Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

5.1 earthquake hits south of Panama.

5.0 earthquake hits Crete.

5.0 earthquake hits the Greenland Sea.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Northwest Pacific Ocean: Typhoon 09w (In-Fa), located approximately 185 nm southwest of Kadena AFB, is tracking northwestward at 04 knots.

Tropical depression 10w (Cempaka), located approximately 97 nm east of Hanoi, Vietnam, is tracking southward at 09 knots.

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Turkey – More than 400 people evacuated their homes after major flooding struck in Turkey‘s Black Sea Region late on 21 July 2021. Heavy rain caused rivers and streams to overflow in the region, in particular in the Arhavi and Murgul districts of Artvin province and Fındıklı district of Rize province.

Indonesia – Communities in West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Provinces of Indonesia have endured days of flooding where homes have been submerged and thousands of families evacuated. 2 people died and 2 were injured after floods in North Kayong Regency, West Kalimantan Province on 13 July. As many as 5,114 houses were submerged in Sukadana District and Maya Island District and 4,845 families were evacuated. The local disaster agency said at least 422 families (1,681 people) were forced to evacuate due to the flood, which damaged 5,002 houses and 217 public buildings in floods that also hit in Kapuas Hulu Regency of West Kalimantan.

USA – Severe flooding struck in parts of Colorado and New Mexico, USA, over the last few days. Officials report at least 3 people have died and 3 more are missing as a result. Flooding and mudslides struck in northern Colorado after heavy rain fell on burn scar areas on 20 July 2021. Evacuation notices were issued for areas near the town of Rustic, Larimer County. A mudslide sent a large amount of debris into the Poudre Canyon in Larimer County. Three people were swept away in the mudslide. At least five houses were destroyed and roads were damaged in the flooding. Meanwhile storms brought heavy rain to Albuquerque, New Mexico, on 20 July. Three people were reported missing after they were swept into an arroyo (water channel) in the northeast of the city. Firefighters have since found the bodies of 2 victims.

Tajikistan – At least 12 people have died after being swept away by floods and mudslides in Tajikistan. Flooding and mudslides swept through villages in several districts of Sughd Region on 19 July 2021 after heavy rainfall. 15 houses and 3km of roads were damaged in the Yori jamoat (municipality) of Panjakent (also Penjikent) District. Livestock were swept away. In a separate incident 10 cattle herders lost their lives when mudslides swept over pasture areas near Kishtudak village in Panjakent. Meanwhile bridges, roads, power lines and water infrastructure were damaged by floods in Ayni district. Eight houses and several vehicles were also damaged but no casualties were reported.

China – Update – As many as 33 people have now lost their lives in the catastrophic flooding in Henan province in central China. Massive flooding struck the city of Zhengzhou and areas of Henan Province on 20 July 2021 after days of torrential rain. According to state media, as of 22 July, 33 people have lost their lives and 8 are still missing. Around 3 million people have been affected and 376,000 people relocated to safer accommodation.


Baboon Raids

Ferocious baboons are terrorizing farmers in western Kenya with such intensity that conventional weapons such as clubs and spears cannot keep the marauders at bay. The Nation reports that some of the primates have invaded homes to scavenge for food without fear of humans. This has forced some farmers to gather packs of dogs to protect their crops and other property. “My dogs sometimes sustain serious injuries,” Nicanor Odongo told the daily.

Other farmers complain that the Kenya Wildlife Service is not doing enough to protect them from the baboons, but local officials say the agency is making plans to relocate the aggressive animals to a game park.

Flamingo Tragedy

The dried-up lake bed of central Turkey’s Lake Tuz is littered with the remains of thousands of flamingos that became the victims of a devastating regional drought and what some say were reckless irrigation practices this summer.

Environmental advocates say a canal that usually feeds the shallow lake was redirected for use by farmers. Typically, as many as 10,000 flamingo chicks hatch at Lake Tuz each year, but most of the 5,000 that hatched this year died. Visitors to the UNESCO-protected lake say not a single live flamingo could be seen.

Global Warming

Climate Disasters

Atmospheric experts concede that they were shocked by the intensity of the recent European floods and the North American heat dome, saying their computer models are not yet able to project such extremes.

Some scientists say the next official predictions due out in August by the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change will already be outdated when released due to the rapidly intensifying climate emergency.

Freak weather events are now happening with greater frequency, ranging from the heaviest rain on record in parts of Japan and China this month to the record-breaking June heat across parts of India, Pakistan and Libya.


Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 122 degrees Fahrenheit (50.0 degrees Celsius) in Adrar. Algeria.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 100.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 73.3 degrees Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.


Wildfires – Madagascar

The increase in fire outbreaks is a serious threat to Madagascar’s landscape. According to figures from the Directorate for the Revalorisation of Forest Resources at the Madagascan Ministry of the Environment, 10,000 hectares of forest are lost every year in Madagascar due to bush fires. And statistics provided by the US Space Agency (Nasa) indicate that “90% of the burnt areas correspond to grassy/shrubby savannahs, a little more than 5% to forest areas and less than 5% to crop areas.



The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Dengue Fever – Philippines

The health office in Benguet province in Luzon island, Philippines reported a total of 483 dengue fever cases from January 1 to June 30 this year. This is nearly double the 255 cases during the same period last year.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the Week 14 July – 20 July 2021

Dukono – Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on satellite and wind model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 13-19 July ash plumes from Dukono rose to 2.1-2.4 km (7,000-8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW, N, NE, and ESE. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2-km exclusion zone.

Ebeko – Paramushir Island (Russia) : According to volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, explosions during 10-14 July produced ash plumes that rose as high as 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E. A thermal anomaly was identified in satellite images on 10 and 12 July. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Fuego – Guatemala : INSIVUMEH reported that 5-15 explosions per hour were recorded during 13-20 July at Fuego, generating ash plumes as high as 1.1 km above the crater rim and shock waves that often rattled buildings around the volcano. Ash plumes mostly drifted 10-20 km NW, W, and SW and caused daily ashfall in several areas downwind, including Morelia (9 km SW), Panimaché I and II (8 km SW), Santa Sofía (12 km SW), El Porvenir (8 km ENE), Finca Palo Verde, Sangre de Cristo (8 km WSW), and San Pedro Yepocapa (8 km NW). Block avalanches descended the Ceniza (SSW), Seca (W), Trinidad (S), Taniluyá (SW), Las Lajas (SE), and Honda drainages, often reaching vegetated areas. Explosions ejected incandescent material 100-400 m above the summit during 13-19 July.

Karymsky – Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that ash plumes from Karymsky were identified in satellite data drifting 80 km NW, NE, and ESE during 8-11 and 15 July. A thermal anomaly was visible during 8 and 10-13 July. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Krysuvik-Trolladyngja – Iceland : The fissure eruption in the W part of the Krýsuvík-Trölladyngja volcanic system, close to Fagradalsfjall on the Reykjanes Peninsula, continued during 14-20 July. Lava fountaining and overflows from the fifth vent were sometimes visible, and lava from the crater flowed in tubes as well as on the surface. Visible activity at the vent occasionally paused for various lengths of time. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange due to the lack of ash and tephra emissions, though IMO warned of the potential for lapilli and scoria fallout within a 650 m radius of the active vent. Authorities warned of increased gas emissions hazards.

Lewotolok – Lembata Island (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that daily white-and-gray plumes from Lewotolok rose as high as 1 km and drifted W, NW, NE, and E during 13-20 July. Rumbling was heard daily. Incandescent material was ejected as far as 1 km from the summit vent in various directions during 16-18 July. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4) and the public was warned to stay 3 km away from the summit crater.

Merapi – Central Java (Indonesia) : BPPTKG reported that the lava dome just below Merapi’s SW rim and the lava dome in the summit crater both remained active during 9-15 July. The SW rim lava-dome volume was an estimated 1.83 million cubic meters and continued to shed material down the flank. One pyroclastic flow traveled 1.1 km down the SW flank and as far as 1.5 km SE. Avalanches traveled a maximum of 1.5 km SE (58 times), 2 km SW (98 times), 1 km W (one time), and 700 m NW (three times). The volume of the summit lava dome was 2.796 million cubic meters. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to stay 5 km away from the summit.

Nevado del Ruiz – Colombia : On 21 July Servicio Geológico Colombiano’s (SGC) Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Manizales reported that seismicity at Nevado del Ruiz was generally characterized by higher number of earthquakes that had larger magnitudes than the previous week. Gas-and-steam emissions were sometimes visible in webcam images rising as high as 1.1 km above the summit and drifting WNW and WSW; these emissions sometimes contained ash. Episodes of drumbeat seismicity were recorded during 13-14 and 17 July, indicating ascent or growth of a lava dome in Arenas Crater. The Alert Level remained at 3 (Yellow; the second lowest level on a four-colour scale).

Sangay – Ecuador : IG reported a high level of activity at Sangay during 13-20 July. Weather clouds and rain sometimes prevented visual and webcam observations of the volcano. Daily ash plumes were identified in satellite images by the Washington VAAC, rising between 900 m to as high as 5.4 km above the volcano and drifting W, SW, SE, and NE. Ashfall was reported in Barca and Guamote (40 km WNW) on 14 July and in Guamote on 19 July. Signals indicating lahars were recorded by the seismic network during 15-16 and 18-20 July.

Santa Maria – Guatemala : INSIVUMEH reported that during 13-20 July daily explosions at Santa María’s Santiaguito lava-dome complex generated ash plumes that rose as high as 1 km above the summit and drifted as far as 12 km SW and W. Collapses of blocky lava from Caliente dome sent avalanches down the SW and W flanks, often reaching the base, and caused minor ashfall mostly on the volcano’s flank. Ashfall was also reported in San Marcos (8 km SW) and Loma Linda Palajunoj (6 km WSW) during 14-15 and 19-20 July. On 15 July blocks of extruded lava formed a lava flow on the W flank that was 700 m long. Block-and-ash flows descended the W and NE flanks.

Semisopochnoi – Aleutian Islands (USA) : AVO reported that unrest continued at Semisopochnoi during 13-20 July. Periods of low-level tremor and steam plumes from Mount Cerberus were occasionally recorded. Elevated surface temperatures at the N cone of Mount Cerberus were identified in satellite images during 13-14 July and robust steam-and-gas emissions were seen in webcam images. A plume with low amounts of sulfur dioxide drifting about 200 km N was identified in satellite data on 17 July. Sulfur dioxide emissions were also detected the next day. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.Sheveluch

Central Kamchatka (Russia)

KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite images during 9-16 July. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Sheveluch – Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite images during 9-16 July. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Sinabung – Indonesia : Video taken on 13 July and posted on social media showed new vents on the upper W flank of Sinabung that were producing steam-and-ash emissions. PVMBG reported that white-and-gray plumes rose 100-300 m from the summit and drifted E and SE. During 14-18 June white plumes rose as high as 300 m. An eruptive event that began around 1850 on 19 July and lasted about 11 minutes produced an ash plume that rose 1 km and drifted ESE. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2-km exclusion zone.

Whakaari/White Island-North Island (New Zealand) : GeoNet reported continuing unrest at Whakaari/White Island. During overflights of the island on 15 and 20 July scientists observed minor steam-and-gas activity around the 2019 Primary Crater lava domes and noted that the Main Crater area continues to fill with water. Other fumarolic vents remained active and unchanged. Overall, seismicity was at low levels during the previous few months, punctuated by a few notable events; a short-lived tremor episode was recorded on 2 June, discrete acoustic signals recorded during 18-20 June were associated with geysering in a new vent N of 2019 Crater, and a 15-minute low-frequency volcanic earthquake occurred on 30 June. Nighttime incandescence has persisted in webcam views since the 30 June earthquake. Thermal infrared measurements taken on 15 July confirmed that temperatures at dome vents had notably increased, from around 110 degrees Celsius measured in late May-early June to 498-654 degrees. Gas emissions had not notably changed over the previous few months as confirmed during the 20 July overflight. The Volcanic Alert Level remained at 1 and the Aviation colour Code remained at Green.