live in the snow.

Much like the microalgae that inhabit oceans, lakes and rivers, snow-borne microalgae help form the base of the food web of a mountainous ecosystem and likely react to pollution and climate change in a similar fashion. In general, microalgae cells measure only a few ten-thousandths of an inch (thousandths of a millimeter) across, and they can exist as either isolated single-cell organisms or colonies. They produce sugars through photosynthesis, “and all the ecosystem eats that, directly and indirectly,” whether the algae grows in the liquid ocean or in compacted snow in the mountains.

The algae that turn snow red are technically green algae, as they belong to the phylum Chlorophyta and contain a specific form of chlorophyll, the green pigment that enables photosynthesis. However, in addition to chlorophyll, these algae also contain carotenoids, the same orange and red pigments that appear in vegetables like carrots. Carotenoids act as antioxidants and likely shield the algae from the damaging effects of intense light and ultraviolet radiation found at high elevations.

Studies suggest that the reddish snow reflects light less effectively than untarnished white snow and therefore melts fasterIt’s unclear whether, as with ocean-borne algal blooms, climate change and pollution will cause red snow to appear more frequently, potentially to the detriment of other organisms in the environment.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – Arizona, USA

Two wildfires burning Sunday in the hills and mountains of eastern Arizona have scorched more than 60,000 acres and prompted evacuation orders for hundreds of people, officials said.

One — the Telegraph Fire — has burned more than 34,300 acres in and near the southern edge of Tonto National Forest, some 60 miles east of Phoenix, since starting Friday afternoon. An evacuation has been ordered for residents in the area of Top-of-the-World, a community of about 250 people, the Pinal County Sheriff’s Office said Sunday morning.

The other blaze — the Mescal Fire — has burned more than 25,900 acres in the Mescal Mountains roughly 120 miles east of Phoenix as of Sunday morning, according to InciWeb. The fire started early last week.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Malaria – Panama

Panama reports that cases of malaria in the country are increased during the beginning of 2021. 1,506 malaria cases have been reported through the end of May with the East Panama Region reporting the most cases (888).

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever – Turkey

The Turkish Ministry of Health reports 13 human fatalities due to the the tick-borne disease, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF), according to a Daily Sabah report. This is out of 243 human cases reported during the first five months of the year.