The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Zika virus – India

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a travel notice this week for Uttar Pradesh, India due to a Zika virus outbreak. The outbreak, which started in October, has accounted for 152 cases–two thirds of the total cases reported in India.



The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Measles – Pakistan

Health officials in Shangla District in the Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province report a measles outbreak affecting more than 400.

Cholera – Mozambique

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports a new cholera outbreak in Mozambique in Southeastern Africa. On 28 September 2021, the WHO was notified about a Cholera outbreak in some communities of Caia District. By 19 October 2021, 191 cases were recorded with no deaths. 8 cases were confirmed.

Dengue Fever – Pakistan

Health officials in Punjab province report an additional 493 dengue fever cases yesterday, bringing the province total to 14,510.

India – Foot and Mouth Disease

Eight Tibetan families and one Ladakhi family in Duchik, Ladakh have suffered huge losses to their livelihood as their livestock, over 1000 sheep, have died due to the infectious disease called the foot-and-mouth-disease (FMD), also known as the Serotype O.

India – Dengue Fever

The dengue tally of the city of Lucknow crossed 1,100 mark on Wednesday with 19 more cases of vector-borne disease coming to the fore in the past 24 hours.

India – Zika virus

Twenty-five people, including six Indian Air Force personnel, on Wednesday tested positive for Zika virus here, pushing the number of infected persons to 36 in the district of Kanpur.



The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Zika Virus/Dengue Fever – Mexico

Mexico reported recently that the south-central Mexican state of Morelos is the only state to report autochthonous Zika virus cases in 2021 to date. Through mid-July 2021, Morelos has confirmed a total of 20 autochthonous cases of Zika, including six in pregnant women.

In addition to the Zika virus figures, Morelos is also the state with the most confirmed dengue cases in the country. The state has reported 281 confirmed cases of this disease, also transmitted by the Aedes mosquito, accounting for the highest incidence rate.

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

In a follow-up on the Bangladesh dengue fever situation, Health Services reported 237 dengue fever cases today, of which 218 were reported in Dhaka alone. This is the first time in 2021 that the daily tally has topped 200. This brings the dengue total in the country to 2,895, a rise of about 1,000 cases in less than a week. The bulk of the cases were reported in July (~2,500).

Covid-19 – Indonesia

Officials with the Jakarta, Indonesia government announced today that two Sumatran tigers at the city’s Ragunan Zoo tested positive for coronavirus in mid-July and are currently recovering.



The countries with the 10 greatest number of Covid-19 cases:

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Bird Flu in Humans – China

Hong Kong health officials report monitoring a human case of avian influenza A(H5N6) in Sichuan Province on the Mainland. The case involves a 55-year-old man living in Bazhong City in Sichuan Province. The patient is in critical condition. The patient had contact with live domestic poultry before the onset of symptoms. This is the 32nd human case of avian influenza A(H5N6) reported by the Mainland health authorities since 2014.

Mucormycosis in Delhi, Zika in Kerala – India

According to officials figures, till July 6, Delhi had recorded 1,656 mucormycosis cases, including 952 active cases. On March 27, the Delhi government had declared black fungus an epidemic.

An alert has been sounded across Kerala over Zika virus. With four more infections reported on Tuesday, the number of confirmed Zika virus cases in Kerala has now risen to 23 — all the cases have been reported from Thiruvananthapuram.


Mosquito-borne Disease – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Three important mosquito-borne diseases– dengue, Zika and chikungunya–were all up in 2019 in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

City officials have reported 17,637 dengue fever cases through December 18 this year, a 216 percent compared to 5,577 cases reported in 2018 and the most cases reported in the city since 2016.

Concerning Zika, Rio city officials reported 1,064 cases year-to-date, a 76 percent increase compared to the 603 cases recorded last year. In 2016, a record 31,000-plus Zika cases were reported in Rio.

The largest increase of the three mosquito-borne diseases in Rio this year was with chikungunya infections. Year-to-date, more than 38, 000 cases have been seen. This is up from 10,746 chikungunya cases reported last year.

All three viruses are spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These mosquitoes bite during the day and night.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Qatar

On 5 December 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Qatar reported three laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection to WHO.

Yellow fever – Mali

From 3 November through 8 December 2019, three laboratory confirmed cases of yellow fever including two deaths (case fatality rate = 67%) were detected through the national surveillance system in Mali.


Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) – Saudi Arabia

In a follow-up on the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) situation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Ministry of Health (MOH) reports a second case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) for the month of December.

Zika Virus – Rajastan

An outbreak of Zika virus infection in Rajasthan, India and surrounding states has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue a travel notice for the region.

Zika is endemic (regularly found) in India. However, there is an unusual increase in the number of Zika cases in Rajasthan and surrounding states. Over 280 cases of Zika virus infection, including two deaths, were reported from three states from September to November.


Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukraine health officials reported (computer translated) an additional 554 measles cases (157 adults and 397 children) during the week ending October 6. This brings the total cases to date to 32,489 (13,013 adults and 19,476 children). In addition, 14 people died of complications of the measles: four adults and ten children.

Zika Virus – India

The Rajasthan Health Department is reporting 55 cases of Zika virus infection in Jaipur as of Saturday. The first case was confirmed on September 23 in the city’s Shastri Nagar area. All cases are from the western Indian state of Rajasthan’s capital and some of these victims are migrant workers from eastern states like Bihar

Dengue Fever – Spain

Spanish Health authorities confirmed recently the first known documented autochthonous dengue transmission in Spain. Two people living in the Region of Murcia had confirmed cases and third case, who resides in the Community of Madrid is pending confirmation.

Ebola – DR Congo

A second wave of the Ebola virus has been confirmed in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, where an initial outbreak has already killed 125 people, a minister said Saturday.

The latest wave is centred in Beni, a town in North Kivu near the border with Uganda. This second wave occurred as a result of community resistance to measures taken to tackle the disease.


Zika Virus – India

India has recorded its biggest outbreak of Zika virus to date, with 32 cases confirmed in Jaipur, capital of the western state of Rajasthan. The first case was confirmed on September 23 in the city’s Shastri Nagar area, located close to some of the city’s main tourist attractions.


Canadian Invaders

The species of mosquito most responsible for the transmission of human Zika virus cases has been found for the first time in Canada. An adult Aedes aegypti mosquito was captured in a southern Ontario trap only a week after two Aedes albopictus mosquitoes were also found in the area. “Once they establish themselves here it would be more difficult to control, and maybe we’ll see some diseases we haven’t seen before,” medical official Wajid Ahmed told the CBC. It has long been predicted that climate change will result in expanding habitats for disease-carrying insects.

Sweden – Newcastle Disease

Up to 4,000 laying birds have been culled following an outbreak of Newcastle Disease on a poultry farm in Sweden.

The causal agent for the outbreak in Kalmar County in the south of the country has been identified as avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1) but the source of the outbreak remains inconclusive.


Bangladesh: Anthrax outbreak

Twenty five people have been sickened, 10 in critical condition and one boy died from a suspected anthrax outbreak in Bhangpur upazila in Pabna District in west central Bangladesh, according to a Daily Star report. The outbreak is linked to the handling and consumption of tainted cows late last month.

Indonesia: Leptospirosis

Health officials in Kulon Progo in the Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia are reporting 58 cases of the bacterial disease, leptospirosis, including eight fatalities since the beginning of the year. According to health officer Bambang Haryatno, leptopirosis is not only caused by rodents in the rice fields, but rat urine in homes can cause this disease.

Puerto Rico declares Zika outbreak over

Puerto Rico on Monday declared that the 2016 Zika epidemic is over, saying transmission of the virus that can cause birth defects when pregnant women are exposed has fallen significantly.

About 10 cases of the mosquito-borne disease have been reported in each four-week period since April 2017, down from more than 8,000 cases reported in a four-week period at the peak of the epidemic in August 2016, the Puerto Rico Health Department said in a statement.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, however, has not changed its travel advice, noting that pregnant women should not travel to Puerto Rico.


Legionnaires’ disease cases in Europe: Linked to Dubai travel

In recent months, there has been an increase in the number of cases of Legionnaires’ disease among European travelers returning from Dubai. As the source has not yet been identified, there could still be a risk for exposure to Legionella for persons visiting or living in Dubai.

Between 1 October 2016 and 23 May 2017, there have been 60 cases of Legionnaires’ disease reported to European Centres for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) with a history of travel to Dubai. The majority of cases stayed in commercial accommodation sites.

Thailand: Dengue Fever

Through May 22, Thailand health authorities have reported 11062 cases of dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS), accounting for 19 deaths across the country.

India: Zika Virus

Indian health officials have reported the country’s first local Zika virus infections this month in the westernmost state of Gujarat. The three laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus disease were reported in Bapunagar area of Ahmedabad District in the state. These cases show that there is circulation of the virus in India.


Alzheimer’s Disease in USA

Death rates from Alzheimer’s disease (AD) increased 55 percent between 1999 and 2014, according to data released today in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The number of Alzheimer’s deaths at home also increased during the same period, from 14 percent to 25 percent.

Zika virus infection – India

On 15 May 2017, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare-Government of India (MoHFW) reported three laboratory confirmed cases of Zika virus disease in Bapunagar area, Ahmedabad District, Gujarat, State, India.


Anthrax in Kenya

A slaughterhouse in Makongeni, Thika has been shut down after six people were admitted at Thika level 5 Hospital following an anthrax outbreak suspected to have emanated from the abattoir.

Brazil declares end to Zika emergency after fall in cases

Brazil declared an end to its public health emergency over the Zika virus on Thursday, 18 months after a surge in cases drew headlines around the world.

The mosquito-borne virus wasn’t considered a major health threat until the 2015 outbreak revealed that Zika can lead to severe birth defects. One of those defects, microcephaly, causes babies to be born with skulls much smaller than expected.

From January through mid-April, the Health Ministry recorded 95% fewer cases than during the same period last year. The incidence of microcephaly has fallen as well.

Cholera in Yemen

The United Nations on Thursday confirmed 58 cases of cholera and 47 cholera-associated deaths across war-torn Yemen in the past two weeks, the second such outbreak in a year.


Malaria in Burundi: 2 million cases in first three months

On March 13, the Burundi government declared a malaria outbreak and the data on the outbreak shows the cases continue to mount in the East African country. According to the Ministry of Health (MOH), the cumulative number of malaria cases reported during the first 10 weeks of 2017 is 1,960,620 with 869 deaths.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 23 February and 16 March 2017 the national IHR focal point of Saudi Arabia reported 18 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including two fatal cases. Four deaths among previously reported MERS cases were also reported.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Qatar

On 21 March 2017 the national IHR focal point of Qatar reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Zika in US pregnant women

Of the 250 pregnant women who had confirmed Zika infection in 2016, 24 – or about 1 in 10 of them – had a foetus or baby with Zika-related birth defects, according to a new Vital Signs report from the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Measles in Nova Scotia

Thirteen measles cases have now been confirmed in the province, all believed to be linked in this most recent outbreak. All of the cases currently confirmed have been linked in some way – primarily with people having been in the same location as someone who was infected with measles.

Leprosy: Rare case reported in Iowa

Leprosy is still found in the United States where a couple hundred cases are reported annually mostly from Florida, Texas, Louisiana and California. It is not an infectious disease you see everyday in Woodbury County, Iowa, or in Iowa generally.

Leishmaniasis outbreak reported in Cameroon

The Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) of Cameroon reported in mid-February cases of acute fever and rash syndrome of unknown etiology being reported from the Far North and North regions of the country.

The major clinical manifestations of the illness included skin rash, persistent fever, malnutrition, anemia, hepato-splenomegaly and adenopathy. Laboratory results by the Centre Pasteur of Cameroon in Yaoundé have since shown this illnesses were due to cutaneous leishmaniasis.

Retrospective investigation indicated that 48 cases with similar clinical features including 17 deaths (case fatality rate of 35.4%) had been registered between January 2016 and 24 March 2017.


Zika: CDC issues new travel notices

Local transmission of Zika virus in four countries has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is issue advisories for travelers to Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Maldives and Solomon Islands. Local transmission means that mosquitoes in the area have been infected with Zika virus, spreading it to people.

More human H7N9 avian flu cases reported in China

The China National Health and Family Planning Commission reported 22 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including three deaths during the past week. The 15 male and seven female patients, aged from 15 to 79, had their onset from February 19 to March 4.

Saudi Arabia: MERS cases up in 2017 to date

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) update, at the end of February 2017, a total of 1916 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 702 deaths (case–fatality rate: 36.6%) were reported globally. Of these, Saudi Arabia reported a total of 1561 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 633 deaths (case–fatality rate: 40.6%). In January 2017, a total of 18 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 6 deaths (case–fatality rate: 33.3%) were reported, while in February a total of 12 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 3 deaths were reported from Saudi Arabia.