Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Diphtheria – Vietnam

The Vietnamese Center for Disease Control (CDC) reported today three people in Ky Son district were found positive for diphtheria bacteria in Huu Lap commune. Currently, the 3 patients are being treated at the Department of Tropical Diseases Hospital and are in good health.

Swine Flu – USA

Two human infections with novel influenza A viruses were reported. One infection with an influenza A(H1N1) variant (A(H1N1)v) virus was reported by North Dakota that occurred during the 2020-21 influenza season and one infection with an influenza (A(H3N2)v) virus was reported by Ohio that occurred during the 2021-22 influenza season. Both patients are <18.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus – Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health reported this week a fatal case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in a 36-year-old male in Hafar Albatin city, Hafar Albatin. The deceased reportedly had contact with camels.

Swine Flu – Canada

The Manitoba, Canada government reported two separate cases of variant influenza viruses in the province in April in two separate areas of southern Manitoba. They appear to be isolated cases. One is a case of human influenza A(H1N2)v and one is a case of human influenza A(H1N1)v.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Swine Flu – USA

The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported a case of human infection with a novel influenza A virus, or “swine flu” in North Carolina.

Disease

Covid-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Dengue Fever – Ethiopia

Global and local health authorities are reporting a dengue fever outbreak in the Somali Region of eastern Ethiopia. Close to 160 confirmed cases have been recorded in Warder Woreda of Dolo Zone and 47 suspected cases in Dolo Ado Woreda of Liban Zone.

Measles – DR Congo

The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reports measles has resurfaced in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) provinces of North and South Ubangui with cases rising to 4,500 since the outbreak mid-December 2020, affecting mostly children under five years. Many of the cases are complicated and associated with malnutrition.

Swine Flu – USA

On 13 January, 2021, a child under 18 years of age in Wisconsin developed respiratory disease. Sequencing of the virus by CDC revealed it is similar to A (H3N2) viruses circulating in swine in the mid-western United States during 2019-2020.

Disease

COVID-19

The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Malaria – Yemen

Yemeni medical officials reported 250,000 malaria cases during the past six months, This is the latest infectious disease outbreak facing the war torn country with a crumbling health infrastructure.

Ebola – DR Congo

Four more cases have been reported from the Equator Province. Total cases in the latest outbreak are 28 cases (25 confirmed & 3 probable), with 13 associated deaths & 2 recoveries.

New swine flu found in China has pandemic potential

Researchers in China have discovered a new type of swine flu that is capable of triggering a pandemic, according to a study published on Monday in the US science journal PNAS. Named G4, it is genetically descended from the H1N1 strain that caused a pandemic in 2009. It possesses “all the essential hallmarks of being highly adapted to infect humans,” say the authors.

Disease

Swine Flu – South Africa

A local doctor confirmed on Wednesday that there had been nine cases of H1N1/H1N3 (more commonly known as swine flu) diagnosed at a practice in Shelly Beach, on the South Coast in KwaZulu-Natal Province.

Disease

Swine Flu – South Africa

Two cases of swine flu have been reported from Pietermaritzburg in Kwa-Zulu Natal Province in two siblings. The sister has died while the brother is still in hospital. Health officials confirmed the H1N1 virus. It is not known where the children picked up the infection.

Disease

Pertussis – Panama

Health officials in Panama are reporting an outbreak of pertussis, or whooping cough in the Ngäbe Buglé region since mid-December, according to an El Siglo report. To date, 81 confirmed cases have been reported, including nine fatalities in children under two years of age.

Swine Flu – Morocco

An outbreak of swine flu in Morocco has left nine people dead in the past week, the kingdom’s health minister said Saturday. H1N1 is a respiratory disease contracted through contact between humans and pigs and transmitted between people through inhalation. A major H1N1 outbreak sparked a World Health Organization pandemic alert in June 2009. It killed around 18,500 people in 214 countries before the alert was lifted in August 2010

Disease

China reports new African swine fever outbreak in Fujian province

China’s agriculture ministry on Monday reported another new outbreak of African swine fever, this time in the southeastern province of Fujian, which has killed 11 pigs on a farm of 5,776 pigs.

Disease

Scrub Typhus – Nepal

The Nepal Epidemiology and Disease Control Division reported that as of Aug. 1, there has been 105 scrub typhus cases reported in the country in just the past two months.

Scrub typhus, caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi, which is transmitted by chiggers encountered in high grass and brush, is endemic in northern Japan, Southeast Asia, the western Pacific Islands, eastern Australia, China, maritime areas and several parts of south-central Russia, India, and Sri Lanka. More than 1 million cases occur annually. Scrub typhus kills at least 140,000 people a year in the Asia-Pacific.

Swine Flu – Michigan, USA

Michigan Michigan state and local health officials have identified two confirmed cases of influenza A in individuals with exposure to swine at the Fowlerville Family Fair in Livingston County. The fair took place July 23-28, and several pigs from the fair tested positive for swine flu on July 27.

Disease

Swine flu outbreak spreads in Namibia

The Namibian Ministry of Health and Social Services has advised the public to take precautions to avoid contracting the spreading influenza H1N1 or swine flu virus.

In a public notice issued on July 17, acting Permanent Secretary Petronela Masabane said the virus had spread across the country since the disease outbreak was reported early in June. The ministry said to date, 70 cases have been confirmed through laboratory tests, with 35 coming from the capital Windhoek while the rest came from six other local government areas.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Botswana

A leading regional livestock farmers association says efforts to control the foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreak in Northern Botswana is being complicated by the presence of nearly 22 000 free-ranging stray cattle.

The outbreak, which has affected large areas of communal farmlands around the Lake Ngami area, was confirmed on June 10. The Ngamiland Farmers Association said that while farmers could account for their cattle and ensure they are vaccinated, large herds of stray cattle were roaming through the region and complicating disease control efforts.

Hand, Fit and Mouth Disease – Malaysia

The hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) outbreak has gone “beyond the danger level” in Penang, according to the state Health Committee. On Wednesday (July 18), a further 88 children had contracted the disease, with an earlier 127 cases reported on Tuesday (July 17). From January to July 18 (Wednesday), 2,170 cases had already been reported.

Disease

Swine Flu – Namibia

The Namibian Ministry of Health has confirmed the death of one person who succumbed to a fresh outbreak of swine flu, also known as the H1N1 virus. So far, seven people from the Windhoek local government area have been diagnosed and are being treated for the H1N1 virus. The ministry has since classified the outbreak as a seasonal influenza that has been recurrent in Namibia since the first swine flu outbreak in 2009.

Measles – Brazil

A measles outbreak is growing in Brazil after cases were imported from neighboring Venezuela where health services have collapsed. More than 460 cases of the disease have been confirmed in two Brazilian border states, the Health Ministry said Monday. There are also concerns that the outbreak has reached an isolated tribe that lives in the Amazon that has little resistance to such diseases.

Disease

Typhoid Fever – Pakistan

So far in 2018, three cases of extensively drug-resistant XDR typhoid fever were reported in travelers to Pakistan — one who returned to the United Kingdom, and two who returned to the United States. This has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue a Level 2 travel alert for travelers to the country.

Swine Flu – Indiana, USA

Indiana has reported the first human case of of H3N2 variant influenza in a resident with exposure to pigs since 2013. The State Health Department has issued a warning to take steps to prevent illness while visiting events where pigs are exhibited.

Polio – DR Congo and Somalia

The total circulating vaccine-derived polio cases (cVDPV) cases has risen to 13 globally after additional cases have been reported in the African countries of Somalia (one new case) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (two new cases).

Disease

Switzerland reports swine influenza A(H1N1)v case

A 48-year-old Swiss male farm worker tested positive for swine influenza A(H1N1)v virus, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

For the first 28 days of 2018, Nigeria has reported a total of 297 suspected cases and 22 deaths (case fatality rate 7.4%). Cases have been reported from 13 active states (Anambra, Bauchi, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Imo, Kogi, Lagos, Nasarawa, Ondo, Plateau, and Taraba). Ten healthcare workers have been affected in four of the states.

Lassa Fever – Benin

In a follow-up on the Lassa fever outbreak in Benin, health officials put the outbreak case tally at 21, plus eight deaths since Jan. 8.

Disease

Maryland, USA – Swine Flu

The Maryland Department of Health reported 11 cases of influenza in pigs recently exhibited at The Great Frederick Fair. Preliminary tests show that the pigs are infected with influenza A, but it is not yet known if this strain is potentially transmissible to humans.

All swine at the Frederick County fairgrounds are under a quarantine order from the Department of Agriculture and will not be released until seven days after the last pig shows signs of influenza illness.

Pakistan – Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

A Karachi man is the sixth recorded death due to Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Pakistan this year-to-date. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a widespread disease caused by a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) of the Bunyaviridae family. The CCHF virus causes severe viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks, with a case fatality rate of 10–40%.