Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.5 earthquake hits east of the South Sandwich Islands.

5.5 earthquake hits the northern east Pacific rise.

5.3 earthquake hits Reykjanes ridge.

5.2 earthquake hits east of the South Sandwich Islands.

Three 5.1 earthquakes hit Reykjanes ridge.

5.1 earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits central Peru.

5.0 earthquake hits Reykjanes ridge.

5.0earthquake hits Antigua and Barbuda.

5.0 earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Ian is located about 40 mi…70 km se of Orlando Florida and about 35 mi…55 km sw of Cape Canaveral Florida with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…ne or 40 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

Ian made landfall in Cuba’s Pinar del Rio province, where officials set up 55 shelters, evacuated 50,000 people, and took steps to protect crops in the nation’s main tobacco-growing region before hitting Florida as a Category 4 storm. Ian is expected to weaken over land after striking the Florida coast.

Tropical Depression Eleven is located about 810 mi…1300 km w of the Cabo Verde islands with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…nw or 320 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

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In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm 16e (Orlene), located approximately 1350 nm southeast of San Diego, is tracking west-northwestward at 09 knots.

In the Northwest Pacific Ocean: Typhoon 19w (Kulap), located approximately 603 nm east-southeast of Misawa, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 28 knots.

Typhoonn 20w (Roke), located approximately 241 nm east of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking north-northeastward at 09 knots.

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Disease

Rabies – Vietnam

In the first eight months of 2022, Vietnam had 40 human rabies deaths. Although the number of deaths from rabies in some provinces decreased significantly, the number of deaths still increased compared to the previous period. Despite some progress over the past 10 years, Vietnam continues to report between 70 and 100 deaths from rabies annually.

Anthrax – South Dakota, USA

South Dakota officials reported Tuesday that several cows died from anthrax in a herd of 160 unvaccinated cattle in Meade County. These are the first anthrax cases confirmed in the state in 2022.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week 21 September – 27 September 2022

Alaid – Kuril Islands (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Alaid was identified in satellite images during 15-22 September. On 18 September an ash plume drifted 50 km E.

Home Reef – Tonga Ridge : The Tonga Geological Services reported that the new island at Home Reef that emerged from the ocean on 10 September continued to grow through 27 September. The eruption continued at variable intensities, mainly producing daily plumes of gas and steam that rose no higher than 2 km above sea level. During 0040-0250 on 25 September steam-and-ash plumes rose 2-4 km a.s.l. and drifted 30 km W, S, and SE. At 0030 on 27 September an ash plume rose 6-8 km a.s.l. and drifted 25 km SSE. The island was surrounded by plumes of discolored water.

Piton de la Fournaise – Reunion Island (France) : OVPF reported that the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise that began on 19 September, E of Piton Kala Pélé, was ongoing during 21-27 September. Gas plumes drifted SW, WSW, W, NNW, and were detected as far as 200 km from the vent in a 27 September satellite image. The active cone on the low end of the fissure ejected lava to low heights above the cone’s rim. Lava flows from the base of the cone formed two main flows that traveled SE and ESE. Lava flowed through sections of tubes mainly located along the first kilometer of both flows. Average daily lava-flow rate estimates varied from 1 to 8 meters per second based on satellite data. The SE flow front had advanced to the Château Fort crater area, reaching 2,000 m elevation on 24 September, though that flow had stopped advancing by 26 September. The eruption was confined to the caldera.

Taupo – North Island (New Zealand) : On 28 September GeoNet reported that seismic unrest and deformation at Taupo continued during the previous week. About 750 earthquakes have been located at depths of 4-13 km beneath the lake since unrest began in May. During the past week the locations were concentrated beneath the E part of the lake and occurred at a slightly lower rate than the week before. An area of deformation at Horomatangi Reef had been rising at a rate of 60 mm (plus or minus 20 mm) per year since May. The data suggested that the seismicity and deformation was caused by the movement of magma and hydrothermal fluids. GeoNet noted that unrest at calderas was common and may continue for months or years without resulting in an eruption; more significant unrest would be indicated by additional indicators of activity and substantial impacts on the local area.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Ian is located about 75 mi…125 km wsw of Naples Florida and about 105 mi…165 km ssw of Punta Gorda Florida with maximum sustained winds…140 mph…220 km/h. Present movement…nne or 15 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

In the Northwest Pacific Ocean: Typhoon 18w (Noru), located approximately 29 nm west of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking westward at 12 knots.

Typhoon 19w (Kulap), located approximately 416 nm east-southeast of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking east-northeastward at 24 knots.

Tropical Depression 20w (Twenty), located approximately 366 nm southeast of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking north-northwestward at 14 knots.

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Newsbytes:

Mali – Overflowing rivers in Mali have caused widespread damage in Mopti Region, where the local government said one village had been completely submerged. The village of Syn, located about 15 km from Djenné, was completely submerged by river waters following the rise of the water level of the Bani river on 23 September 2022. The village of Souala was also severely affected. Around 550 homes have been damaged or destroyed, leaving hundreds of families displaced.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 earthquake hits the Gulf of California.

5.2 earthquake hits Reykjanes Ridge.

5.2 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.2 earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits the northern mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits eastern Turkey.

5.0 earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits Reykjanes Ridge.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

The latest Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been declared over. This was the 15th Ebola outbreak in the DRC since 1976. There was one confirmed case and one death.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 earthquake hits Reykjanes Ridge.

5.4 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.3 earthquake hits Reykjanes Ridge.

5.2 earthquake hits the Rat islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits the Bougainville region, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Ian is located about 5 mi…10 km s of the city of Pinar del Rio, Cuba and about 175 mi…280 km ssw of the Dry Tortugas with maximum sustained winds…125 mph…205 km/h. Present movement…n or 355 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

In the Northwest Pacific Ocean: Typhoon 18w (Noru), located approximately 169 nm east of D Nang, Vietnam, is tracking west-northwestward at 08 knots.

Tropical Storm 19w (Kulap), located approximately 408 nm south-southeast of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking northward at 08 knots.

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical Cyclone 02s (Ashley), located approximately 619 nm southeast of Diego Garcia, is tracking westward at 11 knots.

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Newsbytes:

Philippines – Heavy rain brought by Typhoon Noru caused widespread flooding in several northern provinces of the Philippines on 26 September 2022. Authorities reported 5 rescuers workers died in the Province of Bulacan Typhoon Noru, known as Karding in the Philippines, is the most powerful typhoon to hit the country this year. Noru made landfall in northern Quezon Province on 25 September, then crossed central Luzon, and continued west towards Vietnam over the South China Sea. Heavy rain caused flooding in northern provinces. The town of Subic in Zambales Province recorded 283.3 mm of rain in 24 hours to 26 September. To the north the municipality of Iba recorded 142.3 mm. Ambulong in the province of Batangas recorded 123.2 mm. Roads were deemed impassable in Camarines Sur Province, Bicol Region, leaving areas isolated. Army troops were carrying out rescues and evacuations in parts of Zambales and Quezon provinces, Central Luzon. Thousands were left without power in the provinces of Aurora and Nueva Ecija.

Canada – At least one person has died and dozens have been displaced in Newfoundland, Canada, after huge waves and storm surge brought by Hurricane Fiona swept homes into the ocean. Environment Canada said Storm Fiona generated damaging winds, torrential rainfall, large waves and destructive storm surge along Canada’s Atlantic coast from 23 September 2022. Fiona then made landfall as a category-2 hurricane strength (maximum sustained wind speeds of 165 km/h) post-tropical cyclone near Whitehead in the province of Nova Scotia, early 24 September 2022. Impacts of the storm were reported across the provinces of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Quebec. Thousands of households were left without power.

Spain – Torrential rain has caused devastation in parts of Murcia region in south-eastern Spain. Firefighters report one person died after floods destroyed a home, while emergency services responded to dozens of call-outs including flood rescues. Heavy rain fell in the Murcia Region of Spain from late 25 September 2022. Spain’s State Meteorological Agency AEMET reported more than 29 mm of rain was recorded in just 10 minutes at the Cabo de Palos weather station in the municipality of Cartagena, and more than 86 mm in an hour. The heavy rain triggered flooding and landslides.

Global Warming

Global warming is literally changing the color of Earth’s water

The next generation may never see a polar bear and, apparently, they may never see blue lakes again as well. A new study from researchers at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) found that if global warming continues along its current path, lakes are likely to shift in color from blue to green-brown. The changing colors are a sign of poor ecosystem health.

Lakes change hues for a number of reasons, from algal growth to runoff of sediments. However, the new study finds that other factors such as air temperature, frequency of rainfall, lake depth, and elevation also influence the water’s color.

One-third of the world’s lakes are true blue. They are often deep areas in cool, high-latitude regions where it often rains and snows. Green-brown lakes, on the other hand, comprise 69 percent of all lakes and are located along coastlines and other dry regions.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Ebola – Uganda

The Uganda Ministry of Health recorded two additional confirmed Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) cases, bringing the cumulative cases to 36 (18 confirmed and 18 probable cases). Two new deaths were also recorded– for a cumulative total of 23 (5 confirmed deaths and 18 probable deaths). The government has ruled out the possibility of imposing a lockdown.

Dengue Fever – Nepal

The Nepali Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP) recorded 1,051 dengue fever cases on Monday, bringing the country total to 25,543 year to date.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 earthquake hits southern Iran.

5.2 earthquake hits the Ryukyu Islands off Japan.

5.1 earthquake hits Kepulauan Talaud, Indonesia.

5.1 earthquake hits the southern mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.1 earthquake hits Guatemala.

5.1 earthquake hits Reykjanes ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits Guatemala.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Post-Tropical Cyclone Gaston is located about 510 mi…825 km w of Faial island in the central Azores with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…wsw or 245 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Hurricane Ian is located about 90 mi…150 km sw of Grand Cayman and about 315 mi…510 km se of the western tip of Cuba with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…nw or 325 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the Northwest Pacific Ocean:Typhoon 18w (Noru), located approximately 250 nm west-northwest of Manila, Philippines, is tracking westward at 14 knots.

Tropical Storm 19w (Kulap) 18w (Noru), located approximately 85 nm southeast of Iwo To, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 13 knots.

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Newsbytes:

Venezuela – At least 7 people lost their lives and 3 are still missing after raging floods took a group of tourists by surprise in Táchira State, Venezuela. Earlier Venezuela’s Civil Protection agency had warned of severe weather including heavy rainfall brought by Tropical Wave No. 39 would likely impact wide areas of the country from 22 September. Local media reported damaging floods in after heavy rain early on 22 September in the state of La Guaira.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Peru

The Peru Ministry of Health (Minsa) issued an epidemiological alert to public and private health facilities nationwide due to the increase in cases and occurrence of dengue outbreaks in the country. To date, 58,117 cases and 75 deaths have been reported.

Ebola – Uganda

Less than one week ago, Uganda health authorities reported a case of Sudan ebolavirus in man from Mubende District, about 100 miles west of the capital city of Kampala. This was the first Ebola case reported in Uganda since 2019. Since that first case and the subsequent outbreak declaration, the Uganda Ministry of Health (MOH) reports today the cumulative cases reported now stands at 34 (16 confirmed, 18 probable).

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.0 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.0 earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.