Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the Week 25 August – 31 August 2021
Atka – Andreanof Islands (USA) : AVO lowered the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level for the Atka Volcanic Complex to Green and Normal, respectively, on 27 August, noting that seismicity had returned to baseline levels over the previous week.
Chirinkotan – Kuril Islands (Russia) : SVERT reported that during 23-26 August ash plumes from Chirinkotan were visible rising 2.5-3.5 km (8,200-11,500 ft) a.s.l. and drifting S and SW.
Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba – Volcano Islands (Japan) : The Japan Coast Guard reported that during a 26 August overflight of Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba, observers noted that the W island was unchanged while the E side had mostly eroded, leaving two small islands. While no eruptions were visible, gray material from the central vent was intermittently ejected to the sea surface and brown, discolored water was widely distributed, especially to the W.
Kilauea – Hawaiian Islands (USA) : HVO reported that a seismic swarm and ground deformation continued beneath the S part of Kilauea’s summit during 24-25 August. The rate of earthquakes per hour peaked at 28 during 1900-2000 on 24 August and then decreased to 5-12 through 25 August. Most of the earthquakes were between magnitudes 1 and 2, occurring at depths of 1-2 km. By 26 August seismicity and ground deformation levels had decreased, suggesting magma was no longer moving; HVO lowered the Volcano Alert Level and Aviation Color Code to Advisory and Yellow, respectively. Later that day, ground deformation began again in the S part of the caldera at around 1800 and was followed by an increase in seismicity after 2030. Earthquakes in the swarm were located at depths of 1-3 km. The strongest earthquake was a M 2.8, though the majority were less than M 1. The rate of events per hour was 16, with a peak of 24 just after midnight on 27 August, and then declined to about six. Seismicity remained low through 30 August with 7-8 events per hour, all under M 2 and at depths of 1-4 km. Deformation continued to be detected at variable rates. Although the deformation and seismicity suggested renewed magma movement, the data did not indicate an upward movement of magma.
Krysuvik-Trolladyngja – Iceland : The fissure eruption in the W part of the volcanic system, close to on the Reykjanes Peninsula, continued during 25-31 August, though weather often obscured the view of the vents. Low lava fountaining and overflows from the main vent were interspersed with periods of calm. Parts of the crater sometimes collapsed and produced minor ash clouds based on webcam views. According to a news article, lava flowed into the S part of Meradalir valley and then down a hillside into Nàtthagi valley on 26 August in multiple branches. Observers noted that parts of the flows were turbulent and splashed above the flow surface. Lava stopped advancing at around 1600 as the eruption paused. A geophysicist noted that lava had been flowing S more often due to the new vent that had opened on the flank of the cone during the previous few weeks. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange due to the lack of ash and tephra emissions, though IMO warned of the potential for lapilli and scoria fallout within a 650 m radius of the active vent. Authorities also warned of gas emission hazards.
Pavlof – United States ; AVO reported that several small daily explosions at Pavlof were recorded by seismic and infrasound sensors during 24-26 August. A pilot observed an ash plume from an explosion that rose to 3.7 km (12,000 ft) a.s.l on 25 August. Seismicity was relatively quiet during 27-31 August; elevated surface temperatures continued to be recorded on most of those days. One explosion on 28 August produced an ash emission visible in webcam data.
Semisopochnoi – Aleutian Islands (USA) : AVO reported that eruptive activity at Semisopochnoi’s North Cerberus crater continued during 25-31 August. Multiple daily explosions were detected by seismic and infrasound networks. Ash-and-steam plumes from the explosions were sometimes confirmed in webcam images, in satellite data, and by nearby observers; plumes rose no higher than 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and produced local ashfall on the island. Daily sulfur dioxide emissions were identified in satellite images, drifting as far as 300 km NW during 29-31 August.