Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the Week 31 March 2021 – 6 April 2021

Karymsky – Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that explosions at 1130 on 3 April likely caused ash plumes to rise to 8.5 km (27,900 ft) a.s.l. above Karymsky and drift NE, based on satellite data. The Aviation colour Code was raised to Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Krysuvik-Trolladyngja – Iceland : IMO reported that the small eruption in the W part of the Krýsuvík-Trölladyngja volcanic system, close to Fagradalsfjall on the Reykjanes Peninsula, continued during 31 March-6 April. Video and visitor photographs showed spattering and lava fountaining from the two cones, and lava flows from both cones moved W and S within the Geldingadalur valley. A new fissure, 100-200 m long, opened about 700 m NE of the Geldingadalur cones around noon on 5 April. During a helicopter overflight, scientists observed a gas plume rising from the new fissure and a fast-moving lava flow descending into the Meradalir valley to the SE. On 6 April lava from the second fissure was advancing at a rate of 7 cubic meters per second; lava-flow rates at the Geldingadalir site averaged 5.5 cubic meters per second. Around midnight during 6-7 April a third fissure opened in between the first two; all three were oriented NE-SW. Earlier on 6 April field teams had observed a landslide in same area. Lava from the third fissure mostly flowed SW into Geldingadalur. The Aviation colour Code remained Orange due to the lack of ash and tephra emissions.

Pacaya – Guatemala : INSIVUMEH reported that explosions at Pacaya’s Mackenney Crater during 30-31 March produced gas-and-ash plumes that rose 1.8 km above the summit and drifted up to 50 km S, SW, W, and NW. Explosions ejected blocks as high as 150 m above the summit. Lava flows on the W flank advanced to 3 km long and were near La Breña; the flows overtook an unoccupied building on the Campo Alegre farm that was used for monitoring and visitor services. The flow front was about 500 m from the town of El Patrocinio. Incandescent blocks detached from the end of the lava flow and set fire to vegetation. During 31 March-2 April explosions ejected incandescent blocks as high as 225 m above the summit. Ash plumes rose 500 m and drifted 20 km S and SW. The SW-flank lava flows remained active. Explosions continued during 3-6 April, with ash plumes rising as high as 1 km and drifting 6-20 km W, SW, and S. The lava flow continued to be active on the SW flank, setting fire to local vegetation. Strombolian activity ejected material 300 m high during 5-6 April.

Semisopochnoi – Aleutian Islands (USA) : AVO reported that a small plume from Semisopochnoi’s North Cerberus crater was visible in a satellite image on 31 March. Steam obscured the crater during the first part of 1 April. Later that day an ash plume was visible, and was followed by a sulfur dioxide plume an hour later. At 2200 a plume rose to an altitude below 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. No activity was identified in partly cloudy images during 2-6 April. The Aviation colour Code and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Orange and Watch, respectively.

Suwanosejima – Ryukyu Islands (Japan) : JMA reported that during 30-31 March large volcanic bombs were ejected at least 41 times from Suwanosejima’s Ontake Crater as high as 800 m above the crater rim and to distances as far as 1 km. The Alert Level was raised to 3 (on a 5-level scale) at 0330 on 31 March and the public was warned to stay outside a 2 km radius of the crater. The increased activity prompted an overflight that same day where scientists confirmed several hundred high-temperature bomb deposits with a thermal camera within a 1 km radius. Explosions at 2205 on 30 March and 0257 on 31 March ejected bombs onto the S and SE flanks, respectively. Grayish-white emissions rose from the crater. After 1500 eruption plumes rose as high as 1.4 km above the crater rim. The number of explosions decreased; two per day were recorded during 1-2 April and one was recorded on 3 April. The Alert Level was lowered to 2 on 5 April and the public was warned to stay 1 km away from the crater.

Veniaminof – United States : AVO reported that during 31 March-1 April clear satellite and web camera images of Veniaminof showed no signs of emissions. On 2 April the Volcano Alert Level was lowered to Advisory and the Aviation colour Code was lowered to Yellow. Satellite data showed elevated surface temperatures, especially over the flank-vent lava flows through 4 April. Low-level ash emissions were recorded by the webcam on 5 April, prompting AVO to raise the Volcano Alert Level and Aviation colour Code to Watch and Orange, respectively. Tephra deposits were visible to the SE.

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