Disease

Salmonella – Norway

Norway’s Institute of Public Health, or Folkhälsomyndigheten (FHI) discovered a national outbreak caused by the gastrointestinal bacterium Salmonella Agona. So far, infection has been detected in 31 people living in several counties.

Monkeypox – Chile

The Chile Ministry of Health reported the second monkeypox death in the country. The patient was a older male who was unvaccinated and diagnosed on October 20. He had underlying pathologies and a weakened immune system (immunosuppression).

The World Health Organisation has decided to rename ‘monkeypox’ as ‘mpox’ due to a perceived discriminatory connotation in third world societies.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Cholera – Kenya

The Kenya Ministry of Health announced a multicounty cholera outbreak on October 19. The first cases of Vibrio cholerae -01 Ogawa serotype were detected following a wedding festival that was held in Limuru sub-county, Kiambu County October 8, 2022. As of 13 November 2022, a total of 568 cases with 281 confirmed (48 cases by culture and 233 by rapid diagnostic test) and 15 deaths (CFR = 2.6%), have been reported so far. This is the second cholera outbreak to be declared in almost one month this year for Kenya.

Ebola – Uganda

Uganda health officials reported today an additional Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) case and death, the first in eleven days.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

The Bangladesh Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) reported an additional 513 dengue fever cases and three fatalities today, bringing the country’s total to 56,130 cases and 257 deaths year to date.

Disease

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever – Iran

Iranian health officials have reported a significant increase in Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) cases in deaths in 2022 compared to recent years. Since March, Iran reported 78 CCHF cases, including nine deaths. This a a more than 500% increase from last year.

Disease

Measles – South Africa

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in South Africa, the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) reports 71 cases of measles with laboratory confirmation between September 1 and November 22, 2022.

Cholera – Lebanon

In an update on the cholera outbreak in Lebanon, the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) reports that as of today, since the first case was confirmed on October 5, 4,337 cumulative suspected and confirmed cases, including 595 confirmed. The total fatalities has increased to 20.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Dengue Fever – Vietnam

In a follow-up on the dengue fever situation in Vietnam this year, the Ministry of Health reports the case and death tally has increased to 314,271 cases and 115 deaths to date.

Dengue and Chikungunya – Paraguay

Currently, in the country there is a progressive increase in the curve of notifications of suspected cases of dengue and chikungunya. To date, 1,839 total dengue cases and 531 chikungunya cases have been reported in 2022.

Disease

Cholera – Ethiopia

A cholera outbreak has been ongoing in Ethiopia since 27 August 2022, according to the World Health Organization. The index case was reported from Bekay Kebele, Harana Buluk Woreda of Bale Zone, Oromia Region. As of 13 November 2022, a total of 399 suspected cases of cholera have been reported.

Leptospirosis – Philippines

The number of deaths due to the bacterial infection, leptospirosis, have reached 370 through the end of October this year.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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HIV/AIDS – DR Congo

Based on UN/AIDS figures, 14,000 people died of HIV/AIDS in 2021, in the DRC. Access and availability of treatment remains problematic due to lack of funding. More than 500,000 people are currently living with HIV/AIDS in the DRC.

Measles – South Africa

The South Africa National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) reports 57 measles outbreak cases were reported in Limpopo province and Mpumalanga province from September 1 to November 16, 2022.

Cholera – Haiti

Since the notification of the first two confirmed cases of Vibrio cholerae O1 in the greater Port-au-Prince area on 2 October 2022, to 16 November 2022, the Haitian Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population (MSPP) reported a total of 9,660 suspected cases across the country, including 816 confirmed cases.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Dengue Fever – Philippines

Concerning total cases, authorities have reported 187,560 dengue cases, with 613 deaths, substantially higher than the 213 deaths for the whole of 2021.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome – Saudi Arabia

The Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has reported four locally-acquired laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) through October 31 this year.

Ebola – Uganda

To date, the Ministry of Health has reported that the ebola outbreak has increased to 140 confirmed cases, including 55 deaths. A first case reported from Jinja district showing the disease is not contained.

Dengue Fever – Vietnam

According to the Vietnam Ministry of Health, since the beginning of the year through November 15, 303,637 dengue fever cases, including 112 fatalities have been reported.

Disease

Dengue Fever

Malaysia – Malaysia health officials report the cumulative number of dengue fever cases reported to date is 51,262 cases. In addition, there were 35 deaths due to dengue complications.

Nepal – Nepal’s Epidemiology and Disease Control Division reported on November 9 that the cumulative total of dengue fever cases have reached 51,177. 57 deaths due to dengue have been reported to date.

Disease

Viral Spillover

The melting Arctic could soon become “fertile ground” for new viral pandemics to emerge, according to a Canadian study of an Arctic lake bed.

A team from the University of Toronto sequenced DNA and RNA from samples taken at Lake Hazen and looked at the family tree of its viruses to determine the threat they pose to other organisms as polar melt allows them to mingle. Altered landscapes have been proven to push pathogens, parasites and hosts together in new ways. The new study suggests that increased melting in the Arctic could similarly bring greater chances of of viruses “spilling over” into other hosts.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Ebola – Uganda

In a follow-up on the outbreak Ebola disease caused by the Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV) in Uganda, since the outbreak was declared on September 20 through today, a total of 136 confirmed cases and 54 confirmed deaths (CFR 39.7%) have been reported. 18 cases have been reported in health care workers, including seven deaths.

Measles – Ohio, USA

Officials with Columbus Public Health (CPH) and Franklin County Public Health (FCPH) report investigating a measles outbreak associated with a local child care facility. Currently, there are four confirmed cases, all in unvaccinated children with no travel history. The child care facility is cooperating, has notified parents, and has temporarily closed down.

Disease

Cholera – Haiti

The Haitian Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population (MSPP) is now reporting as of November 6, a total of 6,446 suspected cases in 7 departments of the country, including 639 confirmed cases, 5,628 hospitalized suspected cases, and 130 registered deaths.

Measles – Minnesota, USA

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Minnesota, state health officials are reporting 21 cases since June in the Twin Cities area. This includes 14 imported cases, two exposed within U.S. but linked to imported case and five classified as “other”. Nine children have been hospitalized.

Dengue Fever – Laos

The Laos Centre of Information and Education for Health reports that the dengue fever cases in the country has topped the 30,000 mark in 2022 this month. Through November 8, officials report 30,085 total dengue cases, including 22 deaths.