Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the Week 30 September 2020 – 6 October 2020

Aira | Kyushu (Japan) : JMA reported that very small eruptive events at Minamidake Crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) were occasionally recorded during 29 September-3 October. Crater incandescence was visible at night. An eruptive event at 1635 on 3 October produced a plume that rose 1.7 km above the crater rim. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on satellite and wind model data, and information from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 30 September-6 October ash plumes from Dukono rose 1.8-2.4 km (6,000-8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W N, NE, E, and SE. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2-km exclusion zone.

Ebeko | Paramushir Island (Russia) : Volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, observed explosions during 25-26 and 30 September and on 1 October that sent ash plumes up to 3.5 km (11,500 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SE and E. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Kadovar | Papua New Guinea : Based on satellite data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 4 October discrete ash puffs from Kadovar rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW.

Kikai | Japan : JMA reported that at 0757 on 6 October an eruption at Satsuma Iwo-jima, a subaerial part of Kikai’s NW caldera rim, generated a volcanic plume that rose 200 m above the Iodake crater rim. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a 5-level scale).

Langila | New Britain (Papua New Guinea) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery and wind-model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 5 October an ash plume from Langila rose to an altitude of 1.8 km (6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW.

Raung | Eastern Java (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that eruptive activity at Raung continued during 28 September-4 October with white-and-gray plumes rising 100-400 m above the crater rim. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2-km exclusion zone.

Rincon de la Vieja | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that small, frequent (1-2 events per day) eruptions at Rincón de la Vieja continued to be recorded, though sometimes not visually confirmed, during 30 September-6 October. Eruption plumes often rose 500-800 m above the crater rim but on 1 and 6 October they rose 1 km.

Semeru | Eastern Java (Indonesia) : According to PVMBG ground-based observers noted ash plumes rising 700 m above Semeru’s summit and drifting SW on 30 September. An ash plume rose 600 m and drifted S at 0509 on 2 October. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite images during 25 September-2 October. A new lava block (named “Dolphin”) that extruded from the E part of the lava dome was first visible on 28 September. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Suwanosejima | Ryukyu Islands (Japan) : JMA reported nighttime incandescence at Suwanosejima’s Ontake Crater during 25 September-2 October. Eruptive activity was intermittently recorded along with nine explosions. Ashfall was periodically reported in Toshima village, 4 km SSW. An explosion at 0822 on 26 September generated a gray-white ash plume that rose 2 km above the crater rim. At 2028 on 27 September an explosion ejected blocks 400 m from the crater. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a 5-level scale).

Villarrica | Chile : SERNAGEOMIN reported that a long-period (LP) event and associated explosion were recorded by Villarrica’s seismic network at 1130 on 4 October. A grayish plume was visible rising above the crater rim. At 1343 and 1347 on 5 October there were two LP events and associated explosions; each generated ash plumes that rose as high as 400 m. The Alert Level remained at Yellow, the second lowest level on a four-colour scale. ONEMI maintained an Alert Level Yellow (the middle level on a three-colour scale) for the municipalities of Villarrica, Pucón (16 km N), Curarrehue, and the commune of Panguipulli, and the exclusion zone for the public of 500 m around the crater.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *